US embassy cable - 92ZAGREB395

ZAGREB UPDATE: MARCH 3, 1992

Identifier: 92ZAGREB395
Wikileaks: View 92ZAGREB395 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Zagreb
Created: 1992-03-13 14:55:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Tags: PINR ECON ETRD PGOV PHUM MOPS ECON ETRD PGOV PHUM MOPS ECON ETRD PGOV PHUM MOPS War Crimes
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

131455Z Mar 92

                       UNCLASSIFIED


                       UNCLASSIFIED

PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00395  01 OF 03  131455Z
AMEMBASSY ROME
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE
AMEMBASSY VIENNA
USMISSION USNATO 1538
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0754
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0229
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ZAGREB 00395 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
BRUSSELS FOR USEC; VIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSBM 
 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS: PINR, ECON, ETRD, PGOV, PHUM, MOPS, ECON, ETRD, PGOV, PHUM, MOPS, ECON, ETRD, PGOV, PHUM, MOPS, War Crimes 
SUBJECT:  ZAGREB UPDATE:  MARCH 3, 1992 
 
 
- 
SUMMARY 
 
 
 
--- 
 
1.  THE CROATIAN PRESS CONTINUES TO FOCUS ON THE 
PROPOSED LAW ON THE PRINT AND ELECTRONIC MEDIA, 
NOTING THAT PRIVATE OWNERSHIP OF TV AND RADIO 
STATIONS WOULD BE PERMITTED IF THE LAW AS DRAFTED 
IS PASSED BY THE CROATIAN ASSEMBLY.  SLOVENE 
DEFENSE MINISTER JANEZ JANSA HAS PRAISED THE 
DEPLOYMENT OF THE UN FORCES, BUT ALSO CAUTIONED 
THAT JNA DEMOBILIZATION WOULD NOT END THE THREAT 
OF FUTURE JNA AGGRESSION.  LOCAL CROATIAN 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00395  01 OF 03  131455Z 
OFFICIALS FROM AREAS AROUND KNIN HAVE DISCLOSED 
DETAILS OF ALLEGED MISTREATMENT OF CROATS IN THAT 
REGION.  THEY CLAIM THAT THOUSANDS HAVE BEEN 
FORCED FROM JOBS AND HOMES BY SERB CIVILIAN AND 
MILITARY OFFICIALS.  LOOKING TOWARD 
RECONSTRUCTION, THE CROATIAN GOVERNMENT HAS 
RECEIVED A DELEGATION FROM THE WORLD BANK TO 
DISCUSS PRIVATIZATION AND FOREIGN INVESTMENT.  END 
SUMMARY. 
 
MORE ON THE NEW PRESS LAW 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
--- 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                       UNCLSSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00395  01 OF 03  131455Z 
2.  IN ADDITION TO WHAT WE REPORTED YESTERDAY, THE 
NEW DRAFT LAW ON THE PRESS AND ELECTRONIC MEDIA 
WHICH WILL BE SUBMITTED TO THE ASSEMBLY ALLOWS 
PRIVATE OWNERSHIP OF RADIO AND TV STATIONS.  THE 
ASSISTANT TO THE MINISTER OF INFORMATION, IGOR 
MRDOLJAS, EXPLAINED THAT THE PRIVATE BROADCAST 
MEDIA "WILL NOT COMPETE WITH THE STATE OWNED RADIO 
AND TV."  ACCORDING.TO MRDOLJAS, IT WILL BE A 
PARALLEL MODEL BASED ON THE SYSTEM USED IN ITALY. 
 
