US embassy cable - 94ZAGREB827

TFSROL: SEVERE HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN B-H: EYE-WITNESS DESCRIBES TORTURE/EXECUTIONS IN LUKA AND BATKOVIC CAMPS, NAMES PERPETRATORS

Identifier: 94ZAGREB827
Wikileaks: View 94ZAGREB827 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Zagreb
Created: 1994-02-28 16:20:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Tags: PHUM PREF HR PREF HR PREF HR PREF HR BK War Crimes
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLASSIFIED LIMITED OFFICIAL USE SECTION 01 OF 04 ZAGREB 00827 
 
SIPDIS 
 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5-PMA/J2I// 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
 
 
LIMITED OFFICIAL USE SECTION 01 OF 04 ZAGREB 000827 
 
 
STATE FOR EUR/EE, L, HA, IO 
 
USMISSION USVIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS: PHUM, PREF, HR, PREF, HR, PREF, HR, PREF, HR, BK, War Crimes 
SUBJECT: TFSROL:  SEVERE HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN B-H: 
         EYE-WITNESS DESCRIBES TORTURE/EXECUTIONS IN 
         LUKA AND BATKOVIC CAMPS, NAMES PERPETRATORS 
 
 
------------ 
INTRODUCTION 
------------ 
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PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00827  01 OF 04  281646Z 
 
1.  (U)  THIS IS THE FIRST IN A SERIES OF REPORTS OF 
INTERVIEWS OF WAR CRIMES VICTIMS CONDUCTED IN LATE 
1993 IN MAOCA, BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, BY A DART/ZAGREB 
FIELD REP AND AN AMCIT IRC REP WHILE THEY WERE IN THE 
AREA ASSESSING HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE NEEDS.  THIS 
REPORT NAMES VICTIMS AND, IN SOME CASES, PERPETRATORS 
AND DETAILS SPECIFIC CRIMES.  THE PERSONS INTERVIEWED 
FOR THESE REPORTS SEEMED TO THE AMCIT INTERVIEWERS TO 
BE A REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF HUNDREDS OF VICTIMS AND 
EYEWITNESSES NOW LIVING IN THE TUZLA POCKET, MANY OF 
WHOM ALREADY HAVE SWORN STATEMENTS ON FILE WITH LOCAL 
WAR CRIMES COMMISSIONS. 
 
----------------- 
THE FIRST WITNESS 
----------------- 
 
2.  (LOU)  MEHMED ARNAVTOVIC (STRICTLY PROTECT), 
HEREAFTER REFERRED TO AS THE WITNESS, IS A BOSNIAN 
MUSLIM FROM THE BRCKO MUNICIPALITY.  HE WAS BORN 
JANUARY 1, 1964, AND WAS A CIVILIAN AT THE TIME OF 
HIS ARREST BY BOSNIAN SERB FORCES ON MAY 10, 1992. 
- 
--------------------------------- 
ARREST AND INCARCERATION IN BRCKO 
--------------------------------- 
 
3.  (U)  AT THE TIME OF HIS ARREST, THE WITNESS WAS 
AT HOME WITH HIS WIFE, PARENTS, SISTER IN LAW AND HER 
HUSBAND, AND SIX NEIGHBORS.  THEY HAD ALL BEEN HIDING 
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PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00827  01 OF 04  281646Z 
IN HIS HOUSE FOR TEN DAYS.  ON MAY 10, BOSNIAN SERB 
SOLDIERS CAME TO THE HOUSE AND ARRESTED THE WITNESS, 
HIS FATHER, AND ANOTHER ADULT MALE RELATIVE AND TOOK 
THEM TO A TEMPORARY PRISON CAMP KNOWN AS "LUKA" IN 
THE PORT AREA OF BRCKO.  THE WOMEN IN THE HOUSE WERE 
SET FREE BUT REQUIRED TO STAY IN ASSIGNED PLACES IN 
BRCKO. 
 
