US embassy cable - 02ROME2065

MOUNTING CHALLENGES LAY AHEAD FOR THE U.N. WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ANGOLA SENSITIVE BUT UNCLASSIFIED - PLEASE TREAT ACCORDINGLY

Identifier: 02ROME2065
Wikileaks: View 02ROME2065 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Rome
Created: 2002-04-29 13:54:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
Tags: EAID EAGR AORC EAGR AORC EAGR AORC EAGR AORC EAGR AORC EAGR AORC EAGR AORC EAGR AORC EAGR AORC EAGR AORC PREF WFP UN PREF EAID WFP UN PREF EAID WFP UN PREF EAID WFP UN PREF EAID WFP UN PREF EAID WFP UN PREF EAID WFP UN PREF EAID WFP UN PREF EAID WFP UN PREF EAID WFP UN
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 10 ROME 002065 
 
SIPDIS 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  02065  01 OF 10  291503Z 
FROM USMISSION ROME 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
LUANDA FOR USAID RHELLYER AND HEVANS 
GENEVA FOR RMA FOR NANCE KYLOH 
BRUSSELS FOR KFULLER AND KDEBLAUW 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USUN FOR LSHESTACK 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: EAID, EAGR, AORC, EAGR, AORC, EAGR, AORC, EAGR, AORC, EAGR, AORC, EAGR, AORC, EAGR, AORC, EAGR, AORC, EAGR, AORC, EAGR, AORC, PREF, WFP, UN, PREF    EAID, WFP, UN, PREF    EAID, WFP, UN, PREF    EAID, WFP, UN, PREF    EAID, WFP, UN, PREF    EAID, WFP, UN, PREF    EAID, WFP, UN, PREF    EAID, WFP, UN, PREF    EAID, WFP, UN, PREF    EAID, WFP, UN 
SUBJECT:  MOUNTING CHALLENGES LAY AHEAD FOR THE U.N. 
WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ANGOLA 
SENSITIVE BUT UNCLASSIFIED - PLEASE TREAT ACCORDINGLY 
 
--------- 
SUMMARY 
--------- 
 
1.  SENIOR EMERGENCY COORDINATOR (SEC) IN THE U.S. 
MISSION IN ROME TO THE U.N. AGENCIES TRAVELED TO ANGOLA 
APRIL 13--20 TO REVIEW THE OPERATIONS OF THE U.N. WORLD 
FOOD PROGRAM (WFP) AND THE EMERGENCY COORDINATION UNIT 
OF THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATION OF THE U.N. 
(FAO/ECU) AND TO LOOK AT THE COMPLEMENTARITY BETWEEN THE 
TWO.  PROGRESS OF FAO/ECU WILL BE REPORTED IN SEPTEL. 
 
2.  ALTHOUGH THE POSSIBILITY FOR REAL PEACE HAS FINALLY 
COME TO ANGOLA, THE IMMEDIATE HUMANITARIAN NEEDS ARE 
IMMENSE AND CRITICAL IN THE NEAR TERM.  THE U.N. HAS 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ROME  02065  01 OF 10  291503Z 
IDENTIFIED 36 INACCESSIBLE AREAS THAT MAY CONTAIN 
500,000 PEOPLE IN NEED, IN ADDITION THOUSANDS OF 
VULNERABLE PEOPLE ARE WALKING INTO PROVINCIAL CAPITALS 
SEEKING ASSISTANCE (PROJECTED 20,000-30,000 PER MONTH 
FOR FOUR MONTHS), THE NUMBERS IN THE NUTRITIONAL FEEDING 
CENTERS CONTINUE TO RISE (POSSIBLY RISING TO 25,000- 
30,000 IN FOUR MONTHS' TIME), REFUGEES WILL BEGIN 
RETURNING HOME, AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF 
ANGOLA (GRA) HAS IDENTIFIED 38 QUARTERING AREAS FOR 
UNITA EX-COMBATANTS AND THEIR FAMILIES WHO WILL BE IN 
NEED OF ASSISTANCE (POSSIBLE 355,000).  FOOD IS A 
CRITICAL NEED OF ALL THESE GROUPS.  AT THE CURRENT TIME, 
THE GRA IS SAYING THAT IT WILL PROVIDE FOOD FOR THE 
QUARTERING AREAS.  ALREADY PROVIDING FOOD TO 
APPROXIMATELY ONE MILLION BENEFICIARIES, ENORMOUS 
PRESSURE IS GROWING ON THE U.N. WORLD FOOD PROGRAM (WFP) 
TO SIGNIFICANTLY EXPAND ITS PROGRAM IN ORDER TO PROVIDE 
FOOD FOR THESE ADDITIONAL GROUPS, AND THERE IS CONCERN 
THAT THEIR EFFORTS ARE LAGGING BEHIND.  WFP'S NEW 
PROTRACTED RELIEF AND RECOVERY OPERATION (PRRO) FOR 
ANGOLA WILL BE PRESENTED AT THE WFP EXECUTIVE BOARD 
MEETING THIS MAY.  THE PRRO WAS PREPARED BEFORE THE WAR 
ENDED AND ADJUSTMENTS WILL LIKELY BE MADE-PRIMARILY TO 
THE BENEFICIARY NUMBERS AND THE REQUIRED TONNAGES.  AT 
THE SAME TIME, THE DONORS AND THE U.N. MUST KEEP 
UNRELENTING PRESSURE ON THE GRA TO TAKE RESPONSIBILITY 
FOR THE NEEDS OF ITS POPULATION.  SEVERAL 
RECOMMENDATIONS WERE GIVEN TO WFP'S PROGRAMMATIC SECTION 
IN AN EFFORT TO MORE ACCURATELY TARGET BENEFICIARIES AND 
ACCOUNT FOR ITS COMMODITIES.  THE CURRENT PIPELINE IS IN 
SERIOUS JEOPARDY OF BREAKING IN LATE JUNE/EARLY JULY. 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ROME  02065  01 OF 10  291503Z 
CASH IS URGENTLY NEEDED TO ADDRESS THE GAP.  SEE PARA 31 
FOR RECOMMENDATIONS.  END SUMMARY. 
 
--------------- 
THE BACKDROP 
--------------- 
 
3.  A CROSS YOUR FINGERS AND TOES AND HOLD YOUR BREATH 
PEACE HAS COME TO ANGOLA AFTER ALMOST THIRTY YEARS OF 
WAR.  THE CHANCES FOR PEACE, REAL PEACE, THIS TIME ARE 
GREATER THAN EVER BEFORE--SO PROMISING THIS TIME THAT 
ONE'S MIND BEGINS TO RACE WITH THE POSSIBILITIES OF 
HOPE, PROSPERITY, AND A TRULY NEW LIFE FOR THE MULTITUDE 
OF ANGOLANS IN THE COUNTRYSIDE WHO HAVE SUFFERED SO 
MUCH. 
 
