US embassy cable - 94ZAGREB335

TFSROL: AMB. ALBRIGHT TELLS TUDJMAN MORE PRESSURE IS NEEDED ON THE HVO; SEEKS GOC SUPPORT FOR WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL

Identifier: 94ZAGREB335
Wikileaks: View 94ZAGREB335 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Zagreb
Created: 1994-01-25 19:10:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: PREL PHUM PREF HR PHUM PREF HR PHUM PREF HR PHUM PREF HR PHUM PREF HR PHUM PREF HR BK War Crimes
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

251910Z Jan 94

                       CONFIDENTIAL


                       CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00335  01 OF 06  251811Z
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE
USMISSION GENEVA
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST
USEC BRUSSELS
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ4/ECJ5/ECPOLAD//
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//DO/LG/XP/IN/POLAD//
AMEMBASSY BONN
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE
AMEMBASSY ATHENS
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD//
AMEMBASSY ANKARA
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 06 ZAGREB 000335 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
VIENNA FOR BOSNIA 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL:  OADR 
TAGS: PREL, PHUM, PREF, HR, PHUM, PREF, HR, PHUM, PREF, HR, PHUM, PREF, HR, PHUM, PREF, HR, PHUM, PREF, HR, BK, War Crimes 
SUBJECT:  TFSROL:  AMB. ALBRIGHT TELLS TUDJMAN MORE 
          PRESSURE IS NEEDED ON THE HVO; SEEKS GOC 
          SUPPORT FOR WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL 
 
 
1.  CONFIDENTIAL - ENTIRE TEXT. 
 
------- 
SUMMARY 
------- 
 
2.  IN A JANUARY 6 MEETING PRESIDENT TUDJMAN THANKED 
AMBASSADOR ALBRIGHT FOR U.S. SUPPORT FOR CROATIA'S 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00335  01 OF 06  251811Z 
TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY AND APPEALED FOR GREATER 
AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT IN THE REGION THROUGH NATO.  HE 
ARGUED THAT THE WEST MUST AGREE ON A PEACE PLAN AND 
GIVE IT FULL SUPPORT BEFORE APPLYING PRESSURE ON THE 
PARTIES IN THE CONFLICT TO REACH A SETTLEMENT.  HE 
ASKED THAT THE LINK BE MAINTAINED BETWEEN SANCTIONS 
ON SERBIA AND A SOLUTION IN THE UNPAS. 
 
3.  AMBASSADOR ALBRIGHT SOUGHT CROATIA'S SUPPORT FOR 
THE WORK OF THE WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL, STRESSING THAT A 
LASTING PEACE IN THE REGION DEPENDS ON REMOVING 
COLLECTIVE GUILT AND ESTABLISHING INDIVIDUAL 
RESPONSIBILITY FOR CRIMES COMMITTED.  SHE AGREED IT 
WAS TOO EARLY TO TALK OF LIFTING SANCTIONS AGAINST 
SERBIA AND THAT SANCTIONS SHOULD BE LINKED TO THE 
SITUATION IN THE UNPAS.  SHE SAID CROATIA'S IMAGE AT 
THE UNITED NATIONS DEPENDS HEAVILY ON THE INFLUENCE 
IT BRINGS TO BEAR TO END UNACCEPTABLE HVO ACTIVITIES. 
SHE CALLED THE PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE A MEANS FOR 
INTEGRATING ALL OF EUROPE AND NOTED THAT MEMBERSHIP 
IN NATO ENTAILS HEAVY RESPONSIBILITIES. 
 
4.  AMB. GALBRAITH UNDERLINED THAT THE U.S. IS 
COUNTING ON CROATIA'S COOPERATION ON HUMANITARIAN AID 
AND WAR CRIMES ISSUES.  ASSISTANT SECRETARY SHATTUCK 
STATED THAT THE WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL WOULD LAY DOWN A 
MARKER THAT GROSS VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS CANNOT 
BE COMMITTED WITH IMPUNITY. 
 
