US embassy cable - 89SHENYANG1301

NORTHEAST CHINA STUDENTS REACT TO BEIJING MASSACRES

Identifier: 89SHENYANG1301
Wikileaks: View 89SHENYANG1301 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Consulate Shenyang
Created: 1989-06-04 15:00:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED
Tags: PGOV SOCI PHUM CH
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
O 041500Z JUN 89
FM AMCONSUL SHENYANG
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 8372
INFO AMEMBASSY BEIJING
AMCONSUL GUANGZHOU
AMCONSUL HONG KONG
AMCONSUL SHANGHAI
AMEMBASSY SEOUL
AMEMBASSY TOKYO
AIT TAIPEI
USCINCPAC HONOLULU HI//POLAD//
USMISSION USNATO
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 SHENYANG 1301 
 
BEIJING PASS CHENGDU 
DEPARTMENT PASS ELECTRONICALLY TO USTR 
 
E.O. 12356: NA 
TAGS:  PGOV, SOCI, PHUM, CH 
SUBJECT:  NORTHEAST CHINA STUDENTS REACT TO BEIJING 
MASSACRES 
 
REF:  SHENYANG 1286 AND PREVIOUS 
 
1.  SUMMARY:  NORTHEAST STUDENTS TODAY RESPONDED TO 
NEWS OF THE PEOPLES LIBERATION ARMYS FIRING ON PRO- 
DEMOCRACY DEMONSTRATORS IN BEIJING BY ORGANIZING 
ORDERLY FUNERAL PROCESSIONS AND PROTEST MARCHES TO 
SPREAD THE WORD TO STUNNED AND SYMPATHETIC CITIZENS. 
THE STUDENTS ATTACKED THE USE OF BRUTAL FORCE, MOURNED 
THE DEAD, AND CARRIED BANNERS DEMANDING THE STRANGLING 
OF LI PENG.  SOME SHENYANG STUDENTS PARADED THROUGH AN 
INDUSTRIAL DISTRICT, BUT NO WORKERS JOINED IN THE 
MARCHES.  END SUMMARY. 
 
2.  OVER FIVE THOUSAND SHENYANG STUDENTS FROM THE 
AVIATION COLLEGE, LIAONING UNIVERSITY, POLYTECHNIC 
UNIVERSITY, AND NORTHEAST UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY 
PARADED IN FUNERAL PROCESSIONS AND PROTEST MARCHES 
TODAY TO INFORM CITIZENS OF THE BEIJING MASSACRES.  THE 
ORGANIZED AND ORDERLY MARCHES COVERED A LARGE SECTION 
OF THE CITY, INCLUDING THE INDUSTRIAL TIEXI DISTRICT. 
THERE WAS NO ATTEMPT TO INCITE CITY RESIDENTS. 
ONLOOKERS APPEARED SADDENED AND SYMPATHETIC.  THEY 
APPLAUDED TO SUPPORT STUDENTS CALLS FOR OPPOSING THE 
USE OF VIOLENCE AND FOR OVERTHROWING AND STRANGLING LI 
PENG.  STUDENTS AND WORKERS DO NOT EXPECT ANY PROTEST 
ACTIVITY OTHER THAN CONTINUED STUDENT DEMONSTRATIONS. 
 
3.  DESIGNATED STUDENTS WALKED NEXT TO ONLOOKERS 
PASSING ON THE CHIEF MESSAGE THAT THE PLA OPENED FIRE 
ON STUDENTS AND BEIJING RESIDENTS TODAY RESULTING IN 
MANY CASUALTIES.  CHANTS AND BANNERS CALLED FOR 
OPPOSING THE BRUTAL SLAUGHTERS AND WHAT THEY TERM 
FASCISM.  THEY ARE PROFOUNDLY AFRAID THAT THE LOSS OF 
LIVES WAS IN VAIN AND CALL FOR REPAYMENT IN BLOOD. 
SLOGANS TARGETED LI PENG FOR OVERTHROW AND DEATH BY 
STRANGULATION.  BANNERS ALSO ATTACKED DENG XIAOPING AS 
THE "TRUE POISON" BEHIND THE SHOOTINGS.  IN BETWEEN 
SHOUTINGS OF SLOGANS, MARCHERS MOURNFULLY SANG 
"INTERNATIONALE."  LIAONING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS HAD A 
BANNER THAT READ, "FIRE YOUR GUNS AT US, WERE GUILTY 
OF PATRIOTISM."  THE STUDENTS ARE STUNNED AND INDIGNANT 
ABOUT THE BEIJING TRAGEDY. 
 
