US embassy cable - 01VATICAN3507 (original version)

THE VATICAN-- THE SUPRANATIONAL POWER (original version)

Identifier: 01VATICAN3507
Wikileaks: View 01VATICAN3507 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Vatican
Created: 2001-07-03 12:03:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: PREL PHUM IS EG CH ID PHUM IS EG CH ID PHUM IS EG CH ID PHUM IS EG CH ID VT VTPREL VTPREL VTPREL
Redacted: This cable was redacted by Wikileaks. [Show redacted version] [Compare redacted and unredacted version]
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 04 VATICAN 003507 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT. FOR EUR/WE, PD/ECA (SEXTON), WHITE HOUSE FOR JOSEPH 
HAGIN, BRADLEY BLAKEMAN AND MARY HAINES, PLEASE PASS TO 
NSC FOR AMB. FREID 
 
EMBASSY VATICAN MESSAGE NO. 107/01 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/02/11 
 
TAGS: PREL, PHUM, IS, EG, CH, ID, PHUM, IS, EG, CH, ID, PHUM, IS, EG, CH, ID, PHUM, IS, EG, CH, ID, VT, VTPREL, VTPREL, VTPREL 
SUBJECT:  THE VATICAN-- THE SUPRANATIONAL POWER 
 
REF:  00 ROME 0988 
 
1. (U) CLASSIFIED BY CDA JOSEPH MERANTE FOR REASONS 1.5 
(B) AND (D). 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        VATICA  03507  01 OF 04  031719Z 
 
BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION 
--------------------------- 
 
2. (U) THIS CABLE PROVIDES ADDITIONAL BACKGROUND 
INFORMATION FOR THE PLANNED PRESIDENTIAL MEETING WITH THE 
POPE.  IT UPDATES REFTEL, OUTLINING ASPECTS OF THE USG- 
HOLY SEE RELATIONSHIP THAT WE BELIEVE WILL REQUIRE U.S. 
ATTENTION IN THE NEAR AND MIDTERM. THE MIDDLE EAST WILL 
FEATURE PROMINENTLY.  IN ASIA, VATICAN PRIORITIES WILL 
REMAIN FOCUSED ON CHINA, TAIWAN, VIETNAM AND 
INDONESIA/EAST TIMOR. THE VATICAN IS INVOLVED IN 
MEDIATING AFRICA'S GREAT LAKES CONFLICT, WHILE CUBA LOOMS 
LARGE AMONG VATICAN INTERESTS IN LATIN AMERICA.  THIS 
CABLE IDENTIFIES AREAS IN WHICH THE U.S. AND THE VATICAN 
SHARE INTERESTS, AND AREAS IN WHICH THERE ARE POLICY 
DIFFERENCES. 
 
3. (U) BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION (CONT'D): THE HOLY SEE 
IS A SUPRANATIONAL ENTITY THAT HAS ITS CAPITAL AND 
TERRITORIAL MANIFESTATION IN THE STATE OF VATICAN CITY. 
THE UNITED STATES BASED ITS 1984 RECOGNITION OF THE HOLY 
SEE IN PART ON THE FACT THAT THE HOLY SEE EXERCISES 
SOVEREIGNTY OVER THE 109 ACRES OF THE VATICAN CITY STATE. 
HOWEER ALL AMBASSADORS TO THE HOLY SEE, INCLUDING THE 
U.S. AMBASSADOR, ARE ACCREDITED TO THE HOLY SEE AN 
NOT/NOT TO THE STATE OF VATICAN CITY.  THE VATIAN 
INSISTS ON THIS POINT TO REMIND THAT ITS REAC AND 
INTERNATIONAL PERSONALITY IS GLOBAL.  FOR PRPOSES OF 
THIS CABLE, THE TERMS HOLY SEE AND VATICAN WILL BE USED 
INTERCHANGEABLY. 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        VATICA  03507  01 OF 04  031719Z 
 
4. (U) BACKGOUND AND INTRODUCTION (CONT'D):  THE HOLY 
SEE ISONE OF THE OLDEST CONTINUALLY EXISTING 
INTERNATINAL ENTITIES. IT EXERCISED TEMPORAL CONTROL OF 
TE ITAIAN PENINSULA DURING THE MIDDLE AGES, BUT WAS 
COMPLETELY BEREFT OF TERRITORY BETWEEN 1870 AND 1929. 
NEVERTHELESS, EVEN DURING THIS PERIOD, MOST NATIONS 
CONTINUED TO RECOGNIZE THE IT AS AN INTERNATIONAL ENTITY 
AND MAINTAINED FULL DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS. 
 