5.  PRESIDENT TUDJMAN REPLIED THAT THE WAR CRIMES 
TRIBUNAL HAD HIS FULL SUPPORT BUT THAT HE WAS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00335  01 OF 06  251811Z 
CONCERNED THAT ALL SIDES BE REQUIRED TO SURRENDER 
SUSPECTS WANTED FOR PROSECUTION.  HE SAID THE GOC HAD 
APPLIED PRESSURE TO REMOVE BOSNIAN CROAT LEADER MATE 
BOBAN BECAUSE IT DID NOT FEEL HE WAS THE RIGHT MAN TO 
NEGOTIATE A POLITICAL SOLUTION TO THE BOSNIAN CRISIS. 
HE COMMENTED THAT CROATIA WANTED TO SEE BOSNIA'S 
MUSLIMS LINKED TO THE WEST AND NOT BECOME AN 
INSTRUMENT OF ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM.  HE NOTED THAT 
THE BOSNIAN CROATS HAD SUPPORTED EVERY PEACE PROPOSAL 
PUT FORWARD TO DATE BUT NOW FOUND THEMSELVES FIGHTING 
FOR THEIR VERY SURVIVAL. 
 
END SUMMARY. 
 
6.  AMBASSADORS GALBRAITH AND ALBRIGHT MET WITH 
PRESIDENT TUDJMAN AT THE PRESIDENTIAL PALACE ON 
JANUARY 6 FOLLOWED BY A DINNER.  ALSO PRESENT WERE 
ASSISTANT SECRETARY SHATTUCK ON THE AMERICAN SIDE AND 
FOREIGN MINISTER MATE GRANIC, CHEF DE CABINET JURE 
RADIC, UN AMBASSADOR MARIO NOBILO, AND AMBASSADOR FOR 
HUMANITARIAN AID SLOBODAN LANG ON THE CROATIAN SIDE. 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  00335  02 OF 06  251812Z 
ACTION SS-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   CIAE-00  C-01     OASY-00  DOEE-00  EB-01 
      EUR-01   OIGO-01  HA-09    H-01     IMMC-01  TEDE-00  INR-00 
      IO-16    L-01     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01 
      PM-01    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    RPCS-01  SCT-03   SIL-00 
      SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   STR-01   TRSE-00  T-00 
      USIE-00  RPE-01   SNIS-00  NISC-02    /058W 
                  ------------------1DC219  251813Z /38 
P 251910Z JAN 94 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0635 
INFO USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC PRIORITY 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
COM SIXTHFLT//N2// 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
HQ JTF PP NAPLES IT//CA/POLAD// 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5-PMA/J2I// 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00335  02 OF 06  251812Z 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USEC BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ4/ECJ5/ECPOLAD// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//DO/LG/XP/IN/POLAD// 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 02 OF 06 ZAGREB 000335 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
VIENNA FOR BOSNIA 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL:  OADR 
TAGS:  PREL, PHUM, PREF, UN, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  TFSROL:  AMB. ALBRIGHT TELLS TUDJMAN MORE 
          PRESSURE IS NEEDED ON THE HVO; SEEKS GOC 
          SUPPORT FOR WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL 
 
 
--------------------------------------------- -------- 
THANKS FOR SUPPORTING CROATIA'S TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY 
--------------------------------------------- -------- 
 
7.  TUDJMAN WELCOMED AMB. ALBRIGHT, STATING THAT HE 
WAS PLEASED THAT CROATIAN-AMERICAN RELATIONS WERE 
DEVELOPING IN A POSITIVE DIRECTION IN MANY AREAS.  HE 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00335  02 OF 06  251812Z 
ESPECIALLY THANKED THE U.S. FOR ITS SUPPORT OF 
CROATIA'S TERR 
ITORIAL INTEGRITY.  HE ADDED THAT 
CROATIA WAS COMMITTED TO SEEKING A POLITICAL SOLUTION 
"AT ANY PRICE" TO THE PROBLEMS OF B-H AND THE 
KRAJINA.  IN THAT REGARD, CROATIA OFFERED ITS FIRM 
SUPPORT FOR THE KINKEL-JUPPE PLAN AND TUDJMAN HAD 
UNDERTAKEN THE INITIATIVE TO MEET WITH PRESIDENT 
IZETBEGOVIC IN BONN (JAN 8). 
 
