US embassy cable - 92ZAGREB1962

CGY001: UNPROFOR'S DAUNTING TASK IN CROATIA - -- ANOTHER GRIM REPORT FROM SECTOR EAST

Identifier: 92ZAGREB1962
Wikileaks: View 92ZAGREB1962 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Zagreb
Created: 1992-10-09 12:29:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: PGOV PREL PHUM PREF PREL PHUM PREF PREL PHUM PREF PREL PHUM PREF PREL PHUM PREF PREL PHUM PREF PREL PHUM PREF PREL PHUM PREF HR War Crimes
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

091229Z Oct 92

                       CONFIDENTIAL


                       CONFIDENTIAL

PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01962  01 OF 08  091325Z
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C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 08 ZAGREB 01962 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, PREF, PREL, PHUM, PREF, PREL, PHUM, PREF, PREL, PHUM, PREF, PREL, PHUM, PREF, PREL, PHUM, PREF, PREL, PHUM, PREF, PREL, PHUM, PREF, HR, War Crimes 
SUBJECT:  CGY001:  UNPROFOR'S DAUNTING TASK IN CROATIA 
-         -- ANOTHER GRIM REPORT FROM SECTOR EAST 
 
REF: STATE 309793 
 
1.  CONFIDENTIAL - ENTIRE TEXT. 
 
------- 
SUMMARY 
------- 
 
2.  A REGIME OF EXTRAORDINARY BRUTALITY HOLDS SWAY IN 
SERBIAN-DOMINATED VUKOVAR AND ELSEWHERE IN THE SECTOR 
EAST UNITED NATIONS PROTECTED AREA (UNPA) OF CROATIA. 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01962  01 OF 08  091325Z 
MURDERS, ASSAULTS, VIOLENT HARASSMENT, DESTRUCTION OF 
CATHOLIC CHURCHES, AND ATTACKS ON MIXED MARRIAGES ARE 
NOW COMMONPLACE.  UNPROFOR REPS ARE WAGING AN UPHILL 
STRUGGLE TO BRING TO TASK SERBIAN PERPETRATORS -- WHO 
ARE INTEGRAL ELEMENTS OF THE SO-CALLED GOVERNMENT IN 
THE AREA.  THE ODDS ON UNPROFOR'S SUCCEEDING ARE NOT 
GREAT, WHICH IS WHY THE SECTOR EAST SITUATION IS AMONG 
THE MOST OFT-CITED POTENTIAL CAUSES OF A FEARED LARGE- 
SCALE FLARE UP OF SERBO-CROATIAN FIGHTING NEXT SPRING. 
 
3.  THIS REPORT IS BASED ON OBSERVATIONS AND 
INTERVIEWS BY TWO EMBASSY OFFICERS DURING TRAVEL TO 
SECTOR EAST OCTOBER 1-4 IN SUPPORT OF A CSCE 
DELEGATION.  SEPTEL REPORTS THEIR OBSERVATIONS ON 
CONDITIONS IN SECTORS WEST AND SOUTH.  END SUMMARY. 
- 
--------------------------------------- 
SECTOR EAST - THE QUIET HELL OF VUKOVAR 
--------------------------------------- 
 
