US embassy cable - 92ZAGREB1854

CGYOOL -- ZAGREB UPDATE: SEPT 28, 1992

Identifier: 92ZAGREB1854
Wikileaks: View 92ZAGREB1854 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Zagreb
Created: 1992-09-28 15:40:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Tags: PGOV PREL PHUM MOPS PREF ECON HR PREL PHUM MOPS PREF ECON HR PREL PHUM MOPS PREF ECON HR PREL PHUM MOPS PREF ECON HR BK War Crimes
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

281540Z Sep 92

                       UNCLASSIFIED


                       UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01854  01 OF 04  281540Z
USEC BRUSSELS
USMISSION GENEVA
USMISSION USVIENNA
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2//
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22//
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5//
CTF SIXZERO//N2//
CTF SIXONE//N2//
CTF SIXTWO//N2//
CTF SIXSEVEN//JJOCC//
FOSIF ROTA SP
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 04 ZAGREB 01854 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O.  12356: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, PREF, ECON, HR, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, PREF, ECON, HR, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, PREF, ECON, HR, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, PREF, ECON, HR, BK, War Crimes 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL -- ZAGREB UPDATE:  SEPT 28, 1992 
 
 
SUMMARY 
------- 
 
1.  AS UN/EC PEACE ENVOYS VANCE AND OWEN MET WITH 
CROATIAN AUTHORITIES IN ZAGREB LAST FRIDAY, THE 
COUNTRY'S PARLIAMENT ERUPTED INTO DEBATE OVER THE 
PASSAGE OF A LAW GRANTING AMNESTY TO SOME OF THOSE 
WHO FOUGHT FOR SERBIA AGAINST CROATIA.  A SECOND 
SESSION OF CROATIA'S NEW NATIONAL DEFENSE COUNCIL 
APPROVED THE FORMATION OF A SPECIAL COMMITTEE TO 
PROMOTE MILITARY COOPERATION WITH B-H.  LOCAL 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01854  01 OF 04  281540Z 
GOVERNMENTS HAVE ORDERED THE FIRST GROUP OF REFUGEES 
TO LEAVE THEIR TEMPORARY RESIDENCES IN HOTELS AND 
RETURN TO THEIR HOMES IN THE PINK ZONE AROUND 
SIBENIK.  ETHNIC CLEANSING REPORTEDLY CONTINUES IN 
THE BARANJA AREA (SECTOR EAST).  DESPITE GOVERNMENT 
EFFORTS TO PRIVATIZE REMAINING PUBLIC-OWNED 
ENTERPRISES, FEWER THAN ONE-QUARTER HAVE BEEN SOLD 
THUS FAR.  A COURT-ORDERED SEARCH UNCOVERED LARGE 
AMOUNTS OF EXPLOSIVES AND ARMS AT THE DOWNTOWN 
ZAGREB PARTY HEADQUARTERS OF ULTRA-RIGHTIST LEADER 
PARAGA.  OVER THE WEEKEND, ALL LOCAL PAPERS GAVE 
WIDE COVERAGE TO THE LATEST U.S. ANNOUNCEMENTS OF 
ATROCITIES IN B-H. 
 
CROATIAN SABOR PASSES AMNESTY LAW 
------------------------------------- 
 
2.  DURING THE SECOND AND FINAL DAY OF ITS LATEST 
SESSION (ON SEPTEMBER 25), CROATIA'S SABOR PASSED 
THE AMNESTY LAW PROPOSED BY PRESIDENT TUDJMAN AFTER 
SOME STORMY DEBATES.  THE LEGISLATION EXCUSES ALL 
THOSE WHO FOUGHT AGAINST CROATIA BUT DID NOT COMMIT 
WAR CRIMES.  THE LOCAL PRESS NOTED THAT THE ACTION 
WAS 
TIMED TO COINCIDE WITH THE VANCE-OWEN MEETINGS IN 
ZAGREB TO PROVE THAT CROATIA IS DOING ITS PART TO 
REESTABLISH PEACE IN CROATIA. 
 