----------------------------------- 
APPEAL FOR GREATER U.S. INVOLVEMENT 
----------------------------------- 
 
8.  TUDJMAN MADE A PERSONAL APPEAL FOR GREATER U.S. 
INVOLVEMENT IN FINDING A SOLUTION, ARGUING THAT 
EUROPE HAD NOT SHOWN ENOUGH UNITY OF OUTLOOK ON WHAT 
NEEDED TO BE DONE.  SIMILARLY, UNPROFOR, WITH ITS 
MANY NATIONAL CONTINGENTS, LACKED SUFFICIENT UNITY OF 
COMMAND TO CARRY OUT ITS MISSION EFFECTIVELY.  TUDJMAN 
THOUGHT NATO COULD DO THE JOB BETTER, WITH FEWER 
TROOPS, AND WITH A GREATER PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT 
 
--------------------------------------------- -------- 
WEST MUST COMMIT TO ONE PLAN BEFORE APPLYING PRESSURE 
--------------------------------------------- -------- 
 
9.  TUDJMAN COMMENTED THAT YASUSHI AKASHI, THE SYG'S 
NEWLY-ARRIVED SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE, BROUGHT VALUABLE 
EXPERIENCE TO THE JOB AND WOULD HELP TO INSTILL 
CONFIDENCE.  HOWEVER, HE CONTINUED, TO ACHIEVE PEACE 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00335  02 OF 06  251812Z 
IT WAS ESSENTIAL THAT THE U.S., E.U., AND U.N. AGREE 
ON A SINGLE SOLUTION AND THEN SUPPORT IT FIRMLY.  HE 
SPECIFICALLY CITED THE THREATS BY THE U.K. AND FRANCE 
TO WITHDRAW THEIR TROOPS.  HE ARGUED THAT THESE AND 
OTHER COUNTRIES "SHOULD DECIDE WHAT IT IS THEY WANT" 
BEFORE PRESSURING THE PARTIES TO REACH AGREEMENT. 
 
--------------------------------------------- ---- 
KEEP LINK BETWEEN SANCTIONS AND SOLUTION TO UNPAS 
--------------------------------------------- ---- 
 
10.  TUDJMAN SAID CROATIA WAS TRYING TO RESOLVE THE 
SITUATION IN THE UNPAS BY PEACEFUL MEANS WHILE 
RESPECTING HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE RIGHTS OF MINORITIES. 
HE APPEALED TO AMB. ALBRIGHT FOR THE U.S. TO MAINTAIN 
ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST SERBIA UNTIL A SOLUTION 
WAS FOUND FOR THE UNPAS.  THE PRESIDENT DESCRIBED THE 
UNPAS AS "PRACTICALLY UNDER OCCUPATION BY SERBIA," 
WHICH IS SENDING ARMS TOGETHER WITH GENERALS AND EVEN 
AN ADMIRAL TO ASSIST THE KRAJINA SERB MILITARY FORCES. 
TUDJMAN SAID THAT CROATIA WANTS TO NORMALIZE RELATIONS 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  00335  03 OF 06  251814Z 
ACTION SS-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   CIAE-00  C-01     OASY-00  DOEE-00  EB-01 
      EUR-01   OIGO-01  HA-09    H-01     IMMC-01  TEDE-00  INR-00 
      IO-16    L-01     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01 
      PM-01    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    RPCS-01  SCT-03   SIL-00 
      SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   STR-01   TRSE-00  T-00 
      USIE-00  RPE-01   SNIS-00  NISC-02    /058W 
                  ------------------1DC258  251814Z /38 
P 251910Z JAN 94 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0636 
INFO USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC PRIORITY 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
COM SIXTHFLT//N2// 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
HQ JTF PP NAPLES IT//CA/POLAD// 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5-PMA/J2I// 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00335  03 OF 06  251814Z 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USEC BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ4/ECJ5/ECPOLAD// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//DO/LG/XP/IN/POLAD// 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 03 OF 06 ZAGREB 000335 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
VIENNA FOR BOSNIA 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL:  OADR 
TAGS:  PREL, PHUM, PREF, UN, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  TFSROL:  AMB. ALBRIGHT TELLS TUDJMAN MORE 
          PRESSURE IS NEEDED ON THE HVO; SEEKS GOC 
          SUPPORT FOR WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL 
 