4.  COUPLED WITH THE HOPE FOR A NEW LIFE IS A FEAR OF 
SLIPPING BACK INTO THE OLD PATTERNS.  AS THE GRA MOVES 
FORWARD AT A SURPRISING PACE (BUT NOT QUITE AT THE PACE 
THAT IS NEEDED AT THIS POINT) WITH PLANS FOR SUPPLYING 
FOOD AND NON-FOOD PROVISIONS TO THE 38 QUARTERING AREAS 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ5175 
 
PAGE 01        ROME  02065  02 OF 10  291504Z 
ACTION AID-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AF-00    AGRE-00  AMAD-00  CIAE-00  SRPP-00 
      EB-00    EUR-00   UTED-00  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OES-01   OIC-02   TEST-00  PRM-00   SAS-00     /003W 
                  ------------------95A73D  291519Z /38 
P 291354Z APR 02 
FM AMEMBASSY ROME 
TO AMEMBASSY LUANDA PRIORITY 
SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3465 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY KINSHASA 
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 
AMEMBASSY HARARE 
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA 
AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE 
AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK 
AMEMBASSY GABORONE 
AMEMBASSY BRAZZAVILLE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
USEU BRUSSELS 2642 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 02 OF 10 ROME 002065 
 
SIPDIS 
 
FROM USMISSION ROME 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  02065  02 OF 10  291504Z 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
LUANDA FOR USAID RHELLYER AND HEVANS 
GENEVA FOR RMA FOR NANCE KYLOH 
BRUSSELS FOR KFULLER AND KDEBLAUW 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USUN FOR LSHESTACK 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS:     EAID, EAGR, AORC, WFP, UN, PREF 
SUBJECT:  MOUNTING CHALLENGES LAY AHEAD FOR THE U.N. 
WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ANGOLA 
(QAS) IT HAS IDENTIFIED FOR UNITA EX-COMBATANTS AND 
THEIR FAMILIES, THERE IS AN UNDERLYING TREPIDATION THAT 
THE EFFORT MAY FAIL BECAUSE THE SPEED IS NOT FAST 
ENOUGH.  THE GRA SUFFERS FROM A LACK OF SOPHISTICATION 
AND CAPACITY IN ITS ABILITY TO PROVIDE THE NECESSARY 
SOCIAL SERVICES TO EVEN A FEW QAS, MUCH LESS THE 
IDENTIFIED 38.  THERE ARE REPORTS THAT SPORADIC AND 
INADEQUATE DELIVERIES OF FOOD HAVE BEEN MADE BY THE GRA, 
BUT THIS IS NOT GOOD ENOUGH.  IT SHOULD ALSO BE NOTED 
THAT THE MAJORITY OF THE 38 AREAS ARE EXTREMELY 
DIFFICULT TO ACCESS. 
 
5.  IF THE QAS ARE NOT VERY SOON READY TO PROPERLY 
RECEIVE THE UNITA EX-COMBATANTS AND THEIR FAMILIES, MANY 
FEAR THE UNITA FORCES MAY ONCE AGAIN PICK UP THE GUNS 
OUT OF DESPERATION IN ORDER TO FEED THEMSELVES AND THEIR 
FAMILIES.  NOT ONLY WOULD THIS JEOPARDIZE THE PEACE, IT 
WOULD ALSO JEOPARDIZE FOOD DELIVERIES BY ROAD.  FULLY 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ROME  02065  02 OF 10  291504Z 
AWARE OF THE POTENTIAL OF THIS SCENARIO BECOMING THE 
REALITY, THE U.N. IS MOVING FORWARD WITH CONTINGENCY 
PLANS FOR PROVIDING ASSISTANCE TO THE QAS IN 
ANTICIPATION THAT IT WILL SOON BE ASKED BY THE GRA TO 
ASSIST.  THEIR CONTINGENCY PLAN IS BASED ON A FIGURE OF 
55,000 EX-COMBATANTS AND 300,000 FAMILY MEMBERS. 
 
6.  IN PARALLEL WITH THIS EFFORT, THE HUMANITARIAN 
COMMUNITY IS ATTEMPTING TO MEET THE GROWING HUMANITARIAN 
NEEDS IN THE COUNTRY.  HUNDREDS, AND IN SOME CASES 
THOUSANDS, OF PEOPLE ARE WALKING INTO PROVINCIAL 
CAPITALS FROM THE BUSH IN SEARCH OF ASSISTANCE.  MANY OF 
THEM HAVE WALKED HUNDREDS OF KILOMETERS AND ARRIVE WITH 
PRACTICALLY NOTHING.  SOME DON'T EVEN HAVE CLOTHES. 
OTHERS ARE SO WEAK THEY ARE BEING AIRLIFTED IN 
HELICOPTERS OR BEING TRANSPORTED IN TRUCKS BY THE ARMED 
FORCES OF ANGOLA (FAA).  REPORTEDLY EVEN SOME OF THE 
ELITE UNITA SOLDIERS THAT PROTECTED SAVIMBI WERE 
MALNOURISHED BY THE WAR'S END IN FEBRUARY.  IN LUENA 
(MOXICO PROVINCE), 7,000 TO 8,000 PERSONS HAVE BEEN 
ARRIVING EACH MONTH SINCE LAST DECEMBER.  WFP EXPECTS 
11,000 NEW INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS (IDPS) IN BIE 
PROVINCE IN THE MONTH OF MAY.  LARGE NUMBERS OF 
BENEFICIARIES ALSO EXIST IN HUAMBO, MALANGE, AND HUILA 
PROVINCES.  OCHA AND WFP ESTIMATE THAT 20,000 TO 30,000 
NEW IDPS COULD SURFACE EACH MONTH FOR THE NEXT FOUR 
MONTHS. 
 
7.  ON APRIL 18, THE U.N. BEGAN LEADING RAPID 
ASSESSMENTS (RAS) TO 36 INACCESSIBLE AREAS (IAS) THAT 
HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED AS AREAS WHERE POPULATIONS IN POOR 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ROME  02065  02 OF 10  291504Z 
CONDITION HAVE GATHERED.  THE AREAS HAVE BEEN 
INACCESSIBLE BECAUSE OF INSECURITY, SOMETIMES COUPLED 
WITH LACK OF PHYSICAL ACCESS DUE TO DESTROYED 
INFRASTRUCTURE, SUCH AS BRIDGES.  THE U.N. OFFICE FOR 
THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS (OCHA) HAS BEEN 
COLLECTING INFORMATION ON THESE AREAS FOR MORE THAN A 
YEAR.  THE INFORMATION HAS COME FROM VARIOUS SOURCES, 
INCLUDING THE FAA, CHURCH GROUPS, NON-GOVERNMENTAL 
ORGANIZATIONS (NGOS), AND INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS 
(IDPS) THEMSELVES.  OCHA ANTICIPATES THAT THE 
ASSESSMENTS WILL TAKE APPROXIMATELY THREE WEEKS TO 
COMPLETE AND MAY YIELD AN ADDITIONAL 500,000 PEOPLE 
NEEDING ASSISTANCE. 
 
8.  BUNJEI, ONE OF THE 36 IAS LOCATED IN NORTHERN HUILA 
PROVINCE BUT MORE READILY ACCESSIBLE FROM SOUTHERN 
HUAMBO PROVINCE, WAS VISITED BY MEDECINS SANS 
FRONTIERES/FRANCE (MSF/F) ABOUT THREE WEEKS AGO.  MSF/F 
REPORTED A DIRE SITUATION AND BUNJEI WAS PLACED AT THE 
TOP OF THE LIST TO BE VISITED ONCE THE RAS COMMENCED. 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ5176 
 
PAGE 01        ROME  02065  03 OF 10  291504Z 
ACTION AID-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AF-00    AGRE-00  AMAD-00  CIAE-00  SRPP-00 
      EB-00    EUR-00   UTED-00  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OES-01   OIC-02   SEC-01   TEST-00  PRM-00   SAS-00 
        /004W 
                  ------------------95A74E  291519Z /38 
P 291354Z APR 02 
FM AMEMBASSY ROME 
TO AMEMBASSY LUANDA PRIORITY 
SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3466 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY KINSHASA 
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 
AMEMBASSY HARARE 
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA 
AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE 
AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK 
AMEMBASSY GABORONE 
AMEMBASSY BRAZZAVILLE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
USEU BRUSSELS 2643 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 03 OF 10 ROME 002065 
 
SIPDIS 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  02065  03 OF 10  291504Z 
FROM USMISSION ROME 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
LUANDA FOR USAID RHELLYER AND HEVANS 
GENEVA FOR RMA FOR NANCE KYLOH 
BRUSSELS FOR KFULLER AND KDEBLAUW 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USUN FOR LSHESTACK 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS:     EAID, EAGR, AORC, WFP, UN, PREF 
SUBJECT:  MOUNTING CHALLENGES LAY AHEAD FOR THE U.N. 
WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ANGOLA 
THE RA TEAM VISITED APRIL 18.  MEMBERS OF THE TEAM 
REPORTED THAT THE SITUATION WAS EVEN MORE ALARMING THAN 
WHAT MSF/F HAD EARLIER REPORTED.  AMONG BUNJEI RESIDENTS 
THIS APRIL, THE SEVERE MALNUTRITION RATE WAS 9 PERCENT 
AND THE GLOBAL RATE WAS 36 PERCENT, REPORTS CONCERN. 
MORE TELLING STILL, THE MORTALITY RATE FOR THE ENTIRE 
BUNJEI POPULATION (ADULTS AND CHILDREN) WAS 
5.2/10,000/DAY.  (NOTE:  DEATHS OVER 2/10,000/DAY 
SIGNIFIES A SERIOUS SITUATION THAT REQUIRES IMMEDIATE 
ACTION). 
 
