US embassy cable - 92ZAGREB2405

CGYOOL -- U.S. HELSINKI COMMISSION DEL CALLS - FOR RECOGNITION OF MACEDONIA, MILITARY INTER - VENTION IN B-H; AND THE ARREST OF KARADJIC

Identifier: 92ZAGREB2405
Wikileaks: View 92ZAGREB2405 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Zagreb
Created: 1992-11-16 16:29:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Tags: PHUM PREF HR PREF HR PREF HR PREF HR PREF HR BK War Crimes
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

161629Z Nov 92

                       UNCLASSIFIED


                       UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02405  01 OF 05  161626Z
USIA WASHDC 2394
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2//
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22//
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5//
CTF SIXZERO//N2//
CTF SIXONE//N2//
CTF SIXTWO//N2//
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC//
FOSIF ROTA SP
USEC BRUSSELS
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 1041
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 05 ZAGREB 02405 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
GENEVA FOR USDEL ICFY -- JACKOVICH; USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356: N/A 
TAGS: PHUM, PREF, HR, PREF, HR, PREF, HR, PREF, HR, PREF, HR, BK, War Crimes 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL -- U.S. HELSINKI COMMISSION DEL CALLS 
-         FOR RECOGNITION OF MACEDONIA, MILITARY INTER 
-         VENTION IN B-H; AND THE ARREST OF KARADJIC 
 
 
------- 
SUMMARY 
------- 
 
1.  ON COMPLETION OF THEIR VISIT TO MACEDONIA AND 
CROATIA NOVEMBER 15, A HELSINKI COMMISSION DELEGATION 
COMPRISED OF SEN. DENNIS DECONCINI AND REP. FRANK 
MCCLOSKEY ISSUED A STATEMENT CALLING FOR:  IMMEDIATE 
RECOGNITION OF MACEDONIA;  INCLUSION OF MACEDONIA IN 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02405  01 OF 05  161626Z 
CSCE, THE UN, AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; 
MORE INTENSIVE DIALOGUE BETWEEN SKOPJE AND ATHENS; 
AND AN INTER-ETHNIC MACEDONIAN HUMAN RIGHTS 
COMMISSION.  THEY URGED EUROPE AND THE U.S. TO ASSUME 
THEIR SHARE OF THE BOSNIAN REFUGEE BURDEN.  THEY 
CALLED FOR "MORE DIRECT INTERVENTION, INCLUDING 
MILITARY INTERVENTION, IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA BY THE 
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY, INCLUDING THE UNITED STATES," 
TERMING IT A "POLITICAL NECESSITY AND MORAL 
OBLIGATION."  AND THEY URGED THE IMMEDIATE ARREST OF 
RADOVAN KARADJIC AND HIS ASSOCIATES AS A START TOWARD 
BRINGING TO JUSTICE THOSE RESPONSIBLE FOR WAR CRIMES 
AND GENOCIDE.  END SUMMARY. 
 
2.  BEGIN TEXT OF STATEMENT: 
 
COMMISSION ON SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE 
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20515 
 
STATEMENT OF THE HELSINKI COMMISSION DELEGATION TO 
MACEDONIA AND CROATIA 
 
ZAGREB, NOVEMBER 15, 1992 - ON NOVEMBER 13-14, 1992, A 
DELEGATION OF THE COMMISSION ON SECURITY AND 
COOPERATION IN EUROPE -- THE HELSINKI COMMISSION-- 
VISITED THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA, AND ON NOVEMBER 15, 
THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA.  THIS DELEGATION WAS LED BY 
SENATOR DENNIS DECONCINI (DEMOCRAT - ARIZONA) AND 
INCLUDED REPRESENTATIVE FRANK MCCLOSKEY 
(DEMOCRAT-INDIANA).  AT THE END OF THEIR VISIT, 
SENATOR DECONCINI AND REPRESENTATIVE MCCLOSKEY MADE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02405  01 OF 05  161626Z 
THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT: 
 
