US embassy cable - 05NEWDELHI9820


Identifier: 05NEWDELHI9820
Wikileaks: View 05NEWDELHI9820 at
Origin: Embassy New Delhi
Created: 2005-12-30 10:21:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
DE RUEHNE #9820/01 3641021
O 301021Z DEC 05
E.O. 12958: N/A 
1.  Summary: This cable includes biographic notes of 13 GOI 
and Indian private sector cybersecurity interlocutors.  These 
biographies are derived primarily from their resumes, and all 
below information is in the public domain.  End Summary. 
R. Chandrashekhar 
2.  Ministry of Communication and Information Technology 
Joint Secretary (e-Governance) R. Chandrashekhar joined the 
GOI in 1975 as a member of the prestigious Indian 
Administrative Service (IAS or civil service). He has held a 
wide variety of assignments, both at the federal level and in 
the Andhra Pradesh State Government.  Chandrashekhar was 
employed by the Ministry of Commerce in 1992-96 during the 
early phase of India,s economic liberalization.  In July 
1996, he was named Chief Managing Director of the Andhra 
Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation. 
Chandrashekhar established India,s first state-level 
Department of Information Technology and received the 
additional charge of Secretary for the Department of 
Information Technology from June 1997 to December 1999.  In 
his current position, he is responsible for India,s national 
policy on e-governance.  Chandrashekhar received a Master of 
Science in Chemistry from Indian Institute of Technology 
(IIT)/Bombay and a Master of Science in Computer Science from 
Pennsylvania State University. 
Ashok Dohare 
3.  Ashok Dohare, Inspector General of Police (Madhya 
Pradesh), joined the Madhya Pradesh cadre of the Indian 
Police Service (IPS) in 1985. He presently heads the 
investigation wing of Madhya Pradesh State Human Rights 
Commission.  Dohare was promoted to the rank of Deputy 
Inspector General of Police in December 1998.  He was then 
Deputy Inspector General of the Police Crime Investigation 
Department at Bhopal Police Headquarters prior to joining the 
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (SVP) National Police Academy in 
April 2000, as Deputy Director; he served there for over four 
years. Dohare was the coordinator for an information 
technology course and supervised the Academy,s research 
wing.  He earned a Master of Science in Mechanical 
Engineering from the Indian Institute of Sciences 
(IIS)/Bangalore, and he was a research scholar at IIT/Delhi 
prior to joining the IPS. 
4.  Dohare authored a book "Manual for Investigation of 
Computer Related Crime" (2003), and has published research 
papers on cyber-crime in various journals.  He was chief 
investigator for a research project entitled "Identification 
of Appropriate Technologies and Procedures for Handling and 
Analyzing Digital Evidence," which was funded by the 
Department of Information Technology (DIT); senior expert 
member of the project review and steering committee for a 
DIT-funded research project entitled "Development of Digital 
Evidence Recovery and Analysis Tools," conducted by the 
Electronics Research and Development Centre in Trivandrum 
(Kerala); and senior expert member of a project review and 
steering committee for a DIT-funded research project entitled 
"Development of Isolating Tools for Steganograpic Images," 
NEW DELHI 00009820  002 OF 009 
which was conducted by the Electronics Research and 
Development Centre (Calcutta).  Dohare worked on a project 
entitled "Identification of Appropriate Technologies and 
Procedures for Handling and Analyzing Digital Evidence" at 
the SVP National Police Academy.  He was also awarded the 
following honors: 
-- Senior Science Talent Search Scholarship by the National 
Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) (1977) 
-- Bhubanananda Misra Memorial Trophy for being the 
second-best all-around student in his IPS batch (1987) 
-- Recipient of the India Cup for Proficiency in Police 
Sciences (1987) 
-- Indian Police Medal for Meritorious Services (January 26, 
-- Director SVP National Police Academy Commendation Disc 
Pavan Duggal 
5.  Pavan Duggal, a practicing Supreme Court of India 
Advocate, is an authority on cyberlaw and e-commerce law. 
His experience in this field includes: consulting to the UN 
Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the UN 
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific 
(UNESCAP) on cyberlaw and cybercrime; membership in the 
Asia-Pacific Council for Trade Facilitation and Electronic 
Business (AFACT) Legal Working Group under the UN Center for 
Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (CEFAT); member of 
the Board of Experts of the European Commission's e-commerce 
directive; work as an expert authority on a cyberlaw primer 
for an e-ASEAN Task Force; and a stint as a reviewer for the 
Asian Development Bank. Duggal is also a member of the World 
Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Arbitration and 
Mediation Center Panel of Neutrals. 