WITH SERBIA VIA MUTUAL RECOGNITION -- WITHOUT WHICH, 
HE ARGUED, THERE CAN BE NO STABILITY IN THE REGION. 
 
--------------------------------------------- ------- 
U.S. SEEKS CROATIA'S SUPPORT FOR WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL 
--------------------------------------------- ------- 
 
11.  AMB. ALBRIGHT TOLD TUDJMAN SHE HAD BEEN DEEPLY 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00335  03 OF 06  251814Z 
MOVED BY HER VISIT EARLIER IN THE DAY TO VUKOVAR AND 
THE MASS GRAVE AT OVCARA.  SHE STATED THAT PERMANENT 
PEACE CAN COME TO THE REGION ONLY WHEN THE SENSE OF 
COLLECTIVE GUILT IS EXPUNGED.  FOR THAT TO HAPPEN, 
SHE ARGUED, THE INDIVIDUALS RESPONSIBLE FOR WAR 
CRIMES AND ATROCITIES ON ALL SIDES MUST BE FOUND AND 
PROSECUTED.  THAT IS WHY THE U.S. IS PROVIDING STRONG 
SUPPORT FOR THE WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL.  AMB. ALBRIGHT 
SAID SHE HOPED CROATIA WOULD DO THE SAME. 
 
----------------------------------------- 
NOT YET TIME TO TALK OF LIFTING SANCTIONS 
----------------------------------------- 
 
12.  AMB. ALBRIGHT SAID THE U.S. VIEW IS THAT IT IS 
NOT YET TIME TO SPEAK OF LIFTING SANCTIONS ON SERBIA. 
LIFTING SANCTIONS MUST BE LINKED TO A SOLUTION IN THE 
UNPAS.  SHE NOTED THAT THE U.S. HAD PLAYED A KEY ROLE 
IN THE FORMULATION OF UNSCR 871 AND THAT CROATIA 
"COULD COUNT ON US" TO REMAIN FIRM ON THIS ISSUE. 
 
--------------------------------------------- 
CROATIA'S IMAGE DEPENDS ON ACTIONS OF THE HVO 
--------------------------------------------- 
 
13.  TURNING TO THE ISSUE OF ACCESS FOR HUMANITARIAN 
AID, AMB. ALBRIGHT SAID THE U.S. IS COUNTING ON 
CROATIA'S HELP TO SEE THAT THE CONVOYS GET THROUGH. 
HOW CROATIA IS REGARDED AT THE UN VERY MUCH DEPENDS 
ON THIS ISSUE, SHE STRESSED.  SHE NOTED THAT, AT THE 
BEGINNING OF THE CONFLICT, AS THE VICTIM OF SERBIAN 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00335  03 OF 06  251814Z 
AGGRESSION, CROATIA'S STOCK WAS VERY HIGH.  AT 
PRESENT, HO 
WEVER, THE WEST IS INCREASINGLY CONCERNED 
OVER UNACCEPTABLE HVO ACTIONS. 
 
14.  AMB. ALBRIGHT SAID THE U.S. KNOWS THAT CROATIA 
EXERTS INFLUENCE ON THE HVO, AND FAILURE TO PREVENT 
HVO MISDEEDS AFFECTS OUR ATTITUDE TOWARD CROATIA. 
SHE SAID TUDJMAN SHOULD BE AWARE THAT, ULTIMATELY, 
SANCTIONS MAY BE JUSTIFIED IN CROATIA'S CASE AS 
WELL.  SHE SAID SHE HOPED THAT EVENTS WOULD NOT COME 
TO SUCH AN IMPASSE AND THAT CROATIA WOULD USE ITS 
INFLUENCE TO REIN IN THE HVO. 
 