"THIS DELEGATION OF THE HELSINKI COMMISSION CAME TO 
MACEDONIA DEEPLY CONCERNED OVER THE PROSPECTS FOR THIS 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  02405  02 OF 05  161628Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CA-02    CIAE-00  DODE-00  CISA-02 
      DS-00    EB-01    HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19 
      LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00   MFLO-03  M-01     NSAE-00  OCS-06 
      OIC-02   PA-02    PC-05    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SDEL-00 
      SIL-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-17   TRSE-00 
      ASDS-01  RPE-00     /094W 
                  ------------------7AD9B1  161628Z /38 
O 161629Z NOV 92 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2705 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02405  02 OF 05  161628Z 
USIA WASHDC 2395 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 1042 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 05 ZAGREB 02405 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
GENEVA FOR USDEL ICFY -- JACKOVICH; USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356: N/A 
TAGS:  PHUM, PREF, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL -- U.S. HELSINKI COMMISSION DEL CALLS 
-         FOR RECOGNITION OF MACEDONIA, MILITARY INTER 
-         VENTION IN B-H; AND THE ARREST OF KARADJIC 
 
COUNTRY, A CONCERN THE UNITED STATES SHARES WITH OTHER 
COUNTRIES OF THE CSCE.  DURING THE COURSE OF OUR SHORT 
VISIT, WE MET WITH THE PRESIDENT, PRIME MINISTER AND 
FOREIGN MINISTER OF MACEDONIA,  OTHER GOVERNMENT 
OFFICIALS, MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT, REPRESENTATIVES OF 
THE ALBANIAN COMMUNITY AND OTHERS.  THE DELEGATION 
ALSO VISITED A CAMP FOR REFUGEES, FLEEING THE HORRIBLE 
CONFLICT AND ETHNIC CLEANSING IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. 
WE DISCUSSED ISSUES RELATED TO MACEDONIA WITH THE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02405  02 OF 05  161628Z 
GREEK DEPUTY MINISTER, IN THESSALONIKI, IMMEDIATELY 
BEFORE AND AFTER THE VISIT.  WE ALSO HAD THE 
OPPORTUNITY TO MEET WITH U.S. DIPLOMATS IN MACEDONIA, 
AS WELL AS THE HEAD OF THE CSCE SPILLOVER MISSION 
THERE. 
 
"WE LEFT MACEDONIA CONVINCED THAT INTERNATIONAL 
RECOGNITION OF THAT COUNTRY WOULD BE THE RIGUT THING 
TO DO, AND THAT IT SHOULD BE DONE IMMEDIATELY.  THE 
UNITED STATES SHOULD ALSO MORE FORCEFULLY PRESS FOR 
MACEDONIAN INCLUSION IN THE CSCE,  THE UNITED NATIONS 
AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.  WE WILL 
RECOMMEND THIS TO THE STATE DEPARTMENT UPON OUR RETURN 
TO WASHINGTON. 
 
"WE BELIEVE THAT MACEDONIA DESERVES THE RECOGNITION IT 
HAS REQUESTED FOR SEVERAL REASONS.  FIRST, IT WOULD 
HELP UNLOCK THE ECONOMIC STRANGLEHOLD ITS 
INTERNATIONAL ISOLATION HAS PLACED ON MACEDONIA.  WE 
WERE DEEPLY DISTURBED, AS WE SAW MACEDONIA'S FIRST 
SNOW OF THE WINTER, BY THE INCREDIBLE SHORTAGE OF FUEL 
FOR HEATING, TRANSPORTATION AND AGRICULTURAL 
PRODUCTION.  SECOND, RECOGNITION SEEMS TO BE A 
NECESSARY FIRST STEP FOR THE COUNTRY TO MOVE FORWARD 
IN BUILDING DEMOCRACY AND A MARKET-BASED ECONOMY. 
THIRD, IT WOULD DISCOURAGE THE EXPANSION OF THE 
YUGOSLAV CONFLICT INTO MACEDONIA THROUGH THE 
INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT AND RESPECT WHICH RECOGNITION 
IMPLIES, AS 
WELL AS THE INTERNATIONAL STABILIZATION IT WOULD 
PROMOTE.  FINALLY, WE BELIEVE THAT MACEDONIA IS 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02405  02 OF 05  161628Z 
PREPARED TO PLAY A RESPONSIBLE ROLE INTERNATIONALLY, 
AND WOULD CONTRIBUTE TO THE PEACEFUL AND PROSPEROUS 
DEVELOPMENT OF EUROPEAN AFFAIRS. 
 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  02405  03 OF 05  161629Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CA-02    CIAE-00  DODE-00  CISA-02 
      DS-00    EB-01    HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19 
      LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00   MFLO-03  M-01     NSAE-00  OCS-06 
      OIC-02   PA-02    PC-05    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SDEL-00 
      SIL-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-17   TRSE-00 
      ASDS-01  RPE-00     /094W 
                  ------------------7AD9F4  161629Z /38 
O 161629Z NOV 92 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2706 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02405  03 OF 05  161629Z 
USIA WASHDC 2396 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 1043 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 05 ZAGREB 02405 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
GENEVA FOR USDEL ICFY -- JACKOVICH; USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356: N/A 
TAGS:  PHUM, PREF, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL -- U.S. HELSINKI COMMISSION DEL CALLS 
-         FOR RECOGNITION OF MACEDONIA, MILITARY INTER 
-         VENTION IN B-H; AND THE ARREST OF KARADJIC 
 