6.  Duggal is a member of the Information and Communications 
Technologies (ICT) Policy and Governance Working Group of the 
UNICT Taskforce. He is the legal and policy consultant for 
the Internet Mark 2 Project, which is examining the next 
level of the Internet.  Duggal has been invited to be an 
Associated Fellow of the Center for Asia-Pacific Technology 
Law and Policy (CAPTEL) in Singapore. He is a member of the 
Panel of Arbitrators of the Regional Center for Arbitration 
in Kuala Lumpur and the Asian Domain Names Dispute Resolution 
Center in Hong Kong. 
7.  Duggal worked with the Ministry of Communication and 
Information Technology on cyberlaw and electronic governance 
legal issues and was the counsel for the complainant in 
India's first cybercrime conviction. He is a member of the 
Karnataka State Advisory Committee on e-governance and a 
member of the federal-level Information Forensic Working 
Group on e-Information Systems, Security and Audit 
8.  Duggal heads his eponymous niche law firm Pavan Duggal 
NEW DELHI 00009820  003 OF 009 
Associates, which practices cyberlaw, business process 
outsourcing law, intellectual property rights and information 
technology law and information security law.  He has been a 
Member of the Nominating Committee, Membership Advisory 
Committee, and Membership Implementation Task Force of ICANN, 
as well as the President of, the Internet,s 
first online cyberlaw consultancy. He is also the President 
of Cyberlaw Asia, the founder of the Cyberlaw Association and 
the Founder-President of Cyberlaw India. 
9.  Some of Duggal,s early work in the field of BPO legal 
issues led to his being named to the BPO Steering Committee 
of the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India 
(ASSOCHAM). He continues to advise a number of BPOs on 
different legal issues relating to outsourcing. Duggal is the 
Chairman of the ASSOCHAM Cyberlaw Committee and works closely 
with the Council of Indian Industry (CII) and the Federation 
of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI). 
10.  Duggal has spoken at over 360 conferences, seminars and 
workshops in the last seven years, and has lectured 
extensively in select law colleges. He has written six books 
in the last six years on various legal topics. Duggal has 
contributed a continuing weekly column on diverse aspects of 
the law, titled "Brief Cases," to the "Economic Times," for 
the last several years. 
Sunil Gujral 
11.  Sunil Gujral is Vice President for Technologies and a 
founder of Wipro Spectramind, which was launched in April 
2000 and is now India,s largest BPO provider.  He completed 
his Bachelor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering from 
Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) in Pilani, 
Rajasthan, followed by a Master of Computer Science from 
IIT/Delhi.  Gujral started his career as a customer software 
engineer with Wipro Information Technology Ltd.  From there 
he moved to American Express Travel Related Services, where 
he was responsible for its IT infrastructure across India and 
adjoining countries.  In 1988, he started a software firm 
called Futuresoft, which later split into Futuresoft (India) 
Pvt. Ltd., a software development and services company, and 
Futuresoft Solution Pvt. Ltd., a software products 
integration and support company. 
Kiran Karnik 
12.  Kiran Karnik, President of India,s National Association 
of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM) -- the country,s 
leading trade body and chamber of commerce for the IT 
industry -- works closely with industry and the Indian 
national and state governments to formulate policies and 
strategies to advance the IT sector. His key function is to 
build "global brand equity" for the Indian software and 
service industry.  "BusinessWeek" in 2005 named Karnik as one 
of the "Stars of Asia." He was also selected as "Forbes" 
magazine's "Face of the Year 2003" for being a driving force 
behind India's BPO industry. 
13.  Karnik worked for over 20 years at the Indian Space 
NEW DELHI 00009820  004 OF 009 
Research Organization (ISRO), where he held various 
positions, and was Founder-Director of ISRO,s Development 
and Educational Communicational Unit. In 1991, he joined the 
Consortium for Educational Communication (CEC) as its first 
Director.  Karnik has also served as Special Assistant to the 
Secretary-General of UNISPACE 82 and held an extended 
consulting assignment for UNESCO in Afghanistan. He has 
consulted for WHO, the World Bank, the UN Institute for 
Disarmament Research, and the Ford Foundation.  Prior to 
joining NASSCOM, Karnik was the Managing Director of 
Discovery Networks in India, where he spearheaded the South 
Asia launch of Discovery Channel in August 1995 and Animal 
Planet (a Discovery-BBC joint venture) in 1999. 