4.  ONLY A PERSONAL VISIT CAN PROVIDE A FULL 
APPRECIATION OF THE SCOPE OF WANTON DESTRUCTION THAT 
WAS VISITED ON THE ONCE PROSPEROUS CROATIAN CITY OF 
VUKOVAR BY SERBIAN FORCES IN THE FALL OF 1991.  ON 
OCTOBER 4 EMBOFFS WERE GIVEN AN ESCORTED TOUR OF 
VUKOVAR AND SEVERAL SURROUNDING TOWNS IN SECTOR EAST 
BY UNPROFOR OFFICIALS.  THE REMAINS OF THE CITY LOOK 
LIKE BERLIN, CIRCA 1945.  NEARLY EVERY RESIDENTIAL, 
COMMERCIAL, CULTURAL, AND RELIGIOUS STRUCTURE HAS 
BEEN GUTTED OR SEVERELY DAMAGED.  GRAIN ELEVATORS, 
CRANES IN THE PORT ALONG THE RIVER, FACTORIES, AND 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01962  01 OF 08  091325Z 
HIGH RISE APARTMENT BUILDINGS HAVE BEEN RENDERED 
VIRTUALLY USELESS AND UNINHABITABLE. 
 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01962  02 OF 08  091325Z 
ACTION IO-19 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  C-01     DODE-00  CISA-02 
      EB-01    EUR-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   LAB-04 
      L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01    PM-02 
      PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SIL-01   SNP-01 
      SP-01    SR-01    SS-01    STR-18   TRSE-00  T-01       /090W 
                  ------------------6C09D4  091334Z /38 
P 091229Z OCT 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 2306 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USIA WASHDC 2175 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01962  02 OF 08  091325Z 
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CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0929 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 02 OF 08 ZAGREB 01962 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, PREF, HR 
SUBJECT:  CGY001:  UNPROFOR'S DAUNTING TASK IN CROATIA 
-         -- ANOTHER GRIM REPORT FROM SECTOR EAST 
 
5.  THE POPULATION OF VUKOVAR TOWNSHIP HAS DWINDLED 
TO 20,000 FROM A PRE-WAR 80,000 (OF WHOM AN ESTIMATED 
58 PERCENT WERE CROATS).  ONLY SOME TENS OF PEOPLE 
WERE VISIBLE ON THE STREETS DURING THE HALF-HOUR TOUR 
BY CAR.  THERE WERE ONLY A FEW OTHER VEHICLES ON THE 
ROADS DESPITE THE REPORTED AVAILABILITY OF GASOLINE 
BROUGHT IN FROM SERBIA. 
 
--------------------------------------------- ------ 
HUNGARIANS, SLOVAKS, AND CROATS LOSE JOBS AND HOMES 
--------------------------------------------- ------ 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01962  02 OF 08  091325Z 
 
6.  IN THIS DISMAL SETTING, SERBIAN OFFICIALS ADD TO 
THE MISERY THROUGH A SYSTEMATIC PROGRAM OF ETHNIC 
CLEANSING AIMED AT DRIVING OUT ALL REMAINING CROATS, 
HUNGARIANS, SLOVAKS, AND OTHER MINORITIES.  ON AUGUST 
31, 1992, SOME TWENTY NON-SERBS (MOSTLY SLOVAKS) 
REPORTEDLY WERE DISMISSED FROM THE ILOK BRICK FACTORY 
AND LOST, ALONG WITH THEIR JOBS, THEIR COMPANY-OWNED 
HOUSING.  SERBIAN REPLACEMENT WORKERS THEN MOVED IN 
AND WERE HIRED AT THE BRICK FACTORY -- WHICH EMBOFFS 
OBSERVED OPERATING AT A BRISK PACE. 
 
7.  UNPROFOR CIVILIAN POLICE ALSO TOLD EMBOFFS THAT 
HUNGARIANS AND SLOVAKS ARE PRESSURED TO ACCEPT 
MOBILIZATION INTO THE KRAJINA "ARMED FORCES."  THOSE 
WHO REFUSE ARE CLASSIFIED AS SUBVERSIVES AND HOUNDED 
FROM THEIR JOBS AND HOMES. 
 