4.  ELSEWHERE IN THE NORTHEAST, STUDENTS FROM THE AREAS 
KEY UNIVERSITIES LED MOCK FUNERAL MARCHES (IN DALIAN 
AND HARBIN) TO PROTEST THE GOVERNMENTS POLICY OF 
VIOLENCE.  IN HARBIN, TWO THOUSAND STUDENTS FROM THE 
HARBIN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY MARCHED IN PROTEST 
SUNDAY AFTERNOON.  IN DALIAN, DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF 
TECHNOLOGY (DUT) STUDENTS HAD BEGUN THEIR PROTEST ON 
SATURDAY NIGHT UPON RECEIVING THE NEWS THAT TROOPS HAD 
BEGUN TO MOVE IN BEIJING.  FROM 11:00 P.M. ON SATURDAY 
UNTIL 2:00 A.M. ON SUNDAY, MORE THAN TWO THOUSAND DUT 
STUDENTS PARADED THROUGHOUT THE DUT CAMPUS CALLING ON 
TEACHERS TO JOIN THEM IN CONDEMNING GOVERNMENT 
ACTIONS.  ON SUNDAY, WHILE DUT STUDENTS RESTED, THREE 
THOUSAND OTHER MARCHERS -- INCLUDING STUDENTS FROM THE 
DALIAN MARINE COLLEGE AND THE NORTHEAST FINANCE 
UNIVERSITY -- TOOK TO THE STREETS IN A MOCK FUNERAL 
MARCH TO MOURN THE DEATHS OF THE BEIJING STUDENTS AND 
TO CONDEMN GOVERNMENT ACTIONS.  SUNDAY AFTERNOON, DUT 
STUDENTS DEBATED THE MERITS OF ABANDONING THE 
UNIVERSITY, NOT JUST BOYCOTTING CLASSES. 
 
5.  WHILE MANY IN THE NORTHEAST RECEIVED THE NEWS 
FROM BEIJING WITH STUNNED DISBELIEF, STUDENTS IN 
CHANGCHUN REACTED LESS PASSIVELY.  ACCORDING TO A 
RELIABLE CONSULATE SOURCE, MORE THAN TEN THOUSAND 
ANGRY AND DEFIANT STUDENTS -- LED BY STUDENTS FROM 
JILIN UNIVERSITY AND NORTHEAST NORMAL UNIVERSITY -- 
PARADED THROUGH THE STREETS OF CHANGCHUN THIS 
AFTERNOON, BRANDISHING SIGNS DECLARING THEIR 
COMMITMENT TO THE DEMOCRACY MOVEMENT ("WE ARE NOT 
AFRAID"), CONDEMNING LI PENG ("STRANGLE LI PENG"), 
AND MOURNING THE LOSS OF STUDENT LIVES.  SEVERAL 
MARCHERS WORE SHIRTS EMBLAZONED WITH THE CHINESE 
CHARACTERS FOR "FREEDOM" SPLATTERED WITH BLOOD. 
 
6.  IN NONE OF THE NORTHEASTERN CITIES WERE ANY LARGE 
CONCENTRATIONS OF POLICE OR MILITARY NOTED, ALTHOUGH 
SOME OBSERVERS REPORTED SEEING SIGNIFICANT NUMBERS OF 
NON-UNIFORMED POLICE AT THE VARIOUS MARCH SITES. 
 
 
LEAHY 

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