US embassy cable - 02AMMAN2383

JORDAN: REGULATION OF CHARITIES

Identifier: 02AMMAN2383
Wikileaks: View 02AMMAN2383 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Amman
Created: 2002-05-14 13:10:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: ETTC EFIN PTER PREL JO
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

C O N F I D E N T I A L AMMAN 002383 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR NEA/ARN, EB/ESC/ESP AND S/CT 
TREASURY FOR OFAC AND OFFICE OF THE GENERAL COUNSEL 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/07/2010 
TAGS: ETTC, EFIN, PTER, PREL, JO 
SUBJECT: JORDAN:  REGULATION OF CHARITIES 
 
REF: A. STATE 90100 
     B. 01 AMMAN 4871 
 
Classified By: Ambassador Edward W. Gnehm.  Reasons 1.5 (b) and (d) 
 
1.  (c)  Jordanian charities and non-governmental social 
service organizations are registered with and monitored by 
the Ministry of Social Affairs and by the Ministry of 
Religious Affairs in the case of religious organizations. 
Their activities complement government-provided social 
services, especially in poor areas of the country.  A number 
of groups also direct charitable contributions to Palestinian 
beneficiaries in the West Bank and Gaza.  Some of the larger 
organizations, such as the Hashemite Welfare Foundation, 
operate under the patronage of members of the royal family. 
In addition, the Ministry of Industry and Trade supervises 
the large and influential professional associations -- such 
as the engineers, doctors, lawyers, and pharmacists 
associations -- as well as chambers of industry and commerce. 
 
2.  (c)  Post has no information that Jordanian NGOs are 
providing financing for terrorist organizations.  When we 
raise the possibility, Jordanian government officials note 
the small scale of Jordan's charitable infrastructure, 
especially compared to that of the Gulf countries.  However, 
the professional associations are relatively well provisioned 
financially (for example, they collect membership dues and 
manage pension funds for members) and their leaderships 
espouse political beliefs similar to those of domestic 
Jordanian Islamic opposition groups, such as the Islamic 
Action Front.  This includes at least rhetorical support for 
Palestinian "resistance groups." 
 
3.  (c)  The oversight exercised by the government 
organizations mentioned above is not stringent, and there may 
be some unregulated groups with a putatively charitable 
agenda.  Although the Jordanian security services, primarily 
the General Intelligence Directorate (GID), are aware of the 
potential of charitable organizations to provide funding for 
terrorist activities, the GID's limited resources are 
primarily focused on investigating suspected terrorists and 
interdicting weapons for possible use in terrorist 
operations.  The GID would likely be effective in monitoring 
or stopping a specific financial transaction if provided the 
necessary lead information.  However, due to the complexities 
of distinguishing legitimate charitable contributions from 
monies being funneled to terrorist groups, many such small 
transactions could occur without being detected. 
 
4.  Comment:  The Jordanians are aware of the potential 
misuse of charitable contributions for terrorist purposes. 
However, since most officials believe the scale of such 
activity is small, they tend to focus their limited resources 
on the most immediate threats.  Upcoming GOJ participation in 
ATA counterterrorism legislation training could help to raise 
the sensitivity of Jordanian officials to these issues, as 
could more focused training opportunities on mechanisms for 
countering illicit financial transfers. 
Gnehm 

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