US embassy cable - 92ZAGREB2862

CGYOOL: BANJA LUKA -- SERBIAN HARASSMENT - GROWS; THREATS TO USE CROATS AND MUSLIMS AS - "HUMAN SHIELDS" AGAINST AIR ATTACKS CONFIDENTIAL

Identifier: 92ZAGREB2862
Wikileaks: View 92ZAGREB2862 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Zagreb
Created: 1992-12-31 18:30:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: PGOV PREL PREF PHUM MASS HR BK War Crimes
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.


                       CONFIDENTIAL


                       CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02862  01 OF 05  311832Z
USMISSION USVIENNA
USIA WASHDC 2672
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2//
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22//
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD//
CJCS WASHDC
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 1277
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 05 ZAGREB 02862 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
US MISSION GENEVA FOR RMA, DON PRESSELY AND USDEL ICFY 
VAIHINGEN FOR ECJ3/ECJ4/ECJ5/POLAD 
RAMSTEIN FOR DO/LG/XP/IN/POLAD 
 
STATE FOR IO, D/EEA, EUR/EE, EARP, PM/ISO AND RP 
 
STATE PASS TO AID FOR EUR/RME, FHA/FFP AND 
FHA/OFDA/DRD 
 
SECDEF ALSO FOR ISA/GLOBAL AFFAIRS DR. WOLTHIUS AND 
ISP/L.JULIAN 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PREF, PHUM, MASS, HR, BK, War Crimes 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL:  BANJA LUKA -- SERBIAN HARASSMENT 
-         GROWS; THREATS TO USE CROATS AND MUSLIMS AS 
-         "HUMAN SHIELDS" AGAINST AIR ATTACKS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02862  01 OF 05  311832Z 
 
1.  CONFIDENTIAL - ENTIRE TEXT. 
 
------- 
SUMMARY 
------- 
 
2. AN EXPATRIATE STAFFER FROM UNHCR'S BANJA LUKA 
OFFICE (STRICTLY PROTECT) DESCRIBED FOR US THE 
WORSENING SITUATION IN NORTHWEST BOSNIA DEC. 30. 
THE UNHCR STAFFER SAID THE LOCAL SERBIAN FORCES HAD 
INTENSIFIED THEIR HARASSMENT OF BOTH BOSNIAN MUSLIMS 
AND CROATS SINCE EARLY DECEMBER.  IN BANJA LUKA, 
UNHCR AND ICRC STAFFERS SEEING AND HEARING NUMEROUS 
ARMED SERBIAN GROUPS SHOOTING UP HOUSES, APARTMENT 
BUILDINGS, AND STORES AT RANDOM, KILLING AND WOUNDING 
PEOPLE OF ALL AGES EVERYDAY.  THE SERBS ALSO WERE 
LOOTING HOMES AND STORES AND DESTROYING MOST 
ABANDONED MUSLIM AND CROAT BUILDINGS.  THE VIOLENCE 
AND DESTRUCTION IS MUCH WORSE IN THE SURROUNDING 
COUNTRYSIDE.  UNHCR-ZAGREB RECALLED ITS EXPAT STAFF 
FROM BANJA LUKA A FEW DAYS BEFORE CHRISTMAS FOR A 
TEMPORARY, BUT INDEFINITE, PERIOD.  ALTHOUGH NO RPT 
NO CREDIBLE, SPECIFIC DEATH THREATS HAD BEEN MADE 
AGAINST THE EXPAT STAFF, INDIVIDUAL ARMED SERBS HAVE 
BEEN MORE DIFFICULT TO DEAL WITH SINCE MID-DECEMBER, 
ESPECIALLY OUTSIDE OF THE TOWN.  A SERB COLONEL 
RECENTLY JOKED THAT IF THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL 
DECIDED WESTERN FORCES SHOULD ENFORCE THE NO FLY 
RESOLUTION AND ATTACKED THE AIRFIELD NEAR BANJA LUKA 
OR OTHER MILITARY TARGETS, THE SERBS HAD 60,000 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02862  01 OF 05  311832Z 
MUSLIMS AND CROATS IN AND AROUND THE TOWN TO USE A 
"HUMAN SHIELD."  UNHCR STAFFER BELIEVES HE WAS DEADLY 
SERIOUS.  END SUMMARY. 
 