5. (U) BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION (CONT'D): THE VATICAN 
IS ONE OF VERY FEW SOVEREIGN ENTITIES THAT HAVE PRESENCE 
AND REACH IN VIRTUALLY EVERY COUNTRY OF THE WORLD. 
ALTHOUGH ITS SOVEREIGNTY IS OVER LIMITED TERRITORY, 
VATICAN TEACHING AND POLICIES CAN INFLUENCE THE OVER ONE 
BILLION ADHERENTS OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH.  END 
BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION. 
 
DEVELOPING POLICY TOWARD THE HOLY SEE 
------------------------------------- 
 
6. (C) IN DEVELOPING U.S. POLICY VIS-A-VIS THIS UNIQUE 
ENTITY, POLICYMAKERS SHOULD THINK OF THE HOLY SEE AS 
SIMILAR TO A TRADITIONAL NATION-STATE, WITH A VARIETY OF 
FACTORS INFORMING ITS FOREIGN POLICY.  THE MOST IMPORTANT 
CONSIDERATIONS IN ITS FOREIGN POLICY DECISION MAKING 
INCLUDE: 
 
-- RELIGIOUS PRINCIPLES/HUMANITARIAN CONCERNS: THE 
VATICAN STRIVES TO TRANSLATE ITS RELIGIOUS BELIEFS AND 
ITS HUMANITARIAN CONCERNS INTO CONCRETE POLICIES. 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        VATICA  03507  01 OF 04  031719Z 
FOREIGN POLICY INITIATIVES BASED ON THESE PRINCIPLES 
INCLUDE: SUPPORT FOR THIRD WORLD DEVELOPMENT AND DEBT 
RELIEF FOR POORER COUNTRIES, OPPOSITION TO CAPITAL 
PUNISHMENT, OPPOSITION TO ABORTION AND CONTRACEPTION, AND 
OPPOSITION (ON HUMANITARIAN GROUNDS) TO EMBARGOES; 
 
-- "NATIONAL" SELF-INTEREST: THE HOLY SEE SEEKS TO 
PROTECT CATHOLICS AROUND THE WORLD, ITS OWN POSITION OF 
INFLUENCE, AND ITS VAST WEALTH.  THE VATICAN'S SUPPORT OF 
SADDAM HUSSEIN RESULTS FROM ITS DESIRE TO PROTECT 600,000 
IRAQI CATHOLICS FROM ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM; ITS REFUSAL 
TO PUBLICLY CRITICIZE CROAT NATIONALIST CLERGY IN BOSNIA 
STEMS IN PART FROM THE CROAT CHURCH'S STAUNCH DEFENSE OF 
THE FAITH DURING THE COLD WAR; 
 
-- HISTORY/TRADITION: RELATIONS BETWEEN THE HOLY SEE AND 
SPAIN, PORTUGAL, AND OTHER LATIN COUNTRIES GO BACK OVER 
500 YEARS.  THE VATICAN'S HISTORICAL RELATIONSHIP WITH 
THESE COUNTRIES FREQUENTLY DEMANDS AN ACTIVE FOREIGN 
POLICY ROLE; 
 
-- PROSELYTISM: THE VATICAN KNOWS THAT IT MUST 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ8384 
 
PAGE 01        VATICA  03507  02 OF 04  031715Z 
ACTION ECA-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AMAD-00  ACQ-00   CIAE-00  INL-00   DODE-00 
      DS-00    EUR-00   FBIE-00  VC-00    TEDE-00  INR-00   VCE-00 
      NSAE-00  SSO-00   SS-00    SNIS-00  NISC-00  DSCC-00  DRL-02 
      SAS-00     /002W 
                  ------------------00B3A7  031716Z /38 
O 031203Z JUL 01 
FM AMEMBASSY VATICAN 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0000 
WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 02 OF 04 VATICAN 003507 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT. FOR EUR/WE, PD/ECA (SEXTON), WHITE HOUSE FOR JOSEPH 
HAGIN, BRADLEY BLAKEMAN AND MARY HAINES, PLEASE PASS TO 
NSC FOR AMB. FREID 
 