--------------------- 
PERSECUTION OF CROATS 
--------------------- 
 
8.  MANY CROATS LIVING IN THE VUKOVAR AREA WERE WERE 
DRIVEN OUT AFTER THE CITY FELL ON NOVEMBER 19, 1991. 
THEY ARE REPORTEDLY SUBJECTED TO RELENTLESS, DIRECT 
PHYSICAL INTIMIDATION -- AND OCCASIONAL MURDER.  IN 
ONE RECENT CASE, THREE UNARMED CIVILIANS OVER 70 
YEARS OF AGE WERE SHOT AND KILLED BY THE SERBIAN 
SO-CALLED "SPECIAL POLICE."  NO SUSPECTS HAVE BEEN 
ARRESTED.  IN ANOTHER CASE, AN UNPROFOR CIVILIAN 
POLICE OFFICER OBSERVED THE CORPSE OF AN ELDERLY 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01962  02 OF 08  091325Z 
WOMAN WHOM THE LOCAL POLICE HAD REPORTED AS KILLED BY 
A LAND MINE.  THE DECEASED HAD MULTIPLE WOUNDS TO THE 
BACK, LIKELY CAUSED BY A SHOTGUN. 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01962  03 OF 08  091325Z 
ACTION IO-19 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  C-01     DODE-00  CISA-02 
      EB-01    EUR-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   LAB-04 
      L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01    PM-02 
      PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SIL-01   SNP-01 
      SP-01    SR-01    SS-01    STR-18   TRSE-00  T-01       /090W 
                  ------------------6C09D7  091334Z /38 
P 091229Z OCT 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 2307 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USIA WASHDC 2176 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
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CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0930 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 03 OF 08 ZAGREB 01962 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, PREF, HR 
SUBJECT:  CGY001:  UNPROFOR'S DAUNTING TASK IN CROATIA 
-         -- ANOTHER GRIM REPORT FROM SECTOR EAST 
 
 
9.  THE SHAM COURT SYSTEM OF THE SO-CALLED KRAJINA 
AUTHORITIES IN VUKOVAR APES WESTERN MODELS, WITH 
COURTS OF THE FIRST INSTANCE, COURTS OF THE SECOND, 
ETC.  IN FACT, ACCORDING TO EXPERTS DIRECTLY FAMILIAR 
WITH DAY-TO-DAY OPERATIONS, ALMOST ALL THE CASES IN 
THE SERBIAN- CONTROLLED VUKOVAR REGION ARE BROUGHT 
AGAINST CROATS AND OTHER MINORITIES.  A JUDGE AND TWO 
ASSISTANT JUDGES RUN THE PROCEEDINGS.  NEITHER THE 
PROSECUTOR NOR THE SUPPOSED DEFENSE ATTORNEY IS 
ALLOWED TO PLAY A DIRECT ROLE.  THE PRESIDING JUDGE 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01962  03 OF 08  091325Z 
ASKS ALL QUESTIONS.  THE DEFENSE ATTORNEY MUST SUBMIT 
ALL/ALL QUESTIONS IN WRITING TO THE JUDGE -- EVEN 
THOSE HE WANTS TO ASK HIS OWN CLIENT.  THE JUDGE MAY 
OR MAY NOT ASK THE QUESTIONS SUBMITTED.  IN ONE 
TYPICAL CASE OBSERVED BY AN UNPROFOR CIVILIAN POLICE 
OFFICER, A SIXTY-TWO YEAR OLD CROATIAN WOMAN WAS 
ACCUSED OF HAVING A HANDGRENADE, GUN, AND SHOTGUN IN 
HER HOME.  IN A "QUICKY" TRIAL THE DEFENDANT WAS 
FOUND GUILTY, SENTENCED TO TEN MONTHS IN JAIL, AND 
FINED 6,000 DINARS.  THE SO-CALLED DEFENSE LAWYER DID 
ALMOST NOTHING. 
 
--------------------------------- 
MINEFIELDS AND UNPUNISHED MURDERS 
--------------------------------- 
 
10.  UNPROFOR CIVILIAN AUTHORITIES TOLD EMBOFFS THAT, 
IN ANOTHER CASE, THEY INFORMED KRAJINA "OFFICIALS" OF 
ACCUSATIONS AGAINST EIGHT INDIVIDUALS WHO HAD TRIED 
TO FORCE 23 NON-SERBS THEY WERE EXPELLING TO CROSS A 
KNOWN MINEFIELD AT THE UNPA FRONT LINE.  THE UN POLICE 
PREVENTED THE ACT FROM OCCURRING AND COLLECTED NAMES 
OF 22 WITNESSES TO THE INCIDENT.  NO ACTION HAS BEEN 
TAKEN BY THE KRAJINA AUTHORITIES. 
 
