US embassy cable - 92ZAGREB2400

CGYOOL: UNPROFOR CHIEF SPEAKS OF ANARCHY IN - UNPA'S, LACK OF COOPERATION BY KRAJINA SERBS

Identifier: 92ZAGREB2400
Wikileaks: View 92ZAGREB2400 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Zagreb
Created: 1992-11-16 15:05:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Tags: PREL PREF PHUM PREF PHUM PREF PHUM PREF PHUM HR War Crimes
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

161505Z Nov 92

                       UNCLASSIFIED


                       UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02400  01 OF 04  161001Z
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22//
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5/ECPLAD//
CTF SIXZERO//N2//
CTF SIXONE//N2//
CTF SIXTWO//N2//
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC//
FOSIF ROTA SP
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP//
CJCS WASHDC
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 04 ZAGREB 02400 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
GENEVA FOR USDEL ICFY -- JACKOVICH; USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PREL, PREF, PHUM, PREF, PHUM, PREF, PHUM, PREF, PHUM, HR, War Crimes 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL:  UNPROFOR CHIEF SPEAKS OF ANARCHY IN 
-         UNPA'S, LACK OF COOPERATION BY KRAJINA SERBS 
 
 
------- 
SUMMARY 
------- 
 
1.  WE REPORT HEREIN FOR THE RECORD RECENT PUBLIC 
REMARKS BY UNPROFOR CIVILIAN AFFAIRS DIRECTOR CEDRIC 
THORNBERRY REGARDING THE SITUATION IN THE CROATIAN 
UNPA'S AND PINK ZONES.  REFERING TO SECTORS EAST AND 
SOUTH, THORNBERRY DECLARED, "GANGS OF TERRORISTS ROAM 
THE AREA, THERE ARE POLICE FORCES WHO DO NOT POLICE, 
PROSECUTORS WHO DO NOT PROSECUTE, AND COURTS THAT ARE 
AFRAID TO SIT."  AT A MEETING WITH AUTHORITIES IN 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02400  01 OF 04  161001Z 
KNIN, UNPROFOR REASSERTED ITS AUTHORITY TO CONTROL 
BORDER CROSSING POINTS BUT FAILED TO OBTAIN SERBIAN 
AGREEMENT TO DRAW BACK FROM FIVE BRIDGES.  UNPROFOR 
ESTIMATES THAT THERE ARE AT LEAST 5,000 ARMED, 
UNIFORMED PERSONNEL IN SECTOR EAST AT THE MOMENT; IN 
CLEAR VIOLATION OF THE VANCE PLAN. 
 
2.  THORNBERRY WARNED THAT IF THE LOCAL SERBIAN 
LEADERS DO NOT ACCEPT THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF 
RESOLUTION 762, WHICH CALLS FOR A STEP-BY-STEP 
RESTORATION OF CROATIAN AUTHORITY IN THE PINK ZONES, 
THE SECURITY COUNCIL WILL HAVE TO BE INFORMED.  HE 
STATED THAT UNPROFOR HAS NO INTENTION OF BEING AN 
ACCESSORY TO THE CONSOLIDATION OF THE RULE OF THE 
PINK ZONES BY AUTHORITIES OTHER THAN THOSE STATED IN 
THE RESOLUTION. 
 
3.  THORNBERRY CONDEMNED THOSE RESPONSIBLE FOR 
PUTTING A REPORTED FIFTEEN TONS OF EXPLOSIVES IN THE 
CENTRAL LOWER GALLERY OF THE PERUCA DAM.  AFTER 
FAILING TO OBTAIN MAPS AND DIAGRAMS FROM THE KNIN 
AUTHORITIES, UNPROFOR SENT IN A TEAM OF BRITISH 
DEMOLITIONS EXPERTS.  RECENT PRESS REPORTS INDICATE 
THAT THE MINES HAVE NOW BEEN "NEUTRALIZED."  END 
SUMMARY. 
4.  THERE FOLLOW EXCERPTS FROM AN OFFICIAL SUMMARY OF 
THE UNPROFOR PRESS BRIEFING HELD ON NOVEMBER 5 IN 
BELGRADE BY CEDRIC THORNBERRY, DIRECTOR OF CIVILIAN 
AFFAIRS AND DEPUTY CHIEF OF MISSION. 
 