EMBASSY VATICAN MESSAGE NO. 107/01 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/02/11 
 
TAGS: PREL, PHUM, IS, EG, CH, ID, VT 
 
SUBJECT:  THE VATICAN-- THE SUPRANATIONAL POWER 
 
CONTINUALLY REFRESH ITS MESSAGE FOR CHANGING TIMES. 
VATICAN II IN THE 1960S WAS AN EXAMPLE.  INTERFAITH AND 
ECUMENICAL OUTREACH IS AN IMPORTANT FOCUS OF THE CURRENT 
PAPACY, AND PROSELYTISM/POPULATION GROWTH IN THE THIRD 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        VATICA  03507  02 OF 04  031715Z 
WORLD ACCOUNTS FOR MUCH OF THE GROWTH OF THE CHURCH IN 
RECENT YEARS. 
 
7. (C) PAPAL HEALTH/SUCCESSION AND WHAT IT MIGHT MEAN FOR 
U.S. POLICY:  POPE JOHN PAUL II IS SURELY THE MOST WIDELY 
RECOGNIZED WORLD LEADER.  ALONG WITH THE PRESIDENT OF THE 
UNITED STATES, HE ENJOYS THE HIGHEST STATURE AND PROFILE 
AMONG WORLD LEADERS. IN EARLY 2000, PRESS 
MISREPRESENTATION OF A GERMAN BISHOP'S REMARKS IN THE 
POPE JOHN PAUL II'S ABILITY TO CONTINUE IN OFFICE, 
SPARKED A SERIES OF SPECULATIONS AROUND THE WORLD ABOUT 
SUCCESSION.  THE POPE AND THE VATICAN STRONGLY DENIED 
THAT HIS CONDITION WAS SERIOUS ENOUGH TO WARRANT 
ABDICATION.  THERE IS LITTLE SUPPORT FOR THE IDEA THAT 
THE POPE WOULD IN FACT RESIGN EVEN IF HIS HEALTH WERE TO 
DECLINE PRECIPITOUSLY.  THE LIST OF CARDINALS WIDELY 
PERCEIVED AS POTENTIAL SUCCESSORS DOES NOT INCLUDE ANY 
AMERICANS, AND ONLY ONE ANGLOPHONE.  AN ELECTION OF A 
EUROPEAN CARDINAL (MOST LIKELY AN ITALIAN) WOULD PROBABLY 
RESULT IN ONLY MINOR CHANGES IN VATICAN POLICY AND ITS 
CURRENT STANCE ON ISSUES VIS A VIS THE UNITED STATES.  IF 
THE NEXT POPE IS FROM LATIN AMERICA, ASIA, OR AFRICA, WE 
SHOULD EXPECT THE VATICAN TO TAKE POSITIONS FURTHER TO 
THE "LEFT OF CURRENT U.S. POSITIONS ON ECONOMIC ISSUES, 
BUT FURTHER "RIGHT" ON SOCIAL ISSUES. 
 
MIDDLE EAST 
----------- 
 
8. (C) MIDDLE EAST PEACE PROCESS (MEPP):  THE HOLY SEE 
DENIES WANTING TO BECOME INVOLVED IN THE POLITICAL 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        VATICA  03507  02 OF 04  031715Z 
ASPECTS OF THE MEPP, ALTHOUGH IT REMAINS KEENLY 
INTERESTED IN WHAT IT TERMS THE "CULTURAL AND RELIGIOUS" 
ASPECTS OF THE HOLY SITES IN THE REGION (SPECIFICALLY 
JERUSALEM).  THE VATICAN MAINTAINS THAT ITS CONCERNS HAVE 
BEEN LARGELY IGNORED BY THE USG AND THE ISRAELIS, AND IN 
1999 WORKED WITH THE FRENCH AND SEVERAL OTHER EU 
COUNTRIES IN THE "JERUSALEM WORKING GROUP" (JWG -- SINCE 
INACTIVE). 
 