4.  (U)  UPON ARRIVING AT LUKA, THE WITNESS WAS 
ORDERED INTO ONE OF A SERIES OF CONNECTED WAREHOUSES 
EACH OF WHICH WAS APPROXIMATELY 20 BY 50 METERS IN 
SIZE.  THERE WERE ALREADY APPROXIMATELY 100 PRISONERS 
IN "HIS" WAREHOUSE WHEN THE WITNESS ENTERED.  FOR THE 
FIRST 15 MINUTES, THE WITNESS AND THE OTHERS WERE 
FORCED TO SIT WITH THEIR HEADS DOWN WHILE SERBIAN 
SOLDIERS HIT THEM WITH RIFLE BUTTS.  SEVERAL OF THE 
MEN WERE EXECUTED ON THE SPOT BY GUNSHOTS TO THE HEAD. 
 
 
 
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ACTION SS-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  C-01     OASY-00  EB-01 
      EUR-01   OIGO-01  HA-09    H-01     IMMC-01  TEDE-00  INR-00 
      IO-16    L-01     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   PA-01    PRS-01 
      P-01     RP-10    RPCS-01  SB-00    SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00 
      STR-01   TRSE-00  USIE-00  RPE-01   SNIS-00  NISC-02    /054W 
                  ------------------2A15BA  281909Z /38 
R 281620Z FEB 94 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 1012 
INFO HQ JTF PP NAPLES IT//CA/POLAD// 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
COM SIXTHFLT//N2// 
USEC BRUSSELS 
AMCONSUL MUNICH 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA 
                   LIMITED OFFICIAL USE 
 
 
                   LIMITED OFFICIAL USE 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00827  02 OF 04  281646Z 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5-PMA/J2I// 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
 
 
LIMITED OFFICIAL USE SECTION 02 OF 04 ZAGREB 000827 
 
 
STATE FOR EUR/EE, L, HA, IO 
 
USMISSION USVIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS:  PHUM, PREF, HR, BK 
SUBJECT: TFSROL:  SEVERE HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN B-H: 
         EYE-WITNESS DESCRIBES TORTURE/EXECUTIONS IN 
         LUKA AND BATKOVIC CAMPS, NAMES PERPETRATORS 
 
5.  (LOU)  AFTER ABOUT 15 MINUTES, THE GUARDS CALLED 
THE WITNESS'S NAME FOR A "HEARING."  A FEW MINUTES 
EARLIER,  A RELATIVE OF THE WITNESS, AKIB HADZAJLIC 
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PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00827  02 OF 04  281646Z 
(STRICTLY PROTECT), HEREAFTER REFERRED TO AS A.H., 
HAD BEEN CALLED.  UPON ENTERING THE "HEARING ROOM," 
THE WITNESS SAW A.H. LYING ON THE FLOOR IN A POOL OF 
BLOOD HOLDING A CLOTH PRESSED AGAINST HIS HEAD.  THE 
WITNESS WAS IMMEDIATELY HIT FROM BEHIND BY A MAN WITH 
A RUBBER TRUNCHEON, CAUSING HIM TO FALL ON TOP OF 
A.H.  THE WITNESS WAS THEN ASKED IF HE KNEW WHERE 
A.H. HAD HIDDEN A VIDEO CAMERA WITH WHICH HE 
ALLEGEDLY WAS FILMING EVENTS IN BRCKO FOR CROATIAN 
TELEVISION.  WHEN THE WITNESS SAID THAT A.H. NEVER 
HAD SUCH A CAMERA, THE WITNESS WAS KICKED AND BEATEN 
BY THE SERB INTERROGATORS, ALL OF WHOM WERE F 
ROM 
BIJELJINA.  BOTH MEN WERE THEN ASKED WHERE THEY HAD 
HIDDEN ARMS, AND WHEN THEY SAID THEY HAD NEVER HAD 
ANY WEAPONS, THEY WERE KICKED AND BEATEN UNTIL THE 
WITNESS WAS BLEEDING FROM HIS EARS. 
 