--------------------------------------------- -------- 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02400  01 OF 04  161001Z 
SECTORS NORTH AND WEST QUIET, EAST AND SOUTH ANARCHIC 
--------------------------------------------- -------- 
 
5.  THORNBERRY SAID THAT IN SECTOR NORTH THE 
SITUATION IS INCREASINGLY QUIET, BUT THERE ARE 
INCIDENTS AROUND THE CEASE-FIRE LINE BECAUSE OF THE 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  02400  02 OF 04  161003Z 
ACTION IO-19 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   CA-02    CIAE-00  C-01     CISA-02  DS-00 
      EB-01    EUR-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   LAB-04 
      L-03     ADS-00   MFLO-03  M-01     NSAE-00  NSCE-00  OCS-06 
      OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-02    PC-05    PM-02    PRS-01   P-01 
      RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-00  SIL-00   SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00 
      SSO-00   SS-00    STR-17   TRSE-00  T-01     USIE-00  ASDS-01 
      RPE-00     /101W 
                  ------------------7ACDBD  161003Z /38 
O 161505Z NOV 92 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2698 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA IMMEDIATE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE 
USEC BRUSSELS IMMEDIATE 
USMISSION USVIENNA IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY NICOSIA 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02400  02 OF 04  161003Z 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5/ECPLAD// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
CJCS WASHDC 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 04 ZAGREB 02400 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
GENEVA FOR USDEL ICFY -- JACKOVICH; USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS:  PREL, PREF, PHUM, UN, HR 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL:  UNPROFOR CHIEF SPEAKS OF ANARCHY IN 
-         UNPA'S, LACK OF COOPERATION BY KRAJINA SERBS 
 
PRESENCE THERE OF THE CROATIAN ARMY AND SERBIAN 
MILITIAS, AND SOME TERRORISM. 
 
6.  SECTOR WEST IS GENERALLY QUIET; IMPLEMENTATION OF 
THE VANCE PLAN IS FURTHER ADVANCED THAN IN ANY OTHER 
SECTOR.  THE PROGRAMME OF VISITS OF DISPLACED PERSONS 
FROM BOTH SIDES TO THEIR FORMER VILLAGES IS 
PROGRESSING: AS OF LAST WEEK, 1,500 PEOPLE HAD 
VISITED 50 VILLAGES TO EXAMINE THE DAMAGES TO THEIR 
HOMES AND START PREPARATIONS FOR THEIR REPAIR.  THE 
AUSTRIAN GOVERNMENT HAS OFFERED 500 TEMPORARY HOUSING 
UNITS FOR PEOPLE WHO WISH TO WORK ON THEIR HOUSES 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02400  02 OF 04  161003Z 
DURING THE WINTER.  IN ONE AREA NEIGHBORING SECTOR 
WEST, UNPROFOR HAS PROVIDED INFORMATION RELATING TO 
RESOLUTION 780 TO THE WAR CRIMES COMMISSION, WHICH 
WAS SCHEDULED TO MEET YESTERDAY FOR THE FIRST TIME. 
 
7.  IN SECTORS EAST AND SOUTH, THE TREND TOWARD 
ANARCHY CONTINUES.  GANGS OF TERRORISTS ROAM THE 
AREA, THERE ARE POLICE FORCES WHO DO NOT POLICE, 
PROSECUTORS WHO DO NOT PROSECUTE, AND COURTS THAT ARE 
AFRAID TO SIT.  (UNPROFOR MADE AVAILABLE A PAGE 
GIVING EXTRACTS FROM UNCIVPOL REPORTS SUMMARISING 
RECENT INCIDENTS FROM SECTORS EAST AND SOUTH).  MANY 
OF THESE ARE SMALL, NASTY, COWARDLY CRIMES, USUALLY 
ETHNICALLY BASED AND AIMED AT OLD PEOPLE LIVING 
ALONE.  THE MAJORITY ARE AGAINST CROATS LIVING IN 
SERB-CONTROLLED TERRITORIES, BUT THERE ARE ALSO SOME 
AGAINST SERBS LIVING IN CROAT-CONTROLLED AREAS.  IN A 
WAY, THERE HAS BEEN SOME IMPROVEMENT, AS THERE ARE 
FEWER MURDERS THAN BEFORE. 
 
8.  ALONG THE EDGES OF SECTOR SOUTH, SOME CEASE-FIRE 
VIOLATIONS, MAINLY BY THE CROATIAN ARMY, ARE PROBABLY 
PROVOCATIONS.  AS THERE HAS STILL NOT BEEN 
DISARMAMANT OF THE SERB MILITIA, THE CROATIAN ARMY 
HAS, IN SOME CASES, MOVED BACK UP FROM THE WITHDRAWAL 
LINE, TO THE CONFRONTATION LINE, AND THE RELATIVELY 
HEAVILY ARMED SERB MILITIA HAVE ALSO MOVED UP TO THAT 
LINE. 
 