9. (C)  THE VATICAN WAS CLEARLY DISAPPOINTED WHEN THE USG 
AND GOI DECLINED TO ASSOCIATE WITH THE JWG INITIATIVE. 
THE GOI'S DECISION TO ALLOW CONSTRUCTION OF THE NAZARETH 
MOSQUE CREATED ALARM (AND IN SOME CASES, RESENTMENT) AT 
THE VATICAN.  THE GOI FOR ITS PART WAS CONCERNED THAT THE 
POPE LEFT UNANSWERED BASHIR ASSAD'S ANTI-SEMITIC 
INVECTIVE DURING THE POPE'S MAY 2001 SYRIA VISIT.  WE CAN 
EXPECT CONTINUED TENSION IN THESE AREAS.  THE HOLY SEE 
WILL CONTINUE TO SEEK TO PLAY A ROLE IN THE MEPP, WHILE 
DENYING THIS INTENTION.  EMBASSY VATICAN CONTINUES TO 
RECOMMEND A HIGH LEVEL VISIT TO ENCOURAGE THE VATICAN TO 
PLAY A MORE CONSTRUCTIVE, OR AT LEAST LESS UNHELPFUL, 
ROLE IN THE PROCESS. 
 
ASIA 
---- 
 
10. (C) THE VATICAN AND THE U.S. SHARE INTERESTS IN MANY 
OF THE SAME COUNTRIES (E.G. INDONESIA, CHINA, TAIWAN, 
VIETNAM), BUT NOT ALWAYS FOR THE SAME REASONS.  IN 
ADDITION TO THE FORMAL CHURCH NETWORK NUMEROUS, OFTEN 
SEMI-AUTONOMOUS, CATHOLIC MISSIONARY ORGANIZATIONS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        VATICA  03507  02 OF 04  031715Z 
OPERATING THROUGHOUT ASIA HAVE A SOPHISTICATED 
UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT IS HAPPENING IN THEIR AREA. 
CONTACT WITH THESE MISSIONARY ORGANIZATIONS PROVIDES 
UNIQUE INSIGHTS INTO CONDITIONS IN THESE COUNTRIES. THE 
DEVELOPMENT OF THE CATHOLIC FAITH IN ASIA IS AN EXPRESS 
GOAL OF THE CHURCH.  THE VATICAN AND ITS CONSTITUENT 
EPISCOPATES ARE ACTIVELY ENGAGED IN DIALOGUES WITH 
POLITICALLY POWERFUL MUSLIM AND CHRISTIAN ORTHODOX 
FAITHS.  THE RESULTS OF THESE DIALOGUES WILL IMPACT 
PROSPECTS FOR DEMOCRACY, STABILITY, RELIGIOUS FREEDOM AND 
A RELATIONSHIP WITH THE UNITED STATES. 
 
11. (C) CHINA:  WITH ITS OWN NETWORK OF CONTACTS AMONG 
CHINA'S UNDERGROUND AND PATRIOTIC CHURCHES, THE HOLY SEE 
HAS EXCELLENT SOURCES OF INFORMATION REGARDING 
DISSIDENTS, HUMAN RIGHTS, RELIGIOUS FREEDOM AND 
GOVERNMENT CONTROL OVER THE POPULATION.  THERE IS A 
CONSTANT CONTROVERSY AROUND THE EFFORTS TO ESTABLISH 
DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES.  THIS 
ISSUE INVOLVES THE VATICAN'S RELATIONS WITH TAIWAN AND 
CHINESE GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF RELIGIOUS PRACTICE. 
BEIJING'S REGULATION AND OFTEN OPPRESSION OF THE CATHOLIC 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ8394 
 
PAGE 01        VATICA  03507  03 OF 04  031721Z 
ACTION ECA-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AMAD-00  ACQ-00   CIAE-00  INL-00   DODE-00 
      DS-00    EUR-00   FBIE-00  VC-00    TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00 
      VCE-00   DCP-01   NSAE-00  SSO-00   SS-00    SNIS-00  NISC-00 
      DSCC-00  DRL-02   SAS-00     /003W 
                  ------------------00B442  031721Z /38 
O 031203Z JUL 01 
FM AMEMBASSY VATICAN 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0000 
WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 03 OF 04 VATICAN 003507 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT. FOR EUR/WE, PD/ECA (SEXTON), WHITE HOUSE FOR JOSEPH 
HAGIN, BRADLEY BLAKEMAN AND MARY HAINES, PLEASE PASS TO 
NSC FOR AMB. FREID 
 
