US embassy cable - 92ZAGREB409

ZAGREB UPDATE: MARCH 17, 1992

Identifier: 92ZAGREB409
Wikileaks: View 92ZAGREB409 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Zagreb
Created: 1992-03-17 15:23:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Tags: PINR ECON ETRD PGOV PREL PHUM MOPS ECON ETRD PGOV PREL PHUM MOPS ECON ETRD PGOV PREL PHUM MOPS War Crimes
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

171523Z Mar 92

                       UNCLASSIFIED


                       UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00409  01 OF 03  180711Z
AMEMBASSY ROME
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE
AMEMBASSY VIENNA
USMISSION USNATO 1553
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0772
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0240
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ZAGREB 00409 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
BRUSSELS FOR USEC; VIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSBM 
 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS: PINR, ECON, ETRD, PGOV, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, ECON, ETRD, PGOV, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, ECON, ETRD, PGOV, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, War Crimes 
SUBJECT:  ZAGREB UPDATE:  MARCH 17, 1992 
 
 
- 
SUMMARY 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.  THE CROATIAN SUPREME STATE COUNCIL MET ON 
MARCH 16 TO CONSIDER ISSUES RELATING TO LAW AND 
ORDER, CRIME AND THE TREATMENT OF SERBS IN 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00409  01 OF 03  180711Z 
CROATIA.  IN A SERIES OF DECLARATIONS, THE COUNCIL 
(UNDER THE DIRECTION OF PRESDIDENT FRANJO TUDJMAN) 
CALLED FOR RESPECTING THE LAW ON NATIONALITIES, 
GRANTING AMNESTY TO THOSE COERCED INTO FIGHTING 
AGAINST CROATIA AND THE PROSECUTION OF THOSE 
GUILTY OF CRIMINAL ACTS.  THE CROATIAN ASSEMBLY 
WILL MEET ON MARCH 26-28 TO DISCUSS MANY OF THESE 
ISSUES AS WELL AS OTHER CRITICAL LAWS, 
PARTICULARLY THE NEW ELECTION LAWS.  THE EC AND 
CROATIAN GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES HAVE MET TO 
DISCUSS NATIONALITY ISSUES, TOO UNDER THE BACKDROP 
OF THE ARRIVAL OF THE FIST CONTINGENT OF UN 
TYROOPS TO EASTERN SLAVONIA.  THE CROATIAN PRESS 
HAS REPORTED A RUMOR THAT VANCE AND CARRINGTON 
WILL VISIT THE SLOVENE CAPITAL THIS WEEK. 
 
CROATIAN SUPREME STATE COUNCIL MEETS 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.  IN A SESSION GIVEN VERY PROMINENT MEDIA 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00409  01 OF 03  180711Z 
COVERAGE, THE CROATIAN SUPREME STATE COUNCIL 
PRESIDED OVER BY PRESIDENT FRANJO TUDJMAN MET 
MARCH 16 TO CONSIDER ISSUES RELATED TO CRIME, LAW 
AND ORDER AND TREATMENT OF MINORITIES.  ACCORDING 
TO THE PRESS, THE COUNCIL EXAMINED THE EFFECT OF 
THE LAW ON NATIONAL MINORITIES AND ISSUED THE 
FOLLOWING STATEMENTS: 
 
-- THE LAW IS NOT FULLY RESPECTED AND THIS 
SERIOUSLY ENDANGERS THE STABILITY OF CROATIAN 
DEMOCRACY AND LEGAL ORDER; 
 
--  ESPECIALLY UNFAVORABLE REPERCUSSIONS AND 
CONSEQUENCIES HAVE OCCURRED IN THE THE CASE WHEN 
THE SECURITY OF SERBS HAS BEEN THREATENED; 
 
--  THE ORGANS OF THE CROATIAN REPUBLIC HAVE 
INSTITUTED CRIMINAL CHARGES AGAINST 4,576 CITIZENS 
FROM THE OCCUPIED TERRITORY OF CROATIA WHO THEY 
ALLEGE HAVE BEEN GUILTY OF VIOLATING THE HUMAN AND 
NATIONAL RIGHTS OF CITIZENS; 
 
