US embassy cable - 01HARARE871

ZIMBABWE RULING PARTY OFFICIALS DIVIDED ON MANY ISSUES OF THE DAY

Identifier: 01HARARE871
Wikileaks: View 01HARARE871 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Harare
Created: 2001-02-28 14:40:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: PGOV PINR KDEM ZI
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

281440Z Feb 01


                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ8638

PAGE 01        HARARE  00871  01 OF 03  281442Z 
ACTION AF-00    

INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AID-00   ACQ-00   CIAE-00  DINT-00  DODE-00  
      DOTE-00  SRPP-00  DS-00    EB-00    EUR-00   FAAE-00  FBIE-00  
      VC-00    H-01     TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    L-00     VCE-00   
      AC-01    NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-01  PA-00    PM-00    
      PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SP-00    STR-00   TRSE-00  USIE-00  
      PMB-00   DSCC-00  PRM-01   DRL-02   G-00     NFAT-00  SAS-00   
        /009W
                  ------------------CB9626  281443Z /38    
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8311
INFO NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
AMEMBASSY NAIROBI 
AMEMBASSY ADDIS ABABA 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 HARARE 000871 
 
SIPDIS 
 
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR JENDAYI FRAZER 
 
LONDON FOR CHARLES GURNEY 
 
PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS 
 
NAIROBI FOR TERRY PFLAUMER 
 
ADDIS ABABA FOR BILL LUKASAVICH 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        HARARE  00871  01 OF 03  281442Z 
 
PASS USAID FOR AFR/SA C. PALMA 
 
PASS USTR FOR ROSA WHITAKER 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/28/11 
TAGS: PGOV, PINR, KDEM, ZI 
SUBJECT: ZIMBABWE RULING PARTY OFFICIALS DIVIDED ON MANY 
ISSUES OF THE DAY 
 
REFTEL: HARARE 847 (NOTAL) 
 
CLASSIFIED BY CHARGE D'AFFAIRES EARL IRVING FOR REASONS: 
1.5 (B) AND (D). 
 
1.  (C) SUMMARY: RECENT CONVERSATIONS BETWEEN CHARGE, 
POLOFF, AND THREE MID-LEVEL ZANU-PF OFFICIALS REINFORCED 
THE NOTION THAT ZANU-PF IS NOT THE MONOLITH OF OPINION 
THAT IS OFTEN CONVEYED IN THE PRESS.  CHARGE AND POLOFF 
SPOKE TO DEPUTY MINISTER FOR EDUCATION, SPORTS AND 
CULTURE AENEAS CHIGWEDERE, MASVINGO SOUTH MP EDDISON 
ZVOBGO, AND MASHONALAND EAST PARTY CHAIRMAN PADDY 
ZHANDA.  ALTHOUGH THE THREE OFFICIALS AGREED ON SOME 
THINGS, SUCH AS THE IMPERATIVE FOR LAND REDISTRIBUTION 
AND THE WEAKNESS OF THE MDC, THEY DISAGREED 
SUBSTANTIALLY IN OTHER AREAS LIKE THE DIRECTION OF THE 
PARTY, ATTACKS ON THE JUDICIARY, AND THE ROLE OF WAR 
VETERANS.  END SUMMARY. 
 
2.  (U) ON FEBRUARY 26, CHARGE AND POLOFF SPOKE TO 
DEPUTY MINISTER FOR EDUCATION, SPORTS AND CULTURE AENEAS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        HARARE  00871  01 OF 03  281442Z 
CHIGWEDERE (AND MP FOR HWEDZA DISTRICT), AND MASVINGO 
"SUPREMO" AND MP FOR MASVINGO SOUTH EDDISON ZVOBGO. 
POLOFF SPOKE TO MASHONALAND EAST PARTY CHAIRMAN PADDY 
ZHANDA ON FEBRUARY 27.  ALTHOUGH A RANKING PARTY 
OFFICIAL AND CHAIRMAN OF THE NOW-PRIVATIZED COTTON 
COMPANY OF ZIMBABWE, ZHANDA HAS NO POSITION IN 
GOVERNMENT. 
 