EMBASSY VATICAN MESSAGE NO. 107/01 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/02/11 
 
TAGS: PREL, PHUM, IS, EG, CH, ID, VT 
 
SUBJECT:  THE VATICAN-- THE SUPRANATIONAL POWER 
 
CHURCH IS PARALLEL TO AND THEREFORE A WINDOW ON PROBLEMS 
IN CHINA WITH U.S.-BASED PROTESTANT CHURCHES AS WELL AS 
ISLAM AND BUDDHISM.  THE CENTRALIZED STRUCTURE OF THE 
CHURCH AND THE REPORTING SYSTEM WITH THE NUNCIOS AND 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        VATICA  03507  03 OF 04  031721Z 
BISHOPS, NOT TO MENTION INDEPENDENT MISSIONARY GROUPS, 
GIVES EMBASSY VATICAN A UNIQUE VIEW OF EVENTS INSIDE 
CHINA. 
 
12. (C) VIETNAM:  UNOFFICIAL DISCUSSIONS CONTINUE BETWEEN 
VIETNAM AND THE VATICAN ON ESTABLISHING DIPLOMATIC 
RELATIONS.  THE GOV'S ATTEMPT TO CONTROL RELIGIOUS 
ORGANIZATIONS IS ONE OF THE MAIN STUMBLING BLOCKS FROM A 
VATICAN PERSPECTIVE.  THE VATICAN'S ATTEMPTS TO APPOINT 
BISHOPS WITH MINIMAL GOVERNMENT INTERFERENCE AND THE 
REPORTING PROVIDED BY ITS NUNCIO ON THESE EFFORTS CAN BE 
USED AS A GAUGE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND RELIGIOUS FREEDOM 
ISSUES IN VIETNAM. 
 
13. (C) INDIA:  INDIA HAS SEEN SIGNIFICANT SECTARIAN 
VIOLENCE OVER THE PAST FEW YEARS, AS MUCH AGAINST MUSLIMS 
AS CHRISTIANS.  RESOLUTION OF THIS VIOLENCE IS A KEY TO 
DEMOCRACY, STABILITY AND THE GUARANTEE OF HUMAN RIGHTS. 
THE VATICAN, LOCAL BISHOPS WHO REPORT TO THE VATICAN, AND 
VARIOUS MISSIONARY ORGANIZATIONS WILL ALL CONTINUE TO BE 
ACTIVE OBSERVERS OF HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES AND DEVELOPMENTS. 
 
14. (C) INDONESIA:  EAST TIMOR IS POISED TO BECOME THE 
SECOND CATHOLIC COUNTRY IN ASIA (THE OTHER IS THE 
PHILIPPINES).  THE VATICAN, THROUGH ITS BISHOPS, HAS BEEN 
DEEPLY INVOLVED IN RECONCILIATION EFFORTS FOR YEARS.  THE 
VATICAN IS INVOLVED IN RECONSTRUCTION EFFORTS IN EAST 
TIMOR.  IN OTHER PARTS OF INDONESIA WRACKED BY SECTARIAN 
VIOLENCE, THE CATHOLIC PRESENCE IS LESS PRONOUNCED, BUT 
CATHOLIC MISSIONARIES PROVIDE INFORMATION ON THE 
SITUATION.  CATHOLIC PRELATES HAVE ALSO ACTED AS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        VATICA  03507  03 OF 04  031721Z 
MEDIATORS BETWEEN OTHER CHRISTIAN COMMUNITIES AND MUSLIM 
GROUPS.  VISITS OF THE INDONESIAN FOREIGN MINISTER AND 
PRESIDENT TO THE VATICAN UNDERSCORE THE INFLUENCE THE 
VATICAN HAS ON A COUNTRY OF SIGNIFICANT POLICY INTEREST 
TO THE USG. 
 