3.  THE PROPOSED NEW LAW ALSO CALLS FOR LARGE 
FINANCIAL PENALTIES TO BE IMPOSED ON PUBLIC 
OFFICIALS FOR NON-DISCLOSURE OF PUBLIC INFORMATION 
TO JOURNALISTS. 
- 
SLOVENE DEFENSE MINISTER WELCOMES THE ARRIVAL OF 
THE UN PEACEKEEPING FORCES 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4.  DURING A MARCH 13 PRESS CONFERENCE IN 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 05        ZAGREB  00395  01 OF 03  131455Z 
LJUBLJANA, SLOVENE DEFENSE MINISTER JANEZ JANSA 
STATED THAT THE ARRIVAL OF UNPROFOR UNITS WILL 
INCREASE THE SECURITY OF SLOVENE TERRITORY.  THE 
SLOVENE OFFICIAL SPECULATED THAT UN FORCES COULD 
REMAIN IN YUGOSLAVIA SEVERAL YEARS AND OPINED THAT 
THEIR DEPARTURE WILL DEPEND UPON THE OUTCOME OF 
THE SITUATION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  00395  02 OF 03  131455Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  CTME-00  C-01     DODE-00 
      ITCE-00  CISA-02  DS-00    EB-01    EXME-00  EXIM-06  E-01 
      FRB-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19    ITC-01 
      JUSE-00  LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01 
      OPIC-08  PA-02    PM-01    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03 
      SIL-01   SNP-01   SP-01    SR-01    SSO-00   SS-01    STR-20 
      TRSE-00  T-01       /108W 
                  ------------------1A4346  131456Z /38 
O 131455Z MAR 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0591 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE IMMEDIATE 
USIA WASHDC 1296 
USDOC WASHDC 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY LISBON 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LUXEMBOURG 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMCONSUL MILAN 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMCONSUL MUNICH 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00395  02 OF 03  131455Z 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 1539 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0755 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0230 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 03 ZAGREB 00395 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
BRUSSELS FOR USEC; VIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSBM 
 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS:  PINR, ECON, ETRD, PGOV, PREI, PHUM, MOPS, YO 
SUBJECT:  ZAGREB UPDATE:  MARCH 3, 1992 
 
 
5.  JANSA EXPRESSED SKEPTICISM CONCERNING THE 
DEMOBILIZATION OF JNA SOLDIERS AND OFFICERS IN THE 
OCCUPIED TERRITORY OF CROATIA.  HE TOLD 
JOURNALISTS THAT THESE DEMOBILIZED UNITS COULD BE 
EASILY REACTIVATED, ESPECIALLY AFTER THE UN FORCES 
LEVE THE TERRITORY.  ACCORDING TO THE PRESS 
ACCOUNTS, JANSA STATED THAT THE ONLY SOLUTION FOR 
GETTING THE JNA PERMANENTLY OUT OF B-H IS 
RECOGNITION.  JANSA EXPRESSED THE VIEW THAT A 
COMPLETE JNA WITHDRAWAL FROM B-H WOULD HAVE A 
SALUTARY EFFECT ON THE SITUATION IN THE KNIN 
KRAJINA.  JANSA CLAIMED THAT THE SLOVENIAN SIDE 
HAD WARNED THE UN AND CARRINGTON THAT JNA 
DEMOBILIZATION WILL NOT ALLEVIATE THE THREAT OF 
FUTURE JNA AGGRESSION. 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00395  02 OF 03  131455Z 
 
CROATS THREATENED IN CROATIA 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
----- 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6.  LOCAL CROATIAN OFFICIALS FROM OBROVAC AND 
BENKOVAC, TWO PREDOMINANTLY SERBIAN TOWNS NEAR 
KNIN, ADDRESSED A LETTER TO THE COMMITTEE FOR THE 
PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE CROATIAN 
ASSEMBLY.  THEY DESCRIBED CRIMES WHICH HAD 
OCCURRED FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE WAR TO CROATS 
LIVING IN THE REGION.  THEY ASKED THE COMMITTEE TO 
FORWARD THE DETAILS OF THESE CSES TO THE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ZAGREB  00395  02 OF 03  131455Z 
INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN INSTITUTIONS AND 
ORGANIZATIONS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS.  THE LOCAL 
OFFICIALS CRITICIZED INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 
FOR NOT ACCEPTING THEIR INVITATIONS TO VISIT TOWNS 
AND VILLAGES UNDER JNA OCCUPATION WHERE CROATS ARE 
IN A MINORITY. 
 
7.  ACCORDING TO THE OFFICIALS' REPORT, IN THE 
OBROVAC COMMUNITY, 11 PERSONS WERE KILLED, 10 
CITIZENS WERE IMPRISONED AND 4 ARE STILL BEING 
HELD IN CUSTODY IN KNIN.  ALL CATHOLIC CHURCHES IN 
THOSE AND SURROUNDING TOWNS HAVE BEEN DESTROYED AS 
WELL AS THE HOMES OF 800 FAMILIES.  FROM THE 
OBROVAC COMMUNITY, OUT OF 3,640 CROATS, 3,430 HAVE 
BEEN EXPELLED.  ONLY ONE CROATIAN WORKER IS 
EMPLOYED IN OBROVAC. 
 