3.  MOST OF THE OPPOSITION PARTIES WERE AGAINST THE 
MEASURE.  CROATIAN NATIONAL PARTY AND SOCIAL LIBERAL 
PARTY LEADERS CALLED THE LAW ONE-SIDED, AND 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01854  01 OF 04  281540Z 
EXPRESSED DOUBT THAT IT CAN BE EFFECTIVELY 
ADMINISTERED.  THE CROATIAN PEASANT PARTY SUGGESTED 
POSTPONING ENACTMENT OF THE LAW, SINCE SERBIAN 
FORCES CONTINUE DAILY BOMBARDMENTS OF CROATIAN 
TOWNS PARTICULARLY IN SLAVONIA.  ULTRA-RIGHT LEADER 
DOBROSLAV PARAGA ASSERTED THE LAW IS AN 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01854  02 OF 04  281542Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AGRE-00  AID-01   AMAD-01  CEA-01   CIAE-00  PFIP-01 
      CTME-00  C-01     DODE-00  ITCE-00  CISA-02  DS-00    EB-01 
      EXME-00  E-01     FRB-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01 
      IO-19    ITC-01   JUSE-00  LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-08  PA-02    PM-01    PRS-01 
      P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SIL-01   SNP-01   SP-01 
      SR-01    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-18   TRSE-00  T-01       /102W 
                  ------------------670AFD  281542Z /38 
O 281540Z SEP 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2195 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
USIA WASHDC 2110 
USDOC WASHDC 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01854  02 OF 04  281542Z 
USEC BRUSSELS 
USMISSION GENEVA 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JJOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 04 ZAGREB 01854 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O.  12356: N/A 
TAGS:  PGOV, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, PREF, ECON, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL -- ZAGREB UPDATE:  SEPT 28, 1992 
 
ENCOURAGEMENT TO THE ENEMY.  SABOR PRESIDENT STIPE 
MESIC DEFENDED THE LAW BECAUSE IT APPLIES ONLY TO 
THOSE WHO WERE "MISLED," NOT TO CRIMINALS. 
 
4.  ALL CROATIAN DAILIES FRONT-PAGED THE ISSUE, AND 
A NUMBER FEATURED EDITORIALS EXPRESSING CONCERN 
ABOUT HOW TO IMPLEMENT THE LEGISLATION SINCE IT WAS 
RUSHED THROUGH.  ONE DAILY PUBLISHED A POLL 
SEPTEMBER 28 IN WHICH ABOUT 55 PERCENT OF 
RESPONDENTS SUPPORTED THE AMNESTY LAW, NEARLY 30 
PERCENT WERE AGAINST, AND ABOUT 15 PERCENT WERE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01854  02 OF 04  281542Z 
UNDECIDED. 
 
SECOND SESSION OF CROATIAN DEFENSE COUNCIL 
------------------------------------------ 
 
5.  ON SEPTEMBER 26, THE CROATIAN DEFENSE COUNCIL 
HELD ITS SECOND SESSION IN ZAGREB.  THE AGENDA 
INCLUDED THE TUDJMAN-IZETBEGOVIC ADDENDUM TO THE 
CROATIA/B-H FRIENDSHIP AND COOPERATION AGREEMENT AND 
ITS IMPLEMENTATION, THE ARMY'S ROLE IN PEACETIME, 
CROATIA'S BORDER PROBLEMS WITH SLOVENIA, AND 
INTERNAL SECURITY IN THE FACE OF TERRORIST AND 
PARAMILITARY ACTIONS.  THE COUNCIL ESTABLISHED A 
COMMITTEE TO COORDINATE WITH B-H LEADERS IN ORDER TO 
RESOLVE OUTSTANDING BILATERAL ISSUES, RESTRAIN 
AGGRESSION AGAINST B-H, AND RESTORE PEACE. 
- 
RETURN OF REFUGEES TO THE PINK ZONE OF SECTOR SOUTH 
--------------------------------------------- ------ 
 
