US embassy cable - 01HANOI3124

SLOW BUT STEADY ARGENTINA-VIETNAM RELATIONSHIP

Identifier: 01HANOI3124
Wikileaks: View 01HANOI3124 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Hanoi
Created: 2001-11-28 09:26:00
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
Tags: PREL PTER ETRD ENRG VM AR CTERR
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

280926Z Nov 01

 2001HANOI03124 - UNCLASSIFIED
 
 
 
                           UNCLASSIFIED     PTQ5116

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ACTION EAP-00   

INFO  LOG-00   COR-01   NP-00    AID-00   AMAD-00  A-00     ACQ-00   
      CA-01    CCO-00   CEA-01   CG-00    CIAE-00  COME-00  CTME-00  
      INL-00   DINT-00  DOEE-00  ITCE-00  DOTE-00  WHA-00   SRPP-00  
      DS-00    EB-00    EXME-00  E-00     FAAE-00  FBIE-00  UTED-00  
      VC-00    FRB-00   H-01     TEDE-00  INR-00   INSE-00  ITC-01   
      L-00     VCE-00   MOFM-05  MOF-00   M-00     AC-01    DCP-01   
      NRCE-00  NSAE-00  NSCE-00  OCS-03   OES-01   OMB-01   OPIC-01  
      PA-00    PC-01    PM-00    PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SCT-00   
      SP-00    SSO-00   SS-00    STR-00   TEST-00  TRSE-00  USIE-00  
      USSS-00  ASDS-01  EPAE-00  PMB-00   DSCC-00  DRL-02   G-00     
      NFAT-00  SAS-00   SWCI-00    /022W
                  ------------------452409  300740Z /38    
FM AMEMBASSY HANOI
TO SECSTATE WASHDC 4871
INFO AMCONSUL HO CHI MINH CITY 
AMEMBASSY BUENOS AIRES 
SECDEF WASHDC//ISA/ABLAGG//
USCINCPAC HONOLULU HI//FPA//
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 HANOI 003124 
 
SIPDIS 
 
C O R R E C T E D  C O P Y - ADDING MCNS FOR BUENOS AIRES 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 02        HANOI  03124  01 OF 02  300036Z 
 
STATE FOR EAP/BCLTV; ARA/BSC 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PREL, PTER, ETRD, ENRG, VM, AR, CTERR 
SUBJECT:  SLOW BUT STEADY ARGENTINA-VIETNAM RELATIONSHIP 
 
 
1.  (SBU)  SUMMARY.  A RECENT VISIT BY ARGENTINA'S DEPUTY 
FOREIGN MINISTER UNDERSCORED A SHARED DETERMINATION TO 
ADVANCE THE LIMITED ARGENTINA-VIETNAM BILATERAL 
RELATIONSHIP.  THE VISIT FOCUSED ON ECONOMIC AND TRADE 
ISSUES AND ALSO INCLUDED A FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT ON THE 
PEACEFUL USE OF NUCLEAR ENERGY.  THOUGH INCREASINGLY REGULAR 
EXCHANGES USUALLY AVOID RAISING CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES, THIS 
VISIT DID INCLUDE AN AFFIRMATION OF SUPPORT FOR COUNTERING 
INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM.  END SUMMARY. 
 
2.  (U) DURING A VISIT TO VIETNAM NOVEMBER 18-21, 
ARGENTINA'S DEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTER HORACIO CHIGHIZOLA 
FOCUSED PRIMARILY ON PROMOTING BILATERAL TRADE, WHICH 
AMOUNTED TO ONLY ABOUT USD 47 MILLION IN 2000.  HE WAS 
ACCOMPANIED BY EIGHT BUSINESS LEADERS, REPRESENTING 12 
ARGENTINEAN COMPANIES.  DFM CHIGHIZOLA MET WITH HIS 
COUNTERPART, VICE FOREIGN MINISTER NGUYEN DINH BIN, AND ALSO 
CALLED ON FOREIGN MINISTER NGUYEN DY NIEN, TRADE MINISTER VU 
KHOAN, AND MINISTER OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND ENVIRONMENT 
CHU TUAN NHA, ACCORDING TO THE MFA AND PRESS REPORTS. 
CHIGHIZOLA PARTICIPATED IN "SEVERAL BUSINESS ROUNDTABLE 
DISCUSSIONS," ACCORDING TO ARGENTINEAN EMBOFF MARCELO 
GILARDONI. 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 03        HANOI  03124  01 OF 02  300036Z 
 
----------------------------------------- 
STEADILY IMPROVING BILATERAL RELATIONSHIP 
----------------------------------------- 
 