11.  ACCORDING TO UNPROFOR, THE MANY MURDER VICTIMS 
IN THE AREA ARE "INVARIABLY NON-SERBS."  THE SUSPECTS 
IMPLICATED (OR POSITIVELY IDENTIFIED) ARE OFTEN 
MEMBERS OF THE SO-CALLED "SPECIAL POLICE" (SEE BELOW). 
 
12.  IN UNPROFOR'S VIEW, ONE OF THE BIGGEST HURDLES 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01962  03 OF 08  091325Z 
TO ESTABLISHING LAW AND ORDER IN THE AREA IS THAT 
CASES ARE SIMPLY NOT BROUGHT AGAINST KNOWN SUSPECTS. 
EVEN THOSE (SERBS) WHO ARE ARRESTED REPORTEDLY ARE 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01962  04 OF 08  091325Z 
ACTION IO-19 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  C-01     DODE-00  CISA-02 
      EB-01    EUR-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   LAB-04 
      L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01    PM-02 
      PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SIL-01   SNP-01 
      SP-01    SR-01    SS-01    STR-18   TRSE-00  T-01       /090W 
                  ------------------6C09DC  091335Z /38 
P 091229Z OCT 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 2308 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USIA WASHDC 2177 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
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CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0931 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 04 OF 08 ZAGREB 01962 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, PREF, HR 
SUBJECT:  CGY001:  UNPROFOR'S DAUNTING TASK IN CROATIA 
-         -- ANOTHER GRIM REPORT FROM SECTOR EAST 
 
QUICKLY FREED.  ONE SERB REPORTEDLY WAS ARRESTED FOR 
THREE CONSECUTIVE MURDERS.  HE WAS RELEASED TWICE 
WITHOUT PUNISHMENT.  AFTER THE THIRD ARREST HE WAS 
TAKEN TO THE SERBIAN BORDER AND ALLOWED TO CROSS INTO 
VOJVODINA.  DURING THE NIGHT OF SEPTEMBER 7-8, A 
NON-SERB COUPLE WAS MURDERED IN THE UNPA.  THERE ARE 
NO SUSPECTS.  ON OCTOBER 1, TWO MUSLIMS WERE MURDERED 
IN THE UNPA.  THERE ARE NO SUSPECTS.  MILAN ILICH, 
"PRESIDENT" OF THE VUKOVAR REGION EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, 
WAS ASKED IN OCTOBER WHY NO ACTION HAD BEEN TAKEN 
AGAINST KNOWN TERRORISTS.  HE REPORTEDLY RESPONDED 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01962  04 OF 08  091325Z 
SIMPLY THAT, WHILE HE OPPOSED THE METHODS USED TO 
DRIVE NON-SERBS, HE DID NOT QUARREL WITH THE RESULTS. 
 
13.  UNPROFOR REPORTEDLY INFORMED ILICH OF AN 
ESPECIALLY EGREGIOUS TERRORIZATION OF A NUMBER OF 
ELDERLY NON-SERB WOMEN WHO WERE FINALLY DRIVEN OUT OF 
THEIR HOMES IN SEPTEMBER.  AFTER A DELAY, DURING 
WHICH HE WAS SUPPOSED TO BE INVESTIGATING THE CASE, 
ILICH SENT A REQUEST THAT THE WOMEN SIGN OVER THEIR 
PROPERTY TO THE KRAJINA AND CONFIRM THAT THEY WERE 
LEAVING "VOLUNTARILY." 
 
-------------------- 
BLAMING THE REFUGEES 
-------------------- 
 
14.  ILICH TOLD THE CSCE DELEGATION THAT THE REGION 
HAS TAKEN IN A NUMBER OF SERBIAN REFUGEES FROM 
BOSNIA-HERCEGOVINA AND ELSEWHERE.  HE CLAIMED THAT 
"THOSE PEOPLE (SERBS) WHO HAVE LOST EVERYTHING ON THE 
OTHER SIDE ACT IN AN EMOTIONAL WAY."  THESE PEOPLE 
OFTEN CAUSE "DIFFICULTIES," HE CLAIMED. 
 
