US embassy cable - 94ZAGREB1634

TFSROL: DART FIELD OFFICER'S VISIT WITH BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT'S REPRESENTATIVE IN ZENICA

Identifier: 94ZAGREB1634
Wikileaks: View 94ZAGREB1634 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Zagreb
Created: 1994-04-25 11:26:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Tags: PREF AORC EAID PHUM HR AORC EAID PHUM HR AORC EAID PHUM HR AORC EAID PHUM HR BK War Crimes
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLASSIFIED SECTION 01 OF 04 ZAGREB 01634 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
497IG AMHS BOLLING AFB DC//INAGE// 
USMISSION USNATO 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 04 ZAGREB 001634 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE PASS TO AID 
VIENNA FOR BOSNIA 
AID FOR AA/BHR, EUR/RME, BHR/FFP, AND 
BHR/OFDA/DRD 
 
BUDAPEST FOR RFMC/CEE 
STATE FOR IO, IO/PHO, EUR/EEA/RJOHNSON 
EUR/EE/RERDMAN AND JMOORE, PM/ISO, AND RP 
 
USMISSION GENEVA FOR RMA, AAO 
 
SECDEF ALSO FOR ISA/GLOBAL AFFAIRS OSD/HRA/IRVIN 
BONN ALSO FOR GSO KAREN KLEMP 
RAMSTEIN FOR DO/LG/XP/IN/POLAD// 
 
E.O. 12356: N/A 
TAGS: PREF, AORC, EAID, PHUM, HR, AORC, EAID, PHUM, HR, AORC, EAID, PHUM, HR, AORC, EAID, PHUM, HR, BK, War Crimes 
SUBJECT: TFSROL:  DART FIELD OFFICER'S VISIT WITH 
        BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT'S REPRESENTATIVE IN 
        ZENICA 
 
 
------- 
SUMMARY 
------- 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01634  01 OF 04  251057Z 
 
1.  ON APRIL 5, DART/ZAGREB FIELD OFFICER HAD AN 
INTERESTING AND INFORMATIVE MEETING WITH MR. FUAD 
DIDIC, MINISTER OF COORDINATION AND FIELD AFFAIRS 
IN ZENICA FOR THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT.  HE IS THE 
SENIOR GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVE FOR THE REGION. 
FORMERLY A PROFESSOR OF MARXIST PHILOSOPHY AT THE 
LOCAL UNIVERSITY, MINISTER DIDIC WAS PERSONABLE, 
ARTICULATE, AND INTELLIGENT.  THOUGH HE SEEMED TO 
UNDERSTAND AND SPEAK SOME ENGLISH, HE SPOKE 
THROUGH A TRANSLATOR. 
 
-------------------------- 
MINISTER'S JOB DESCRIPTION 
-------------------------- 
 
2.  ACCORDING TO THE MINISTER, HIS JOB IS TO 
PROVIDE AN IMMEDIATE PRESENCE OF AUTHORITY IN HIS 
(ZENICA) REGION AND TO PROVIDE A "STAIRWAY MODEL 
OF AUTHORITY TO THE GOVERNMENT IN SARAJEVO". 
THIS WAS UNDERSTOOD TO BE SOMETHING LIKE A "CHAIN 
OF COMMAND". 
 
---------------- 
THE FOUR CANTONS 
---------------- 
 
3.  MINISTER DIDIC SAID THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT IN 
SARAJEVO HAD DIVIDED BOSNIA INTO FOUR REGIONS OR 
"CANTONS" (ZENICA, TUZLA, BIHAC, MOSTAR) WITH A 
MINISTER IN EACH ONE.  HE EXPLAINED THAT WHEN THE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01634  01 OF 04  251057Z 
NEW GOVERNMENT WAS FORMED SIX MONTHS AGO IT WAS 
PRIMARILY CONCERNED WITH (1) HELPING THE PEOPLE 
SURVIVE THE RAVAGES OF WAR, WINTER, AND 
STARVATION; (2) DEFENDING THEM AGAINST 
AGGRESSORS.  "THESE TASKS HAVE NOW BEEN MET", HE 
SAID. 
 