--------------------------------------------- -- 
PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE A PATH TOWARD INTEGRATION 
--------------------------------------------- -- 
 
15.  AMB. ALBRIGHT EXPLAINED THAT A KEY PURPOSE OF 
HER VISIT TO EASTERN EUROPE IS TO DISCUSS PRESIDENT 
CLINTON'S PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE.  THE SECURITY OF 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  00335  04 OF 06  251815Z 
ACTION SS-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   CIAE-00  C-01     OASY-00  DOEE-00  EB-01 
      EUR-01   OIGO-01  HA-09    H-01     IMMC-01  TEDE-00  INR-00 
      IO-16    L-01     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01 
      PM-01    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    RPCS-01  SCT-03   SIL-00 
      SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   STR-01   TRSE-00  T-00 
      USIE-00  RPE-01   SNIS-00  NISC-02    /058W 
                  ------------------1DC271  251815Z /38 
P 251910Z JAN 94 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0637 
INFO USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC PRIORITY 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
COM SIXTHFLT//N2// 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
HQ JTF PP NAPLES IT//CA/POLAD// 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5-PMA/J2I// 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00335  04 OF 06  251815Z 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USEC BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ4/ECJ5/ECPOLAD// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//DO/LG/XP/IN/POLAD// 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 04 OF 06 ZAGREB 000335 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
VIENNA FOR BOSNIA 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL:  OADR 
TAGS:  PREL, PHUM, PREF, UN, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  TFSROL:  AMB. ALBRIGHT TELLS TUDJMAN MORE 
          PRESSURE IS NEEDED ON THE HVO; SEEKS GOC 
          SUPPORT FOR WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL 
 
CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE IS OF GREAT CONCERN TO THE 
NATO ALLIANCE.  THE U.S. WANTS A SAFE, SECURE 
CONTINENT WITHOUT ARTIFICIAL DIVIDING LINES.  IN THAT 
REGARD, THE PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE IS A DYNAMIC AND 
EVOLUTIONARY PATH TOWARDS ULTIMATE INTEGRATION OF 
EASTERN AND WESTERN EUROPE AND NOT A DETOUR AS SOME 
 
CLAIM. 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00335  04 OF 06  251815Z 
 
16.  AMB. ALBRIGHT POINTED OUT THAT MEMBERSHIP IN 
NATO CARRIES WITH IT GREAT RESPONSIBILITIES.  SHE 
NOTED THAT DIFFERENT COUNTRIES WILL DEMONSTRATE THE 
ABILITY TO ACCEPT THESE RESPONSIBILITIES AT DIFFERENT 
TIMES.  KEY IN THIS REGARD WILL BE THE ACHIEVEMENT OF 
A FULLY DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY WITH A MARKET ECONOMY IN 
WHICH CSCE PRINCIPLES AND TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY ARE 
RESPECTED. 
 
17.  AMB. ALBRIGHT SAID THE SITUATION IN THE FORMER 
YUGOSLAVIA MUST BE RESOLVED.  "THIS KILLING IS A 
BLIGHT ON SOCIETY."  AMERICA IS NOT ABSENT IN THIS 
CONFLICT, SHE STATED, BUT WE ARE NOT WILLING TO FORCE 
A SOLUTION ON THE PARTIES.  A FINAL AGREEMENT MUST BE 
ACCEPTED WILLINGLY. 
 