15.  UN OBSERVERS, HOWEVER, TELL A DIFFERENT STORY. 
WHILE ACKNOWLEDGING THAT THE INFLUX OF SERBIAN 
REFUGEES, ESTIMATED AT SOME 47,000, HAS AGGRAVATED A 
TENSE SITUATION, UN CIVILIAN POLICE FAMILIAR WITH 
DAILY CONDITIONS BELIEVE THAT MANY CRIMINALS COME NOT 
FROM REFUGEE RANKS BUT FROM OFFICIALDOM.  THEY CITED . 
MEMBERS OF THE CIVILIAN ADMINISTRATION, SUCH AS THE 
"MAYOR" OF THE TOWN OF DALJ, S. DORGJA (AKA "BRIGA"), 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01962  04 OF 08  091325Z 
WHO HAS BEEN SEEN THREATENING, BEATING, AND SHOOTING 
AROUND PERSONAL RESIDENCES IN AN EFFORT TO INTIMIDATE 
NON-SERBS INTO LEAVING.  IN THIS CONTEXT, UNPROFOR 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01962  05 OF 08  091325Z 
ACTION IO-19 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  C-01     DODE-00  CISA-02 
      EB-01    EUR-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   LAB-04 
      L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01    PM-02 
      PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SIL-01   SNP-01 
      SP-01    SR-01    SS-01    STR-18   TRSE-00  T-01       /090W 
                  ------------------6C09E2  091336Z /38 
P 091229Z OCT 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 2309 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USIA WASHDC 2178 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01962  05 OF 08  091325Z 
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USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0932 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 05 OF 08 ZAGREB 01962 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, PREF, HR 
SUBJECT:  CGY001:  UNPROFOR'S DAUNTING TASK IN CROATIA 
-         -- ANOTHER GRIM REPORT FROM SECTOR EAST 
 
NOTED THAT THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH IN DALJ WAS 
RECENTLY BLOWN UP BY UNKNOWN PERPETRATORS.  FOUR 
OTHER ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCHES AROUND THE SOUTHERN 
PART OF THE UNPA (IN ALMAS, ERDUT, SWINJERNO) HAVE 
ALSO RECENTLY BEEN COMPLETELY DESTROYED.  THERE ARE 
NO SUSPECTS IN THE BOMBINGS. 
- 
 
-------------------- 
THE "SPECIAL POLICE" 
-------------------- 
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PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01962  05 OF 08  091325Z 
 
16.  MEMBERS OF THE SO-CALLED "SPECIAL POLICE" ARE 
ALSO BELIEVED TO BE DIRECTLY INVOLVED IN CRIMES 
AGAINST THE CIVILIAN POPULATION.  THESE FORCES ARE A 
SUBTERFUGE DESIGNED TO AVOID THE LIMITS IN THE VANCE 
PLAN AND WERE ORIGINALLY MEMBERS OF THE YUGOSLAV 
NATIONAL ARMY (JNA).  WHEN RESTRICTIONS WERE PLACED 
ON THE JNA AND THEIR REMOVAL ORDERED, THEY BECAME 
"TERRITORIAL DEFENSE."  WHEN THE VANCE PLAN CALLED 
FOR THEIR DEMOBILIZATION, THE SAME PEOPLE BECAME 
"SPECIAL POLICE" OR "BORDER POLICE."  THEIR EXACT 
NUMBERS ARE A MATTER OF DISPUTE. 
 
17.  ACCORDING TO UN ESTIMATES, THE NUMBER OF SERBIAN 
POLICE JUMPED FROM 150 TO 800 DURING THE TRANSITION 
PERIOD AT THE SETTING UP OF THE UNPA.  A "SPECIAL 
POLICE" OF SOME 2,000 ALSO EXISTS AND OPERATES IN THE 
NORTHERN PART OF THE UNPA.  ON JULY 18, 1992, THE 
SO-CALLED "REPUBLIC OF KRAJINA" ASSERTED ITS CONTROL 
AND REFUSED TO PROVIDE ANY FURTHER INFORMATION ON THE 
NUMBERS OF "POLICE."  NO FURTHER SURRENDER OF WEAPONS 
FROM PARAMILITARY GROUPS, AS CALLED FOR IN THE VANCE 
PLAN, HAS TAKEN PLACE SINCE THAT DATE. 
 