--------------------------------------------- -- 
1,500 TONS OF EXPLOSIVES REPORTED IN PERUCA DAM 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02400  02 OF 04  161003Z 
--------------------------------------------- -- 
 
9.  PERUCA DAM, (LOCATED) IN A PINK ZONE, HAS BEEN 
UNDER UNPROFOR CONTROL SINCE 14 SEPTEMBER.  THE WATER 
LEVEL IS NOW 357.62 METRES.  THE BRITISH ENGINEERING 
TEAM THAT SURVEYED THE DAM LAST WEEK WERE TOLD THAT 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  02400  03 OF 04  161004Z 
ACTION IO-19 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   CA-02    CIAE-00  C-01     CISA-02  DS-00 
      EB-01    EUR-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   LAB-04 
      L-03     ADS-00   MFLO-03  M-01     NSAE-00  NSCE-00  OCS-06 
      OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-02    PC-05    PM-02    PRS-01   P-01 
      RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-00  SIL-00   SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00 
      SSO-00   SS-00    STR-17   TRSE-00  T-01     USIE-00  ASDS-01 
      RPE-00     /101W 
                  ------------------7ACDE6  161004Z /38 
O 161505Z NOV 92 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2699 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA IMMEDIATE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE 
USEC BRUSSELS IMMEDIATE 
USMISSION USVIENNA IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY NICOSIA 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02400  03 OF 04  161004Z 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5/ECPLAD// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
CJCS WASHDC 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 04 ZAGREB 02400 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
GENEVA FOR USDEL ICFY -- JACKOVICH; USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS:  PREL, PREF, PHUM, UN, HR 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL:  UNPROFOR CHIEF SPEAKS OF ANARCHY IN 
-         UNPA'S, LACK OF COOPERATION BY KRAJINA SERBS 
 
THERE ARE 15 TONNES OF EXPLOSIVES IN THE CENTRAL 
LOWER GALLERY OF THE DAM.  UNPROFOR REQUESTED MAPS 
AND DIAGRAMS FROM THE KNIN AUTHORITIES, BUT HAS NOT 
RECEIVED THEM, ALTHOUGH THE SITUATION IS NOW URGENT. 
UNPROFOR DOES NOT KNOW WHO PLACED THE EXPLOSIVES, BUT 
CONSIDERING THE IMPLICATIONS IF THE DAM WERE TO BE 
DESTROYED, "THE LEVEL OF IRRESPONSIBILITY IN 
PREPARING THE DAM FOR DESTRUCTION PASSES 
COMPREHENSION."  (NOTE:  PRESS REPORTS INDICATE THAT 
BRITISH DEMOLITIONS EXPERTS HAVE SINCE "NEUTRALIZED" 
THE MINES WITHOUT THE HELP OF THE SERBS.) 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02400  03 OF 04  161004Z 
------------------------------- 
MASLENICA BRIDGE STILL ON HOLD: 
------------------------------- 
 
10.  THE REBUILDING OF MASLENICA BRIDGE, LOCATED IN A 
PINK ZONE, HAS THE AGREEMENT OF ALL SIDES, BUT NO ONE 
SEEMS TO WANT TO "ROLL UP THEIR SLEEVES AND GET TO 
WORK" ON THE PROJECT.  IT MUST MOVE AHEAD AS SOON AS 
POSSIBLE. 
------------------------------------------ 
5,000 UNAUTHORIZED "POLICE" IN SECTOR EAST 
------------------------------------------ 
 
11.  SECTOR EAST HAS BEEN RATHER QUIET LATELY.  AN 
ACCOUNT PUBLISHED IN THE BELGRADE PRESS ON EVENTS 
AROUND BATINA BRIDGE CAUSED THORNBERRY'S AMAZEMENT, 
AND THE CONCLUSION THAT "IF YOU DON'T HAVE ANY FACTS, 
GO UP TO THE CRAZIEST PERSON AROUND AND PUBLISH WHAT 
HE SAYS." 
 
12.  ON A MORE SERIOUS NOTE, UNPROFOR ESTIMATES THERE 
ARE AT LEAST 5,000 ARMED, UNIFORMED PERSONNEL IN 
SECTOR EAST AT THE MOMENT; IN CLEAR VIOLATION OF THE 
VANCE PLAN.  UNPROFOR IS NOT SURE WHO IS IN CONTROL 
OF ALL OF THESE ELEMENTS.  "PERHAPS UNPROFOR BELGRADE 
COULD ORGANIZE A TOUR FOR JOURNALISTS SO THEY COULD 
SEE FOR THEMSELVES? -  SECTOR EAST IS QUITE CLOSE TO 
BELGRADE."  (NOTE:  PRESS REPORTS INDICATE THAT IN 
FACT A VISIT BY JOURNALISTS IS NOW BEING ARRANGED.) 
 