ZANU-PF MORALE 
-------------- 
 
3.  (C) RECENTLY REMOVED FROM THE ZANU-PF POLITBURO, 
EDDISON ZVOBGO WAS LESS THAN SANGUINE ABOUT MORALE IN 
THE PARTY.  WHEN ASKED HOW THE RECENT SACKING OF FIVE 
PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVES HAD AFFECTED MORALE, HE STATED THE 
EFFECT WAS "VERY SERIOUS."  (MASVINGO ALLIES OF 
PRESIDENT MUGABE ALSO SENT ZVOBGO'S FACTION RIDING OUT 
OF TOWN ON A RAIL AFTER PARTY PROVINCIAL ELECTIONS 
FEBRUARY 24.  SEE REFTEL.)  ZVOBGO TOLD US THAT THE 
PARTY LEADERSHIP SEEMED TO BE "INFLICTING DAMAGE ON THE 
BODY POLITIC" FOR NO APPARENT REASON.  "HOW IS MAKING 
PEOPLE UNHAPPY THE WAY TO WIN AN ELECTION?" HE ASKED 
RHETORICALLY.  HIS COLLEAGUES IN PARLIAMENT ARE HOPING 
SOMEONE WILL SET ZANU-PF STRAIGHT, BUT THEY ARE 
"ABSOLUTELY PETRIFIED" TO SPEAK OUT AGAINST THE PARTY, 
ZVOBGO SAID.  INFORMATION MINISTER JONATHAN MOYO HAS 
"STRUCK THUNDER" INTO THE HEARTS OF ZANU-PF MPS.  ZVOBGO 
TOLD US THAT HE REMINDED MOYO WHAT HAPPENED TO JOE 
MCCARTHY IN THE U.S. DURING THE 1950S--OTHER SENATORS 
WERE AFRAID TO CHALLENGE HIM UNTIL THEY WOKE UP TO HIS 
MAD CAMPAIGN AND LEFT HIM A "BROKEN MAN" IN THE END. 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        HARARE  00871  01 OF 03  281442Z 
"THE SAME WILL HAPPEN TO YOU," ZVOBGO SUPPOSEDLY WARNED 
MOYO. 
 
4.  (C) PROVINCIAL PARTY CHAIRMAN ZHANDA ACKNOWLEDGED 
THAT THERE ARE VOICES OF DISSENT IN ZANU-PF.  HOWEVER, 
THE DISSENTERS ARE MORE CONCERNED WITH SURVIVAL RIGHT 
NOW THAN CHANGING THE DIRECTION OF THE PARTY.  ZHANDA 
LIKENED THE PARTY'S "COMBATIVE" MODE TO A RISING FLOOD. 
MOST MEMBERS ARE SIMPLY BEING SWEPT ALONG, FRANTICALLY 
GRABBING FOR ANY BRANCH THAT COMES ALONG JUST TO STAY 
AFLOAT. 
 
DIRECTION OF THE PARTY 
---------------------- 
 
5.  (C) DEPUTY MINISTER CHIGWEDERE WAS MORE CONFIDENT 
ABOUT THE PARTY'S DIRECTION.  HE BELIEVES THAT IF 
PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS WERE HELD TOMORROW, ZANU-PF 
WOULD WIN BACK HALF THE SEATS IT LOST TO THE MDC LAST 
JUNE.  HE THINKS ZANU-PF WOULD WIN BACK ALL THE SEATS IN 
HARARE'S HIGH-DENSITY SUBURBS, BUT ADMITTED THE LOW- 
DENSITY SUBURBS, WHERE MOST WHITES LIVE, ARE A LOST 
CAUSE.  CHIGWEDERE CLAIMED THAT THE PEOPLE NOW SEE ZANU- 
PF AS THE PARTY OF ACTION THAT CAN DELIVER THEM FROM 
THEIR MISERY, BECAUSE THE MDC HAS DONE LI 

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