--  IT IS NECESSARY TO GRANT AMNESTY TO 
PARTICIPANTS OF AGGRESSION ON CROATIA WHO WERE 
FORCEFULLY MOBILIZED; 
 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  00409  02 OF 03  171524Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  CTME-00  C-01     DODE-00 
      ITCE-00  CISA-02  DS-00    EB-01    EXME-00  EXIM-06  E-01 
      FRB-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19    ITC-01 
      JUSE-00  LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01 
      OPIC-08  PA-02    PM-01    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03 
      SIL-01   SNP-01   SP-01    SR-01    SSO-00   SS-01    STR-20 
      TRSE-00  T-01       /108W 
                  ------------------1B9389  171524Z /38 
O 171523Z MAR 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0607 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE IMMEDIATE 
USIA WASHDC 1307 
USDOC WASHDC 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY LISBON 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LUXEMBOURG 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMCONSUL MILAN 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMCONSUL MUNICH 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00409  02 OF 03  171524Z 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 1554 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0773 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0241 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 03 ZAGREB 00409 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
BRUSSELS FOR USEC; VIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSBM 
 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS:  PINR, ECON, ETRD, PGOV, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, YO 
SUBJECT:  ZAGREB UPDATE:  MARCH 17, 1992 
 
--  COMPETENT ORGANS HAVE TO TAKE LEGAL MEASURES 
AGAINST LAW-BREAKERS AND THE MINISTRY OF THE 
INTERIOR HAS TO ISSUE DISCIPLINARY MEASURES 
AGAINST RESPONSIBLE INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE ACTED 
"PARTIALLY AND INEFFICIENTLY" IN RESOLVING CASES 
OF CRIMINAL ENDANGERING OF CITIZENS' IJVES AND 
PROPERTY.  IN CONNECTION WITH THIS PROBLEM, THE 
DISARMAMENT OF THE CIVILIAN POPULATION IS 
NECESSARY; 
 
--  IT IS IMPORTANT TO SUPPORT THE PROPOSAL OF THE 
CITIZENS OF CROATIA TO FOUND THE CITIZENS' PEACE 
COUNCILS TO BE LOCATED IN MIXED REGIONS OF THE 
REPUBLIC; 
 
--  CITIZENS OF SERBIAN NATIONALLTY HAVE TO BE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00409  02 OF 03  171524Z 
STIMULATED TO EXPRESS IN PUBLIC THEIR SPECIFIC AND 
GENERAL POLITICAL VIEWS AND OTHER INTERESTS. 
 
CROATIAN ASSEMBLY TO MEET 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.  IN CONNECTION WITH THE UPCOMING ELECTIONS, THE 
PRESIDENT OF THE CROATIAN ASSEMBLY, ZARKO DOMLJAN, 
ANNOUNCED MARCH 16 THAT THE ASSEMBLY WILL HOLD ITS 
NEXT SESSION MARCH 26-28.  HE INFORMED THE PUBLIC 
THAT THE ASSEMBLY WOULD CONSIDER THE FOLLOWING 
ISSUES: THE 1992 BUDGET, RETURN OF REFUGEES AND 
DISPLACED PERSONS TO THEIR HOMES, ELECTION LAWS, 
DISCUSSION OF THE DEPLOYMENT OF UN PEACEKEEPING 
FORCES IN CROATIA, AND AMENDMENTS TO THE 
PRIVATIZATION LAW. 
 