14.  Karnik has been involved with many government 
committees, including the three-person Prasar Bharati Review 
Committee (1999-2000) that advised the GOI on modernizing 
India's national radio networks.  He is a member of or 
consultant to a number of education and environmental NGOs, 
and currently is Chairman of the National Foundation of 
India.  Karnik has earned many awards, including the 1998 
International Astronautical Federation Frank Malina Medal for 
Space Education. His deep involvement in the Kheda 
Communications Project won wide national and international 
acclaim, including the first UNESCO International Program for 
the Development of Communications Prize for Rural 
15.  Karnik has authored and edited a large number of 
publications. He occasionally lectures at major national 
institutes.  A post-graduate from the Indian Institute of 
Management (IIM)/Ahmedabad, Karnik also holds an honors 
degree in Physics from Bombay University. 
Lt. Gen. (ret.) S S Mehta 
16.  National Security Advisory Board (NSAB) member 
Lieutenant General (ret.) SS Mehta earned a Master of Science 
in Defense Studies from the Defense Services Staff College at 
Wellington, the equivalent of the US Army,s Command and 
General Staff College in Leavenworth, KS.  (NOTE: The NSAB is 
a think-tank of private individuals that advises the National 
Security Council.  End Note.)  He is a graduate of the United 
States Army War College (1990-91) and he attended the 
Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Defense Course at Tamishenko 
Academy in Moscow.  During his 41 years of military service, 
Mehta served as Deputy Chief of Army Staff (Planning and 
Systems) and General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Army 
Training Command.  Before he retired from the Army in January 
2004, he held the prestigious appointment of General Officer 
Commanding-in-Chief, Western Command, which is responsible 
for the India-Pakistan border.  Mehta represented the 
military on the National Task Force on Information Technology 
and was the Army member of the Group of Minister's Task Force 
on Review of Defense Management.  In addition to his MSAB 
membership, he is Principal Adviser to CII.  He earned the 
Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) -- India,s highest 
peace-time military honor. 
Captain (ret.) Felix Mohan 
NEW DELHI 00009820  005 OF 009 
17.  SecureSynergy CEO Felix Mohan was a member of the 
National Task Force on Information Security under the 
auspices of the National Security Council.  The Task Force 
was directed to define threat perceptions and formulate the 
systemic changes needed to ensure India's information 
infrastructure protection. As chairman of the sub-committee 
on information security standardization, he helped define 
standards and protocols for secure information interchange 
between the Ministry of Defense and the public sector. 
18.  Mohan held a broad range of technical and leadership 
appointments in the Navy, including the top IT post, Director 
of Information Technology.  In 1990, while heading one of the 
MoD,s largest computerization projects, he developed a 
secure programming meta-language named "npoisam," which is 
still owned by the Indian Navy.  Mohan has presented papers 
on Information Assurance and Information Warfare at various 
fora and is an external expert for guiding fellowship 
research in information security.  He was also a member of 
the Information Warfare Committee, tasked with formulating 
policies and creating infrastructures for offensive and 
defensive information warfare initiatives.  Mohan has written 
extensively on information security in national newspapers 
and technical publications. 
19.  Mohan is a member of St. Bernard Software,s Technology 
Advisory Board. He has represented CII as the industry member 
in the Indo-US Cyber Security Forum, and presented on "Indian 
Industry Security Perspectives" and "Critical Infrastructure 
Protection Initiatives" at Indo-US cyber security discussions 
in Washington in November 2004.  Before taking up his current 
assignment as CEO of SecureSynergy, Mohan was Advisor 
(Information Risk Management) at KPMG.  He was awarded the 
Vishisht Seva Medal in 1998 by President KR Narayanan for his 
innovative work in the field of IT security. 
Dr. RK Raghavan 
20.  Dr. RK Raghavan, former Director of the Central Bureau 
of Investigation (CBI, India,s FBI-equivalent), earned a 
Master of Arts in Political Science (1962) from Presidency 
College, Madras (now Chennai), and joined the IPS in 1963. 
He earned his PhD in 1985 from Karnatak University, Dharwar, 
for his thesis on IPS personnel management.  Raghavan is also 
a graduate (1989-91) in Criminal Justice from Temple 
University, Philadelphia.  In 1994 he was a Visiting Library 
Fellow at the School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University, 
New Jersey.  Raghavan was appointed CBI Director in January 
1999, and concurrently headed India,s INTERPOL office. He 
retired in April 2001.  In Fall 2001, he was a Visiting 
Fellow in the Human Rights Program at Harvard Law School. 