8.  IN THE BENKOVAC COMMUNITY THE SITUATION IS 
EVEN WORSE.  SINCE JULY 1991, 58 PERSONS OF 
CROATIAN NATIONALITY HAVE BEEN KILLED OR BEEN 
REPORTED MISSING.  ALL OF THE HOUSES IN EIGHT 
VILLAGES IN THE BENKOVAC COMMUNITY HAVE BEEN 
DESTROYED.  IN THE OCCUPIED TERRITORY OF THE 
BENKOVAC REGION, 10,000 CROATS HAVE BEEN 
EXPELLED.  LOCAL CROATIAN OFFICIALS ALLEGE THAT 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 01        ZAGREB  00395  03 OF 03  131457Z 
ACTION EUR-01 
 
INFO  LOG-00   AID-01   AMAD-01  CIAE-00  CTME-00  C-01     DODE-00 
      ITCE-00  CISA-02  DS-00    EB-01    EXME-00  EXIM-06  E-01 
      FRB-01   HA-09    H-01     INRE-00  INR-01   IO-19    ITC-01 
      JUSE-00  LAB-04   L-03     ADS-00   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01 
      OPIC-08  PA-02    PM-01    PRS-01   P-01     RP-10    SCT-03 
      SIL-01   SNP-01   SP-01    SR-01    SSO-00   SS-01    STR-20 
      TRSE-00  T-01       /108W 
                  ------------------1A4375  131457Z /38 
O 131455Z MAR 92 
FM AMCONSUL ZAGREB 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0592 
INFO AMEMBASSY BELGRADE IMMEDIATE 
USIA WASHDC 1297 
USDOC WASHDC 
AMEMBASSY ANKARA 
AMEMBASSY ATHENS 
AMEMBASSY BONN 
AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS 
AMEMBASSY BUDAPEST 
AMEMBASSY LISBON 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY LUXEMBOURG 
AMEMBASSY MADRID 
AMCONSUL MILAN 
AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 
AMCONSUL MUNICH 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ZAGREB  00395  03 OF 03  131457Z 
AMEMBASSY ROME 
AMEMBASSY THE HAGUE 
AMEMBASSY VIENNA 
USMISSION USNATO 1540 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0756 
WHITE HOUSE WASHDC 0231 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 03 ZAGREB 00395 
 
SIPDIS 
 
 
BRUSSELS FOR USEC; VIENNA ALSO FOR USDEL CSBM 
 
E.O. 12356:  N/A 
TAGS:  PINR, ECON, ETRD, PGOV, PREI, PHUM, MOPS, YO 
SUBJECT:  ZAGREB UPDATE:  MARCH 3, 1992 
 
SERBS FROM KNIN, SIBENIK AND SERBIA HAVE MOVED 
INTO MANY OF THE ABANDONED HOUSES.  BEFORE THE 
WAR, 4,436 WORKERS WERE EMPLOYED IN THE BENKOVAC 
COMMUNITY, OF WHICH 435 WERE CROATS.  TODAY ONLY 7 
CROATS ARE STILL WORKING THERE.  CROAT LEADERS 
CLAIM THAT THE OTHERS WERE DISMISSED FROM THEIR 
JOBS AND THUS COMPELLED TO ABANDON THEIR PLACE OF 
RESIDENCE. 
- 
WORLD BANK DELEGATION VISITS ZAGREB 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ZAGREB  00395  03 OF 03  131457Z 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9.  THE CROATIAN DIRECTOR OF THE AGENCY FOR 
RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT, ZLATKO MALESA, 
RECEIVED ON MARCH 12 A DELEGATION FROM THE WORLD 
BANK.  THE CROATIAN PRESS OF MARCH 13 REPORTED 
THAT THE DELEGATION MEMBERS EXPRESSED GREAT 
INTEREST IN THE PRIVATIZATION PROCESS AND THE 
POSSIBILITIES AND CONDITIONS OF FOREIGN CAPITAL 
INVESTMENT.  REPRESENTATIVES OF THE BANK OFFERED 
TO SEND TWO EXPERTS TO CROATIA TO PARTICIPATE IN 
THE PREPARATION OF THE RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM. 
EINIK 
 
 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NN 

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