--------------------------------- 
THE "RUSSIAN" ZONE OF SECTOR EAST 
--------------------------------- 
 
18.  THE RUSSIAN BATTALION IN CHARGE OF THE SOUTHERN 
PART OF THE UNPA HAS ITS HANDS FULL.  BOTH "SPECIAL 
POLICE" AND "POLICE" ARE INVOLVED IN CRIMES IN THIS 
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                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01962  05 OF 08  091325Z 
REGION BUT THERE ARE NOT ENOUGH RUSSIAN TROOPS TO 
BLANKET THE AREA.  WHEN UN OFFICIALS COMPLAINED ABOUT 
THE OUTRAGEOUS CRIME WAVE, LOCAL SERBS ASKED THAT THE 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01962  06 OF 08  091326Z 
ACTION IO-19 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  C-01     DODE-00  CISA-02 
      EB-01    EUR-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   LAB-04 
      L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01    PM-02 
      PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SIL-01   SNP-01 
      SP-01    SR-01    SS-01    STR-18   TRSE-00  T-01       /090W 
                  ------------------6C09F0  091340Z /38 
P 091229Z OCT 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 2310 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USIA WASHDC 2179 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01962  06 OF 08  091326Z 
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USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0933 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 06 OF 08 ZAGREB 01962 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, PREF, HR 
SUBJECT:  CGY001:  UNPROFOR'S DAUNTING TASK IN CROATIA 
-         -- ANOTHER GRIM REPORT FROM SECTOR EAST 
 
UN RELEASE SERBIAN ARMORED CARS IMPOUNDED BY THE UN 
SO THAT THEY COULD "FIGHT CRIME IN THE VILLAGES." 
 
------------------------------ 
ARKAN AND OTHER PARAMILITARIES 
------------------------------ 
 
19.  THE NOTORIOUS SERBIAN TERRORIST ARKAN HAS BEEN 
SEEN AGAIN IN THE UNPA.  HE WAS REPORTEDLY FETED AS A 
GUEST SPEAKER AT A RECENT PARTY IN THE REGION.  THE 
COMPOUND AND TRAINING COMPLEX AT ERDUT NEXT TO UN 
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PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01962  06 OF 08  091326Z 
HEADQUARTERS HAS A NEW HIGH RED BRICK WALL AROUND 
PART OF THE PERIMETER.  HIS MEN REPORTEDLY HAVE 
BECOME MEMBERS OF THE "POLICE."  THE SERBIAN "RED 
BERETS," WHO HAVE BEEN ACCUSED OF WAR CRIMES IN ILOK 
AND SEVERAL OTHER VILLAGES, HAVE MOVED TO THE 
SOUTHERN PART OF THE UNPA AND THEIR MEMBERS ARE NOW 
SEEN IN SERBIAN "SPECIAL POLICE" UNIFORMS. 
 
20.  A SO-CALLED "BORDER POLICE" ALSO IS BEING RUN BY 
THE SERBIAN SIDE.  THESE INDIVIDUALS HAVE BEEN SEEN 
MANNING CHECKPOINTS WITH REGULAR "POLICE," AND ARE 
REPORTED TO BE INVOLVED IN SOME OF THE WORST VIOLENCE 
AGAINST CIVILIANS.  LOCAL "POLICE" HAVE TOLD THEIR 
INTERNATIONAL COUNTERPARTS THAT THEY ARE AFRAID TO 
PURSUE CASES AGAINST THE "BORDER POLICE" AND "SPECIAL 
POLICE" LEST THEY THEMSELVES BE ATTACKED OR MURDERED. 
IN A HEATED EXCHANGE WITH THE CSCE DELEGATION ON 
OCTOBER 4, THE SERBIAN VUKOVAR AUTHORITIES REFUSED TO 
PROVIDE ANY INFORMATION ON NUMBERS OF THE "BORDER" 
AND "SPECIAL POLICE," CLAIMING THAT ONLY THE KNIN 
AUTHORITIES COULD RELEASE THAT DATA. 
 