6.  FOLLOWING THE GOVERNMENT'S RECENT DECISION TO 
STRIP SOME INDIVIDUALS OF REFUGEE STATUS, SIBENIK 
MUNICIPAL LEADERS ORDERED DISPLACED PERSONS (CROATS) 
FROM THE SKRADIN REGION AND THE DRNIS DISTRICT TO 
LEAVE HOTELS IN SIBENIK AND VODICE AND RETURN TO 
THEIR HOMES.  THIS IS THE FIRST GROUP SO AFFECTED. 
 
7.  MEANWHILE, UNPROFOR REPRESENTATIVES IN SECTOR 
SOUTH ASSERTED THAT THE PROBLEM IN THE PINK ZONE IS 
THE DISARMAMENT OF PARAMILITARY FORMATIONS AND THE 
"KRAJINA" MILITIA.  UNPROFOR IS CONCENTRATING ON 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01854  02 OF 04  281542Z 
VILLAGES AROUND PERUCA, DRNIS, AND ZEMUNIK.  THE 
NEED TO CLEAR APPROXIMATELY 60,000 MINES IS ALSO 
DELAYING THE SAFE RETURN OF DISPLACED PERSONS TO THE 
PINK ZONE IN THIS AREA- 
 
ETHNIC CLEANSING CONTINUES IN BARANJA 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01854  03 OF 04  281543Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AGRE-00  AID-01   AMAD-01  CEA-01   CIAE-00  PFIP-01 
      CTME-00  C-01     DODE-00  ITCE-00  CISA-02  DS-00    EB-01 
      EXME-00  E-01     FRB-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01 
      IO-19    ITC-01   JUSE-00  LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-08  PA-02    PM-01    PRS-01 
      P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SIL-01   SNP-01   SP-01 
      SR-01    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-18   TRSE-00  T-01       /102W 
                  ------------------670B18  281543Z /38 
O 281540Z SEP 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2196 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
USIA WASHDC 2111 
USDOC WASHDC 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01854  03 OF 04  281543Z 
USEC BRUSSELS 
USMISSION GENEVA 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JJOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 04 ZAGREB 01854 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O.  12356: N/A 
TAGS:  PGOV, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, PREF, ECON, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL -- ZAGREB UPDATE:  SEPT 28, 1992 
 
------------------------------------ 
 
8.  IN THE LAST 10 DAYS, 200 CROATS AND HUNGARIANS 
HAVE BEEN EXPELLED FROM BARANJA IN SECTOR EAST--MOST 
OF THEM FROM THE AREA BETWEEN BELI MANASTIR AND 
HUNGARY.  SERBIAN AUTHORITIES IN BARANJA HOPE THIS 
WILL PREVENT THE ANNOUNCED RETURN OF CROATIAN 
REFUGEES TO THIS TERRITORY.  DURING THE LAST 15 
DAYS, 11 PERSONS WERE ALSO KILLED IN BARANJA. 
 
SABOR CALLS FOR MOVEMENT ON PRIVATIZATION 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01854  03 OF 04  281543Z 
----------------------------------------- 
 