6.  (U) THE WITNESS WAS THEN ORDERED TO MAKE THE 
ORTHODOX CATHOLIC SIGN OF THE CROSS.  THE WITNESS 
ASKED TO BE SHOWN THE PROPER WAY TO DO THIS, AND THEN 
PROCEEDED TO GENUFLECT 20 TO 30 TIMES BEFORE MAKING A 
MISTAKE FOR WHICH THE WITNESS WAS AGAIN KICKED AND 
BEATEN, LOSING A TOOTH.  THE WITNESS WAS THEN LED OUT 
OF THE ROOM AS THREE MORE PRISONERS WERE BROUGHT IN. 
THESE WERE ADAM ZELEZIC AND HIS SON MLADEN, AND AN 
ELDERLY MAN, HAZIM KARAHASANOVIC, WHO WAS BORN IN 
1908.  OUTSIDE THE HEARING ROOM, THE WITNESS WAS TOLD 
TO WAIT NEXT TO A.H., WHO WAS COMPLETELY COVERED IN 
BLOOD.  BELIEVING THEY WOULD BE KILLED, THE WITNESS 
RAN BACK TO THE WAREHOUSE.  A.H., WHO WAS UNABLE TO 
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PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00827  02 OF 04  281646Z 
WALK, WAS, INDEED, KILLED.  AFTER 20 MINUTES, THE 
THREE OTHER PRISONERS RETURNED TO THE WAREHOUSE. 
ADAM AND MLADEN WERE INJURED BUT ABLE TO WALK.  THE 
OLD MAN, HAZIM, HAD TO BE CARRIED IN. 
 
7.  (U) SOME TIME LATER A POLICEMAN FROM BIJELJINA 
CAME TO THE WAREHOUSE AND ORDERED THE PRISONERS TO 
PAIR OFF IN THE MIDDLE OF THE ROOM AND TO PUNCH EACH 
OTHER IN THE FACE.  AFTERWARD, TWO OTHER POLICEMEN 
ENTERED. THEY STOOD BEHIND THE PRISONERS AND BEAT 
ANYONE WHO DID NOT STRIKE HIS PARTNER HARD ENOUGH. 
THE WITNESS SAID HE WAS SEVERELY BEATEN BY HIS 
PARTNER, WHO WAS MUCH YOUNGER AND VERY STRONG.  THIS 
LASTED ABOUT TWO HOURS, UNTIL ALL THE PAIRS WERE 
FINISHED.  THEY WERE THEN FORCED TO HAVE BOXING 
MATCHES.  DURING THIS PHASE, THE WITNESS' FATHER, WHO 
WAS 70 YEARS OLD, WAS FORCED TO BOX A MAN OF 20.  FOR 
THE REST OF THE EVENING SERBS WOULD ENTER THE 
 
 
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PAGE 01        ZAGREB  00827  03 OF 04  281646Z 
ACTION SS-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  C-01     OASY-00  EB-01 
      EUR-01   OIGO-01  HA-09    H-01     IMMC-01  TEDE-00  INR-00 
      IO-16    L-01     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   PA-01    PRS-01 
      P-01     RP-10    RPCS-01  SB-00    SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00 
      STR-01   TRSE-00  USIE-00  RPE-01   SNIS-00  NISC-02    /054W 
                  ------------------2A15C9  281917Z /38 
R 281620Z FEB 94 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 1013 
INFO HQ JTF PP NAPLES IT//CA/POLAD// 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
COM SIXTHFLT//N2// 
USEC BRUSSELS 
AMCONSUL MUNICH 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA 
                   LIMITED OFFICIAL USE 
 
 
                   LIMITED OFFICIAL USE 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00827  03 OF 04  281646Z 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5-PMA/J2I// 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
 
 
LIMITED OFFICIAL USE SECTION 03 OF 04 ZAGREB 000827 
 
 
STATE FOR EUR/EE, L, HA, IO 
 
USMISSION USVIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS:  PHUM, PREF, HR, BK 
SUBJECT: TFSROL:  SEVERE HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN B-H: 
         EYE-WITNESS DESCRIBES TORTURE/EXECUTIONS IN 
         LUKA AND BATKOVIC CAMPS, NAMES PERPETRATORS 
 
DARKENED WAREHOUSE AND BEAT PEOPLE RANDOMLY.  AT 
ABOUT 2200, FOUR SERBS ENTERED AND TOOK ALL VALUABLES 
FROM THE PRISONERS. 
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PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00827  03 OF 04  281646Z 
 
8.  (U) THE NEXT DAY WAS MUCH THE SAME ROUTINE, BUT 
THAT NIGHT AND FOR THE REST OF THE TIME THE WITNESS 
WAS IN LUKA, SERBS CAME IN WITH FLASHLIGHTS AND TOOK 
20 TO 30 PRISONERS EACH NIGHT.  THE OTHER PRISONERS 
WOULD THEN HEAR SHOTS AND SCREAMS.  THE NEXT DAY, 
FOUR MEN WOULD BE TAKEN EITHER TO LOAD BODIES INTO 
REFRIGERATOR TRUCKS OR TO THROW THEM INTO THE SAVA 
RIVER. 
 