"THIS IS CERTAINLY NOT TO SAY THAT WE DO NOT HAVE 
CONCERNS REGARDING MACEDONIA.  INDEED, SOME ASPECTS OF 
MACEDONIAN SOCIETY HAVE SUCCUMBED TO THE DANGEROUS, 
EXTREME NATIONALISM THAT IS UNFORTUNATELY ALL TOO 
COMMON IN THE REGION. THIS NATIONALISM ENCOURAGES 
DIVISION AND TENSION WITHIN THE COUNTRY'S SMALL BUT 
DIVERSE POPULATION.  FOR EXAMPLE, WE HEARD REPORTS 
THAT THE RIGHTS OF THOSE BELONGING TO MACEDONIA'S 
LARGE ETHNIC ALBANIAN POPULATION ARE FREQUENTLY 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02405  03 OF 05  161629Z 
VIOLATED,  AND THAT THEY ARE GIVEN ONLY A NOMINAL ROLE 
IN THE COUNTRY'S POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, 
MAKING THEM FEEL EXCLUDED FROM DECISIONS AFFECTING THE 
COUNTRY'S FUTURE.  SIMILARLY, THIS NATIONALISM 
ENCOURAGES AN INACCURATE HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE THAT 
WRONGLY AND NEEDLESSLY PLAYS ON THE SENSITIVITIES OF 
MACEDONIA'S NEIGHBORS, ESPECIALLY GREECE.  THE NEW 
MACEDONIAN FLAG IS BUT ONE EXAMPLE OF THIS.  WE DO NOT 
BELIEVE MOST MACEDONIANS HAVE FALLEN PREY TO THIS 
VIRULENT NATIONALISM, BUT GREATER EFFORTS MUST BE 
TAKEN TO COUNTER THIS TREND IN A DEMOCRATIC WAY AND TO 
MAKE ALL THOSE LIVING IN MACEDONIA FEEL THAT THEY ARE 
CITIZENS WITH EQUAL RIGHTS AND OPPORTUNITIES.  ALL 
LOSE IF MACEDONIA'S ETHNIC GROUPS CHOOSE TO FIGHT 
NATIONALISM WITH NATIONALISM.  EVEN DURING THESE 
DIFFICULT TIMES, REASON MUST BE ALLOWED TO PREVAIL. 
 