--------------------------------------------- -- 
FOUR MONTHS IN BANJA LUKA SEEMS LIKE FOUR YEARS 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  02862  02 OF 05  311834Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   ACDA-17  AID-01   CA-02    CIAE-00  PFIP-01  C-01 
      OASY-00  CISA-02  DS-00    EB-01    FDRE-01  HA-09    HHS-04 
      H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19    LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00 
      MFLO-03  M-01     NSAE-00  OCS-06   OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01 
      PC-01    PM-02    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-00 
      SIL-00   SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-17 
      TRSE-00  T-01     ASDS-01  DTC-01   RPE-00     /120W 
                  ------------------8C0B2E  311834Z /38 
P 311830Z DEC 92 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3229 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02862  02 OF 05  311834Z 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USIA WASHDC 2673 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
CJCS WASHDC 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 1278 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 02 OF 05 ZAGREB 02862 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
--------------------------------------------- -- 
 
3.  ON DEC. 30, 1992, AN EXPATRIATE STAFFER FROM 
UNHCR'S BANJA LUKA OFFICE (STRICTLY PROTECT) MET AT 
UNHCR ZAGREB HEADQUARTERS WITH TDY POLOFF AND HEAD OF 
OFDA DART TEAM .  THE EXPAT HAS PREVIOUSLY WORKED FOR 
AN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION IN SOUTHEAST ASIA AND 
AN AMERICAN PVO IN CENTRAL AMERICA.  THE STAFFER SAID 
THE FOUR MONTHS SHE WORKED IN BANJA LUKA (SEPTEMBER - 
DECEMBER) SEEMED LIKE FOUR YEARS.  "IT WAS MUCH WORSE 
THAN THE WAR IN EL SALVADOR."  ACKNOWLEDGING 
DISAGREEMENT WITH USG POLICIES IN EL SALVADOR, THE 
UNHCR STAFFER SAID THE SERB FORCES' KILLING, RANDOM 
VIOLENCE AND VICIOUS TREATMENT OF BOSNIAN MUSLIMS AND 
CROATS IN THE SO-CALLED SERBIAN REPUBLIC OF BOSNIA 
WAS "EVEN WORSE THAN THE ATROCITIES OF THE SALVADORAN 
DEATH SQUADS." 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02862  02 OF 05  311834Z 
- 
--------------------------- 
SERB HARASSMENT INTENSIFIES 
--------------------------- 
 
4.  THE UNHCR STAFFER SAID THE SERBIAN FORCES SEEMED 
TO HAVE REDUCED THEIR KILLING AND MISTREATMENT OF 
MUSLIMS AND CROATS IN SEPTEMBER FOR SOME UNKNOWN 
REASON.  SHE SPECULATED THAT THEY HAD TEMPORARILY 
BACKED OFF AFTER THE INTERNATIONAL OUTCRY AT SERBIAN 
MASSACRES AND DEATH CAMPS DURING THE SUMMER AND EARLY 
AUTUMN.  HOWEVER, IN EARLY NOVEMBER THE SERBS RESUMED 
THEIR PREVIOUS SEVERE HARASSMENT OF BOTH ETHNIC 
GROUPS.  THE KILLING, VIOLENCE, AND DESTRUCTION 
INCREASED FURTHER IN EARLY DECEMBER.  THE NON-SERBIAN 
POPULATION IS THOROUGHLY TERRORIZED, AS ARE SOME LONG 
RESIDENT SERBS WHO HAVE REFUSED TO BE "MOBILIZED" 
AGAINST THE MUSLIMS AND CROATS.  WHILE THE STAFFER 
HAD NOT RPT NOT HEARD OF ANY NEW LARGE SCALE 
MASSACRES SINCE SEPTEMBER, THE VARIOUS ARMED SERBIAN 
GROUPS KILLED OR WOUNDED PEOPLE SINGLY OR IN SMALL 
NUMBERS EVERY DAY, OFTEN SEEMINGLY AT RANDOM.  THE 
VIOLENCE WAS MUCH WORSE IN THE COUNTRYSIDE AROUND 
BANJA LUKA, ESPECIALLY WEST AND NORTH OF TOWN.  UNHCR 
HAD ONLY THREE EXPAT AND NINE LOCAL EMPLOYEES IN 
BANJA LUKA WITH ONLY A FEW VEHICLES, SO THEY COULD 
NOT ACCURATELY ESTIMATE CASUALTIES THROUGHOUT THE 
REGION.  THE STAFFER SAID ICRC HAD NINE EXPATS AND 15 
LOCAL EMPLOYEES AND A NUMBER OF VEHICLES IN BANJA 
LUKA, BUT SHE DOUBTED ICRC HAD SUFFICIENT FREEDOM OF 
MOVEMENT TO ESTIMATE CASUALTIES EITHER. 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02862  02 OF 05  311834Z 
 
