US embassy cable - 98USUNNEWYORK1622

PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TEST: SECURITY COUNCIL FAILS TO ADOPT PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT

Identifier: 98USUNNEWYORK1622
Wikileaks: View 98USUNNEWYORK1622 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: USUN New York
Created: 1998-05-29 04:03:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: PREL PINS UNSC PARM MNUC KNNP PK IN
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
O 290403Z MAY 98
FM USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7334
INFO AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI IMMEDIATE 
UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE
SECDEF WASHDC IMMEDIATE
JOINT STAFF WASHDC IMMEDIATE
DOE WASHDC IMMEDIATE
USMISSION USVIENNA
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 USUN NEW YORK 001622 
 
 
S/S-0 PLEASE PASS TO SECRETARY'S PARTY 
STATE FOR P, IO/UNP, AND SA/PAD 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL OSCE 
NSC FOR REIDEL 
 
E.O. 12958:  DECL:  5/28/04 
TAGS:  PREL, PINS, UNSC, PARM, MNUC, KNNP, PK, IN 
SUBJECT:  PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TEST: SECURITY COUNCIL 
          FAILS TO ADOPT PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT 
 
CLASSIFIED BY POLCOUNSELOR WILLIAM B. WOOD, PER REASONS 
1.5 (B) AND (D). 
 
1. (C) SUMMARY: ON MAY 28 THE SECURITY COUNCIL COULD 
NOT ISSUE A PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT "STRONGLY DEPLORING" 
THE MAY 28 PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TEST.  DESPITE MAY 28 LATE 
NIGHT SECURITY COUNCIL CONSULTATIONS OF THE WHOLE, THE 
CHINESE SAID THEY WERE WITHOUT INSTRUCTIONS.  DURING 
EARLIER INFORMAL CONSULTATIONS, THE SWEDES, COSTA 
RICANS, JAPANESE AND OTHERS RAISED THE PAKISTANI 
NUCLEAR TESTS.  RUSSIAN PERMREP LAVROV TABLED A DRAFT 
PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT WORKED OUT WITH THE US. 
DELEGATION AND CALLED FOR IMMEDIATE ADOPTION. 
AMBASSADOR RICHARDSON SUPPORTED HIM.  DESPITE CHINESE 
AGREEMENT TO AN AD REF TEXT, WHICH THEY RECOMMENDED 
BEIJING ACCEPT, THE CHINESE ASKED AT A LATE-NIGHT 
COUNCIL SESSION FOR DELAY UNTIL FRIDAY, MAY 29.  DRAFT 
TEXT PARA 9 BELOW.  THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ISSUED A 
STATEMENT MAY 28 (TEXT IN PARA 7 BELOW).  END SUMMARY. 
 
PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT 
---------------------- 
 
2. (C) DURING MAY 28 SECURITY COUNCIL INFORMAL 
CONSULTATIONS, THE SWEDISH, COSTA RICAN, JAPANESE, 
BRAZILIAN AND OTHER DELEGATIONS RAISED THE PAKISTANI 
NUCLEAR TESTS.  THEY SAID THE PURSUIT OF NUCLEAR 
CAPABILITIES BY INDIA AND PAKISTAN WAS A THREAT TO 
INTERNATIONAL SECURITY AND CALLED ON THE COUNCIL 
PRESIDENT TO MAKE A STATEMENT TO THE PRESS "AT A 
MINIMUM."  AMBASSADOR RICHARDSON AND RUSSIAN PERMREP 
LAVROV AGREED.  THE COUNCIL MUST ACT QUICKLY, HE SAID, 
BUT THE REACTION SHOULD BE A BALANCED, CAREFUL ONE.  HE 
RECOMMENDED A PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT ALONG THE LINES OF 
THE ONE CONCERNING INDIA, ISSUED MAY 14.  HE CIRCULATED 
A DRAFT STATEMENT WORKED OUT WITH THE U.S. DELEGATION. 
THE DRAFT TEXT IS BASED ON THE 14 MAY STATEMENT AND THE 
TEXT OF A SUBSEQUENT U.S./RUSSIAN DRAFT (WHICH HAD NOT 
BEEN INTRODUCED) THAT CALLS FOR DIALOGUE BETWEEN INDIA 
AND PAKISTAN.  AMBASSADOR RICHARDSON SUPPORTED 
IMMEDIATE ADOPTION OF THE STATEMENT. 
 