EC AND CROATIAN GOVERNMENT DISCUSS INTER-ETHNIC 
RELATIONS 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00409  02 OF 03  171524Z 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.  A DELEGATION OF CROATIAN OFFICIALS CONSISTING 
OF VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE CROATIAN GOVERNMENT 
ZDRAVKO TOMAC, PRESIDENT OF THE ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE 
FOR FOREIGN POLICY, HRVOJE KACIC, MINISTER IN THE 
CROATIAN GOVERNMENT, ZIVKO JUZBASIC, AND VLADIMIR 
DEGAN, MET MARCH 16 WITH EC OFFICIALS TO DISCUSS 
HOW TO IMPROVE RELATIONS BETWEEN NATIONALITIES IN 
A POST-WAR CROATIA.  AMONG OTHER ISSUES THE 
PARTICIPANTS AGREED ON THE NEED TO REPEAL CERTAIN 
REGULATIONS WHICH WERE ENACTED DURING THE WAR, 
ALTHOUGH NOT SPECIFIED.  THE REGULATIONS ARE 
APPARENTLY RELATED TO THE RETURN OF SERBS WHO WERE 
FORCEFULLY MOBILIZED BY THE JNA.  SOME OF THESE 
SERBS WERE INCLUDED IN THE PRISONER EXCHANGES THAT 
HAVE BEEN TAKING PLACE AND THESE PERSONS INTEND TO 
GO BACK TO THEIR HOMES IN CROATIA. 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  00409  03 OF 03  171525Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  CTME-00  C-01     DODE-00 
      ITCE-00  CISA-02  DS-00    EB-01    EXME-00  EXIM-06  E-01 
      FRB-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19    ITC-01 
      JUSE-00  LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01 
      OPIC-08  PA-02    PM-01    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03 
      SIL-01   SNP-01   SP-01    SR-01    SSO-00   SS-01    STR-20 
      TRSE-00  T-01       /108W 
                  ------------------1B93A3  171525Z /38 
O 171523Z MAR 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0608 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE IMMEDIATE 
USIA WASHDC 1308 
USDOC WASHDC 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY LISBON 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LUXEMBOURG 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMCONSUL MILAN 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMCONSUL MUNICH 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00409  03 OF 03  171525Z 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 1555 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0774 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0242 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 03 ZAGREB 00409 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
BRUSSELS FOR USEC; VIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSBM 
 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS:  PINR, ECON, ETRD, PGOV, PREL, PHUM, MOPS, YO 
SUBJECT:  ZAGREB UPDATE:  MARCH 17, 1992 
 
 
UNPROFOR ARRIVES IN SLAVONIA 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5.  ACCORDING TO THE MARCH 17 ZAGREB PRESS, THE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00409  03 OF 03  171525Z 
FIRST CONTINGENT OF UN TROUPS DESTINED FOR THE 
OCCUPIED TERRITORY OF SLAVONIA HAVE BEGUN 
ARRIVING.  THE PRESS ACCOUNTS INDICATE THAT 38 
RUSSIAN OFFICERS ARRIVED MARCH 16 IN DALJ IN 
EASTERN SLAVONIA.  THEY HAVE BEGUN TO EXAMINE 
POSSIBILITIES FOR FUTURE UN FORCES BASES. 
 
CARRINGTON AND VANCE TO SLOVENIA? 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6.  THE ZAGREB DAILY "VECERNJI LIST" OF MARCH 17 
QUOTES THE SLOVENIAN PRESIDENT MILAN KUCAN AS 
HAVING TOLD A SLOVENIAN ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE THAT 
THE EC MEDIATOR, LORD CARRINGTON, AND THE UN ENVOY 
CYRUS VANCE MAY VISIT SLOVENIA THIS WEEK. 
ACCORDING TO THE PRESS REPORTS, KUCAN IMPLIED THAT 
VANCE AND CARRINGTON WOULD HOLD TALKS WITH 
SLOVENIAN OFFICIALS ON SUCCESSOR STATE ISSUES. 
KUCAN HAS COME OUT AGAINST THE "RUSSIAN MODEL", 
WHICH ALLOWED FOR THE RUSSIAN REPUBLIC TO BECOME 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00409  03 OF 03  171525Z 
THE INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED LEGAL SUCCESSOR OF 
THE USSR.  ACCORDING TO KUCAN, ALL SIX YUGOSLAV 
REPUBLICS HAVE THE SAME RIGHTS TO SUCCESSION. 
(CONSULAR STAFF MEMBER WILL VISIT LJUBLJANA ON 
THURSDAY, MARCH 19, AND WILL ATTEMPT TO CONFIRM IF 
VANCE AND CARRINGTON WILL VISIT LJUBLJANA). 
 
RECOGNITION UPDATE 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7.  IN ADDITION TO THE 47 STATES WHICH HAVE 
ALREADY RECOGNIZED CROATIA, PERU (ON MARCH 15) AND 
JAPAN (ON MARCH 17) HAVE BECOME THE LATEST TO ALSO 
RECOGNIZE THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA. 
ROSE 
 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NNNN 

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