-------------------------------------- 
U.S. COUNTING ON CROATIA'S COOPERATION 
-------------------------------------- 
 
18.  AMB. GALBRAITH SAID HE WISHED TO REINFORCE THE 
COMMENTS MADE BY AMB. ALBRIGHT.  HE NOTED THAT HE HAD 
SPOKEN TO THE PRESIDENT MANY TIMES ON THE ISSUE OF 
ACCESS FOR HUMANITARIAN AID TO CENTRAL BOSNIA.  IN 
THAT REGARD, WE HAD SEEN SOME PROGRESS, BUT WE WERE 
LOOKING FOR MORE.  HE COMMENDED CROATIA ON USING ITS 
INFLUENCE TO OBTAIN THE RELEASE OF DETAINEES IN B-H. 
 
19.  ON THE ISSUE OF WAR CRIMES, AMB. GALBRAITH SAID 
THAT CROATIA'S COOPERATION WAS CRITICAL.  MANY CRIMES 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00335  04 OF 06  251815Z 
HAD BEEN COMMITTED ON CROATIAN SOIL AND MANY PEOPLE 
PRESENTLY LOCATED IN CROATIA, INCLUDING REFUGEES FROM 
B-H, HAD BEEN WITNESSES TO CRIMES.  HE EXPRESSED 
APPRECIATION FOR CROATIA'S WORK IN COLLECTING 
EVIDENCE AND COOPERATION ON THE INVESTIGATION OF MASS 
GRAVES.  THE AMBASSADOR POINTED OUT THAT IT IS LIKELY 
THAT CROATS TOO WILL BE SOUGHT IN CONNECTION WITH WAR 
CRIMES.  IT WILL BE IMPORTANT THAT CROATIA SURRENDER 
SUCH PEOPLE FOR PROSECUTION.  NO ONE, WITH THE 
POSSIBLE EXCEPTION OF THE GOVERNMENT OF B-H, HAS MORE 
REASON THAN THE GOVERNMENT OF CROATIA TO PURSUE THIS 
ISSUE WITH THE UTMOST VIGOR. 
 
---------------------------------------- 
WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL LAYING DOWN A MARKER 
---------------------------------------- 
- 
20.  A/SHATTUCK STRESSED THE IMPORTANCE OF THE WAR 
CRIMES TRIBUNAL AND NOTED THE CONTRIBUTION OF 
PERSONNEL THAT THE U.S. INTENDS TO MAKE.  HE 
EXPRESSED APPRECIATION FOR PRESIDENT TUDJMAN'S 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  00335  05 OF 06  251815Z 
ACTION SS-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   CIAE-00  C-01     OASY-00  DOEE-00  EB-01 
      EUR-01   OIGO-01  HA-09    H-01     IMMC-01  TEDE-00  INR-00 
      IO-16    L-01     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01 
      PM-01    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    RPCS-01  SCT-03   SIL-00 
      SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   STR-01   TRSE-00  T-00 
      USIE-00  RPE-01   SNIS-00  NISC-02    /058W 
                  ------------------1DC280  251815Z /38 
P 251910Z JAN 94 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0638 
INFO USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC PRIORITY 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
COM SIXTHFLT//N2// 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
HQ JTF PP NAPLES IT//CA/POLAD// 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5-PMA/J2I// 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00335  05 OF 06  251815Z 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USEC BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ4/ECJ5/ECPOLAD// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//DO/LG/XP/IN/POLAD// 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 05 OF 06 ZAGREB 000335 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
VIENNA FOR BOSNIA 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL:  OADR 
TAGS:  PREL, PHUM, PREF, UN, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  TFSROL:  AMB. ALBRIGHT TELLS TUDJMAN MORE 
          PRESSURE IS NEEDED ON THE HVO; SEEKS GOC 
          SUPPORT FOR WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL 
 
STATEMENTS OF SUPPORT, NOTING THAT THE TRIBUNAL IS 
NOT A SOLUTION TO THE CONFLICT BUT WILL LAY DOWN AN 
IMPORTANT MARKER THAT GROSS VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN 
RIGHTS CANNOT BE COMMITTED WITH IMPUNITY. 
 
