US embassy cable - 98USUNNEWYORK1638

SECOND PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TEST: UN SECURITY COUNCIL MEETS IN EMERGENCY SESSION MAY 30

Identifier: 98USUNNEWYORK1638
Wikileaks: View 98USUNNEWYORK1638 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: USUN New York
Created: 1998-05-30 21:50:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: PREL PINS UNSC PARM MNUC KNNP PK IN
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
O 302150Z MAY 98
FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7355
INFO AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI IMMEDIATE 
UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE
SECDEF WASHDC IMMEDIATE
JOINT STAFF WASHDC IMMEDIATE
USDOE WASHDC IMMEDIATE
USMISSION USVIENNA
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 04 USUN NEW YORK 001638 
 
 
S/S-O PLEASE PASS TO SECRETARY'S PARTY 
STATE FOR P, IO/UNP, AND SA/PAD 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL OSCE 
NSC FOR REIDEL 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL 05/30/08 
TAGS:  PREL, PINS, UNSC, PARM, MNUC, KNNP, PK, IN 
SUBJECT:  SECOND PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TEST: UN SECURITY 
          COUNCIL MEETS IN EMERGENCY SESSION MAY 30 
 
CLASSIFIED BY DEPUTY POLITICAL COUNSEL0R HOWARD STOFFER 
PER 1.5 (B) AND (D).  ACTION REQUEST IN PARA 10 BELOW. 
 
JAPAN TABLES DRAFT RESOLUTION IN SECURITY COUNCIL 
--------------------------------------------- ---- 
 
1.  (C)  THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL MET IN EMERGENCY 
SESSION MAY 30 AT THE REQUEST OF JAPAN TO RESPOND TO 
THE SECOND SET OF PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TESTS.  JAPANESE 
AMBASSADOR OWADA, UNDER INSTRUCTIONS FROM HIS 
GOVERNMENT, TABLED A DRAFT SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 
(TEXT IN PARA 7), CO-SPONSORED BY SWEDEN AND COSTA 
RICA.  TEXT OF SECURITY COUNCIL PRESIDENT'S ORAL 
STATEMENT TO THE PRESS IN PARA 8.  TEXT OF 
SECRETARY-GENERAL SPOKESMAN'S STATEMENT TO THE PRESS IN 
PARA 9. 
 
JAPAN CALLS PAKISTAN'S SECOND TESTS "INTOLERABLE" 
--------------------------------------------- ---- 
 
2.  (C)  OWADA AND ALL OTHER COUNCIL MEMBERS CONDEMNED 
PAKISTAN'S SECOND ROUND OF NUCLEAR TESTS, CARRIED OUT 
DESPITE THE MAY 29 SECURITY COUNCIL PRESIDENTIAL 
STATEMENT THAT CALLED FOR INDIA AND PAKISTAN TO STOP 
TESTING.  OWADA CALLED PAKISTAN'S ACTION "INTOLERABLE." 
HE SAID "JAPAN CANNOT ACCEPT THIS AND STRONGLY PROTESTS 
PAKISTAN'S SECOND ROUND OF NUCLEAR TESTS."  OTHERS 
AROUND THE TABLE USED SIMILAR LANGUAGE AND CALLED FOR A 
COUNCIL RESOLUTI0N TO REGISTER INTERNATIONAL CONCERN 
THAT THE INDIAN AND PAKISTANI TESTS HAD 
NON-PROLIFERATION IMPLICATIONS NOT ONLY F0R SOUTH ASIA, 
BUT FOR THE ENTIRE WORLD. 
 
ALL MEMBERS ENDORSE QUICK ADOPTION OF A RESOLUTION 
--------------------------------------------- ----- 
 
3.  (C)  COUNCIL MEMBERS ENDORSED THE IDEA OF ADOPTING 
A RESOLUTION, BUT MADE CLEAR THAT THEIR MINISTERS OR 
HEADS OF GOVERNMENT WOULD NEED TIME TO STUDY CAREFULLY 
THE DRAFT TEXT.  ALL MEMBERS ALSO ECHOED JAPAN'S SENSE 
OF URGENCY AND CALLED FOR QUICK ACTION ON THE 
RESOLUTION.  KENYAN AMB. MAHUGU, PRESIDENT OF THE 
COUNCIL, TOGETHER WITH PORTUGUESE AMB. MONTIERO (JUNE 
PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL) STATED THAT THE RESOLUTION 
WOULD MOVE TO ADOPTION THE WEEK OF JUNE 1 WITH COUNCIL 
DISCUSSION LIKELY ON MONDAY, JUNE 1. 
 