----------------------------- 
LEGAL HARASSMENT OF NON-SERBS 
----------------------------- 
 
21.  EMBOFFS ALSO HEARD REPORTS FROM CREDIBLE SOURCES 
OF OTHER, MORE SUBTLE FORMS OF HARASSMENT OF NON-SERBS 
IN THE VUKOVAR AREA.  FOR EXAMPLE, UNDER THE GUISE OF 
HELPING THE DISPLACED, A NUMBER OF HUNGARIAN AND 
SLOVAK HOMEOWNERS HAVE BEEN ORDERED TO TAKE IN SERBIAN 
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PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01962  06 OF 08  091326Z 
REFUGEES.  THESE REFUGEES REPORTEDLY HARASS AND 
INTIMIDATE THEIR "HOSTS" UNTIL THE LATTER FINALLY 
MOVE OUT, THUS "ABANDONING" THE PROPERTY AND MAKING 
 
 
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PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01962  07 OF 08  091326Z 
ACTION IO-19 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  C-01     DODE-00  CISA-02 
      EB-01    EUR-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   LAB-04 
      L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01    PM-02 
      PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SIL-01   SNP-01 
      SP-01    SR-01    SS-01    STR-18   TRSE-00  T-01       /090W 
                  ------------------6C09FD  091344Z /38 
P 091229Z OCT 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 2311 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USIA WASHDC 2180 
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                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01962  07 OF 08  091326Z 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0934 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 07 OF 08 ZAGREB 01962 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, PREF, HR 
SUBJECT:  CGY001:  UNPROFOR'S DAUNTING TASK IN CROATIA 
-         -- ANOTHER GRIM REPORT FROM SECTOR EAST 
 
IT AVAILABLE FOR LEGAL TAKEOVER BY THE INTRUDERS. 
 
22.  RELIABLE SOURCES INDICATED THAT THE KRAJINA 
"GOVERNMENT" HAS "LEGISLATION" BY WHICH FAMILIES MAY 
BE EVICTED IF THEY HAVE RELATIVES WHO HAVE SERVED IN 
THE CROATIAN ARMED FORCES.  IN A HEATED EXCHANGE WITH 
THE CSCE DELEGATION OCTOBER 4, THE VUKOVAR SERBIAN 
DELEGATION DENIED THAT ANY SUCH LEGISLATION EXISTED 
OR THAT SUCH THINGS OCCURRED.  INSTEAD THEY CITED THE 
FORMATION OF THEIR OWN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION TO 
HANDLE SUCH COMPLAINTS. 
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PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01962  07 OF 08  091326Z 
 
23.  INTERESTED IN THE "NEWLY FORMED" VUKOVAR HUMAN 
RIGHTS COMMISSION, THE CSCE DELEGATION INQUIRED ABOUT 
THE GUIDELINES AND INTERNATIONALLY-RECOGNIZED 
CONVENTIONS WHICH THE COMMISSION PRESUMABLY USED TO 
GUIDE ITS WORK.  AFTER AN EMBARRASSINGLY LONG SILENCE, 
THE CHAIRMAN, HEARING NO SUGGESTIONS FROM HIS NINE 
COLLEAGUES AT THE TABLE, MUMBLED, "WE USE THEM ALL." 
IN EMBOFFS' JUDGMENT, HE DIDN'T HAVE A CLUE. 
 
24.  ATTACKS HAVE ALSO BEGUN RECENTLY ON MARRIAGES IN 
WHICH ONE OF THE PARTIES IS NON-SERBIAN.  THE  , 
HARASSMENT HAS INCLUDED MAKING A LIST OF SUCH UNIONS 
FOR "CENSUS" PURPOSES BUT WITH THE OBVIOUS OBJECTIVE 
OF INTIMIDATING THESE COUPLES. 
 