"MOREOVER, GREECE IS A CLOSE FRIEND AND ALLY OF THE 
UNITED STATES, WITH A LEGITIMATE AND UNDERSTANDABLE 
CONCERN FOR DEVELOPMENTS IN THIS REGION, A POINT WE 
EMPHASIZED IN OUR TALKS WITH GREEK OFFICIALS.  WE 
ENCOURAGE A MORE DIRECT AND INTENSIVE DIALOGUE BETWEEN 
SKOPJE AND ATHENS, INCLUDING THROUGH CHANNELS OFFERED 
BY THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY, THAT WILL HOPEFULLY LEAD TO 
A MUTUALLY AGREEABLE RESOLUTION OF DIFFERENCES BETWEEN 
THEM IN THE VERY NEAR FUTURE.  BOTH SIDES NEED TO TALK 
AND COMPROMISE. 
"THE INCLUSION OF MACEDONIA IN EUROPEAN AFFAIRS, AND 
THE ACTIVE ENGAGEMENT OF MACEDONIA IN INTERNATIONAL 
PROGRAMS PROMOTING DEMOCRATIC DEVELOPMENT COULD 
IMPROVE THE SITUATION IN MACEDONIA SUBSTANTIALLY.  WE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02405  03 OF 05  161629Z 
STRONGLY SUPPORT U.S. PROGRAMS IN MACEDONIA DESIGNED 
TO PROMOTE FREE MEDIA, PRIVATE ENTERPRISE, THE RULE OF 
LAW AND CITIZEN INVOLVEMENT IN THE AFFAIRS OF THEIR 
COUNTRY AND LOCAL COMMUNITIES.  IN THE MEANTIME, WE 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  02405  04 OF 05  161630Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CA-02    CIAE-00  DODE-00  CISA-02 
      DS-00    EB-01    HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19 
      LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00   MFLO-03  M-01     NSAE-00  OCS-06 
      OIC-02   PA-02    PC-05    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SDEL-00 
      SIL-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-17   TRSE-00 
      ASDS-01  RPE-00     /094W 
                  ------------------7ADA15  161630Z /38 
O 161629Z NOV 92 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2707 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02405  04 OF 05  161630Z 
USIA WASHDC 2397 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 1044 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 04 OF 05 ZAGREB 02405 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
GENEVA FOR USDEL ICFY -- JACKOVICH; USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356: N/A 
TAGS:  PHUM, PREF, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL -- U.S. HELSINKI COMMISSION DEL CALLS 
-         FOR RECOGNITION OF MACEDONIA, MILITARY INTER 
-         VENTION IN B-H; AND THE ARREST OF KARADJIC 
 
ENCOURAGE MACEDONIA'S POLITICAL LEADERS TO FORM A 
HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION WHICH WOULD INCLUDE 
REPRESENTATIVES OF THE VARIOUS ETHNIC GROUPS AND HAVE 
THE INDEPENDENCE AND AUTHORITY TO INVESTIGATE REPORTED 
HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN AN EFFECTIVE WAY. 
 
"WE ALSO URGE THAT MUCH GREATER ATTENTION BE GIVEN TO 
THE WORSENING REFUGEE SITUATION IN MACEDONIA.  THE 
CAMP WHICH WE VISITED, FOR EXAMPLE, WAS CROWDED, AND 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02405  04 OF 05  161630Z 
WITHOUT HEAT OR ELECTRICITY.  HAVING ARRIVED DURING 
SUMMER MONTHS, THESE REFUGEES ALSO NEED PROPER CLOTHES 
AND FOOTWEAR TO GET THEM THROUGH THE WINTER. 
 
"OUR VISIT TO CROATIA ON NOVEMBER 15 GAVE US A 
FIRST-HAND VIEW OF THE SITUATION FOR REFUGEES AND 
DISPLACED PERSONS THERE.  IN THE CITY OF KARLOVAC, WE 
MET WITH FORMER INTERNEES AT SERBIAN CONCENTRATION 
CAMPS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA WHO REPORTED THE MOST 
HORRIBLE ATROCITIES, INCLUDING THE TORTURE AND RANDOM 
KILLING OF PRISONERS.  THESE PEOPLE, HOWEVER, 
EXPRESSED MORE CONCERN FOR THOSE LEFT BEHIND THAN THEY 
DID FOR THEIR OWN FUTURES AS REFUGEES.  WE ALSO HAD AN 
OPPORTUNITY TO MEET WITH THE PRESIDENT OF CROATIA AND 
OTHER SENIOR CROATIAN OFFICIALS, WITH WHOM WE 
DISCUSSED THE CONFLICT IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, THE 
RESULTING REFUGEE CRISIS, THE STATUS OF THE UN 
PROTECTED AREAS IN CROATIA, AND DOMESTIC DEVELOPMENTS, 
INCLUDING THE OPERATION OF A FREE MEDIA.  OUR 
DELEGATION WAS ALSO PLEASED TO BE HERE AT THE OPENING 
OF THE U.S. ARMY'S 212TH MOBILE ARMY SURGICAL HOSPITAL 
(MASH) UNIT AT PLESO AIRPORT IN ZAGREB, WHICH WILL BE 
USED BY THE UNPROFOR. 
 