9.  (U) ONE PRISONER, MIRSAD MUJAGIC, WHO WAS A 
POLICEMAN BEFORE THE WAR, WAS BEATEN BY TWELVE 
BLACK-CLAD SERBS WITH BASEBALL BATS.  THEY 
SYSTEMATICALLY BROKE HIS FINGERS, ARMS, AND KNEES. 
THEN, RANKO CESIC, ONE OF THE MAIN SERBS FROM BRCKO, 
KILLED MUGAJIC WITH A PISTOL.  WITH CESIC WAS MIODRAG 
CAJEVIC, ALSO FROM BRCKO. 
 
10.  (U) TWO DAYS LATER, A SERBIAN CAPTAIN, DRAGAN 
KABLINOVIC, WHO WORKED IN THE SAME FACTORY AS THE 
WITNESS, CAME INTO THE WAREHOUSE LOOKING FOR SEVEN 
YOUNG MEN TO CLEAN UP GLASS AT THE MEDICAL CLINIC. 
THE WITNESS ASKED TO BE TAKEN AS WELL, AND HIS REQUEST 
WAS GRANTED.  AT THE CLINIC, THEY WERE GREETED BY 
ABOUT 70 SERBS STANDING IN TWO ROWS WAITING TO BEAT 
THE SEVEN MEN TO DEATH.  ONE OF THE SERBS, HOWEVER, A 
MAN NAMED MICIN, REFUSED TO ALLOW THEM TO HIT THE MEN 
MORE THAN ONCE.  AN EARLIER GROUP OF VICTIMS WAS NOT 
SO LUCKY, AS THEY WERE LYING ON THE GROUND COVERED IN 
BLOOD AND UNABLE TO STAND.  TWO DAYS LATER, THE 
WITNESS LEARNED THAT MICIN TOOK ADAM ZELEZIC AND HIS 
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PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00827  03 OF 04  281646Z 
SON MLADEN TO THE WITNESS' HOUSE WHERE ADAM'S WIFE 
WAS STAYING.  THEY TOLD MICIN THAT THE WITNESS WAS 
ALSO IN LUKA AND ASKED HIM TO GET HIM.  THE NEXT DAY, 
MAY 14, MICIN RETRIEVED THE WITNESS FROM LUKA AND 
TOOK HIM TO THE WITNESS' HOUSE.  THEY STAYED IN THEIR 
LARGE APARTMNT TWO MONTHS UNDER HOUSE ARREST, UNTIL, 
ON JULY 14, ALL THE MUSLIM MEN FROM THAT AREA WERE 
TAKEN IN THREE BUSSES TO THE PRISON CAMP "BATKOVIC" 
NEAR BIJELJINA. 
 
-------------------- 
BATKOVIC PRISON CAMP 
-------------------- 
 
11.  (U) THE WITNESS SAID THAT THE PRISONERS WERE 
BEATEN AT LEAST TEN TIMES A DAY AT BATKOVIC.  THE 
WITNESS BELIEVED THERE WERE APPROXIMATELY 1,600 
PRISONERS.  THE WITNESS LIVED IN A 14 METER BY 20 
 
 
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PAGE 01        ZAGREB  00827  04 OF 04  281647Z 
ACTION SS-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  C-01     OASY-00  EB-01 
      EUR-01   OIGO-01  HA-09    H-01     IMMC-01  TEDE-00  INR-00 
      IO-16    L-01     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   PA-01    PRS-01 
      P-01     RP-10    RPCS-01  SB-00    SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00 
      STR-01   TRSE-00  USIE-00  RPE-01   SNIS-00  NISC-02    /054W 
                  ------------------2A15D7  281925Z /38 
R 281620Z FEB 94 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 1014 
INFO HQ JTF PP NAPLES IT//CA/POLAD// 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
COM SIXTHFLT//N2// 
USEC BRUSSELS 
AMCONSUL MUNICH 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA 
                   LIMITED OFFICIAL USE 
 
 
                   LIMITED OFFICIAL USE 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00827  04 OF 04  281647Z 
AMEMBASSY COPENHAGEN 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5-PMA/J2I// 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
 