BRAZIL/SLOVENIA/KENYA SEEK NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT LANGUAGE 
--------------------------------------------- ---------- 
 
4.  (C)  BRAZIL, SLOVENIA, AND KENYA STATED THAT THEY 
WOULD SEEK TO INSERT LANGUAGE IN THE RESOLUTION ON 
NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, CALLING THE ELIMINATION OF ALL 
NUCLEAR WEAPONS A FUNDAMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. 
 
FRANCE, PORTUGAL AND OTHERS OPPOSE PUNITIVE MEASURES 
--------------------------------------------- ------- 
 
5.  (C)  FRENCH AMB DEJAMMET EXPLICITLY OPPOSED ANY 
PROSPECTIVE LANGUAGE IN THE RESOLUTION THAT WOULD CALL 
FOR PUNITIVE MEASURES AGAINST INDIA AND PAKISTAN IF 
THEY FAIL TO IMPLEMENT THE TERMS OF THE RESOLUTION. 
DEJAMMET CALLED SANCTIONS "COUNTERPRODUCTIVE" AND 
ARGUED THAT THEY WOULD NOT INDUCE INDIA AND PAKISTAN TO 
ADHERE TO THE NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY (NPT) AND THE 
COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY (CTBT).  HE 
CALLED FOR THE RESOLUTION TO INCLUDE "STEPS", NOT 
"MEASURES", THAT THE SECURITY COUNCIL OR THE 
SECRETARY-GENERAL COULD TAKE TO PREVENT AN ESCALATION 
0F TENSI0NS IN SOUTH ASIA AND TO MOVE THE PARTIES TO 
ADHERE TO THE NPT AND CTBT.  PORTUGAL AND OTHERS ALSO 
CALLED FOR THE RESOLUTION TO INCLUDE CONCRETE WAYS TO 
ADDRESS THE ROOT CAUSES 0F TENSIONS IN SOUTH ASIA AND 
TO SUGGEST WAYS TO REDUCE THEM. 
 
SECRETARY-GENERAL OFFERS HIS GOOD OFFICES 
----------------------------------------- 
 
6  (C)  RUSSIAN AMB. LAVROV ASKED THE SECRETARIAT IF 
THE TEXT OF LETTERS FROM THE SECRETARY-GENERAL TO THE 
PRIME MINISTERS OF INDIA AND PAKISTAN COULD BE MADE 
AVAILABLE TO THE COUNCIL.  UNDER SECRETARY-GENERAL 
DHANAPALA NOTED LAVROV.S REQUEST AND OUTLINED THE MAIN 
ELEMENTS OF THE TWO LETTERS:  1) THE SECRETARY-GENERAL 
EXPRESSED ALARM AT THE SITUATION IN SOUTH ASIA AND THE 
CONSEQUENCES TO REGIONAL AND GLOBAL PEACE AND 
STABILITY, 2) HE URGED THE TWO PARTIES TO EXERCISE 
RESTRAINT TO PREVENT A NUCLEAR ARMS RACE, 3) HE CALLED 
ON THE PARTIES TO ADHERE TO THE NPT AND THE CTBT, 4) HE 
URGED THE PARTIES TO FREEZE THEIR NUCLEAR WEAPONS AMD 
MISSILE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS, AND 5) HE URGED INDIA AND 
PAKISTAN TO RESUME THEIR DIALOGUE AND OFFERED HIS GOOD 
OFFICES TO ACCOMPLISH THAT AIM. 
 
7.  BEGIN TEXT OF DRAFT RESOLUTION: 
 
THE SECURITY COUNCIL, 
 
REAFFIRMING THE STATEMENTS MADE BY ITS PRESIDENT OF 14 
MAY 1998 (S/PRST/1998/12) AND OF 29 MAY 1998 
(S/PRST/1998/17). 
 
REITERATING THE STATEMENT BY ITS PRESIDENT OF 31 
JANUARY 1992 (S/23500), WHICH STATED INTER ALIA THAT 
THE PROLIFERATION OF ALL WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION 
CONSTITUTES A THREAT TO INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND 
SECURITY, 
 
GRAVELY CONCERNED AT THE CHALLENGE THAT THE NUCLEAR 
TESTS IN INDIA AND PAKISTAN CONSTITUTE TO INTERNATIONAL 
EFFORTS AIMED AT STRENGTHENING THE GLOBAL REGIME OF 
NON-PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, 
 
DEEPLY CONCERNED AT THE RISK OF A NUCLEAR ARMS RACE IN 
SOUTH ASIA, 
 
REAFFIRMING THE CRUCIAL IMPORTANCE OF THE TREATY ON THE 
NON-PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS (NPT) AND THE 
COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY (CTBT) FOR GLOBAL EFFORTS 
TOWARDS NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION AND NUCLEAR 
DISARMAMENT, 
 