9.  WITHIN A PERIOD OF TWO DAYS (APRIL 15/16), 578 
FAMILIES (AVERAGE SIZE IS FIVE) ARRIVED IN MUACANHICA 
IDP CAMP OUTSIDE LUENA TOWN, A CAMP THAT OPENED ON 
FEBRUARY 17.  MOST HAD WALKED IN ON THEIR OWN, BUT SOME 
HAD BEEN BROUGHT VIA FAA HELICOPTER.  THE CAMP IS 
MANAGED BY LUTHERAN WORLD FEDERATION (LWF) AND ITS 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ROME  02065  03 OF 10  291504Z 
POPULATION ON APRIL 17 WAS 1,504 FAMILIES.  A LARGE 
PERCENTAGE OF THE POPULATION IS CHILDREN AND SOME ARE 
UNACCOMPANIED.  LWF REPORTS THAT MOST OF THE CAMP 
INHABITANTS ARE UNITA FAMILIES. 
 
10.  LWF STATED THE MORTALITY RATE HAS BEEN CONSTANT IN 
MUACANHICA CAMP DURING ITS TWO MONTHS OF EXISTENCE, WITH 
AT LEAST ONE DEATH PER DAY, MANY BEING ADULTS.  IN THE 
PREVIOUS WEEK, SIX ADULTS AND ONE CHILD HAD DIED.  THE 
MOST COMMON REASONS FOR DEATH ARE DIARRHEA AND MALARIA. 
THE SEC WAS TOLD THAT IN THE BEGINNING OF THE FORMATION 
OF THE CAMP CASKETS WERE BEING MADE FOR THE DEAD, BUT 
AFTER AWHILE THE TOLL ON THE TREES BECAME TOO GREAT AND 
THE EFFORT WAS HALTED.  THE WOOD WAS NEEDED FOR 
FIREWOOD.  LWF REPORTS THAT MANY OF THE WOMEN ARE HEAD 
OF HOUSEHOLDS AND ARRIVE TOO WEAK TO CONSTRUCT A SHELTER 
OUT OF PLASTIC SHEETING.  ON-SITE OBSERVATION CONFIRMS 
THIS STATEMENT.  THE SEC TALKED WITH ONE MIDDLE-AGED 
SICK WOMAN WHO WAS TAKING CARE OF NINE CHILDREN (SOME OF 
WHICH BELONGED TO HER BROTHER WHO HAD GONE TO ZAMBIA) 
AND WHOSE HUSBAND HAD DIED A COUPLE WEEKS BEFORE.  SHE 
WAS TOO WEAK TO PROPERLY CARE FOR HER CHILDREN OR COOK. 
DURING THE CONVERSATION, A MOTHER INSIDE THE NEXT TENT 
WAS WAILING OVER THE LOSS OF HER 12-YEAR OLD DAUGHTER TO 
MALARIA.  THE UTTER DESPAIR OF THE SITUATION WAS 
STRIKING. 
 
------------------------------- 
TOO MANY FIRES ALL AT ONCE 
------------------------------- 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ROME  02065  03 OF 10  291504Z 
11.  THE U.N. (INCLUDING WFP) AND NGO MANAGERS IN LUANDA 
AND IN THE PROVINCIAL CAPITALS ARE FACING A MYRIAD OF 
CHALLENGES ON A DAILY BASIS AND ARE WORKING FLAT OUT TO 
TRY TO KEEP UP WITH MEETING THE NEEDS OF THE IDPS THAT 
ARE FLOWING IN.  THEY ARE OFTEN LACKING, HOWEVER, THE 
PHYSICAL RESOURCES AND STAFF TO RESPOND QUICKLY AND 
ADEQUATELY DUE TO THE SHEER VOLUME.  BUT THEY ARE MAKING 
HEROIC EFFORTS TO DO THE BEST THEY CAN UNDER DIFFICULT 
CIRCUMSTANCES. 
 
12.  AS IAS OPEN UP, THE U.N. AGENCIES AND NGOS WILL TRY 
TO TAKE THE ASSISTANCE TO THE AREAS IN AN EFFORT TO KEEP 
THE PEOPLE CLOSER TO THEIR HOME AREAS AND TO PRE-EMPT 
FURTHER MOVEMENTS INTO THE PROVINCIAL CAPITALS WHERE 
RESOURCES ARE ALREADY STRETCHED TO THE LIMITS.  THIS 
COURSE, HOWEVER, PRESENTS ADDITIONAL LOGISTICAL 
CHALLENGES AND REQUIRES MORE STAFF IN THE SHORT TERM. 
 
-------------------------- 
WFP:  READY TO RESPOND? 
-------------------------- 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ5181 
 
PAGE 01        ROME  02065  04 OF 10  291504Z 
ACTION AID-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AF-00    AGRE-00  AMAD-00  CIAE-00  SRPP-00 
      EB-00    EUR-00   UTED-00  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OES-01   OIC-02   SEC-01   TEST-00  PRM-00   SAS-00 
        /004W 
                  ------------------95A758  291519Z /38 
P 291354Z APR 02 
FM AMEMBASSY ROME 
TO AMEMBASSY LUANDA PRIORITY 
SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3467 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY KINSHASA 
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 
AMEMBASSY HARARE 
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA 
AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE 
AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK 
AMEMBASSY GABORONE 
AMEMBASSY BRAZZAVILLE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
USEU BRUSSELS 2644 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 04 OF 10 ROME 002065 
 
SIPDIS 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  02065  04 OF 10  291504Z 
FROM USMISSION ROME 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
LUANDA FOR USAID RHELLYER AND HEVANS 
GENEVA FOR RMA FOR NANCE KYLOH 
BRUSSELS FOR KFULLER AND KDEBLAUW 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USUN FOR LSHESTACK 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS:     EAID, EAGR, AORC, WFP, UN, PREF 
SUBJECT:  MOUNTING CHALLENGES LAY AHEAD FOR THE U.N. 
WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ANGOLA 
 
13.  ALREADY PROVIDING FOOD TO APPROXIMATELY ONE MILLION 
BENEFICIARIES, ENORMOUS PRESSURE IS BUILDING ON 
WFP/ANGOLA TO SIGNIFICANTLY EXPAND ITS PROGRAM IN ORDER 
TO MEET THE EMERGING NEW NEEDS THAT ARE PRESENTING 
THEMSELVES.  DURING THE SEC'S VISIT, WFP/ANGOLA SENIOR 
MANAGEMENT AND THE WFP REGIONAL DIRECTOR (WHOSE VISIT TO 
ANGOLA OVERLAPPED WITH THAT OF THE SEC'S) DID NOT SEEM 
TO HAVE A TRUE APPRECIATION OF THE URGENCY OF THE 
MOMENT.  THIS CONCERN WAS SHARED BY THE U.S. MISSION IN 
ANGOLA, OCHA, AND THE UNDP RESIDENT 
REPRESENTATIVE/HUMANITARIAN COORDINATOR (PLEASE 
PROTECT).  GIVEN THE INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF NEEDY 
ANGOLANS AT THIS MOMENT AND THE LIKELIHOOD THAT THE 
NUMBERS WILL SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASE SOON, WFP'S 
READINESS AND RAPID RESPONSE CAPACITY IS LAGGING BEHIND. 
THE WFP LOGISTICS STAFF IS BEING PROACTIVE IN PLANNING 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ROME  02065  04 OF 10  291504Z 
FOR THE NEW ENVIRONMENT, BUT THE PROGRAM SECTION HAS NOT 
EFFECTIVELY PLANNED AND PREPARED, ALTHOUGH IT IS NOW IN 
A CATCH-UP MODE. 
 
