US embassy cable - 92ZAGREB1169

LETTER TO SECRETARY BAKER FROM FOREIGN MINISTER SKRABALO

Identifier: 92ZAGREB1169
Wikileaks: View 92ZAGREB1169 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Zagreb
Created: 1992-07-14 12:38:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Tags: PREL PREF HR PREF HR PREF HR BK War Crimes
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

141238Z Jul 92

                       UNCLASSIFIED


                       UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01169  01 OF 03  141311Z
USMISSION GENEVA
USMISSION USNATO
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK
USIA WASHDC 1779
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2//
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22//
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5//
CTF SIXZERO//N2//
CTF SIXONE//N2//
CTF SIXTWO//N2//
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 0023
FOSIF ROTA SP
USEC BRUSSELS
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0644
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ZAGREB 01169 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
VIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSBM; ISLAMABAD FOR JPOGUE/POL 
HELSINKI FOR USDEL CSCE 
. 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS: PREL, PREF, HR, PREF, HR, PREF, HR, BK, War Crimes 
SUBJECT:  LETTER TO SECRETARY BAKER FROM FOREIGN 
MINISTER SKRABALO 
 
 
- 
1.  PROVIDED HEREIN IS TEXT OF A LETTER FAXED TO 
THE CONSULATE FROM CROATIAN FOREIGN MINISTER 
ZDENKO SKRABALO, REGARDING THE SITUATION IN BOSNIA 
-HERCEGOVINA (ENGLISH VERSION AS PROVIDEDB 
CROATIANS). 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01169  01 OF 03  141311Z 
 
2.  BEGIN TEXT: 
 
                             ZAGREB, JULY 11, 1992 
 
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
DEPARTMENT OF STATE 
H.E. 
JAMES BAKER 
SECRETARY OF STATE 
 
SIPDIS 
 
YOUR EXCELLENCY, 
 
ONLY A DAY AFTER THE END OF THE HELSINKI SUMMIT 
FROM WHICH (JUST LIKE THE BOSNIAN-HERCEGOVIAN 
DELEGATION WHOM WE SAW OFF FROM ZAGREB THIS 
MORNING) WE RETURNED FULL OF HOPES THAT THE 
SITUATION IN CROATIA AND BOSNIA-HERCEGOVINA WOULD 
IMPROVE, I AM COMPELLED TO SEND OUT THIS DRAMATIC 
APPEAL. 
 
IN SPITE OF ALL EFFORTS MADE BY THE INTERNATIONAL 
COMMUNITY, THE SECURITY COUNCIL'S RESOLUTION, THE 
HELSINKI DECISIONS, UNPROFOR MISSION, THE 
SITUATION IN BOSIA-HERCEGOVINA HAS TAKEN A 
DRAMATIC TURN FOR WORSE. 
 
THE SERBIAN AGGRESSORS HAVE INTENSIFIED THEIR 
ATTACKS AT ALL POSITIONS OF ALREADY EXISTING 
CONFRONTATION (SARAJEVO, BOSNIAN POSAVINA, MOSTAR, 
DUBROVNIK, SLAVONSKI BROD, ZUPANJA...) AND OPENED 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01169  01 OF 03  141311Z 
NEW FRONT-LINES (GORAZDE, TRAVNIK, BUGOJNO, 
JAJCE...). 
 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01169  02 OF 03  141311Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   CIAE-00  C-01     DODE-00  CISA-02  HA-09 
      H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19    L-03     ADS-00   NEA-01 
      NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-02    PM-01    PRS-01   P-01 
      RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SNP-01   SP-01    SR-01    SSO-00 
      SS-01    TRSE-00  T-01     FMP-01     /067W 
                  ------------------49E0E1  141312Z /38 
O 141238Z JUL 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 1391 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY HELSINKI 
AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 
AMEMBASSY LISBON 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LUXEMBOURG 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMCONSUL MILAN 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01169  02 OF 03  141311Z 
USMISSION GENEVA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USIA WASHDC 1780 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 0024 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0645 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 03 ZAGREB 01169 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
VIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSBM; ISLAMABAD FOR JPOGUE/POL 
HELSINKI FOR USDEL CSCE 
. 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS:  PREL, PREF, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  LETTER TO SECRETARY BAKER FROM FOREIGN 
MINISTER SKRABALO 
 
BY TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE FACT THAT THE ATTENTION 
OF THE WORLD IS CONCENTRATED ON SARAJEVO AND THE 
ATTEMPTS TO OPEN THE HUMANITARIAN CORRIDOR AND 
TRYING TO FORESTALL DECISIVE ACTION BY 
INTERNATIONAL FORCES, WHICH WILL HAVE TO BE TAKEN 
SOONER OR LATER ANYWAY, THE SERBIAN-MONTENEGRIN 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01169  02 OF 03  141311Z 
AGGRESSORS ARE INTENT ON ACHIEVING TWO BASIC 
OBJECTIVES AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AND THROUGH A 
LARGE-SCALE MILITARY OPERATION: 
 
1)  ROUNDING UP THE BORDERS OF THE SO-CALLED 
GREATER SERBIAN THROUGH DESTRUCTION OF ALL MOSLEM 
AND CROATIAN ENTITIES IN CONTACT ZONES; 
 
2)  ACCOMPLISHING COMPLETE ETHNIC CLEANSING OF 
TERRITORIES WITHIN THE SO-CALLED SERBIAN KRAINAS. 
 
IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE THE SECOND OBJECTIVE, THEY ARE 
COMMITTING CRIMES UNHEARD-OF SINCE THE HOLOCAUST 
AND THE END OF THE WORLD WAR II.  ON A MASSIVE 
SCALE MOSLEMS AND CROATS ARE BEING EXECUTED AND 
HERDED INTO PRISON CAMPS, ENTIRE PLACES RAZED TO 
THE GROUND, EVEN GRAVEYARD DESTROYED (E.G. THE 
AREA OF PRIJEDOR-KOZARAC).  THE PURPOSE OF ALL 
THIS IS OBVIOUS:  TO DRIVE OUT THE NON-SERBIAN 
POPULATION FROM THESE AREAS FOR GOOD. 
 
THE SITUATION IS PARTICULARLY DRAMATIC IN THE 
AREAS OF NORTHERN BOSIA (POSAVINA) WHERE THE 
SERBIAN ATROCITIES HAVE FORCED THE MAJORITY MOSLEM 
POPULATION THERE INTO A PANIC FLIGHT TO CROATIA. 
 
ONLY TODAY MORE THAN 20,000 PEOPLE HAVE FLED 
ACROSS THE RIVER SAVA TO CROATIA TO SEEK SHELTER 
IN THE AREA BETWEEN SLAVONSKI BROD AND ZUPANJA. 
AS THE SAVA BRIDGES ARE DEMOLISHED, PEOPLE ARE 
USING ALL KINDS OF MEANS TO RUN TO SAFETY AND MANY 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  01169  02 OF 03  141311Z 
OF THEM (INCLUDING WOMEN AND CHILDREN) ARE 
SWIMMING ACROSS THE RIVER SAVA, PANIC STRICKEN AS 
THEY ARE. 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  01169  03 OF 03  141311Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   CIAE-00  C-01     DODE-00  CISA-02  HA-09 
      H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19    L-03     ADS-00   NEA-01 
      NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   PA-02    PM-01    PRS-01   P-01 
      RP-10    SCT-03   SDEL-01  SNP-01   SP-01    SR-01    SSO-00 
      SS-01    TRSE-00  T-01     FMP-01     /067W 
                  ------------------49E0E3  141312Z /38 
O 141238Z JUL 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 1392 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE IMMEDIATE 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY HELSINKI 
AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 
AMEMBASSY LISBON 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LUXEMBOURG 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMCONSUL MILAN 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  01169  03 OF 03  141311Z 
USMISSION GENEVA 
USMISSION USNATO 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
USIA WASHDC 1781 
 COMSIXTHFLT//N2// 
CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22// 
USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GM//ECJ3/ECJ5// 
CTF SIXZERO//N2// 
CTF SIXONE//N2// 
CTF SIXTWO//N2// 
CTF SIXSEVEN//JOCC// 0025 
FOSIF ROTA SP 
USEC BRUSSELS 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0646 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 03 ZAGREB 01169 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
VIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSBM; ISLAMABAD FOR JPOGUE/POL 
HELSINKI FOR USDEL CSCE 
. 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS:  PREL, PREF, HR, BK 
SUBJECT:  LETTER TO SECRETARY BAKER FROM FOREIGN 
MINISTER SKRABALO 
 
 
THE AFORESAID IS AN ELEVENTH-HOUR WARNING THAT 
UNLESS AN INTERNATIONAL MILITARY INTERVENTION IS 
UNDERTAKEN SHORTLY, THE CONSEQUENCES IN TERMS OF 
THE EXTENT OF HUMAN TRAGEDY, MOSTLY AFFECTING 
CHILDREN, WOMEN AND OLD PEOPLE, WILL BE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  01169  03 OF 03  141311Z 
IMMEASURABLE. 
CROATIA IS DOING ITS UTMOST TO GIVE EVERY POSSIBLE 
HELP TO THIS VAST NUMBER OF EXPELLED PEOPLE, BUT 
UTTERLY EXHAUSTED AS IT IS AS A RESULT OF THE WAR 
AND THE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF REFUGEES IN NEED 
OF ACCOMMODATION, CLOTHES AND FOOD, IT HAS FOUND 
ITSELF IN A POSITION WHERE IT WILL BE FORCED TO 
REDIRECT THE FLOW OF REFUGEES TOWARDS WESTERN 
EUROPE. 
 
THEREFORE, I APPEAL TO YOU TO DO ALL YOU CAN TO 
PREVENT THE TRAGEDY WHICH IS LOOMING LARGER AND 
LARGER EVERY MINUTE.  WE BELIEVE THAT THE ONLY 
THING LEFT IS TO CALL AN EMERGENCY MEETING OF THE 
SECURITY COUNCIL AND TO APPROVE AN INTERNATIONAL 
MILITARY ACTION. 
 
PROF.  ZDENKO SKRABALO, M.D. PH.D. 
MINISTER 
END TEXT. EINIK 
 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 

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