ENDORSING THE PRINCIPLES AND OBJECTIVES FOR NUCLEAR 
NON-PROLIFERATION AND DISARMAMENT ADOPTED BY THE 1995 
REVIEW AND EXTENSION CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES TO THE 
NPT, 
 
AFFIRMING THE NEED TO CONTINUE TO MOVE WITH 
DETERMINATION TOWARDS THE FULL REALIZATION AND 
EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE 
TREATY ON NON-PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS, 
 
MINDFUL OF ITS RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF 
INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY, 
 
1. STRONGLY DEPLORES THE NUCLEAR TESTS CONDUCTED BY 
INDIA ON 11 AND 14 MAY 1998 AND BY PAKISTAN ON 28 AND 
30 MAY 1998; 
 
2. DEMANDS THAT INDIA AND PAKISTAN REFRAIN FROM FURTHER 
NUCLEAR TESTS AND IN THIS CONTEXT FURTHER CALLS UPON 
ALL STATES NOT TO CARRY OUT ANY NUCLEAR TESTS IN 
ACCORDANCE WITH PROVISIONS OF THE COMPREHENSIVE TEST 
BAN TREATY; 
 
3. URGES INDIA AND PAKISTAN TO EXERCISE MAXIMUM 
RESTRAINT IN ORDER TO PREVENT AN AGGRAVATION OF THE 
SITUATION; 
 
4. CALLS UPON INDIA AND PAKISTAN IMMEDIATELY TO COMMIT 
THEMSELVES NOT TO ASSEMBLE OR DEPLOY NUCLEAR DEVICES, 
AND TO CEASE DEVELOPMENT OF BALLISTIC MISSILES CAPABLE 
OF DELIVERING NUCLEAR WARHEADS AS WELL AS TO EXERT 
STRINGENT CONTROLS OVER THE EXPORT OF CONTROLLED 
NUCLEAR AND MISSILE MATERIALS, EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY; 
 
5. ENCOURAGES ALL STATES TO CEASE TO SUPPLY INDIA AND 
PAKISTAN WITH EQUIPMENT, MATERIAL AND RELATED 
TECHNOLOGY, WHICH COULD BE USED TO DEVELOP THEIR 
NUCLEAR WEAPONS CAPACITY; 
 
6. EXPRESSES ITS GRAVE CONCERN AT THE NEGATIVE EFFECT 
OF THE NUCLEAR TESTS, CONDUCTED BY INDIA AND PAKISTAN, 
ON PEACE AND STABILITY IN SOUTH ASIA, AND BEYOND; 
 
7. REAFFIRMS ITS FULL COMMITMENT TO AND THE CRUCIAL 
IMPORTANCE OF THE TREATY ON THE NON-PROLIFERATION OF 
NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND THE COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR TEST BAN 
TREATY AS THE CORNERSTONE OF THE INTERNATIONAL REGIME 
ON THE NON-PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND AS THE 
ESSENTIAL FOUNDATION FOR THE PURSUIT OF NUCLEAR 
DISARMAMENT; 
 
8. EXPRESSES ITS FIRM CONVICTION THAT THE INTERNATIONAL 
REGIME ON NON-PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS SHOULD 
BE SAFEGUARDED AND CONSOLIDATED; 
 
9. RECOGNIZES THAT THE TESTS CONDUCTED BY INDIA AND 
PAKISTAN SERIOUSLY ERODE AND CONSTITUTE A THREAT TO THE 
INTERNATIONAL REGIME ON THE NON-PROLIFERATION OF 
NUCLEAR WEAPONS; 
 
10. URGES INDIA AND PAKISTAN, AND ALL OTHER STATES THAT 
HAVE NOT YET DONE SO, TO BECOME PARTIES TO THE TREATY 
ON THE NON-PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND THE 
COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR TEST-BAN TREATY WITHOUT DELAY AND 
WITHOUT CONDITIONS AND TO ENTER INTO NEGOTIATIONS ON A 
TREATY BANNING THE PRODUCTION OF FISSILE MATERIALS FOR 
NUCLEAR WEAPONS; 
 
11. REQUESTS THE SECRETARY-GENERAL TO REPORT URGENTLY 
TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL ON THE STEPS TAKEN BY INDIA AND 
PAKISTAN TO IMPLEMENT THE PRESENT RESOLUTION; 
 
12. EXPRESSES ITS READINESS TO CONSIDER FURTHER 
MEASURES IF IT DEEMS THAT INDIA AND PAKISTAN HAVE NOT 
TAKEN SUFFICIENT STEPS TO IMPLEMENT THE PRESENT 
RESOLUTION; 
 
13. DECIDES TO REMAIN ACTIVELY SEIZED OF THE MATTER. 
 
END TEXT OF DRAFT RESOLUTION. 
 