-------------------------------- 
GOVERNMENT AGENDA AND PRIORITIES 
-------------------------------- 
 
4.  ACCORDING TO THE MINISTER, RECONSTRUCTION AND 
ORGANIZATION OF TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS IS THE 
FIRST PRIORITY SO THAT PEOPLE AND HUMANITARIAN 
AID CAN MOVE FREELY THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY.  THE 
SECOND PRIORITY IS THE CONTINUED "SAFETY OF THE 
CITIZENRY FROM AGGRESSION, FROM EPIDEMICS, FROM 
ANARCHY, FROM A RETURN TO HUNGER, ETC."  THE 
THIRD PRIORITY IS THE REBUILDING OF HOMES, 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01634  02 OF 04  251057Z 
ACTION SS-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CA-02    CIAE-00  OASY-00  EUR-01 
      OIGO-01  HA-09    HHS-01   IMMC-01  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-16 
      L-01     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   PM-00    RP-10    SR-00 
      SSO-00   PMB-00     /046W 
                  ------------------3FC528  251611Z /38 
R 251126Z APR 94 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO USEC BRUSSELS 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION GENEVA 
SECSTATE WASHDC 1658 
INFO CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
COM SIXTHFLT//N2// 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ4/ECJ5/EC POLAD// 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 
HQ JTF PP NAPLES IT//CA/POLAD// 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J3/J4/J5// 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01634  02 OF 04  251057Z 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
497IG AMHS BOLLING AFB DC//INAGE// 
USMISSION USNATO 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 04 ZAGREB 001634 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE PASS TO AID 
VIENNA FOR BOSNIA 
AID FOR AA/BHR, EUR/RME, BHR/FFP, AND 
BHR/OFDA/DRD 
 
BUDAPEST FOR RFMC/CEE 
STATE FOR IO, IO/PHO, EUR/EEA/RJOHNSON 
EUR/EE/RERDMAN AND JMOORE, PM/ISO, AND RP 
 
USMISSION GENEVA FOR RMA, AAO 
 
SECDEF ALSO FOR ISA/GLOBAL AFFAIRS OSD/HRA/IRVIN 
BONN ALSO FOR GSO KAREN KLEMP 
RAMSTEIN FOR DO/LG/XP/IN/POLAD// 
 
E.O. 12356: N/A 
TAGS: PREF, AORC, EAID, PHUM, UNHCR, UN, HR, BK 
SUBJECT: TFSROL:  DART FIELD OFFICER'S VISIT WITH 
        BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT'S REPRESENTATIVE IN 
        ZENICA 
 
BUSINESSES, AND FACTORIES. 
 
------------------- 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01634  02 OF 04  251057Z 
REDEVELOPMENT PLANS 
------------------- 
 
5.  THE MINISTER EXPLAINED THAT PREVIOUSLY THERE 
WERE LARGE FACTORIES BUILT IN THE BIGGER CITIES 
AND OWNED BY THE COMMUNIST PARTY.  HE SAID THE 
ONE IN ZENICA EMPLOYED 100,000 PEOPLE.  BECAUSE 
THE SURROUNDING TOWNS AND VILLAGES WERE A SOURCE 
OF CHEAP LABOR, MOST OF THE WORKERS WERE BROUGHT 
IN FROM THE VILLAGES TO WORK.  THIS DEPLETED THE 
SMALLER AREAS OF MANPOWER AND TOOK JOBS AWAY FROM 
THE CITY DWELLERS.  THE NEW GOVERNMENT WANTS TO 
CHANGE THAT.  THEY WANT THE LARGER FACTORIES TO 
BE REPLACED BY SMALLER, MORE MODERN FACTORIES SO 
THAT CITY PEOPLE CAN BE EMPLOYED.  THE VILLAGES 
IN OUTLYING AREAS WOULD THEN USE THEIR MANPOWER 
AND RESOURCES FOR AGRICULTURE AND FOOD 
PRODUCTION.  PERHAPS SMALLER SATELLITE FACTORIES 
WOULD ALSO BE BUILT IN THE RURAL AREAS FOR THE 
MANUFACTURE OF CLOTHING, SPAR 
E PARTS, ETC., HE 
SAID. 
 