CALLS FOR MORE-ENCOMPASSING COUNCIL ACTION 
------------------------------------------ 
 
3. (C) AMBASSADOR OWADA (JAPAN) SAID THAT IN ADDITION 
TO ACTION ON THE PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TEST, THE COUNCIL 
SHOULD ADDRESS THE COMBINED EFFECT OF BOTH INDIA'S AND 
PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR EFFORTS.  THE SECURITY COUNCIL -- 
AND THE ENTIRE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY -- MUST NOW 
BEGIN TO LOOK AT NON-PROLIFERATION ISSUES IN A NEW 
WAY.  THE COUNCIL MUST BEGIN CONSIDERATION OF A 
RESOLUTION THAT CONVEYS THIS BROADER VIEW. 
 
4. (C) AMBASSADOR DAHLGREN (SWEDEN AGREED WITH NEED 
FOR URGENT COUNCIL ACTION.  HE SAID HE HAD INSTRUCTIONS 
TO PUSH FOR A SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION. 
 
(SWEDISH/JAPANESE DRAFT RESOLUTION FAXED TO IO/UNP.) 
 
RICHARDSON CALLS FOR IMMEDIATE ACTION 
------------------------------------- 
 
5.  (C)  AMBASSADOR RICHARDSON SAID THAT PAKISTAN'S 
DECISION TO DETONATE A NUCLEAR DEVICE WAS A "LOST 
OPPORTUNITY."  HE RECOUNTED INTERNATIONAL AND U.S. 
EFFORTS TO AVOID THE PRESENT CRISIS.  WHAT WAS NEEDED 
NOW WAS RAPID, CONCRETE ACTION.  INDIA AND PAKISTAN 
MUST SIGN THE COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY, BEGIN A 
DIALOGUE, AND REVERSE THE ARMS RACE THEY STARTED.  IN 
THE MEANTIME, THE COUNCIL NEEDS TO RESPOND TO THE 
PAKISTANI TEST TODAY. 
 
6.  (C)  ONLY THE CHINESE RESISTED.  IN A MORNING 
MEETING OF EXPERTS, THEY ATTEMPTED TO MODIFY THE 
LANGUAGE TO SHIFT THE RESPONSIBILITY TOWARD THE 
INDIANS.  NO DELEGATION ACCEPTED THEIR PROPOSALS.  IN 
AFTERNOON CONSULTATIONS, THEY AGAIN ARGUED THAT THEY 
WOULD HAVE TO RECEIVE INSTRUCTIONS FROM BEIJING.  IN A 
SUBSEQUENT P-5 MEETING, THE CHINESE AGREED AD REF TO A 
TEXT.  THE COUNCIL CONVENED AT LO:30 P.M. TO APPROVE 
IT, BUT THE CHINESE SAID THAT, IN SPITE OF HAVING MADE 
A POSITIVE RECOMMENDATION TO BEIJING, THEY STILL HAD NO 
INSTRUCTIONS TO AGREE.  THEY MADE NO SUBSTANTIVE 
OBJECTIONS.  THE COUNCIL WILL RECONVENE MAY 29 A.M. 
(TEXT AT PARA 11 BELOW.) 
 
STATEMENT BY SECRETARY GENERAL 
------------------------------ 
 
7.  (U)  BEGIN SYG'S STATEMENT: 
 
I DEPLORE BOTH THE INDIAN AND PAKISTANI TESTS.  THEY 
EXACERBATE TENSION IN AN ALREADY DIFFICULT RELATIONSHIP. 
 
I CALL ON BOTH GOVERNMENTS TO SIGN THE COMPREHENSIVE 
TEST BAN TREATY.  THEY MIGHT ALSO SIGN A NO-FIRST-USE 
PLEDGE WITH EACH OTHER. 
 
FINALLY, BOTH NATIONS SHOULD FREEZE THEIR NUCLEAR 
WEAPONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS.  THE NUMBER OF NUCLEAR 
WEAPONS SHOULD DECREASE, NOT INCREASE. 
 
AS WE APPROACH THE NEW CENTURY, WE SHOULD BE ASKING HOW 
BEST TO PRESERVE LIFE, CULTURE AND CIVILIZATION, NOT 
HOW TO BECOME MORE DESTRUCTIVE. 
 
END SYG STATEMENT. 
 