14.  ON HER FIRST DAY IN LUANDA, THE SEC RECEIVED A WFP 
PIPELINE REPORT THAT ANTICIPATED NO INCREASE IN 
BENEFICIARY LEVELS IN THE COMING MONTHS.  BY THE END OF 
THE WEEK, WFP HAD CONDUCTED A PLANNING EXERCISE THAT 
REFLECTED A POSSIBLE INCREASE OF 140,000 NEW 
BENEFICIARIES IN MAY, RISING STEADILY TO A POSSIBLE 
650,000 BY SEPTEMBER (THIS CASELOAD WOULD BE IN ADDITION 
TO THE NUMBERS IN THE NEW PRRO).  SUCH A FIGURE 
ANTICIPATES A SHORT-TERM INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF 
SPONTANEOUS ARRIVALS IN THE PROVINCIAL CAPITALS, 
REACHING THE VULNERABLE PEOPLE LOCATED IN THE 36 IAS, A 
NEAR-TERM INCREASE IN THE NEED FOR NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMS, 
REFUGEES RETURNING HOME, AND PROVIDING FOOD FOR UNITA 
FAMILIES IN 32 OF THE 38 QUARTERING AREAS.  IN APRIL, 
WFP PLANS TO PROVIDE FOOD TO APPROXIMATELY 961,000 
PERSONS, 95 PERCENT OF WHICH IS EITHER FOR EMERGENCY 
GENERAL DISTRIBUTIONS OR NUTRITIONAL FEEDING PROGRAMS. 
IT IS CONCEIVABLE THAT WFP'S CASELOAD COULD REACH 1.7 
MILLION BY LATE SUMMER.  WITH THE MAJOR PLANTING SEASON 
IN SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER, IT IS VERY LIKELY THERE WILL BE 
SIGNIFICANT FOOD NEEDS IN ANGOLA UNTIL THE HARVEST THIS 
TIME NEXT YEAR. 
 
--------------------------------------------- ------- 
WFP'S NEW PROTRACTED RELIEF AND RECOVERY OPERATION 
--------------------------------------------- ------- 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ROME  02065  04 OF 10  291504Z 
15.  OVER THE LAST FIVE MONTHS, WFP/ANGOLA HAS BEEN 
PREPARING ITS NEXT PRRO.  THE CURRENT PRRO, WHICH BEGAN 
APRIL 1, 2001, ENDS ON JUNE 30, 2002.  THE NEW PRRO 
BEGINS JULY 1, 2002 AND IS DESIGNED TO MEET THE 
EMERGENCY AND RECOVERY NEEDS OF APPROXIMATELY 1.16 
MILLION BENEFICIARIES PER MONTH OVER A PERIOD OF 18 
MONTHS.  IN IN-COUNTRY DISCUSSIONS, THE SEC RECOMMENDED 
TO WFP THAT IT AMEND THE NEW PRRO DOCUMENT TO REFLECT 
THE CURRENT SITUATION, SINCE THE CASELOAD UNDER THE 
CURRENT PRRO IS ONE MILLION.  THE NEW PRRO PROVIDES WFP 
THE FLEXIBILITY TO PROGRAMMATICALLY RESPOND TO THE NEW 
SITUATION, BUT NEITHER THE NARRATIVE, NOR THE BUDGET OR 
PIPELINE ADDRESS THE CHANGES ON THE GROUND.  THE 
PROPOSED RE-WRITES WOULD NOT BE EXTENSIVE, BUT WOULD 
PROVIDE WFP THE OPPORTUNITY TO PRESENT ITS CURRENT 
THINKING ABOUT THE CHANGING ENVIRONMENT. 
 
16.  WFP'S EXECUTIVE BOARD (EB) MUST APPROVE ALL PRRO 
DOCUMENTS AND PRIOR TO THE EB THE PRRO IS THOROUGHLY 
REVIEWED BY WFP/HQ STAFF.  IT WAS FINALIZED IN WFP 
HEADQUARTERS (HQ) BEFORE THE DEATH OF SAVIMBI IN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ5183 
 
PAGE 01        ROME  02065  05 OF 10  291505Z 
ACTION AID-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AF-00    AGRE-00  AMAD-00  CIAE-00  SRPP-00 
      EB-00    EUR-00   UTED-00  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OES-01   OIC-02   SEC-01   TEST-00  PRM-00   SAS-00 
        /004W 
                  ------------------95A765  291520Z /38 
P 291354Z APR 02 
FM AMEMBASSY ROME 
TO AMEMBASSY LUANDA PRIORITY 
SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3468 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY KINSHASA 
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 
AMEMBASSY HARARE 
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA 
AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE 
AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK 
AMEMBASSY GABORONE 
AMEMBASSY BRAZZAVILLE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
USEU BRUSSELS 2645 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 05 OF 10 ROME 002065 
 
SIPDIS 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  02065  05 OF 10  291505Z 
FROM USMISSION ROME 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
LUANDA FOR USAID RHELLYER AND HEVANS 
GENEVA FOR RMA FOR NANCE KYLOH 
BRUSSELS FOR KFULLER AND KDEBLAUW 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USUN FOR LSHESTACK 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS:     EAID, EAGR, AORC, WFP, UN, PREF 
SUBJECT:  MOUNTING CHALLENGES LAY AHEAD FOR THE U.N. 
WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ANGOLA 
FEBRUARY.  THE DOCUMENT IS THEN SENT TO THE TRANSLATORS 
FOR TRANSLATION INTO ALL THE OFFICIAL UN LANGUAGES AND 
FINALLY SENT TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE EB FOR THEIR REVIEW 
PRIOR TO THE NEXT EB, WHICH MEETS MAY 13-24. 
 
17.  THE SEC ENCOUNTERED SEVERE RESISTANCE FROM 
WFP/ANGOLA, AS WELL AS FROM WFP/HQ, REGARDING THE NOTION 
OF RE-WRITING THE DOCUMENT.  WFP FELT THE PROCESS WAS 
TOO FAR ALONG TO PULL IT BACK FOR RE-WRITES.  WFP/ANGOLA 
WILL THEREFORE PROVIDE AN ADDENDUM AT THE EB, DESCRIBING 
THE CURRENT SITUATION IN ANGOLA.  IT IS HIGHLY LIKELY 
THAT THE NEW PRRO, WHICH SPANS 18 MONTHS, WILL HAVE TO 
BE COMPRESSED TO 12-14 MONTHS TO ACCOMMODATE THE HIGHER 
BENEFICIARY FIGURES AND TONNAGE REQUIREMENTS. 
 
18. IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT THE POSSIBILITY OF ALSO 
LAUNCHING AN EMERGENCY OPERATION (EMOP) AT THIS TIME, OR 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ROME  02065  05 OF 10  291505Z 
SWITCHING TO AN EMOP INSTEAD OF A PRRO, IS NOT IDEAL IN 
THE ANGOLAN CONTEXT.  EVEN THOUGH THERE ARE SEVERE 
EMERGENCY NEEDS RIGHT NOW, WFP HAS BEEN FORCED OVER THE 
LAST YEAR TO FOCUS A LARGE PERCENTAGE OF ITS EFFORTS ON 
EMERGENCY ACTIVITIES.  THE BENEFICIARY NUMBERS WILL RISE 
IN THE SHORT TERM, BUT THE TYPES OF PROGRAMS WILL BE 
VERY SIMILAR TO ITS CURRENT EMERGENCY ACTIVITIES.  AS 
THE COUNTRY, AT LAST, MAY BE ABLE TO MOVE TOWARDS A REAL 
RECOVERY PERIOD, THE PRRO PROVIDES THE MECHANISM TO 
ACHIEVE THIS.  AND AS STATED ABOVE, THE NEW PRRO 
PROVIDES THE FLEXIBILITY TO CONDUCT EMERGENCY AND 
RECOVERY PROGRAMS SIMULTANEOUSLY. 
 