15. (C) NORTH KOREA:  VATICAN OFFICIALS, AND CATHOLIC 
RELIEF ORGANIZATIONS PERIODICALLY VISIT NORTH KOREA.  WE 
LEARN FROM THEIR VISITS AND WE CAN GIVE SUGGESTIONS TO 
OUR CONTACTS FOR POINTS TO RAISE WITH NORTH KOREAN 
OFFICIALS. 
 
AFRICA 
------ 
 
16. (C) GREAT LAKES: VATICAN CONTACTS ADMIT PRIVATELY 
THAT CHURCH RELATIONS WITH LATE DROC PRESIDENT LAURENT 
KABILA BEGAN ON THE WRONG FOOT BECAUSE OF KABILA'S 
MINDSET AND THE CHURCH'S PREVIOUS ASSOCIATION WITH THE 
MOBUTU REGIME.  REAL HUMANITARIAN CONCERNS AND RELIGIOUS 
(EVANGELIZATION) CONSIDERATIONS PUT AFRICA ON THE SCREEN 
AT THE VATICAN.  THE VATICAN AFFILIATED SANT'EGIDIO 
COMMUNITY PLAYS AN IMPORTANT SUPPORTING ROLE IN 
INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS TO MEDIATE THE CRISIS, KEEPING THE 
VATICAN INFORMED OF THEIR EFFORTS. 
 
LATIN AMERICA 
------------- 
 
17. (C) CUBA: THE POPE'S 1998 VISIT TO CUBA HAS NOT 
BROUGHT THE KIND OF PROGRESS ON CHURCH FREEDOM SOUGHT BY 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        VATICA  03507  03 OF 04  031721Z 
THE POPE.  THAT SAID, VATICAN-GOC DIALOGUE HAS CONTINUED 
WITH FOLLOW-UP VISITS TO CUBA BY SENIOR VATICAN OFFICIALS 
-- AND TO THE VATICAN BY CUBAN COUNTERPARTS.  AMONG THE 
TOPICS OF DISCUSSION:  THE GOC'S TREATMENT OF THE CUBAN 
CHURCH, THE STATUS OF DISSIDENTS, AND THE EFFECTS OF THE 
U.S. EMBARGO, ABOUT WHICH THE HOLY SEE SHARES CASTRO'S 
CRITICISM.  THE VATICAN IS QUIETLY LOOKING AHEAD TO THE 
DAY WHEN FIDEL CASTRO DEPARTS THE SCENE.  IT IS CONCERNED 
HOWEVER, THAT HIS REPLACEMENT CAN ACTUALLY BE WORSE. 
 
EUROPE 
------ 
 
18. (C) THE VATICAN WOULD LIKE TO SEE A UNIFIED, 
CHRISTIAN (IE. CATHOLIC) EUROPE.  AND THEREFORE SHOULD BE 
EXPECTED TO INTENSIFY ITS DIALOG WITH THE LEADING 
PROTESTANT GROUPS IN GERMANY AND SCANDINAVIA.  THE 
VATICAN WILL ALSO CONTINUE ATTEMPTS TO ENGAGE THE RUSSIAN 
CHURCH AND THE ECUMENICAL PATRIARCH IN ISTANBUL IN AN 
ATTEMPT TO HEAL THE LATIN/ORTHODOX RIFT.  VATICAN 
INVOLVEMENT IN THE BALKANS CAN BE USEFUL TO U.S. POLICY 
IF IT IS DIRECTED AT PROMOTING CATHOLIC/ORTHODOX 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ8397 
 
PAGE 01        VATICA  03507  04 OF 04  031723Z 
ACTION ECA-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AMAD-00  ACQ-00   CIAE-00  INL-00   DODE-00 
      DS-00    EUR-00   FBIE-00  VC-00    TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00 
      VCE-00   DCP-01   NSAE-00  SSO-00   SS-00    SNIS-00  NISC-00 
      DSCC-00  DRL-02   SAS-00     /003W 
                  ------------------00B486  031723Z /38 
O 031203Z JUL 01 
FM AMEMBASSY VATICAN 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 0000 
WHITEHOUSE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 04 OF 04 VATICAN 003507 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT. FOR EUR/WE, PD/ECA (SEXTON), WHITE HOUSE FOR JOSEPH 
HAGIN, BRADLEY BLAKEMAN AND MARY HAINES, PLEASE PASS TO 
NSC FOR AMB. FREID 
 
