US embassy cable - 91ANKARA4277

SYRIA, THE PKK AND WATER

Identifier: 91ANKARA4277
Wikileaks: View 91ANKARA4277 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Ankara
Created: 1991-03-28 16:04:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: PREL PTER ENRG TU SY
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
R 281604Z MAR 91
FM AMEMBASSY ANKARA
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 0964
INFO RUEHDM/AMEMBASSY DAMASCUS 
AMCONSUL ADANA 
AMCONSUL ISTANBUL 
AMCONSUL IZMIR 
C O N F I D E N T I A L ANKARA 04277 
 
C O R R E C T E D   C O P Y   (TEXT) 
 
E.O. 12356: DECL: OADR 
TAGS: PREL, PTER, ENRG, TU, SY 
SUBJECT: SYRIA, THE PKK AND WATER 
 
REF: ANKARA 3909 
 
1.  CONFIDENTIAL - ENTIRE TEXT. 
 
2.  MFA DIRECTOR GENERAL FOR THE MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA 
SOLMAZ UNAYDIN GAVE POL COUNSELOR MARCH 27 ADDITIONAL 
INSIGHTS INTO THE TURKISH-SYRIAN DIALOGUE ON THE PKK. 
SHE SAID FOREIGN MINISTER ALPTEMOCIN HAD RAISED THE 
SUBJECT EXPLICITLY WITH ASAD DURING HIS FEBRUARY VISIT 
TO DAMASCUS.  ASAD REPORTEDLY TOLD ALPTEMOCIN SYRIA 
WOULD TAKE CARE OF THE PROBLEM BUT "IT WOULD TAKE 
TIME."  UNAYDIN THOUGHT REPORTS THAT PKK LEADER OCALAN 
HAD BEEN PLACED UNDER HOUSE ARREST DURING FOREIGN 
MINISTER SHARA'S RECENT VISIT TO ANKARA WERE INDICATIVE 
OF A SYRIAN EFFORT TO REIN IN THE PKK. 
 
3.  NEVERTHELESS, SHE SAID IT IS CLEAR THAT DAMASCUS 
CONTINUES TO LINK CONTROL OF THE PKK TO THE WATER 
ISSUE.  SHARA HAD BROUGHT A WATER EXPERT WITH HIM ON 
THIS LATEST TRIP TO EXPLORE THE TECHNICAL REQUIREMENT 
FOR TURKEY TO SHUT OF THE FLOW OF EUPHRATES WATER FOR 
2-3 DAYS PER MONTH (THE LATEST CLOSURE WAS MARCH 
24/25).  THE SYRIAN EXPERT TRAVELED TO THE ATATURK DAM 
AFTER SHARA'S DEPARTURE.  HE IS STILL THERE.  AS UNAYDIN 
EXPLAINED IT, THE POND BEHIND THE DAM IS FILLING AT A 
SLOWER THAN EXPECTED RATE AND TURKISH ENGINEERS FEAR 
THERE IS LEAKAGE.  TO LOCATE THIS, THEY MUST CUT OFF ALL 
EUPHRATES FLOW PERIODICALLY.  THUS FAR, ACCORDING TO 
UNAYDIN, NO LEAK HAS BEEN FOUND. 
 
GROSSMAN 

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