--------------------------------------------- ------ 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  02400  03 OF 04  161004Z 
KRAJINA SERBS BLOCKING IMPLEMENTATION OF VANCE PLAN 
--------------------------------------------- ------ 
 
13.  FORCE COMMANDER GENERAL NAMBIAR, THORNBERRY AND 
THE DEPUTY FORCE COMMANDER MET WITH LOCAL AUTHORITIES 
IN KNIN ON MONDAY, NOVEMBER 2, INCLUDING GORAN HADZIC 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  02400  04 OF 04  161005Z 
ACTION IO-19 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   CA-02    CIAE-00  C-01     CISA-02  DS-00 
      EB-01    EUR-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   LAB-04 
      L-03     ADS-00   MFLO-03  M-01     NSAE-00  NSCE-00  OCS-06 
      OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-02    PC-05    PM-02    PRS-01   P-01 
      RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-00  SIL-00   SNP-00   SP-00    SR-00 
      SSO-00   SS-00    STR-17   TRSE-00  T-01     USIE-00  ASDS-01 
      RPE-00     /101W 
                  ------------------7ACE04  161005Z /38 
O 161505Z NOV 92 
FM AMEMBASSY ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2700 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA IMMEDIATE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE 
USEC BRUSSELS IMMEDIATE 
USMISSION USVIENNA IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY PRAGUE IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW PRIORITY 
AMEMBASSY STOCKHOLM 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY NICOSIA 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  02400  04 OF 04  161005Z 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5/ECPLAD// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ISP// 
CJCS WASHDC 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 04 OF 04 ZAGREB 02400 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
GENEVA FOR USDEL ICFY -- JACKOVICH; USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS:  PREL, PREF, PHUM, UN, HR 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL:  UNPROFOR CHIEF SPEAKS OF ANARCHY IN 
-         UNPA'S, LACK OF COOPERATION BY KRAJINA SERBS 
 
AND MILAN MARTIC, FOR A "REMARKABLY FRANK" 
DISCUSSION.  WITH REGARD TO RESOLUTION 769, WHICH 
REQUIRES UNPROFOR TO CONTROL THE CROSSING POINTS FROM 
THE UNITED NATIONS PROTECTED AREAS INTO OTHER PARTS 
OF THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, THE KNIN AUTHORITIES AGREED 
TO MOVE THEIR CHECKPOINTS BACK CA. 500 METRES FROM 
THE UNPROFOR CHECKPOINTS AT THE BOUNDARIES, EXCEPT ON 
FIVE BRIDGES; THESE ARE STILL UNDER NEGOTIATION. 
TALKS ON THE DISARMING OF THE SPECIAL MILITIA WERE 
NOT FRUITFUL AND DISCUSSIONS WILL CONTINUE. 
REGARDING RESOLUTION 762 ON THE PINK ZONES, WHICH 
CALLS FOR A STEP-BY-STEP RESTORATION OF CROATIAN 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  02400  04 OF 04  161005Z 
AUTHORITY IN THESE AREAS, IF THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES DO 
NOT ACCEPT THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF THE RESOLUTION, THE 
SECURITY COUNCIL WILL HAVE TO BE INFORMED.  UNPROFOR 
HAS NO INTENTION OF BEING AN ACCESSORY TO THE 
CONSOLIDATION OF THE RULE OF THE PINK ZONES BY 
AUTHORITIES OTHER THAN THOSE STATED IN THE RESOLUTION. 
 
14.  THE SERIOUS DESIRE FOR PEACE THAT IS APPARENT IN 
MANY PARTS OF THE REGION OF THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA 
COULD BE ENDANGERED BY THE BLOCKAGES IN THE 
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE VANCE PLAN IN THE SECTORS. 
 
15.  AT PREVLAKA, APART FROM A FEW PROBLEMS, THE 
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE VANCE PLAN IS PROCEEDING QUITE 
WELL.  THE YUGOSLAV ARMY HAS WITHDRAWN, IN ACCORDANCE 
WITH THE VANCE PLAN, AND MILITARY OBSERVERS ARE NOW 
DEPLOYED.  THERE HAVE BEEN REPORTS, HOWEVER, OF 
CROATIAN ARMY ACTIVITIES IN ADJACENT AREAS. 
 
NEITZKE 
 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 

Latest source of this page is cablebrowser-2, released 2011-10-04