----------------------------------------- 
UNHCR LEAVES BANJA LUKA BECAUSE OF DANGER 
----------------------------------------- 
 
5.  SENIOR UNHCR ZAGREB OFFICERS HAD CALLED ALL THREE 
 
 
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                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  02862  03 OF 05  311835Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   ACDA-17  AID-01   CA-02    CIAE-00  PFIP-01  C-01 
      OASY-00  CISA-02  DS-00    EB-01    FDRE-01  HA-09    HHS-04 
      H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19    LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00 
      MFLO-03  M-01     NSAE-00  OCS-06   OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01 
      PC-01    PM-02    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-00 
      SIL-00   SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-17 
      TRSE-00  T-01     ASDS-01  DTC-01   RPE-00     /120W 
                  ------------------8C0B49  311835Z /38 
P 311830Z DEC 92 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3230 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02862  03 OF 05  311835Z 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USIA WASHDC 2674 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
CJCS WASHDC 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 1279 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 03 OF 05 ZAGREB 02862 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
UNHCR EXPATS BACK FROM BANJA LUKA A FEW DAYS BEFORE 
CHRISTMAS FOR A "TEMPORARY PERIOD."  THE BANJA LUKA 
OFFICE REMAINS OFFICIALLY OPEN AND LOCAL STAFF 
CONTINUE TRYING TO WORK.  THE EXPAT STAFF HAS HAD 
SIGNIFICANTLY MORE DIFFICULTY WORKING OVER THE LAST 
TWO MONTHS.  FOR EXAMPLE, SERBIAN "COLONELS" IN BANJA 
LUKA TOLD THE UNHCR STAFF THAT THEY DID NOT NEED 
PERMISSION TO LEAVE TOWN TO OBSERVE HOW UNHCR- 
PROVIDED FOOD WAS BEING DISTRIBUTED OR MISUSED.  BUT 
JUST OUTSIDE OF TOWN, SERBIAN GUARDS AT A CHECKPOINT 
WOULD REFUSE THEM PERMISSION TO PROCEED AT ALL OR 
ONLY AFTER LONG, NASTY ARGUMENTS AND INCREASINGLY 
FREQUENT WAVING AROUND OF RIFLES AND PISTOLS.  THE 
STAFFER SAID THAT THE THREE EXPATS BECAME VERY 
FRUSTRATED AS IT WAS NEARLY IMPOSSIBLE TO DO 
MEANINGFUL WORK, EVEN ON AN IRREGULAR BASIS.  MORE 
IMPORTANTLY, SERBIAN "HASSLING" OF UNHCR STAFFERS WAS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02862  03 OF 05  311835Z 
GROWING UGLIER WITH MORE PUSHING AND SWEARING. 
SERBIAN "SOLDIERS" DID NOT SEEM TO BE FOLLOWING THE 
STAFFERS AROUND, BUT ARMED SERBS WERE ALWAYS AROUND. 
NO SPECIFIC DEATH THREATS HAD BEEN MADE AGAINST THEM, 
BUT IT WAS CLEARLY MORE DANGEROUS THAN IN EARLY 
DECEMBER.  THE UNHCR ZAGREB CHIEF WILL DECIDE IN 
JANUARY WHETHER TO SEND THE EXPATS BACK TO BANJA 
LUKA.  MEANWHILE, THEY ARE TAKING WELL-EARNED LEAVE 
AND GETTING MEDICA ATTENTION FOR INTESTINAL 
PROBLEMS.  THE STAFFER EXPECTS ICRC TO TRY TO REMAIN 
IN BANJA LUKA. 
 