21.  Raghavan has studied many aspects of terrorism. During 
his tenure as CBI chief, he handled several high-profile 
cases including the December 1999 hijacking of Indian 
Airlines flight IC-814, which led to FBI-CBI collaboration. 
He also successfully forged permanent working arrangements 
between the two agencies in cyber-crime training and 
NEW DELHI 00009820  006 OF 009 
22.  Raghavan has many publications to his credit. His two 
books are "Indian Police: Planning, Personnel and 
Perspectives" (1989, Manohar Publications, New Delhi) and 
"Policing a Democracy: A Comparative Study of India and the 
U.S." (1999, Manohar). He wrote a chapter on the IPS for 
Francine Frankel (ed.) Transforming Democracy (2000, Oxford 
University Press).  Raghavan,s most recent academic paper is 
"The Indian Police: Problems and Prospects" in The Publius 
(Fall 2003).  He is a frequent contributor to the Hindu, 
India,s third largest English daily.  Raghavan also writes a 
fortnightly column on law and order for the leading monthly 
23.  Raghavan is presently the Consulting Advisor (Security) 
for Tata Consulting Services (TCS). In this role he guides 
both network and physical security for TCS operations all 
over the world.  Raghavan is also developing a capsule on 
various aspects of risk management for those dealing with 
Indian corporations. 
Commander Mukesh Saini 
24.  Commander Mukesh Saini is the National Security Council 
Secretariat (NSCS) Information Security Specialist and head 
of the National Information Security Coordination Cell.  In 
this position, he is responsible for coordinating activities 
of the National Information Board and sector cybersecurity 
officers, implementing recommendations from the Information 
Security Task Force, and international cybersecurity 
relations (including the Indo-US Cyber Security Forum). 
Saini is also a member of various GOI joint working groups, 
including e-governance and Information Security, Next 
Generation Internet Protocol, and the Canada-India 
Counter-Terrorism JWG.  He is also a member of the selection 
committee for choosing vendors to implement vulnerability 
analysis for Indian government networks. 
25.  Saini is an alumnus of the National Defense Academy and 
the Defense Services Staff College at Wellington. He is 
specialist in telecommunications and electronic warfare.  In 
the Navy, Saini served in various command and staff 
positions. He was Deputy Director Naval Signals 
(Telecommunication and Networking), responsible for 
procurement and budget for management of naval land based 
telecommunication systems, prior to joining the NSCS. Saini 
designed the Navy,s Universal Dial-up Plan (UDP).  He holds 
three post-graduate degrees: Master of Science in Defense and 
Strategic Studies; Master of Business Administration; and 
Master of Computer Applications.  Saini plans to retire from 
the Navy in early 2006 in order to continue working on 
cybersecurity issues within the private sector. 
Vijaya Sampath 
26.  Ms Vijaya Sampath is the Corporate Director and General 
Counsel for the Bharti Group. She obtained her law degree in 
1975 and is a Fellow of the Institute of Company Secretaries 
of India.  She has completed the International Senior 
Managers Advanced Management Program at the Harvard Business 
School and the Program on Managing Strategic Alliances at 
NEW DELHI 00009820  007 OF 009 
27.  Ms. Sampath has over twenty years of experience as 
in-house legal counsel and held senior positions as a chief 
legal officer, company secretary, and head of communications 
and strategy in multinational and large Indian groups. Her 
forte is corporate and commercial law and the regulatory 
regime in infrastructure (including telecoms). Prior to 
joining Bharti, she was an Executive Director at Indian 
Aluminum and a senior partner with the law firm J Sagar 
Rajeeva Ratna Shah 
28.  Planning Commission Secretary Rajeeva Ratna Shah was 
born in 1945 and joined the IAS in 1967.  He served as 
Secretary in the Information Technology and Industry 
Departments and the Planning Commission.  As Secretary for 
Information Technology, he was involved with the 
restructuring of the Department of Electronics into the 
Department of IT. 
29.  In the broadcasting sector Shah was the CEO of the 
Prasar Bharati (Public Broadcasting Corporation of India), 
running over 20 TV channels and 200 radio stations. He 
brought about the digitization of TV channels and is known 
for providing the framework and securing approvals for 
introducing FM radio broadcasting in India.  Shah was 
unanimously elected by all the broadcasters in India as the 
President of the Indian Broadcasting Foundation and was also 
Vice-President of the Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU). 