19. NOTE: WFP'S ON GOING PRRO (WHICH ENDS ON JUNE 30, 
2002), COVERS 1.04 MILLION BENEFICIARIES WITH A 228,782 
METRIC TON PROGRAM, AND IS VALUED AT USD 167.7 MILLION. 
THE PROPOSED DRAFT PRRO WOULD INCREASE THE BENEFICIARY 
COVERAGE LEVEL TO 1.16 MILLION (A TEN PERCENT INCREASE), 
(305,598 METRIC TONS), AT A COST OF USD 233.5 MILLION. 
EXPANDING WFP'S BENEFICIARY COVERAGE TO 1.7 MILLION 
WOULD FURTHER SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASE BOTH TONNAGE AND 
COST LEVELS FOR THE ANGOLA OPERATION. END NOTE. 
 
------------------ 
WFP'S PIPELINE 
------------------ 
 
20.  DEPENDING ON HOW MUCH THE CASELOAD INCREASES IN THE 
COMING WEEKS, WFP'S PIPELINE WILL SUFFER RUPTURES IN THE 
SUPPLY OF MAIZE IN LATE JUNE OR EARLY JULY.  THE RECENT 
CONTRIBUTION FROM THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ROME  02065  05 OF 10  291505Z 
(USDA) 416(B) OF 39,700 MT (WHICH INCLUDES 37,000 MT 
MAIZE, 1,000 MT OF OIL AND 1,700 MT CSB) IS DUE TO 
ARRIVE IN ANGOLAN PORTS IN TWO SHIPMENTS.  THE CSB AND 
OIL ARE PROJECTED TO ARRIVE MID-JUNE, BUT THE MAIZE NOT 
UNTIL MID TO LATE JULY.  LOOKING FURTHER DOWN THE 
CALENDAR, PULSES ARE NEEDED BEGINNING IN AUGUST, OIL AND 
SALT ARE NEEDED FOR SEPTEMBER AND ONWARDS, AND MAIZE AND 
CSB BREAK AGAIN IN OCTOBER THROUGH THE END OF THE YEAR. 
 
21.  THE NUTRITIONAL FEEDING CENTERS ARE CURRENTLY 
LACKING ADEQUATE QUANTITIES OF CORN-SOY BLEND (CSB) AND 
OIL DUE TO THE LATE ARRIVAL OF A SHIP.  SUCH SHORTAGES 
HAVE A CRITICALLY DETRIMENTAL EFFECT ON THE INTEGRITY OF 
THE PROGRAMS.  IN ADDITION, WFP HAS HAD TO STRAY OVER 
THE PAST MONTHS FROM THE INTERNATIONAL STANDARD RATION 
OF 2,100 KILOCALORIES (KC) RATION DUE TO SHORT-TERM 
BREAKS IN THE PIPELINE OF PARTICULAR COMMODITIES.  FOR 
EXAMPLE, FEBRUARY AND MARCH RATIONS FOR NEW IDPS 
CONSISTED OF 1,939 KC.  LAST SEPTEMBER AND OCTOBER 
RATIONS WERE ONLY 1,833 KC. 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ5186 
 
PAGE 01        ROME  02065  06 OF 10  291505Z 
ACTION AID-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AF-00    AGRE-00  AMAD-00  CIAE-00  SRPP-00 
      EB-00    EUR-00   UTED-00  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OES-01   OIC-02   SEC-01   TEST-00  PRM-00   SAS-00 
        /004W 
                  ------------------95A781  291520Z /38 
P 291354Z APR 02 
FM AMEMBASSY ROME 
TO AMEMBASSY LUANDA PRIORITY 
SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3469 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY KINSHASA 
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 
AMEMBASSY HARARE 
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA 
AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE 
AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK 
AMEMBASSY GABORONE 
AMEMBASSY BRAZZAVILLE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
USEU BRUSSELS 2646 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 06 OF 10 ROME 002065 
 
SIPDIS 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  02065  06 OF 10  291505Z 
FROM USMISSION ROME 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
LUANDA FOR USAID RHELLYER AND HEVANS 
GENEVA FOR RMA FOR NANCE KYLOH 
BRUSSELS FOR KFULLER AND KDEBLAUW 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USUN FOR LSHESTACK 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS:     EAID, EAGR, AORC, WFP, UN, PREF 
SUBJECT:  MOUNTING CHALLENGES LAY AHEAD FOR THE U.N. 
WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ANGOLA 
22.  TO WFP'S CREDIT AND WITH THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF 
DONORS, IT HAS BEEN RATHER AGGRESSIVE ABOUT TRIMMING 
PEOPLE FROM ITS BENEFICIARY LISTS WHEN DEEMED POSSIBLE. 
AFTER TWO PLANTING CYCLES, WFP CONDUCTS A VULNERABILITY 
ASSESSMENT OF THE IDPS IN CAMPS AND EITHER CUTS THE 
RATIONS IN HALF OR COMPLETELY BASED ON THE RESULTS OF 
THE SURVEY.  THIS HAS OCCURRED IN SIX IDP CAMPS NEAR 
LUENA, FOR INSTANCE. 
 
-------------------------------- 
POSSIBILITY OF OTHER PIPELINES 
-------------------------------- 
 
23.  WHEN MEETING WITH WFP'S IMPLEMENTING PARTNERS, THE 
SEC POSED THE QUESTION ABOUT INTEREST AMONG NGOS IN 
STARTING A SEPARATE PIPELINE.  SCF/US, WHO IS ONE OF THE 
NGOS WITH A DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (DAP) IN 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ROME  02065  06 OF 10  291505Z 
ANGOLA, SAID THAT THE FOUR DAP NGOS HAD DISCUSSED IT AND 
DECIDED THAT EVEN THOUGH THEY EXPERIENCE SOME 
FRUSTRATIONS WITH WFP'S OPERATIONS, WFP STILL HAD THE 
GREATER ABILITY TO CARRY OUT THE LOGISTICS OF MOVING 
FOOD IN ANGOLA.  THUS, THEY HAD DECIDED NOT TO PURSUE 
THE IDEA. 
 
-------------------------------------- 
WFP'S NEED FOR AGGRESSIVE RESOURCING 
-------------------------------------- 
 
24.  THE CURRENT PRRO IS 70 PERCENT RESOURCED, WITH 53 
PERCENT COMING FROM THE USG.  THE EUROPEAN UNION'S 
CONTRIBUTION IS 8 PERCENT, AND FRANCE AND ANGOLA ARE 
TIED WITH GIVING 2 PERCENT.  ALL OTHER DONORS COME IN AT 
LESS THAN 2 PERCENT. 
 
25.  THE SEC TRIED TO IMPRESS UPON THE WFP COUNTRY 
DIRECTOR (CD) THE NEED TO NOW/NOW RING THE ALARM BELLS 
ABOUT THE IMMINENT BREAKS IN THE PIPELINE.  SHE STATED 
THAT WITH THE COMPETING DROUGHT CRISIS DEVELOPING IN 
ANGOLA'S BACKYARD, CONTINUED NEEDS IN AFGHANISTAN AND 
NORTH KOREA, AND THE UNSETTLING SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE 
EAST, THAT WFP/ANGOLA WOULD HAVE TO BE AGGRESSIVE AND 
CREATIVE IN ITS RESOURCE MOBILIZATION EFFORTS. 
 