------------------------------- 
SERBS READY FOR MORE WAR CRIMES 
------------------------------- 
 
6.  A SERBIAN "OFFICER" AT BANJA LUKA TOLD THE UNHCR 
STAFFER THAT THEY WOULD COUNTER THREATS OF U.S. OR 
OTHER AIR STRIKES ON THE AIRFIELD NEAR BANJA LUKA OR 
OTHER MILITARY TARGETS BY DEPLOYING SOME OF THE 
60,000 MUSLIMS AND CROATS IN AND AROUND BANJA LUKA AS 
A HUMAN SHIELD.  THE STAFFER IS CONVINCED THE OFFICER 
WAS DEADLY SERIOUS. 
- 
-------------------------------- 
ARREST OF MODERATE SERBS GOES ON 
-------------------------------- 
 
7.   THE SERBIAN AUTHORITIES HAD BECOME MUCH TOUGHER 
IN THE LAST MONTH WITH LOCALLY RESIDENT SERBS WHO 
REFUSED MOBILIZATION FOR THE WAR EFFORT.  THE POLICE 
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                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02862  03 OF 05  311835Z 
TOOK AWAY IDENTITY DOCUMENTS FROM MILITARY-AGE MEN IN 
BANJA LUKA WHO WERE NOT IN SOME KIND OF UNIFORM.  IN 
DECEMBER, THEY BEGAN ARRESTING AND IMPRISONING THE 
RECALCITRANT IN BANJA LUKA PRISON.  RUMOR HAS IT THAT 
THE MEN WILL BE FORCED TO MARCH TO THE FRONT AT 
SARAJEVO AND ELSEWHERE.  THE STAFFER BELIEVES THE 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  02862  04 OF 05  311836Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   ACDA-17  AID-01   CA-02    CIAE-00  PFIP-01  C-01 
      OASY-00  CISA-02  DS-00    EB-01    FDRE-01  HA-09    HHS-04 
      H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19    LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00 
      MFLO-03  M-01     NSAE-00  OCS-06   OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01 
      PC-01    PM-02    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-00 
      SIL-00   SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-17 
      TRSE-00  T-01     ASDS-01  DTC-01   RPE-00     /120W 
                  ------------------8C0B65  311837Z /38 
P 311830Z DEC 92 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3231 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02862  04 OF 05  311836Z 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USIA WASHDC 2675 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
CJCS WASHDC 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 1280 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 04 OF 05 ZAGREB 02862 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
PROCESS IS GOING ON THROUGHOUT SERB-HELD BOSNIA. 
 
--------------------------------- 
MORE FORCES BUT POORER DISCIPLINE 
--------------------------------- 
 
8.  THE STAFFER SAID THAT IN THE LAST TWO MONTHS 
THERE HAS BEEN A LARGE INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF 
SERBIAN MILITARY AND PARA-MILITARY PERSONNEL IN BANJA 
LUKA.  THE NEWLY ARRIVED "SOLDIERS" OFTEN SEEM TO 
OPERATE AT CROSS-PURPOSES, AND SOME HEADQUARTERS AND 
UNITS ARE FEUDING WITH OTHERS.  THE MEN WEAR A 
VARIETY OF UNIFORMS.  GUESSING FROM SHOULDER PATCHES 
(WHICH MANY DO NOT WEAR), NEW MEN ARE FROM ABOUT 12 
MAJOR UNITS OR ORGANIZATIONS, APPARENTLY INCLUDING 
MANY WITH ADMIN OR SUPPORT-TYPE ACTIVITIES. 
DISCIPLINE IN MANY GROUPS IS POOR AND GETTING WORSE. 
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PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02862  04 OF 05  311836Z 
THE PARA-MILITARY GROUPS ARE THE WORST AND ARE 
GETTING MORE NUMEROUS AS SOME "ARMY" UNITS MOVE OUT 
OF TOWN NEARER THE AIRFIELD OR TOWARDS THE SOUTHERN 
AND WESTERN FRONTS.  MANY OF THE NEW GROUPS 
APPARENTLY ARE FROM SERBIA.  IT IS DANGEROUS JUST TO 
WALK DOWN THE STREET OR EVEN BE IN A BUILDING.  THE 
SERBS ALSO ARE DRAFTING BOSNIAN SERB POLICEMEN OUT OF 
THE TOWN AND SURROUNDING AREAS, SO CRIME RATES ARE 
RISING.  THE POLICEMEN AT LEAST PROTECTED SOME OF THE 
SERBIAN CIVILIANS, NOW THEY TOO ARE BEING VICTIMIZED 
BY THEIR "PROTECTORS." 
 