 
PRESS STATEMENT BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL 
--------------------------------------------- ----------- 
 
8.  (U) BEGIN PRESS STATEMENT OF COUNCIL PRESIDENT: 
 
THE COUNCIL STRONGLY DEPLORED THE TWO UNDERGROUND 
NUCLEAR TESTS CONDUCTED BY PAKISTAN ON 28 MAY 1998, 
DESPITE THE INTERNATIONAL CALL FOR RESTRAINT.THEY 
CALLED UPON PAKISTAN AND INDIA TO STOP ALL NUCLEAR 
TESTING AND RELATED ACTIVITY IMMEDIATELY.  THE COUNCIL 
IS WORKING ON A FORMAL REACTION IN THE FORM OF A 
PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT PROBABLY TODAY. 
 
END SECURITY COUNCIL PRESIDENT'S PRESS STATEMENT. 
 
DRAFT PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT TEXT 
---------------------------------- 
 
9.  (U)  THE LATEST DRAFT PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT TEXT 
FOLLOWS:: 
 
BEGIN DRAFT STATEMENT: 
 
THE SECURITY COUNCIL STRONGLY DEPLORES THE UNDERGROUND 
NUCLEAR TESTS THAT PAKISTAN CONDUCTED ON 28 MAY 1998, 
DESPITE OVERWHELMING INTERNATIONAL CONCERN AND CALLS 
FOR RESTRAINT.  REAFFIRMING ITS 14 MAY PRESIDENTIAL 
STATEMENT (S/PRST/12) ON THE INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS OF 11 
AND 13 MAY, THE SECURITY COUNCIL STRONGLY URGES INDIA 
AND PAKISTAN TO REFRAIN FROM ANY FURTHER TESTS.  IT IS 
OF THE VIEW THAT TESTING BY INDIA AND THEN BY PAKISTAN 
IS CONTRARY TO THE DE FACTO MORATORIUM ON THE TESTING 
OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS OR OTHER NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE DEVICES, 
AND TO GLOBAL EFFORTS TOWARDS NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION 
AND NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT.  THE COUNCIL ALSO EXPRESSES 
ITS CONCERN AT THE EFFECTS OF THIS DEVELOPMENT ON PEACE 
AND STABILITY IN THE REGION. 
 
THE SECURITY COUNCIL REAFFIRMS THE CRUCIAL IMPORTANCE 
OF THE TREATY ON THE NON-PROLIFERATION ON NUCLEAR 
WEAPONS (NPT) AND THE COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY 
(CTBT).  THE COUNCIL APPEALS TO INDIA AND PAKISTAN, AND 
ALL OTHER STATES WHICH HAVE NOT YET DONE SO, TO BECOME 
PARTIES TO THE NPT, AND TO THE CTBT, WITHOUT DELAY AND 
WITHOUT CONDITIONS.  THE COUNCIL ALSO ENCOURAGES INDIA 
AND PAKISTAN TO PARTICIPATE, IN A POSITIVE SPIRIT, IN 
THE PROPOSED NEGOTIATIONS WITH OTHER STATES FOR A 
FISSILE MATERIAL CUT-OFF TREATY IN GENEVA WITH A VIEW 
TO REACHING EARLY AGREEMENT. 
 
THE SECURITY COUNCIL CALLS UPON ALL PARTIES TO EXERCISE 
MAXIMUM RESTRAINT AND TO TAKE IMMEDIATE STEPS TO REDUCE 
AND REMOVE TENSIONS BETWEEN THEM.  THE COUNCIL 
REAFFIRMS THAT THE SOURCES OF TENSION IN SOUTH ASIA 
SHOULD BE REDUCED AND ELIMINATED ONLY THROUGH PEACEFUL 
DIALOGUE AND NOT BY THE USE OF FORCE OR OTHER MILITARY 
MEANS. 
 
THE SECURITY COUNCIL URGES INDIA AND PAKISTAN TO RESUME 
THEIR DIALOGUE ON ALL OUTSTANDING BILATERAL ISSUES, 
INCLUDING ALL THOSE THAT THE PARTIES HAVE ALREADY 
DISCUSSED, IN ORDER TO REMOVE THE TENSIONS BETWEEN THEM 
AND TO ENHANCE THEIR ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL 
COOPERATION.  THE COUNCIL CALLS UPON INDIA AND PAKISTAN 
TO AVOID ANY STEPS OR STATEMENTS THAT COULD LEAD TO 
FURTHER INSTABILITY OR IMPEDE THEIR BILATERAL DIALOGUE. 
 
THE SECURITY COUNCIL WILL REMAIN SEIZED OF THE MATTER. 
 
END DRAFT PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENT. 
 
RICHARDSON 

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