------------------------- 
THREE ALLEGED MASS GRAVES 
------------------------- 
 
25.  AMONG THE MANY RUMORS CIRCULATING IN SECTOR EAST 
ABOUT MASS MURDERS AND MASS GRAVES, UN SOURCES 
CONSIDER THREE ALLEGED INSTANCES PARTICULARLY 
CREDIBLE.  SOME 70 BODIES ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN 
BURIED IN ONE LOCATION IN THE GRAVEYARD AT LOVAS. 
THE SITE IS KEPT FREE OF WEEDS AND TENDED BY UNKNOWN 
VISITORS, WHICH SUGGESTS THAT NEIGHBORS ARE AWARE OF 
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE LOCATION.  THERE IS A NEWLY 
EXCAVATED AND REFILLED SITE IN FRONT OF THE ROMAN 
CATHOLIC CHURCH AT TORDINCI WHERE SOME 208 ARE 
BELIEVED TO BE BURIED.  THE THIRD LOCATION IS WITHIN 
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PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01962  07 OF 08  091326Z 
A PARK IN THE VILLAGE OF ERNESTINOVO WHERE 30 BODIES 
ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN INTERRED. 
 
 
 
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PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01962  08 OF 08  091326Z 
ACTION IO-19 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  C-01     DODE-00  CISA-02 
      EB-01    EUR-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   LAB-04 
      L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-01    PM-02 
      PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SIL-01   SNP-01 
      SP-01    SR-01    SS-01    STR-18   TRSE-00  T-01       /090W 
                  ------------------6C0A00  091345Z /38 
P 091229Z OCT 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 2312 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
USIA WASHDC 2181 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01962  08 OF 08  091326Z 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0935 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 08 OF 08 ZAGREB 01962 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O. 12356:  DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, PREF, HR 
SUBJECT:  CGY001:  UNPROFOR'S DAUNTING TASK IN CROATIA 
-         -- ANOTHER GRIM REPORT FROM SECTOR EAST 
 
26.  UNPROFOR OFFICIALS HAVE ASKED SERBIAN AUTHORITIES 
TO EXCAVATE THE SUSPECTED GRAVES, BUT THEY HAVE DONE 
NOTHING.  IN RESPONSE TO DIRECT QUESTIONS FROM THE 
CSCE DELEGATION ABOUT THE HARASSMENT, MURDER, AND 
INTIMIDATION OF NON-SERBS IN VUKOVAR, "PRESIDENT" 
ILICH SAID "WE HAVE NO EVIDENCE ABOUT THESE THINGS." 
 
------- 
COMMENT 
------- 
 
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PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01962  08 OF 08  091326Z 
27.  THE SERBIAN LEADERSHIP IN VUKOVAR, LIKE THEIR 
COUNTERPARTS IN KNIN, HAVE MADE FOR THEMSELVES A 
HOBBESIAN WORLD OF THE DARKEST DIMENSIONS.  THE 
SAVAGERY THEY HAVE UNLEASHED AND NOW AID AND ABET HAS 
MADE LIFE A VIRTUAL HELL FOR ALL THE NON-SERBS WITHIN 
THEIR GRASP.  YET IT IS THE SERBS WHO CLAIM THAT THEY 
ARE THE ONES THREATENED AND MISUNDERSTOOD. 
PREDICTABLY, MUCH OF THE DELEGATION'S TWO-HOUR 
MEETING IN VUKOVAR WAS TAKEN UP WITH A NOW-FAMILIAR 
RECITATION OF ALLEGED SERBIAN GRIEVANCES STRETCHING 
BACK TO BEFORE THE AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN EMPIRE. 
 
28.  IN SECTOR EAST, AT LEAST, THE ALREADY POOR ODDS 
OF UNPROFOR'S BEING ABLE TO IMPLEMENT THE VANCE PLAN 
-- WITH ITS CURRENT FORCE LEVELS AND MANDATE -- 
APPEAR TO BE STEADILY RECEDING. 
 
NEITZKE 
 
 
 
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