------------------------------------ 
SOME COMMUNITY LEADERS RESIST CHANGE 
------------------------------------ 
 
6.  THE MINISTER EXPLAINED THAT THERE ARE LEADERS 
IN SOME MUNICIPALITIES WHO ARE RESISTING THE 
INITIATIVES OF THE NEW GOVERNMENT.  THIS IS 
BECAUSE THEY ARE PROHIBITED FROM SERVING IN THE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01634  02 OF 04  251057Z 
NEW GOVERNMENT AS MANY ARE SUSPECTED OF WAR 
CRIMES, PROFITEERING, AND OTHER CRIMINAL 
ACTIVITY.  THESE LEADERS ARE IN PROZOR, KISELJAC, 
AND BUSOVACA, (HVO CONTROLLED AREAS) AS WELL AS 
IN OTHER MUNICIPALITIES.  THE NEW GOVERNMENT IS 
HAVING TROUBLE REMOVING THESE LEADERS FROM THEIR 
WELL-ENTRENCHED POSITIONS OF POWER IN THE SMALLER 
COMMUNITIES. 
 
------------------------- 
SHORTAGE OF SKILLED LABOR 
------------------------- 
 
7.  THE MINISTER ACKNOWLEDGED THAT FINDING 
SKILLED LABOR WILL BE A PROBLEM SINCE SO MANY 
PEOPLE LEFT DURING THE WAR.  THERE IS SOME 
ANXIETY THAT ONCE SARAJEVO BECOMES A FULLY 
FUNCTIONAL CITY AGAIN, MANY OF THE TALENTED 
PEOPLE REMAINING IN ZENICA, MOSTAR, AND THE OTHER 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01634  03 OF 04  251058Z 
ACTION SS-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CA-02    CIAE-00  OASY-00  EUR-01 
      OIGO-01  HA-09    HHS-01   IMMC-01  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-16 
      L-01     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   PM-00    RP-10    SR-00 
      SSO-00   PMB-00     /046W 
                  ------------------3FC538  251611Z /38 
R 251126Z APR 94 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO USEC BRUSSELS 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION GENEVA 
SECSTATE WASHDC 1659 
INFO CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
COM SIXTHFLT//N2// 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ4/ECJ5/EC POLAD// 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 
HQ JTF PP NAPLES IT//CA/POLAD// 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J3/J4/J5// 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01634  03 OF 04  251058Z 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
497IG AMHS BOLLING AFB DC//INAGE// 
USMISSION USNATO 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 04 ZAGREB 001634 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE PASS TO AID 
VIENNA FOR BOSNIA 
AID FOR AA/BHR, EUR/RME, BHR/FFP, AND 
BHR/OFDA/DRD 
 
BUDAPEST FOR RFMC/CEE 
STATE FOR IO, IO/PHO, EUR/EEA/RJOHNSON 
EUR/EE/RERDMAN AND JMOORE, PM/ISO, AND RP 
 
USMISSION GENEVA FOR RMA, AAO 
 
SECDEF ALSO FOR ISA/GLOBAL AFFAIRS OSD/HRA/IRVIN 
BONN ALSO FOR GSO KAREN KLEMP 
RAMSTEIN FOR DO/LG/XP/IN/POLAD// 
 
E.O. 12356: N/A 
TAGS: PREF, AORC, EAID, PHUM, UNHCR, UN, HR, BK 
SUBJECT: TFSROL:  DART FIELD OFFICER'S VISIT WITH 
        BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT'S REPRESENTATIVE IN 
        ZENICA 
 
CANTONS WILL MOVE TO SARAJEVO TO FIND WORK  BUT 
THE MINISTER WAS OPTIMISTIC AND FELT THAT WITH 
PROPER MOTIVATION AND TRAINING THEY COULD SOMEHOW 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01634  03 OF 04  251058Z 
FIND ENOUGH PEOPLE TO DO THE WORK REQUIRED.  "IF 
WE BUILD IT, THEY WILL COME" HE SMILED. 
 