 
8.  TEXT OF SECURITY COUNCIL PRESIDENT'S ORAL STATEMENT 
TO THE PRESS: 
 
--  AT THE REQUEST OF A MEMBER OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL 
TO CONVENE AN URGENT MEETING OF THE COUNCIL, WE MET IN 
INFORMAL CONSULTATIONS THIS AFTERNOON TO DISCUSS THE 
SECOND SET OF NUCLEAR TESTS BY PAKISTAN THIS MORNING, 
30 MAY 1998. 
 
--  COMING SO CLOSE AFTER THE ADOPTION OF A 
PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT YESTERDAY, 29 MAY 1998, 
REGARDING THE FIRST SET OF NUCLEAR TESTS CONDUCTED ON 
28 MAY, THESE NEW TESTS WERE AGAIN DEEPLY DEPLORED BY 
THE COUNCIL. 
 
--  IN THIS REGARD, MINDFUL OF ITS RESPONSIBILITY FOR 
THE MAINTENANCE OF INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY, 
THE SECURITY COUNCIL IS ACTIVELY CONSIDERING  A DRAFT 
RESOLUTION ON THE MATTER WITH A VIEW TO ITS QUICK 
ADOPTION. 
 
--  THE COUNCIL EXPRESSED ITS INCREASED CONCERN AT THE 
RISK OF A NUCLEAR ARMS RACE ESCALATING IN SOUTH ASIA 
AND URGED INDIA AND PAKISTAN TO ACCEDE TO THE 
COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY (CTBT) WITHOUT 
CONDITIONS. 
 
--  THE COUNCIL ALSO CALLED ON THE GOVERNMENT OF 
PAKISTAN TO ISSUE A PUBLIC DECLARATION ANNOUNCING A 
MORATORIUM ON FUTURE TESTS AND EXPERIMENTATION ON 
DELIVERY SYSTEMS. 
 
--  THE COUNCIL STRONGLY SUPPORTED THE 
SECRETARY-GENERAL'S STATEMENT WHICH EXPRESSED HIS 
PROFOUND DISMAY AT THIS NEW SET OF TESTS. 
 
END TEXT OF SECURITY COUNCIL PRESIDENT'S ORAL STATEMENT 
TO THE PRESS. 
 
 
9.  TEXT OF SECRETARY-GENERAL'S SPOKESMAN'S STATEMENT: 
 
THE SECRETARY-GENERAL HAS LEARNED WITH PROFOUND DISMAY 
THAT, DESPITE APPEALS FOR RESTRAINT BY HIM AS WELL AS 
BY THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND LEADERS OF MANY MEMBER 
STATES, PAKISTAN HAS CONDUCTED A SIXTH UNDERGROUND 
NUCLEAR WEAPON TEST ON SATURDAY, 30 MAY. THIS FURTHER 
DANGEROUS AND SENSELESS ESCALATION OF TENSION COULD 
LEAD TO A NUCLEAR ARMS RACE WITH INCALCULABLE 
CONSEQUENCES. THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY MUST MOVE TO 
PREVENT A FURTHER DETERIORATION OF THE SITUATION. 
 
THE SECRETARY-GENERAL URGENTLY REITERATES HIS APPEAL TO 
THE PRIME MINISTERS OF INDIA AND PAKISTAN TO 
DEMONSTRATE THEIR LEADERSHIP AT THIS CRITICAL STAGE BY 
EXERCISING RESTRAINT AND REDUCING THE HIGH TENSIONS 
BETWEEN THEM. NOTING THAT INDIA HAS ALREADY ANNOUNCED A 
MORATORIUM ON FUTURE TESTS, HE CALLS UPON PAKISTAN TO 
MAKE A PARALLEL DECLARATION. HE ALSO URGES BOTH 
COUNTRIES TO ACCEDE TO THE COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR TEST 
BAN TREATY (CTBT) WITHOUT CONDITIONS. 
 
THE SECRETARY-GENERAL REITERATES THE OFFER MADE TO THE 
PRIME MINISTERS OF INDIA AND PAKISTAN IN THE LETTERS HE 
ADDRESSED TO THEM ON 29 MAY TO ASSIST THEM IN 
INITIATING A CONSTRUCTIVE DIALOGUE. 
 
END TEXT OF SECRETARY-GENERAL'S SPOKESMAN'S STATEMENT 
TO THE PRESS. 
 
10.  ACTION REQUEST:  USUN WILL NEED IMMEDIATE 
INSTRUCTIONS ON THE PROPOSED RESOLUTION FOR AN EXPECTED 
SECURITY COUNCIL SESSION ON MONDAY, JUNE 1. 
 
 
RICHARSON 

Latest source of this page is cablebrowser-2, released 2011-10-04