26.  AT THE SAME TIME, THE SEC URGED WFP/ANGOLA TO BE 
UNYIELDING IN PURSUING ADDITIONAL RESOURCES FROM THE GRA 
AND IN ENCOURAGING THEM TO TAKE ON THEIR SHARE OF THE 
BURDEN.  SUCH EFFORTS WOULD BE LOOKED UPON FAVORABLY BY 
THE DONORS.  THE GRA NO LONGER HAS THE WAR EXCUSE FOR 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ROME  02065  06 OF 10  291505Z 
NOT LIVING UP TO ITS RESPONSIBILITIES TO PROVIDE SOCIAL 
SERVICES TO ITS POPULATION.  THE CD REPLIED THAT HE HAS 
BEEN DOING THIS, BUT THESE EFFORTS NEED TO BE RELENTLESS 
AND SHARED WITH THE DONORS. 
 
27.  NOTE:  IN LUENA, THE GOVERNOR TOLD THE SEC THAT HE 
HAD SUBMITTED A BUDGET TO THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT 
REQUESTING 70 MILLION USD FOR THE NEXT TWO YEARS FOR 
MOXICO PROVINCE.  HE WAS AWAITING WORD FROM LUANDA.  ONE 
OF HIS FIRST PRIORITIES IS TO REPAIR KEY BRIDGES IN THE 
PROVINCE.  HE ALSO SAID THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT WAS 
REALLOCATING FUNDS THUS FAR DEDICATED TO THE WAR EFFORT 
TO SOCIAL SERVICES.  THE GRA HAS STATED ITS THREE TOP 
PRIORITIES FOR THE COUNTRY ARE THE REVITALIZATION OF 
AGRICULTURE, HEALTH, AND EDUCATION.  END NOTE. 
 
28.  COMMENT:  THE GRA IS SAYING ALL THE RIGHT THINGS, 
BUT ACTIONS ARE WHAT IS NEEDED NOW.  IF IT DOES NOT HAVE 
THE CAPACITY TO DELIVER, THEN IT COULD PROVIDE FUNDS TO 
THE U.N. AGENCIES FOR IMPLEMENTATION.  THE SEC SUGGESTED 
TO WFP, OCHA, AND TO OUR EMBASSY THAT THE GRA COULD GIVE 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ5187 
 
PAGE 01        ROME  02065  07 OF 10  291505Z 
ACTION AID-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AF-00    AGRE-00  AMAD-00  CIAE-00  SRPP-00 
      EB-00    EUR-00   UTED-00  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OES-01   OIC-02   SEC-01   TEST-00  PRM-00   SAS-00 
        /004W 
                  ------------------95A7A5  291520Z /38 
P 291354Z APR 02 
FM AMEMBASSY ROME 
TO AMEMBASSY LUANDA PRIORITY 
SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3470 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY KINSHASA 
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 
AMEMBASSY HARARE 
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA 
AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE 
AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK 
AMEMBASSY GABORONE 
AMEMBASSY BRAZZAVILLE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
USEU BRUSSELS 2647 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 07 OF 10 ROME 002065 
 
SIPDIS 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  02065  07 OF 10  291505Z 
FROM USMISSION ROME 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
LUANDA FOR USAID RHELLYER AND HEVANS 
GENEVA FOR RMA FOR NANCE KYLOH 
BRUSSELS FOR KFULLER AND KDEBLAUW 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USUN FOR LSHESTACK 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS:     EAID, EAGR, AORC, WFP, UN, PREF 
SUBJECT:  MOUNTING CHALLENGES LAY AHEAD FOR THE U.N. 
WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ANGOLA 
ALL OR A PORTION OF THE 50 MILLION USD IT IS ALLEGEDLY 
SPENDING ON FOOD TO WFP FOR PROCUREMENT, SINCE WFP HAS A 
WEALTH OF EXPERIENCE IN PURCHASING FOOD THROUGHOUT THE 
WORLD.  END COMMENT. 
 
----------------- 
ICRC'S EFFORTS 
----------------- 
 
29.  THE SEC MET WITH THE DEPUTY OF THE DELEGATION OF 
THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS (ICRC) TO 
LEARN ITS PLANS FOR FUTURE FOOD PROGRAMS.  ICRC HAS BEEN 
IN A PHASE-DOWN MODE OVER THE LAST YEAR, AND IS 
CURRENTLY PROVIDING FOR ONLY 38,000 BENEFICIARIES IN 
HUAMBO PROVINCE, COMPOSED OF IDPS AND RESIDENTS.  IT 
WILL PROVIDE SEEDS THIS FALL TO THE 38,000 AND PROVIDE 
HALF FOOD RATIONS UNTIL THE HARVEST IN MAY.  ICRC HAS 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ROME  02065  07 OF 10  291505Z 
BEEN AGGRESSIVELY STRESSING OVER THE LAST YEAR TO THE 
GRA ITS RESPONSIBILITIES, WHILE ICRC HAS PHASED DOWN. 
AT THIS CURRENT TIME, THERE ARE NO PLANS TO ADDRESS ANY 
OF THE NEW NEEDS IN HUAMBO OR ELSEWHERE, ALTHOUGH THE 
NEW HEAD OF DELEGATION WAS IN NAIROBI DISCUSSING THIS 
VERY ISSUE.  ICRC DID SAY THAT IF THERE WAS A PLACE IN 
HUAMBO THAT WFP WAS HAVING DIFFICULTY IN ACCESSING, THEN 
ICRC MAY CONSIDER ASSISTING.  ICRC IS NOT PARTICIPATING 
IN THE RAPID ASSESSMENTS, AS ALL 36 AREAS ARE OUT OF 
ICRC'S APPROVED SECURITY ZONE. 
 
--------------------------------------- 
WFP TECHNICAL ISSUES TO BE REVIEWED 
--------------------------------------- 
 
30.  THE SEC REVIEWED A NUMBER OF PROGRAM ISSUES WITH 
THE WFP PROGRAM SECTION AND ALSO WITH WFP/ANGOLA SENIOR 
MANAGEMENT.  A SUMMARY FOLLOWS BELOW: 
 
A.  THE REGISTRATION PROCESS OF NEW IDPS NEEDS TO BE 
REVIEWED AND TIGHTENED, AS THERE ARE REPORTS OF 
FALSIFICATIONS IN THE LISTS.  IT IS NOW A JOINT PROCESS 
AMONG MINARS (MINISTRY OF SOCIAL RECONSTRUCTION), WFP, 
OCHA, AND SOMETIMES THE IMPLEMENTING PARTNER (IP). 
NEEDY PEOPLE ARE REPORTEDLY GOING HUNGRY, WHILE OTHERS 
ARE RECEIVING FOOD IN CAMPS. 
 
B.  THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT 
MAPPING (VAM) WORK BEING DONE IN THE PROVINCES AND HOW 
ITS FINDINGS GUIDE THE CHOICE OF WFP'S BENEFICIARIES 
SHOULD BE CLEARER TO ALL WFP'S IPS. 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ROME  02065  07 OF 10  291505Z 
 
COMMENT:  THE WORK OF IDENTIFYING THE TRULY VULNERABLE 
WILL BECOME EVEN MORE CRITICAL DURING THE LIFE OF THE 
NEW PRRO AS THE NEED TO DOWNSIZE THE BENEFICIARY 
CASELOAD AFTER THE INITIAL INCREASE BECOMES NECESSARY. 
IT SHOULD BE NOTED TOO THAT THE STAFF OF THE VAM UNIT 
ARE AMONG THE STRONGEST IN WFP/ANGOLA.  FAO/ECU'S WORK 
WITH VAM HAS GREATLY INCREASED OVER THE LAST YEAR AND 
THE VAM DATA NOW INCLUDES THE WORK OF WFP AND FAO/ECU 
WHICH PROVIDES A MORE ROUNDED PICTURE OF THE FOOD 
SECURITY SITUATION BY PROVINCE.  END COMMENT. 
 