9.  DURING LAST WEEK'S SABOR SESSION, THE GOVERNMENT 
ANNOUNCED THAT IT IS PREPARING A LAW THAT WILL BREAK 
APART THE STATE-OWNED ENERGY MONOPOLY "INA."  THE 
GOVERNMENT WILL KEEP MAJORITY CONTROL OVER THE 
EXPLOITATION OF OIL AND NATURAL GAS ALTHOUGH OTHER 
INVESTORS WILL STILL BE ABLE TO BUY SHARES. 
- 
10.  MEANWHILE, THE AGENCY FOR RESTRUCTURING AND 
DEVELOPMENT OF CROATIA HAS ISSUED 600 DECISIONS 
ABOUT THE PRIVATIZATION OF OTHER REMAINING 
GOVERNMENT-OWNED ENTERPRISES.  THE ENTIRE WORTH OF 
ALL THESE ENTERPRISES AMOUNTS TO 3.2 BILLION MARKS, 
AND THEY EMPLOY 49,527 WORKERS.  ABOUT HALF OF THE 
SHARES WERE BOUGHT BY WORKERS IN SEVERAL IMPORTANT 
FIRMS (THE CANDY ENTERPRISE "KRAS" AND THE SHIPYARD 
"ULJANIK" IN PULA).  PRIVATIZATION EFFORTS WILL 
CONTINUE BECAUSE FEWER THAN ONE-FOURTH OF ELIGIBLE 
FIRMS HAVE BEEN SOLD OFF THUS FAR.  TO ACCELERATE 
THE PROCESS, ENTERPRISES WILL ALSO BE OFFERED TO 
FOREIGN PURCHASERS- 
 
THREE TONS OF EXPLOSIVES AND ARMS FOUND IN HSP SEAT 
--------------------------------------------- ------ 
 
11.  ON SEPTEMBER 26, A COURT-ORDERED SEARCH OF THE 
ULTRA-RIGHTIST CROATIAN PARTY OF RIGHTS (HSP) 
HEADQUARTERS UNCOVERED THREE TONS OF EXPLOSIVES AND 
ARMS IN DOWNTOWN ZAGREB NEAR THE RAILWAY STATION. 
THE SEARCH TOOK PLACE AS HSP LEADER DOBROSLAV PARAGA 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01854  03 OF 04  281543Z 
AND HIS LAWYER LOOKED ON.  PARAGA TOLD A PRESS 
CONFERENCE THAT THE SEARCH WAS IN REVENGE FOR HIS 
CRITICISM OF THE AMNESTY LAW. 
 
WIDE COVERAGE OF US EFFORTS TO UNCOVER CRIMES IN B-H 
--------------------------------------------- ------ 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01854  04 OF 04  281543Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AGRE-00  AID-01   AMAD-01  CEA-01   CIAE-00  PFIP-01 
      CTME-00  C-01     DODE-00  ITCE-00  CISA-02  DS-00    EB-01 
      EXME-00  E-01     FRB-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01 
      IO-19    ITC-01   JUSE-00  LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-08  PA-02    PM-01    PRS-01 
      P-01     RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SIL-01   SNP-01   SP-01 
      SR-01    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-18   TRSE-00  T-01       /102W 
                  ------------------670B34  281543Z /38 
O 281540Z SEP 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 2197 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE PRIORITY 
USIA WASHDC 2112 
USDOC WASHDC 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01854  04 OF 04  281543Z 
USEC BRUSSELS 
USMISSION GENEVA 
USMISSION USVIENNA 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JJOCC// 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 04 OF 04 ZAGREB 01854 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
USVIENNA FOR USDEL CSCE 
 
E.O.  12356: N/A 
TAGS:  PGOV, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, PREF, ECON, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  CGYOOL -- ZAGREB UPDATE:  SEPT 28, 1992 
 
 
12.  OVER THE WEEKEND, ALL LOCAL PAPERS GAVE WIDE 
COVERAGE TO THE LATEST U.S. ANNOUNCEMENTS OF CRIMES 
IN B-H.  THE PRESS HIGHLIGHTED THE U.S. SUBMISSION 
TO THE UN OF A LIST OF 3,000 MUSLIM MEN, WOMEN, AND 
CHILDREN KILLED IN SERB PRISON CAMPS NEAR BRCKO AS 
WELL AS WASHINGTON'S CALL FOR THE UN SECURITY 
COUNCIL ESTABLISH A COMMISSION ON WAR CRIMES IN B-H. 
 
NEITZKE 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01854  04 OF 04  281543Z 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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