-------------------------------------- 
ALL SIDES MUST COOPERATE WITH TRIBUNAL 
-------------------------------------- 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00335  05 OF 06  251815Z 
 
21.  IN RESPONSE, PRESIDENT TUDJMAN EXPRESSED HIS 
THANKS FOR THE DELEGATION'S VISIT TO VUKOVAR, WHICH 
HAS GREAT SIGNIFICANCE FOR CROATIA.  HE NOTED, WITH 
REGRET, THAT THERE ARE NUMEROUS OTHER AREAS OF 
CROATIA DEVASTATED IN A SIMILAR FASHION. 
 
22.  TUDJMAN ASSURED AMB. ALBRIGHT THAT CROATIA WILL 
SUPPORT ALL EFFORTS TO PURSUE THE ISSUE OF WAR CRIMES 
AND DO ALL POS 
SIBLE TO FIND THOSE WHO ARE PERSONALLY 
RESPONSIBLE.  HE NOTED, HOWEVER, THAT IT WOULD BE 
"BAD" IF CROATIA, WHICH WAS A VICTIM OF AGGRESSION, 
WERE TO DELIVER ITS OWN CITIZENS FOR PROSECUTION 
WHILE THOSE OF THE AGGRESSOR REMAINED UNTOUCHED. 
 
-------------------------------------- 
BOBAN NOT RIGHT MAN TO NEGOTIATE PEACE 
-------------------------------------- 
 
23.  TUDJMAN NOTED THAT CROATIA HAD BROUGHT ITS 
INFLUENCE TO BEAR TO EFFECT CHANGES IN THE BOSNIAN 
CROAT LEADERSHIP.  HE SAID MATE BOBAN WAS NO LONGER 
THE MAIN REPRESENTATIVE OF OR CHIEF NEGOTIATOR FOR 
THE BOSNIAN CROATS.  STILL, TUDJMAN ARGUED THAT BOBAN 
COULD NOT BE HELD PERSONALLY RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL THE 
MISTAKES WHICH HAD BEEN MADE ON THE CROAT SIDE.  HE 
SAID BOBAN HAD COME OUT OF OBSCURITY TO LEAD THE 
DEFENSE OF HERZEGOVINA AGAINST SERBIAN AGGRESSION AND 
THAT IN DOING SO HE HAD ALSO DEFENDED CROATIA. 
LIKEWISE, BOBAN HAD LED THE DEFENSE WHEN MUSLIM 
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PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00335  05 OF 06  251815Z 
FORCES HAD TRIED TO TAKE AWAY THE GAINS MADE BY 
BOSNIAN CROATS.  TUDJMAN ACKNOWLEDGED, NEVERTHELESS, 
THAT BOBAN WAS NOT THE RIGHT PERSON TO TAKE THE LEAD 
IN THE PRESENT EFFORTS TO FIND A POLITICAL SOLUTION 
TO THE CONFLICT. 
 
--------------------------------------------- ---- 
CROATIA WANTS BOSNIA'S MUSLIMS LINKED TO THE WEST 
--------------------------------------------- ---- 
 
24.  TUDJMAN SAID THAT CROATIA WAS DOING EVERY THING 
POSSIBLE TO REMOVE OBSTACLES TO A POLITICAL 
SETTLEMENT.  HE STATED THAT CROATIA HAD A VERY STRONG 
INTEREST IN SEEING THAT B-H MUSLIMS WERE LINKED TO 
THE WEST AND DID NOT BECOME AN INSTRUMENT OF ISLAMIC 
FUNDAMENTALISM.  HE NOTED THAT CROATIA HAD URGED 
BOSNIA'S CROATS TO SUPPORT THE (EARLY 1992) 
REFERENDUM ON INDEPENDENCE.  CROATIA WAS THE FIRST 
COUNTRY TO HAVE AN AMBASSADOR ACCREDITED IN SARAJEVO. 
CROATIA AND THE BOSNIAN CROATS HAD SUPPORTED EVERY 
PEACE PROPOSAL THAT HAD BEEN OFFERED:  THE 
 