---------------------------------------- 
BOSNIANS DISTRUST EUROPEANS; USA FAVORED 
---------------------------------------- 
 
8.  THE MINISTER SAID THAT DURING THE TROUBLE OF 
THE PAST COUPLE OF YEARS THE SPIRIT OF THE 
BOSNIAN PEOPLE HAS REMAINED UNDAUNTED.  HE WENT 
ON TO SAY THAT MORE THAN ANY OTHER COUNTRY IN THE 
WORLD, THE AMERICAN PEOPLE UNDERSTOOD AND 
APPRECIATED THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THAT SPIRIT.  IT 
WAS U.S. SUPPORT, HE SAID, THAT GAVE THE BOSNIAN 
PEOPLE THE WILL TO CONTINUE TO RESIST AGGRESSION. 
HE SAID THE PEOPLE HAVE COMPLETELY LOST FAITH 
WITH EUROPEAN COUNTRIES LIKE FRANCE, GREAT 
BRITAIN, GERMANY, AND ITALY.  HE WENT ON TO SAY 
THAT HE THOUGHT MANY OF THE PEOPLE IN THOSE 
COUNTRIES SUPPORTED THEIR CAUSE, BUT THAT THE 
GOVERNMENTS DID NOT.  HE NOTED THE "RISE OF 
FASCISM AND RACIST INCIDENTS IN THOSE COUNTRIES" 
AS STRONG INDICATIONS THEY WERE "NOT LIKELY TO BE 
SYMPATHETIC TO VICTIMS OF SERB AGGRESSION IN 
BOSNIA."  HE SAID THAT EVEN WITHOUT THE MASSIVE 
HUMANITARIAN AID FROM THE USA, THE BOSNIAN PEOPLE 
WOULD HAVE FOUND STRENGTH IN SIMPLY KNOWING THAT 
AMERICANS WERE SYMPATHETIC TO THEIR CAUSE.  BUT 
THEY DEEPLY APPRECIATED THE HUMANITARIAN AID, HE 
SAID, AND WOULD REMAIN ETERNALLY GRATEFUL. 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01634  03 OF 04  251058Z 
------------------------------ 
PEOPLE FEAR A RETURN TO HUNGER 
------------------------------ 
 
9.  ALTHOUGH THERE IS FOOD IN ZENICA NOW, THE 
HUNGER THAT PEOPLE EXPERIENCED IN DECEMBER AND 
JANUARY IS STILL FOREMOST ON THEIR MINDS.  EVEN 
THOUGH THEY NOW HAVE AMPLE FOOD TO EAT, THE 
MINISTER SAID, THERE IS GREAT ANXIETY THAT THE 
FOOD WILL RUN OUT AND HUNGER WILL RETURN.  THE 
MINISTER SAID THAT 17 PER CENT OF THE LAND AROUND 
ZENICA IS ARABLE AND THAT MORE HAS BEEN 
CULTIVATED THIS YEAR THAN EVER BEFORE. 
 
------------------------------------- 
FOREIGN INTEREST IN BOSNIAN RESOURCES 
------------------------------------- 
 
10.  THE MINISTER SAID THAT THE BRITISH HAD SHOWN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01634  04 OF 04  251058Z 
ACTION SS-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CA-02    CIAE-00  OASY-00  EUR-01 
      OIGO-01  HA-09    HHS-01   IMMC-01  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-16 
      L-01     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   PM-00    RP-10    SR-00 
      SSO-00   PMB-00     /046W 
                  ------------------3FC542  251611Z /38 
R 251126Z APR 94 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO USEC BRUSSELS 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION GENEVA 
SECSTATE WASHDC 1660 
INFO CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
COM SIXTHFLT//N2// 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ4/ECJ5/EC POLAD// 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 
HQ JTF PP NAPLES IT//CA/POLAD// 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J3/J4/J5// 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01634  04 OF 04  251058Z 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
497IG AMHS BOLLING AFB DC//INAGE// 
USMISSION USNATO 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 04 OF 04 ZAGREB 001634 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE PASS TO AID 
VIENNA FOR BOSNIA 
AID FOR AA/BHR, EUR/RME, BHR/FFP, AND 
BHR/OFDA/DRD 
 