 
LIMITED OFFICIAL USE SECTION 04 OF 04 ZAGREB 000827 
 
 
STATE FOR EUR/EE, L, HA, IO 
 
USMISSION USVIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS:  PHUM, PREF, HR, BK 
SUBJECT: TFSROL:  SEVERE HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN B-H: 
         EYE-WITNESS DESCRIBES TORTURE/EXECUTIONS IN 
         LUKA AND BATKOVIC CAMPS, NAMES PERPETRATORS 
 
METER WAR 
EHOUSE WHERE PRISONERS WERE FORCED TO SIT 
WITH THEIR HEADS DOWN AND WERE BEATEN AT RANDOM.  THE 
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PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00827  04 OF 04  281647Z 
WITNESS SAID AT 
LEAST 13 PRISONERS DIED OF BEATINGS, BUT HE WAS 
UNABLE TO PROVIDE ANY NAMES.  THE WITNESS WAS ABLE TO 
IDENTIFY ONE AS THE OWNER OF A JEWELRY STORE AND 
ANOTHER AS A COLLEGE PROFESSOR.  THE WITNESS SAID 
THAT EKREM CUDIC FROM BRCKO WAS FORCED TO WORK EVEN 
THOUGH VERY ILL AND WAS BADLY BEATEN FOR NOT BEING 
ABLE TO WORK HARDER.  ONE DAY, EKREM CUDIC TOOK AWAY 
A GUARD'S RIFLE AND SLAPPED HIM.  THE OTHER GUARDS 
SHOT AND KILLED HIM. 
 
12.  (U)  ACCORDING TO THE WITNESS, THE MOST CRUEL 
GUARDS AT THE BATKOVIC CAMP WERE GLIGOR BEGOVIC AND 
DZEMAL ("SPAJZER") ZAHIROVIC , A GYPSY FROM ZENICA 
WHO WAS LIKE A TRUSTEE OR KAPO.  THE DIRECTOR OF THE 
CAMP WAS VELIBOR ("VELJO") STOJANOVIC;  HIS SUPERIOR 
WAS A JNA COLONEL NAMED PETAR DMITROVIC. 
 
13.  (U)  THE WITNESS SAID THAT CONDITIONS WERE VERY 
DIFFICULT FOR THE FIRST MONTH IN THE BATKOVIC CAMP, 
UNTIL A VISIT FROM ICRC WAS ANNOUNCED.  UNTIL THEN, 
PRISONERS HAD ONLY ONE BLANKET APIECE TO COVER THE 
BARE CONCRETE FLOOR.  AFTERWARDS, THEY WERE GIVEN 
STRAW FOR THE FLOOR.  BEFORE THE ICRC ARRIVED, A CORN 
CRIB WAS EMPTIED AND SOME OF THE MEN WERE MOVED 
THERE.  THE ICRC WAS TOLD THESE MEN WERE REFUGEES, 
NOT PRISONERS.  ALSO, ABOUT 15 REGULAR PRISONERS WERE 
TAKEN AWAY TO A BUNKER EVERY TIME THE ICRC VISITED. 
THESE WERE 14 CIVILIANS AND ONE SOLDIER, A MAN NAMED 
NEDIM MOSTAREVIC.  BEFORE EACH VISIT THE GUARDS WOULD 
ALSO REMOVE ABOUT 150 PEOPLE (CHILDREN AND MEN OVER 
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PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00827  04 OF 04  281647Z 
55) AND HIDE THEM IN A DISTANT FIELD.  THE NAME OF 
THE CAMP WAS ALSO CHANGED FROM "CONCENTRATION CAMP 
BATKOVIC" TO "COLLECTIVE CENTER BATKOVIC".  THIS 
BECAME VERY IMPORTANT, SINCE MEN WHO RECEIVED MAIL 
FROM THE RED CROSS WITH THE WRONG ADDRESS WERE 
SEVERELY BEATEN  ONCE THE MEN WERE REGISTERED BY THE 
ICRC, THEY WERE CONFIDENT THEY WOULD NOT BE KILLED, 
BUT THEY WERE STILL BEATEN REGULARLY. 
 
14.  (U)  ON OCTOBER 5, 1992, THE WITNESS WAS 
RELEASED IN A PRISONER EXCHANGE. 
 
NEITZKE 
 
 
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