 
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PAGE 01        ZAGREB  00335  06 OF 06  251815Z 
ACTION SS-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   CIAE-00  C-01     OASY-00  DOEE-00  EB-01 
      EUR-01   OIGO-01  HA-09    H-01     IMMC-01  TEDE-00  INR-00 
      IO-16    L-01     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01 
      PM-01    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    RPCS-01  SCT-03   SIL-00 
      SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   STR-01   TRSE-00  T-00 
      USIE-00  RPE-01   SNIS-00  NISC-02    /058W 
                  ------------------1DC28A  251815Z /38 
P 251910Z JAN 94 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0639 
INFO USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC PRIORITY 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
COM SIXTHFLT//N2// 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY OTTAWA 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
HQ JTF PP NAPLES IT//CA/POLAD// 
JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5-PMA/J2I// 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LJUBLJANA 
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PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00335  06 OF 06  251815Z 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USEC BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ3/ECJ4/ECJ5/ECPOLAD// 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE//DO/LG/XP/IN/POLAD// 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 06 OF 06 ZAGREB 000335 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
VIENNA FOR BOSNIA 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL:  OADR 
TAGS:  PREL, PHUM, PREF, UN, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  TFSROL:  AMB. ALBRIGHT TELLS TUDJMAN MORE 
          PRESSURE IS NEEDED ON THE HVO; SEEKS GOC 
          SUPPORT FOR WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL 
 
CANTONIZATION IDEA OF CUTLHEIRO, THE TEN PROVINCES 
PROPOSAL IN VANCE-OWEN, AND THE UNION OF THREE 
REPUBLICS CURRENTLY BEING PROPOSED.  THE END RESULT, 
ACCORDING TO TUDJMAN, IS THAT THE CROATS IN BOSNIA 
ARE NOW FIGHTING FOR THEIR VERY SURVIVAL. 
 
-------------------------------- 
SCANDINAVIZATION OF THE BALKANS? 
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PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00335  06 OF 06  251815Z 
-------------------------------- 
 
25.  THE PRESIDENT CONCLUDED BY SAYING THAT HE VIEWED 
THE CONFLICT IN THE BALKANS AS ANALOGOUS TO THE 
SCANDINAVIAN WARS OF THE LAST CENTURY.  HE EXPRESSED 
HIS BELIEF THAT REPEATED ATTEMPTS BY ONE NATION TO 
ASSERT HEGEMONY OVER OTHERS IN THE REGION WILL ONLY 
BE SOLVED WHEN THERE IS MUTUAL RECOGNITION AND FULL 
RESPECT FOR THE ETHNIC RIGHTS OF ALL GROUPS. 
 
----------------------- 
A GOOD BUT MIXED RECORD 
----------------------- 
- 
26.  AMB. ALBRIGHT SAID THAT SHE SECONDED TUDJMAN'S 
LAST THOUGHTS, NOTING THAT THE RECENT HISTORY OF THE 
BALKANS WAS LITTERED WITH MISTAKES AND MISSED 
OPPORTUNITIES.  SHE EXPLAINED THAT THE U.S. WISHED TO 
HAVE THE BEST POSSIBLE RELATIONS WITH CROATIA AND 
LOOKED FORWARD TO THE TIME WHEN THAT WOULD BE 
POSSIBLE.  THE AMBASSADOR SAID THAT CROATIA HAD HAD A 
GOOD BUT MIXED RECORD.  SHE RECOGNIZED THAT THE 
COUNTRY WAS OPERATING UNDER DIFFICULT CONDITIONS BUT 
EXPRESSED THE HOPE THAT PRESIDENT TUDJMAN WOULD TAKE 
THE NECESSARY STEPS TO PROTECT CROATIA'S GOOD NAME 
AND ESTABLISH AN EXCELLENT RECORD SO THAT THERE WOULD 
NEVER BE THE NEED EVEN TO THINK OF SANCTIONS. 
 
27.  THIS CABLE WAS APPROVED BY AMBASSADOR ALBRIGHT. 
 
GALBRAITH 
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