30.  Shah,s other government postings have included Trade 
Commissioner for North and South Americas, (in New York, 
1984-87); Secretary for Industrial Policy and Promotion in 
the Ministry of Commerce and Industry; Secretary in the 
Cabinet Secretariat; and Joint Secretary in the Ministry of 
Home Affairs. 
Vakul Sharma 
31.  Vakul Sharma has more than ten years of corporate 
experience as an advisor and corporate lawyer specializing in 
IT law.  Since 1998 he has advised companies and the Indian 
government on cybersecurity issues.  Sharma,s other 
experience includes: 
-- Member of the Expert Panel that in 2005 reviewed India,s 
IT Act. 
-- Provided legal advice to the Office of the Controller of 
Certifying Authorities, Ministry of Communication and 
Information Technology. 
-- Designed the "Cyber Law and Legal Issues" module for an 
e-governance course under the UNDP-assisted Program for 
Capacity Building of Administrative State Training 
Institutes, supported by the Department of Personnel and 
NEW DELHI 00009820  008 OF 009 
32.  Sharma,s other memberships and associations include: 
-- National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science, 
Ministry of Home Affairs, New Delhi (since February 2005) 
-- National Judicial Academy, Bhopal, (since November 2004) 
-- National Institute for Smart Government, Hyderabad, (since 
September 2004) 
-- Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi, 
(since November 2002) 
-- Indian Law Institute, New Delhi, (since March 2001) 
33.  Sharma earned the following degrees: Master of 
International Studies, Master of Philosophy in International 
Trade and Development, Executive MBA in International 
Business, and Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.).  His publications 
include the following: 
-- "Handbook of Cyber Laws" (McMillan), 2002. 
-- "Information Technology: Law and Practice" (Universal Law 
Publishing Company), 2004. Updated Reprint, March 2005. 
-- Contributory Author: "e-commerce: A New Business Paradigm" 
in "Legal Dimensions of Cyberspace" Ed. S.K. Verma and Raman 
Mittal (ILI Publication, New Delhi), 2004. 
-- Contributory Author: "Cyber Crime and Computer Forensics" 
in "Handbook of Forensic Science" Ed Prof. (Dr.) Vimala 
Veeraraghavan (Selective and Scientific Books, New Delhi), 
T.K. Viswanathan 
34.  Secretary to the Ministry of Law and Justice 
(Legislative Department) T.K. Viswanathan earned a Bachelor 
of Science and Bachelor of Letters (1972) and a Master of 
Letters in Jurisprudence (1975) from the University of 
Madras.  He practiced corporate and tax laws as Advocate with 
Uttama Reddy and Company Tax Consultants from 1972-76. 
Viswanathan joined the faculty of Madras Law College as a 
full time law teacher in 1976 and was promoted to professor 
in 1988. 
35.  In 1988, Viswanathan joined the Ministry of Law, Justice 
and Company Affairs (Legislative Department).  He spent the 
first half of 1992 studying international commercial 
transactions, international law, and treaty drafting at the 
Institute of Advanced Legal Studies at the University of 
London.  Promoted to Joint Secretary and Legislative Counsel 
in the Legislative Department in 1994, Viswanathan went on to 
draft the Depositories Act (1996), the Foreign Exchange 
Management Act (1998), the constitutional amendment to 
provide reserved seats for women in Parliament and state 
legislatures, the Electricity Regulatory Commissions Act 
(1998), the Central Vigilance Commission Bill (1999), the 
Prevention of Money Laundering Bill (1999); the Insurance 
Regulatory and Development Authority Act (1999), the IT Act 
NEW DELHI 00009820  009 OF 009 
(2000), the Communications Convergence Bill (2000), and the 
Competition Bill (2001).  He was promoted to Additional 
Secretary in the Law Ministry (Legislative Department, 1998), 
Member-Secretary Law Commission (2000), and Secretary in the 
Ministry of Law and Justice (Legislative Department) in 2003. 
36.  Viswanathan is a member of the Cyber Regulations 
Advisory Committee, Ministry of Information Technology.  He 
was invited by the United Nations Environment Program as a 
subject matter expert in to participate in meetings on 
liability regimes in Geneva in May 2002, and he delivered a 
talk on judiciary Backlogs in the Indian Judiciary at the 
Legal Vice Presidency of the World Bank in Washington in June 
2002.  Viswanathan,s interests include American history and 
legal and judicial reform. 
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