"WE APPLAUD THOSE AMERICAN SOLDIERS WHO WILL OPERATE 
THE MASH HOSPITAL, AND PRAISE AS WELL THE MANY FOREIGN 
CIVILIANS WE MET IN CROATIA WHO ARE WORKING TO ASSIST 
THE REFUGEES, A TRULY OVERWHELMING TASK.  THE REFUGEES 
TOLD US THAT INTERNATIONAL  ATTENTION, ESPECIALLY BY 
THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS, HAD BEEN 
INSTRUMENTAL IN THEIR RELEASE, AND THAT THE UN HIGH 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02405  04 OF 05  161630Z 
COMMISSION FOR REFUGEES HAD GREATLY FACILITATED THEIR 
TRANSIT IN CROATIA. 
 
"WE COMMEND THE CROATIAN GOVERNMENT FOR THEIR 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  02405  05 OF 05  161632Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CA-02    CIAE-00  DODE-00  CISA-02 
      DS-00    EB-01    HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19 
      LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00   MFLO-03  M-01     NSAE-00  OCS-06 
      OIC-02   PA-02    PC-05    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SDEL-00 
      SIL-00   SP-00    SR-00    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-17   TRSE-00 
      ASDS-01  RPE-00     /094W 
                  ------------------7ADA3A  161632Z /38 
O 161629Z NOV 92 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2708 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02405  05 OF 05  161632Z 
USIA WASHDC 2398 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 1045 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 05 OF 05 ZAGREB 02405 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
GENEVA FOR USDEL ICFY -- JACKOVICH; USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356: N/A 
TAGS:  PHUM, PREF, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL -- U.S. HELSINKI COMMISSION DEL CALLS 
-         FOR RECOGNITION OF MACEDONIA, MILITARY INTER 
-         VENTION IN B-H; AND THE ARREST OF KARADJIC 
 
HUMANITARIAN EFFORTS TO ACCOMMODATE THE REFUGEES 
FLEEING BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA BY THE THOUSANDS.  WE 
RECOGNIZE THE STRAIN THIS PLACES ON THE CROATIAN 
GOVERNMENT AND  FEEL STRONGLY THAT OTHER EUROPEAN 
COUNTRIES AND THE UNITED STATES MUST ASSUME THEIR 
SHARE OF THE REFUGEE BURDEN. 
 
"IN THE END, INSTABILITY WILL REMAIN IN THE BALKANS AS 
LONG AS SERBIAN AGGRESSION IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AND 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02405  05 OF 05  161632Z 
REPRESSION IN KOSOVO GO UNCHECKED AND THOSE 
RESPONSIBLE FOR ATROCITIES GO UNPUNISHED.  IN LIGHT OF 
WHAT WE HAVE SEEN IN MACEDONIA AND CROATIA, UPON OUR 
RETURN TO WASHINGTON, WE WILL CONTINUE WITH NEW VIGOR 
OUR EFFORTS IN THE CONGRESS TO ENCOURAGE AN END TO 
THESE TRAGIC DEVELOPMENTS AND TO EASE THE PLIGHT OF 
THE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF REFUGEES AND DISPLACED 
PERSONS LEFT IN THEIR WAKE. 
 
"WE VIEW MORE DIRECT INTERVENTION, INCLUDING MILITARY 
INTERVENTION, IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA BY THE 
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY, INCLUDING THE UNITED STATES, 
TO BE A POLITICAL NECESSITY AND MORAL OBLIGATION.  WE 
HAVE ALREADY PRESSED FOR GREATER ACTION, INCLUDING THE 
LIMITED USE OF FORCE IF NECESSARY, TO BRING THIS WAR 
TO AN END, AND WE WILL CONTINUE TO DO SO UPON OUR 
RETURN.  WE WILL ALSO PRESS FOR REAL ACTION TO BRING 
THOSE PERSONALLY RESPONSIBLE FOR WAR CRIMES AND 
GENOCIDE TO JUSTICE THROUGH AN INTERNATIONAL 
TRIBUNAL.  THEIR ACTIONS CANNOT GO UNPUNISHED.  AS A 
START, WE CALL FOR THE IMMEDIATE ARREST OF THE BOSNIAN 
SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADJIC AND HIS ASSOCIATES.  WE 
MUST FINALLY ADDRESS THE FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEM IN 
BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA THAT COULD SPREAD WAR THROUGHOUT 
THE REGION - UNCHECKED SERBIAN AGGRESSION - IN THE 
MOST DIRECT WAY." 
END TEXT OF STATEMENT. 
 
NEITZKE 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02405  05 OF 05  161632Z 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
 



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