C.  THERE IS AN INADEQUATE NUMBER OF FOOD AID MONITORS 
IN THE WFP SUB-OFFICES.  THEY ARE NEEDED FOR OVERSIGHT 
OF DISTRIBUTIONS, AS WELL AS FOR POST-DISTRIBUTION 
MONITORING.  SOME NOW ARE ALMOST COMPLETELY DEDICATED TO 
OVERSIGHT OF FFW PROJECTS.  THE DETERMINATION OF THE 
NUMBER OF MONITORS IS A BUDGET ISSUE THAT NEEDS TO 
REVIEWED. 
 
D.  POST-DISTRIBUTION MONITORING (PDM) IS NOT BEING 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ5190 
 
PAGE 01        ROME  02065  08 OF 10  291506Z 
ACTION AID-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AF-00    AGRE-00  AMAD-00  CIAE-00  SRPP-00 
      EB-00    EUR-00   UTED-00  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OES-01   OIC-02   SEC-01   TEST-00  PRM-00   SAS-00 
        /004W 
                  ------------------95A7B4  291521Z /38 
P 291354Z APR 02 
FM AMEMBASSY ROME 
TO AMEMBASSY LUANDA PRIORITY 
SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3471 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY KINSHASA 
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 
AMEMBASSY HARARE 
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA 
AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE 
AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK 
AMEMBASSY GABORONE 
AMEMBASSY BRAZZAVILLE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
USEU BRUSSELS 2648 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 08 OF 10 ROME 002065 
 
SIPDIS 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  02065  08 OF 10  291506Z 
FROM USMISSION ROME 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
LUANDA FOR USAID RHELLYER AND HEVANS 
GENEVA FOR RMA FOR NANCE KYLOH 
BRUSSELS FOR KFULLER AND KDEBLAUW 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USUN FOR LSHESTACK 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS:     EAID, EAGR, AORC, WFP, UN, PREF 
SUBJECT:  MOUNTING CHALLENGES LAY AHEAD FOR THE U.N. 
WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ANGOLA 
IMPLEMENTED IN MOST PLACES.  PDM IS CRUCIAL TO 
UNDERSTANDING HOW THE FOOD IS USED, WHETHER OR NOT THE 
QUANTITIES ARE ADEQUATE OR TOO HIGH, AND TO MONITOR 
NEFARIOUS ACTIVITIES THAT HAVE BEEN HIGHLIGHTED IN THE 
SCF/UK REPORT ON SEXUAL EXPLOITATION IN THE REFUGEE 
CAMPS IN WEST AFRICA.  THE SEC CLEARLY STRESSED THE 
IMPORTANCE OF ADDING THIS ELEMENT TO WFP'S PROGRAM. 
(NOTE:  THE WFP EVALUATION MISSION ALSO MADE THIS 
RECOMMENDATION TO WFP/ANGOLA.  END NOTE.) 
 
E.  THE SEC HEARD THAT TENSIONS WERE STARTING BETWEEN 
THE OLDER IDPS AND THE NEWER CASELOAD, WITH SOME OF THE 
NEWER CASELOAD COMPOSED OF UNITA FAMILIES.  THE OLDER 
IDPS, SOME OF WHOM HAVE BEEN CUT FROM WFP'S BENEFICIARY 
LISTS DUE TO THEIR LEVEL OF COPING MECHANISMS, HAVE 
BEGUN TO COMPLAIN THAT THEY WERE DISPLACED BECAUSE OF 
UNITA'S WAR EFFORTS AND NOW UNITA FAMILIES ARE RECEIVING 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ROME  02065  08 OF 10  291506Z 
FOOD, WHEN THEIR OWN RATIONS HAVE BEEN CUT.  THIS WAS 
FLAGGED AS AN ISSUE THAT MAY HAVE TO BE ADDRESSED BY WFP 
IN THE NEAR FUTURE. 
 
F.  THE SEC SUGGESTED THAT DISTRIBUTION METHODS (CLUSTER 
VERSUS SCOOPING) BE REVIEWED FOR EFFICIENCY AND 
EFFECTIVENESS.  WFP/ANGOLA WAS REQUESTED TO CONSIDER 
PROVIDING ITS IPS WITH GUIDELINES REGARDING FOOD 
DISTRIBUTION BEST PRACTICES. 
 
G.  WFP NEEDS TO IMPROVE ITS COORDINATION, TRANSPARENCY, 
AND INFORMATION FLOW WITH ITS IPS.  SPECIFYING ONE OR 
TWO WFP INTERLOCUTORS (RATHER THAN A MYRIAD) FOR 
PROGRAMMING ISSUES WOULD GREATLY REDUCE CONFUSION.  THE 
IPS SAID THEY ARE NOT RECEIVING ON A REGULAR BASIS THE 
MONTHLY PROVINCIAL COMMODITY ALLOTMENTS, NOR ARE THEY 
RECEIVING REPORTS OF WHAT WAS ACTUALLY DISTRIBUTED IN 
THE PROVINCES BY THE NGOS.  WFP AGREED TO IMMEDIATELY 
START COPYING ALL THE LUANDA NGO OFFICES ON THE MONTHLY 
PROVINCIAL ALLOTMENTS IN AN EFFORT TO IMPROVE 
COMMUNICATIONS. 
 
H.  FOOD-FOR-WORK (FFW) PROJECTS.  UNDER THE CURRENT 
PRRO, FFW PROJECTS WERE TO MAKE UP THIRTY PERCENT OF 
WFP'S WORK.  BUT EVEN BEFORE THE PRRO BEGAN IN APRIL 
2001, THE FAA WAS CONDUCTING OPERATIONS IN AREAS THAT 
GENERATED LARGE NUMBERS OF IDPS, AND THOSE NUMBERS 
CONTINUED TO RISE.  THERE WERE NOT ENOUGH RESOURCES TO 
ACCOMMODATE THE GROWING EMERGENCY NEEDS, THEREFORE FFW 
PROJECTS HAD TO BE SCALED BACK AND TODAY MAKE UP 
APPROXIMATELY 5 PERCENT OF WFP'S TOTAL CASELOAD.  AS WFP 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ROME  02065  08 OF 10  291506Z 
STRUGGLES TO MAINTAIN ITS PIPELINE TO MEET EMERGENCY 
NEEDS, COMMODITIES AVAILABLE FOR FFW ACTIVITIES WILL 
MOST LIKELY REMAIN IN SHORT SUPPLY.  THIS WILL IMPACT 
THE NUMBER OF INFRASTRUCTURE REHABILITATION PROJECTS 
THAT CAN BE SUPPORTED BY FFW FOR MONTHS TO COME. 
 
------------------ 
RECOMMENDATIONS 
------------------ 
 
31.  RECOMMENDATIONS ARE AS FOLLOWS: 
 
-  IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT FOR THE DONOR COMMUNITY TO 
STRONGLY SUPPORT WFP'S EFFORTS NOW.  SOME OF THE 
DIFFICULTIES THAT WFP HAS BEEN ENCOUNTERING WITH ITS 
RATIONS AND PIPELINE STEM FROM LACK OF DONOR SUPPORT 
(OTHERS ARE DUE TO LATE SHIPMENTS).  THIS MAY HAVE BEEN 
UNDERSTANDABLE BECAUSE OF THE EXTENDED WAR, BUT THIS IS 
MOMENT IS THE MOST POSITIVE OPPORTUNITY FOR LASTING 
PEACE WE HAVE SEEN IN THE LAST THIRTY YEARS.  A DEMARCHE 
TO DONORS WOULD BE HELPFUL IN HIGHLIGHTING ANGOLA'S 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ5194 
 
PAGE 01        ROME  02065  09 OF 10  291506Z 
ACTION AID-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AF-00    AGRE-00  AMAD-00  CIAE-00  SRPP-00 
      EB-00    EUR-00   UTED-00  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OES-01   OIC-02   SEC-01   TEST-00  PRM-00   SAS-00 
        /004W 
                  ------------------95A7BC  291521Z /38 
P 291354Z APR 02 
FM AMEMBASSY ROME 
TO AMEMBASSY LUANDA PRIORITY 
SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3472 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY KINSHASA 
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 
AMEMBASSY HARARE 
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA 
AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE 
AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK 
AMEMBASSY GABORONE 
AMEMBASSY BRAZZAVILLE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
USEU BRUSSELS 2649 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 09 OF 10 ROME 002065 
 
SIPDIS 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  02065  09 OF 10  291506Z 
FROM USMISSION ROME 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
LUANDA FOR USAID RHELLYER AND HEVANS 
GENEVA FOR RMA FOR NANCE KYLOH 
BRUSSELS FOR KFULLER AND KDEBLAUW 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USUN FOR LSHESTACK 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS:     EAID, EAGR, AORC, WFP, UN, PREF 
SUBJECT:  MOUNTING CHALLENGES LAY AHEAD FOR THE U.N. 
WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ANGOLA 
CURRENT STORY AND IMMEDIATE NEEDS. 
 