EMBASSY VATICAN MESSAGE NO. 107/01 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/02/11 
 
TAGS: PREL, PHUM, IS, EG, CH, ID, VT 
 
SUBJECT:  THE VATICAN-- THE SUPRANATIONAL POWER 
 
COEXISTENCE.  CONTINUED VATICAN CRITICISM OF "U.S. 
MATERIALISM AND COMMERCIALISM" COULD BE USED BY MANY IN 
EUROPE TO SUPPORT ARGUMENTS IN FAVOR OF LIMITING U.S. 
INFLUENCE AND ACTIVITY ON THE EUROPEAN CONTINENT. 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        VATICA  03507  04 OF 04  031723Z 
 
19. (C) AREAS IN WHICH WE CAN WORK CONSTRUCTIVELY WITH 
THE VATICAN DURING THE NEXT 12 MONTHS: 
 
-- ETHNIC RECONCILIATION AND CIVIL CULTURE - IN JUNE, 
PD/ECA DAS BRIAN SEXTON MET WITH VATICAN AND SANT'EGIDIO 
OFFICIALS DURING A PD/ECA SPONSORED INTER-RELIGIOUS 
CONFERENCE ON BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA.  EMBASSY VATICAN, WITH 
DEPARTMENT GUIDANCE, IS SEEKING TO DEVELOP FOLLOW-UP 
PROJECTS; 
 
-- ANTI-TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS -- POST HAS DEVELOPED TWO 
PROJECTS IN CONJUNCTION WITH CARITAS (THE VATICAN RELIEF 
NGO) AND WITH THE ARCHBISHOP OF PESCARA.  THESE PROJECTS 
WILL OFFER EDUCATION, RESCUE, REHABILITATION, AND 
REPATRIATION TO VICTIMS AND POTENTIAL VICTIMS OF HUMAN 
TRAFFICKERS.  WORKING WITH THE CURIA AND CARITAS THERE IS 
MUCH MORE GROUND TO BE COVERED IN THIS AREA IN THE NEAR 
FUTURE. 
 
--  BIOTECHNOLOGY AND AGRICULTURAL TRADE -- EMBASSY 
VATICAN HAS SPONSORED TWO DISCUSSIONS OF THIS THEME 
INVOLVING SCIENTIFIC EXPERTS ATTACHED TO THE VATICAN. 
PROMOTING A MORE POSITIVE VATICAN APPROACH TO APPROPRIATE 
USE OF GMOS IN THIRD WORLD AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT COULD 
HELP MAKE GMOS MORE WIDELY ACCEPTED EVEN IN THE DEVELOPED 
WORLD. 
 
20. (C) AREAS IN WHICH WE SHOULD EXPECT CONTINUED 
DIFFICULTIES DURING THE NEXT 12 MONTHS: 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        VATICA  03507  04 OF 04  031723Z 
--  THE MIDDLE EAST - THE VATICAN WILL CONTINUE TO OPPOSE 
U.S. EFFORTS TO ISOLATE SADDAM HUSSEIN.  WE SHOULD 
RECOGNIZE THAT THE VATICAN WILL NOT SUPPORT OUR EFFORTS 
IN IRAQ, AND INVESTIGATE WAYS TO LIMIT VATICAN 
INTERFERENCE WITH OUR OBJECTIVES.  IN ISRAEL, THE VATICAN 
WILL CONTINUE EFFORTS TO INSERT ITSELF ON THE QUESTION OF 
THE STATUS OF JERUSALEM; 
 
--  DEATH PENALTY - THE VATICAN WILL CONTINUE ITS 
CONDEMNATION OF THE DEATH PENALTY.  STATEMENTS BY THE 
POPE ARE LIKELY TO BE USED BY MANY AROUND THE WORLD TO 
CONDEMN CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN THE UNITED STATES. THE 
DEPARTMENT SHOULD CONSIDER IF IT WANTS TO ADDRESS THE 
ISSUE, AND IF SO, WHAT PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AVENUES TO USE. 
MMERANTE 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
> 
 

 2001VATICA03507 - Classification: CONFIDENTIAL 


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