BUDAPEST FOR RFMC/CEE 
STATE FOR IO, IO/PHO, EUR/EEA/RJOHNSON 
EUR/EE/RERDMAN AND JMOORE, PM/ISO, AND RP 
 
USMISSION GENEVA FOR RMA, AAO 
 
SECDEF ALSO FOR ISA/GLOBAL AFFAIRS OSD/HRA/IRVIN 
BONN ALSO FOR GSO KAREN KLEMP 
RAMSTEIN FOR DO/LG/XP/IN/POLAD// 
 
E.O. 12356: N/A 
TAGS: PREF, AORC, EAID, PHUM, UNHCR, UN, HR, BK 
SUBJECT: TFSROL:  DART FIELD OFFICER'S VISIT WITH 
        BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT'S REPRESENTATIVE IN 
        ZENICA 
 
AN INTEREST IN THE COAL MINES IN CENTRAL BOSNIA. 
ACCORDING TO THE MINISTER, THE BRITISH SEEM TO BE 
INTERESTED IN FINDING PLACES TO DEPOSIT 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01634  04 OF 04  251058Z 
RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL AND OTHER HAZARDOUS WASTE. 
THEY WERE ESPECIALLY INTERESTED IN THE ABANDONED 
TUNNELS OF SOME OF THE OLDER MINES WHERE THE COAL 
HAD PLAYED OUT.  THE FRENCH, HE SAID, WERE 
INTERESTED IN THE GAS IN THE MINES.  IT WASN'T 
CLEAR WHETHER THEY WERE INTERESTED IN NATURAL GAS 
DEPOSITS, OR IN THE COAL GASIFICATION PROCESS. 
NO ONE HAS YET SHOWN AN INTEREST IN OIL 
EXPLORATION, THE MINISTER SAID. 
- 
-------------------------- 
CROATS AND SERBS IN ZENICA 
-------------------------- 
 
11.  THE MINISTER SAID THAT ALTHOUGH MOST OF THE 
CROATIAN POLITICAL LEADERS HAVE LEFT, THE 
CROATIANS WHO REMAIN IN ZENICA ARE WELL- 
REPRESEN 
TED BY THEIR CHURCH LEADERS AND 
INTELLECTUALS IN THE COMMUNITY.  THERE WERE 
22,000 CROATS IN THE ZENICA REGION BEFORE THE 
WAR.  NOW THERE ARE 15,000.  TWENTY PER CENT OF 
THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT POSITIONS ARE DIVIDED 
EQUALLY BETWEEN THE SERB AND CROATIAN CITIZENS OF 
THE REGION.  THERE WERE 20,000 SERBS IN THE 
ZENICA REGION BEFORE THE WAR.  BETWEEN 10,000 AND 
15,000 REMAIN.   THE LEADER OF THE LOCAL ORTHODOX 
CHURCH IS THEIR SPOKESMAN. 
 
---------- 
CONCLUSION 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01634  04 OF 04  251058Z 
---------- 
 
12.  THIS VERY INFORMATIVE MEETING SHOWED THE 
MINISTER OF ZENICA TO BE A SOPHISTICATED, 
INTELLIGENT MAN WITH A FULL PLATE OF PROBLEMS AND 
PLANS TO HELP REBUILD HIS COUNTRY.  THE RETURN TO 
NORMALIZATION WILL BE A DIFFICULT ROAD, BUT THE 
BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT APPEARS TO BE LOOKING BEYOND 
IMMEDIATE DIFFICULTIES AND FORMULATING PLANS FOR 
LONG-TERM REDEVELOPMENT. 
 
GALBRATIH 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
> 

Latest source of this page is cablebrowser-2, released 2011-10-04