-  AT THE SAME TIME, THE DONOR COMMUNITY IN LUANDA AND 
THE U.N. MUST MAINTAIN UNRELENTING PRESSURE ON THE GRA 
TO FULFILL ITS RESPONSIBILITIES TO ITS POPULATION.  IF 
IT DOES NOT HAVE THE LOGISTICAL CAPACITY OR EXPERTISE AT 
THIS MOMENT TO IMPLEMENT SOCIAL SERVICES, IT COULD VERY 
WELL PROVIDE FUNDING TO THE U.N. AGENCIES IN THE SHORT 
TERM.  DONORS WILL ONLY FULLY SUPPORT THE HUMANITARIAN 
COMMUNITY, IF THEY ARE CONFIDENT THAT THE GRA WILL NOW 
TAKE ITS RESPONSIBILITIES SERIOUSLY. 
 
-  WFP IS EXPECTING SERIOUS PIPELINE BREAKS OF MAIZE IN 
LATE JUNE OR EARLY JULY.  THE BREAK WILL BE ABOUT 4-6 
WEEKS IN DURATION.  CASH IS NEEDED NOW TO COVER THE GAP. 
 
-  USDA SHOULD EXPLORE THE POSSIBILITY OF ACCELERATING 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        ROME  02065  09 OF 10  291506Z 
ITS MAIZE SHIPMENT OF 37,000 MT. 
 
-  WHEREVER POSSIBLE, ALL EFFORTS SHOULD BE MADE BY THE 
HUMANITARIAN COMMUNITY TO ADDRESS THE NEEDS OF THE 
PEOPLE NEAR THEIR HOME AREAS.  THE PROVINCIAL CAPITALS 
ARE STRETCHED TO THE MAXIMUM.  IT SHOULD BE RECOGNIZED 
HOWEVER, THAT SUCH EFFORTS COME WITH THE NEED FOR 
ADDITIONAL LOGISTICAL SUPPORT AND STAFF IN THE SHORT 
TERM. 
 
-    WFP/HQ SENIOR MANAGEMENT SHOULD SUPPORT WFP/ANGOLA 
   TO MEET THE CHALLENGES IT IS CURRENTLY FACING. 
   ADDITIONAL STAFF MAY BE NEEDED DURING THE NEXT SIX 
   MONTHS. 
 
-  MULTIPLE LESSONS WERE LEARNED DURING THE 1995/96 
DEMOBILIZATION EFFORT.  THE CURRENT HUMANITARIAN 
COMMUNITY IN LUANDA SHOULD SEEK OUT THE LESSONS LEARNED 
FROM THAT PERIOD.  ALSO SOME TRANSFERENCE OF LESSONS 
LEARNED MIGHT COME FROM SIERRA LEONE'S CURRENT EFFORTS. 
 
-  WFP/ANGOLA'S PROGRAMMING SHOULD ADAPT THE FOLLOWING: 
 
A.  THE REGISTRATION PROCESS OF NEW IDPS NEEDS TO BE 
REVIEWED AND TIGHTENED. 
 
B.  THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT 
MAPPING (VAM) WORK BEING DONE IN THE PROVINCES AND HOW 
ITS FINDINGS GUIDE THE CHOICE OF WFP'S BENEFICIARIES 
SHOULD BE CLEARER TO ALL WFP'S IPS. 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        ROME  02065  09 OF 10  291506Z 
C.  THE NUMBER OF FOOD AID MONITORS IN THE WFP SUB- 
OFFICES NEEDS TO BE INCREASED SO THAT ADEQUATE OVERSIGHT 
OF DISTRIBUTIONS AND POST-DISTRIBUTION MONITORING CAN BE 
PERFORMED. 
 
D.  POST-DISTRIBUTION MONITORING (PDM) IS NOT BEING 
IMPLEMENTED IN MOST PLACES AND NEEDS TO BEGIN POSTHASTE. 
 
E.  WFP NEEDS TO MONITOR AND PREPARE FOR POTENTIAL 
TENSIONS BETWEEN THE OLDER IDPS AND THE NEWER CASELOAD, 
SOME OF WHICH ARE COMPOSED OF UNITA FAMILIES. 
 
F. DISTRIBUTION METHODS (CLUSTER VERSUS SCOOPING) SHOULD 
BE REVIEWED FOR EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS. 
 
G.  WFP NEEDS TO IMPROVE ITS COORDINATION, TRANSPARENCY, 
AND INFORMATION FLOW WITH ITS IPS.  SPECIFYING ONE OR 
TWO WFP INTERLOCUTORS (RATHER THAN A MYRIAD) FOR 
PROGRAMMING ISSUES WOULD GREATLY REDUCE CONFUSION. 
 
H.  FOR THE IMMEDIATE FUTURE, FOOD-FOR-WORK (FFW) AND 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ5196 
 
PAGE 01        ROME  02065  10 OF 10  291506Z 
ACTION AID-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AF-00    AGRE-00  AMAD-00  CIAE-00  SRPP-00 
      EB-00    EUR-00   UTED-00  TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    NSAE-00 
      NSCE-00  OES-01   OIC-02   SEC-01   TEST-00  PRM-00   SAS-00 
        /004W 
                  ------------------95A7C6  291521Z /38 
P 291354Z APR 02 
FM AMEMBASSY ROME 
TO AMEMBASSY LUANDA PRIORITY 
SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 3473 
INFO USMISSION GENEVA 
AMEMBASSY KINSHASA 
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 
AMEMBASSY HARARE 
AMEMBASSY LUSAKA 
AMEMBASSY YAOUNDE 
AMEMBASSY WINDHOEK 
AMEMBASSY GABORONE 
AMEMBASSY BRAZZAVILLE 
USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 
 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
USEU BRUSSELS 2650 
 
UNCLAS SECTION 10 OF 10 ROME 002065 
 
SIPDIS 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        ROME  02065  10 OF 10  291506Z 
FROM USMISSION ROME 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
LUANDA FOR USAID RHELLYER AND HEVANS 
GENEVA FOR RMA FOR NANCE KYLOH 
BRUSSELS FOR KFULLER AND KDEBLAUW 
NSC FOR JDWORKEN 
USUN FOR LSHESTACK 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS:     EAID, EAGR, AORC, WFP, UN, PREF 
SUBJECT:  MOUNTING CHALLENGES LAY AHEAD FOR THE U.N. 
WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IN ANGOLA 
FOOD FOR ASSET CREATION (IN THE NEW PRRO) RECOVERY 
PROGRAMS WILL HAVE TO TAKE A BACK SEAT TO EMERGENCY 
NEEDS.  AS SOON AS PEOPLE REGAIN THEIR STRENGTH, 
HOWEVER, A RENEWED EMPHASIS SHOULD BE PLACED ON THESE 
PROGRAMS TO HELP REBUILD ANGOLA.  HEILEMAN 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
> 
 2002ROME02065 - Classification: UNCLASSIFIED 


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