---------------------------------------- 
MUSLIM RESISTANCE LIMITED TO HIT AND RUN 
---------------------------------------- 
 
9.  THERE WAS NO LARGE-SCALE ORGANIZED MILITARY 
OPPOSITION TO THE SERBIAN FORCES AS FAR AS THE UNHCR 
KNEW.  THERE ARE NUMEROUS SMALL SKIRMISHES AND 
FIREFIGHTS OUTSIDE OF BANJA LUKA, ESPECIALLY IN THE 
WEST, THAT ADD TO THE TOLL OF DEAD AND WOUNDED AND 
DISPLACED.  LOCAL SERBIAN FORCES CLAIMED "MUSLIM 
FUNDAMENTALISTS AND MERCENARIES" ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR 
ATROCITIES .  SERBIAN OFFICERS ARE STILL SHOWING 
VISITING FOREIGN OFFICIALS AND JOURNALISTS GRUESOME 
PICTURES OF BUCKETS OF CHOPPED OFF HEADS AND PILES OF 
HEADS AND OTHER GORY SCENES WHICH THEY CLAIM ARE THE 
RESULT OF MUSLIM ATTACKS ON SERBS. 
 
-------------------------------------- 
WHEAT, VEGETABLES AVAILABLE BUT DEARER 
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PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02862  04 OF 05  311836Z 
-------------------------------------- 
 
10.  WHEAT FLOUR, BREAD, LOCAL VEGETABLES, 
WOOD/TIMBER, AND COAL WERE IN RELATIVELY GOOD SUPPLY 
IN THE MARKET, THOUGH PRICES CONTINUE TO RISE.  MEAT, 
SOME FISH AND OTHER COMMODITIES FROM LOCAL SOURCES 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  02862  05 OF 05  311837Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   ACDA-17  AID-01   CA-02    CIAE-00  PFIP-01  C-01 
      OASY-00  CISA-02  DS-00    EB-01    FDRE-01  HA-09    HHS-04 
      H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19    LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00 
      MFLO-03  M-01     NSAE-00  OCS-06   OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01 
      PC-01    PM-02    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-00 
      SIL-00   SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-17 
      TRSE-00  T-01     ASDS-01  DTC-01   RPE-00     /120W 
                  ------------------8C0B7A  311837Z /38 
P 311830Z DEC 92 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3232 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02862  05 OF 05  311837Z 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USIA WASHDC 2676 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE PRIORITY 
CINCUSAFE RAMSTEIN AB GE 
CINCUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE//J3/J4/J5/POLAD// 
CJCS WASHDC 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 1281 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 05 OF 05 ZAGREB 02862 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
AND OUTSIDE THE AREA WERE IN SHORTER SUPPLY.  IN 
NORTHWEST BOSNIA, STAFFER BELIEVES THE FOOD SUPPLY IN 
GENERAL IS PROBABLY STILL ADEQUATE TO MAINTAIN 
MINIMUM NUTRITION REQUIREMENTS IF RPT IF PEOPLE HAVE 
ACCESS TO THE MARKET.  PEOPLE IN BANJA LUKA WHO WERE 
NOT UNDER SOME KIND OF HOUSE ARREST OR IN PRISON AND 
WHO HAD MONEY OR VALUABLES WOULD BE ALL RIGHT. 
PEOPLE IN THE COUNTRYSIDE WHO HAVE STOCKED UP FOR 
WINTER AS THEY TRADITIONALLY DO AND WHOSE LARDERS AND 
CUPBOARDS HAVE NOT BEEN LOOTED WOULD ALSO BE OK. 
HOWEVER, THE TENS OF THOUSANDS OF POOR PEOPLE, THE 
HOMELESS, AND THE ELDERLY WERE ALREADY HAVING A ROUGH 
TIME SURVIVING AND THINGS WOULD WORSEN AS WINTER 
CONTINUED.  THE SITUATION, HOWEVER, IS SIGNIFICANTLY 
LESS BAD THAN IN SARAJEVO OR THE OTHER BESIEGED 
CITIES AND MORE ACTIVE WAR ZONES. 
 
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PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02862  05 OF 05  311837Z 
NEITZKE 
 
 
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