3.  (SBU)  MFA AMERICAS DEPARTMENT SENIOR EXPERT LE THANH 
TUNG NOTED THAT WHILE VIETNAM AND ARGENTINA HAD ESTABLISHED 
DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS IN 1973, "UP TO THE EARLY 90S, WE HAD 
ALMOST NO RELATIONSHIP."  SINCE 1993, HE ADDED, THE TWO 
COUNTRIES HAVE SEEN A "STEADY IMPROVEMENT" IN THE BILATERAL 
RELATIONSHIP, WITH A SERIES OF SENIOR LEVEL VISITS AND THE 
ESTABLISHMENT OF RESIDENT EMBASSIES. (NOTE:  VIETNAM 
REPRESENTATION IS LIMITED IN LATIN AMERICA TO CUBA, MEXICO, 
BRAZIL, AND ARGENTINA.  END NOTE.)   FROM BUENOS AIRES, HE 
CITED VISITS IN 1996 BY THE FOREIGN MINISTER, IN 1997 BY THE 
PRESIDENT, AND IN 1998 BY THE MINISTER OF JUSTICE.  ON THE 
GVN SIDE, TUNG NOTED VARIOUS MINISTERIAL LEVEL VISITS, 
INCLUDING IN 2001 BY THE MFA'S FIRST VICE MINISTER AS WELL 
AS THE MINISTER OF CULTURE AND SPORTS.  IN 1999, DEPUTY 
PRIME MINISTER CAM VISITED ARGENTINA IN HIS THEN-CONCURRENT 
CAPACITY AS FOREIGN MINISTER. 
 
4.  (SBU)  TUNG SAID THAT PREVIOUS VISITS HAD RESULTED IN 
AGREEMENTS ON ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND INVESTMENT PROTECTION. 
HE NOTED THAT THE SECOND MEETING OF THE JOINT VIETNAMESE- 
ARGENTINEAN GOVERNMENTAL COMMISSION FOR ECONOMIC COOPERATION 
IS EXPECTED TO OCCUR IN BUENOS AIRES "PROBABLY NEXT MARCH OR 
APRIL" AND THAT ITS PREPARATIONS WERE AMONG THE TOPICS 
DISCUSSED BY DFM CHIGHIZOLA.  A SENIOR SRV TRADE MINISTRY 
OFFICIAL AND "SEVERAL PROMINENT" VIETNAMESE BUSINESSPEOPLE 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 04        HANOI  03124  01 OF 02  300036Z 
ARE EXPECTED TO ATTEND. 
 
------------------- 
MODEST TRADE VOLUME 
------------------- 
 
5.  (SBU)  ALTHOUGH THE BILATERAL TRADE VOLUME REMAINS 
MODEST, TUNG HIGHLIGHTED ITS INCREASE FROM USD 11.5 MILLION 
IN 1993 TO USD 47 MILLION IN 2000.  VIETNAM EXPORTS RICE, 
RUBBER, FOOTWEAR, AND SOME HANDICRAFTS TO ARGENTINA, WHILE 
IMPORTING BEEF, OLIVE OIL, WINE, AND FISH POWDER.  TUNG 
ADMITTED THAT CURRENT TRADE "HAS NOT MET OUR EXPECTATIONS OR 
POTENTIAL."  EMBOFF GILARDONI NOTED THAT THE PRIMARY FACTORS 
LIMITING TRADE ARE THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THE COUNTRIES, A 
LACK OF FAMILIARITY WITH EACH OTHER'S MARKET CONDITIONS, AND 
THE "GRAVE FINANCIAL CRISIS" IN ARGENTINA.  BOTH OFFICIALS 
STATED THAT THE NEED TO INCREASE TRADE WAS A FOCUS OF THE 
DFM'S MEETINGS.  ACCORDING TO GILARDONI, THERE ARE NO JOINT 
VENTURES YET, BUT BOTH SIDES ARE "HOPEFUL" THAT PROGRESS IN 
THIS AREA WILL OCCUR AFTER THE NEXT JOINT COMMISSION 
MEETING. 
 
--------------------------- 
AGREEMENT ON NUCLEAR ENERGY 
--------------------------- 
 
6.  (SBU)  DURING THE DPM'S VISIT, THE TWO SIDES SIGNED A 
FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT ON THE PEACEFUL USE OF NUCLEAR ENERGY. 
ACCORDING TO TUNG, THIS AGREEMENT "IS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE 
NUCLEAR DEVELOPMENT REGULATIONS OF BOTH COUNTRIES."   HE 
NOTED THAT BOTH COUNTRIES WILL EXCHANGE VISITS OF EXPERTS, 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
PAGE 05        HANOI  03124  01 OF 02  300036Z 
BUT DID NOT PROVIDE SPECIFICS AS TO WHAT POTENTIAL PROJECTS 
MIGHT RESULT FROM THIS AGREEMENT, WHICH HE DESCRIBED AS 
RATHER "GENERAL." 
 
----------------------------------------- 
MUM ON POLITICAL ISSUES--EXCEPT TERRORISM 
----------------------------------------- 
 
7.  (SBU)  TUNG AND EMBOFF GILARDONI STATED SEPARATELY THAT 
THIS AND PREVIOUS VISITS HAVE "FOCUSED ON ECONOMICS" AND 
ONLY DISCUSSED POLITICAL ISSUES TO THE EXTENT THERE ARE 
"MUTUAL INTERESTS."  BOTH OFFICIALS SAID THAT ISSUES SUCH AS 
HUMAN RIGHTS AND RELIGIOUS FREEDOM ARE NEVER ON THE AGENDA. 
TUNG EMPHASIZED, HOWEVER, THAT THE ISSUE OF TERRORISM WAS 
RAISED AND THAT BOTH SIDES "REAFFIRMED THEIR COMMITMENT TO 
FIGHTING INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM."  TUNG ADDED THAT BOTH 
SIDES AGREED THIS SHOULD BE DONE IN ACCORDANCE WITH 
"INTERNATIONALLY ACCEPTED PRINCIPLES." 
PORTER 
 
                       UNCLASSIFIED 
 
 


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