US embassy cable - 97ANKARA231

NATO ENLARGEMENT--TURKISH TAKE ON RUSSIAN VIEWS CONFIDENTIAL

Identifier: 97ANKARA231
Wikileaks: View 97ANKARA231 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Ankara
Created: 1997-01-08 10:07:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: MARR PREL TU RS
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
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PAGE 01        ANKARA  00231  081035Z 
ACTION EUR-01   

INFO  LOG-00   INLB-01  AID-00   ACQ-01   CIAE-00  SMEC-00  INL-01   
      OASY-00  DOEE-00  SRPP-00  DS-00    FBIE-00  H-01     TEDE-00  
      INR-00   LAB-01   L-01     MCO-01   ADS-00   M-00     NSAE-00  
      NSCE-00  OMB-01   PA-00    PM-00    PRS-00   P-00     CIO-00   
      SCT-00   SP-00    SS-00    TRSE-00  USIE-00  SNIS-00  NISC-00  
      PMB-00   DSCC-00  PRME-01  DRL-09   G-00       /019W
                  ------------------8D34A8  081035Z /38    
R 081007Z JAN 97
FM AMEMBASSY ANKARA
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 0634
INFO USEU BRUSSELS
USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ5/ECPLAD//
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
ALL NATO POST COLLECTIVE
ODC ANKARA TU//TCH//
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J-3/J-5//
SECDEF WASHDC//USDP:PDUSDP/USDP/ISA//
AMEMBASSY NICOSIA 
AMCONSUL ADANA 
AMCONSUL ISTANBUL 
C O N F I D E N T I A L ANKARA 000231 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL:06 
TAGS: MARR, PREL, TU, RS 
SUBJECT:  NATO ENLARGEMENT--TURKISH TAKE ON RUSSIAN 
VIEWS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
                           CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ANKARA  00231  081035Z 
 
REF:  96 ANKARA 13628 
 
1.  (U)  CLASSIFIED BY ACTING POLCOUNS MARC SIEVERS, 
EMBASSY ANKARA, REASON 1.5 (B). 
 
2.  (C)  DURING AN OFFICE CALL BY A/POLCOUNS AND 
POLOFF ON JANUARY 7, TURKISH MFA DEPUTY DIRECTOR 
GENERAL FOR SLAVIC REPUBLICS ALP KARAOSMANOGLU 
SUMMARIZED AN EXCHANGE OF VIEWS ON NATO ENLARGEMENT 
BETWEEN FOREIGN MINISTERS YEVGENIY PRIMAKOV AND TANSU 
CILLER DURING THE LATTER'S VISIT TO MOSCOW DECEMBER 
17-19, 1996.  KARAOSMANOGLU'S SUMMARY EXPANDS ON THAT 
PROVIDED THE AMBASSADOR BY MFA UNDERSECRETARY ONUR 
OYMEN ON DECEMBER 20 (REFTEL). 
 
3.  (C)  ACCORDING TO KARAOSMANOGLU, PRIMAKOV TOLD 
CILLER THAT RUSSIA DOES NOT VIEW CURRENT PLANS FOR 
NATO EXPANSION AS A THREAT TO RUSSIA.  HOWEVER, RUSSIA 
WANTS TO ENSURE THAT AN EXPANDED NATO DOES NOT BECOME 
"A NEW NAME FOR AN OLD GEO-POLITICAL DIVISION" THAT 
ISOLATES RUSSIA FROM THE REST OF EUROPE.  RUSSIA 
RECOGNIZES THE HISTORIC IMPORTANCE OF NATO ENLARGEMENT 
AND ITS OWN EVOLVING RELATIONS WITH NATO AND 
CONSEQUENTLY WANTS TO PROCEED CAUTIOUSLY IN ORDER TO 
AVOID "MAKING A GEO-STRATEGIC MISTAKE." 
 
4.  (C)  KARAOSMANOGLU SAID PRIMAKOV CONFIDED TO 
CILLER THAT "CERTAIN CIRCLES IN RUSSIA," WHO WERE 
INTERESTED PRIMARILY IN MODERNIZING THE COUNTRY'S 
ARMED FORCES, DID NOT FAVOR IMPROVED RELATIONS WITH 
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NATO.  KARAOSMANOGLU SURMISED THAT PRIMAKOV INTENDED 
THE TURKS TO ASSUME THESE "CIRCLES" WERE LOCATED 
WITHIN THE RUSSIAN DEFENSE ESTABLISHMENT AND FOUND IN 
THE SPECTER OF AN ANTAGONISTIC NATO CONVENIENT 
JUSTIFICATION FOR CLAIMING RESOURCES NEEDED TO UPGRADE 
RUSSIA'S MILITARY CAPABILITIES.  PRIMAKOV THEN MADE A 
POINT OF ASSURING CILLER THAT, DESPITE THIS ELEMENT OF 
OPPOSITION,  RUSSIAN POLICY MAKERS WERE "READY TO TALK 
ABOUT RELATIONS WITH NATO," UNDERSTOOD THE CONCEPT OF 
NATO EXPANSION, AND SUPPORTED A CLOSER/IMPROVED 
RELATIONSHIP WITH THE ALLIANCE.  PRIMAKOV WARNED 
CILLER, HOWEVER, THAT AS NATO EXPANDED TO INCLUDE MORE 
MEMBERS, THE ALLIANCE INEVITABLY WOULD ENCOMPASS MORE 
DISPUTES AND GROW LESS COHESIVE.  NOW NATO SUFFERS 
FROM DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TURKEY AND GREECE, PRIMAKOV 
ELABORATED, BUT WITH MORE MEMBERS IT WOULD INCLUDE 
MORE DISPUTES. 
 
5.  (C)  KARAOSMANOGLU REPORTED THAT CILLER RESPONDED 
TO PRIMAKOV'S STATEMENT OF RUSSIA'S POSITIONS BY 
CANDIDLY DESCRIBING TURKEY'S VIEWS.  FOR TURKEY, NATO 
ENLARGEMENT COULD NOT BE CONSIDERED IN ISOLATION FROM 
EXPANSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION (EU), THE WESTERN 
EUROPEAN UNION (WEU) AND THE LATTER'S EVOLVING 
COLLECTIVE SECURITY RESPONSIBILITIES.  TURKEY AGREED 
THAT AN ENLARGED NATO SHOULD NOT ESTABLISH NEW LINES 
OF DIVISION IN EUROPE.  TURKEY'S VIEW WAS THAT ALL 
THINKING ABOUT EUROPE MUST INCLUDE RUSSIA AS AN 
INTEGRAL AND IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF THE WHOLE. 
 
GROSSMAN 
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