US embassy cable - 00HARARE4884

AMBASSADOR CALLS ON NEW AGRICULTURE MINISTER

Identifier: 00HARARE4884
Wikileaks: View 00HARARE4884 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Harare
Created: 2000-09-01 10:42:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: EAGR PREL PGOV ZI
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.



                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ9126

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ACTION AF-00    

INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AGRE-00  ACQ-00   CIAE-00  DODE-00  DS-00    
      EB-00    VC-00    TEDE-00  INR-00   VCE-00   DCP-01   NSAE-00  
      DSCC-00  DRL-02   NFAT-00  SAS-00     /003W
                  ------------------809DD8  011044Z /38    
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6991
INFO NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 004884 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR AF/S 
TREASURY FOR ED BARBER, GRACE SONE & HOFFMAN BARAK 
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/01/05 
TAGS: EAGR, PREL, PGOV, ZI 
SUBJECT: AMBASSADOR CALLS ON NEW AGRICULTURE MINISTER 
 
CLASSIFIED BY ECON/COMM OFFICER MARK PROKOP, REASONS 
1.5 (B), (D) 
 
1.  (C) AS PART OF A SERIES OF CALLS BEING MADE ON 
THE NEWLY APPOINTED CABINET, ON AUGUST 30 AMBASSADOR, 
ECONOFF AND USAID OFFICER MET WITH DR. JOSEPH MADE, 
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PAGE 02        HARARE  04884  01 OF 02  011043Z 
MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE, TO MAKE INTRODUCTIONS AND 
DISCUSS LAND REFORM AND THE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM. 
ALSO ATTENDING THE MEETING WAS VINCET HUNGWE, ACTING 
PERMANENT SECRETARY.  MADE, A U.S. EDUCATED 
TECHNOCRAT WHO LIVED IN THE STATES FOR 17 YEARS (MADE 
EARNED HIS B.S., M.S AND PHD FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF 
WISCONSIN AT MADISON AND KNOWS THE LAND TENUTE CENTER 
THERE VERY WELL), DISCUSSED WITH US IN GENERAL TERMS 
THE LAND ACQUISITION PROCESS GOING FORWARD AND 
PROVIDED SOME ADDITIONAL DETAILS ON THE GOVERNMENT'S 
PLANS.  HE TOLD US THAT A NEW OUTREACH PROGRAM TO THE 
INVADERS/SQUATTERS BEGAN ON AUGUST 29, WITH TEAMS 
MADE UP OF "THE POLICE, ARMY, THE GOVERNMENT, ETC" 
(WE READ THE LATTER AS PARTY OFFICIALS AND/OR THE 
CIO) FANNING OUT TO SPREAD THE WORD ON THE RELOCATION 
EXERCISE AND THE HALT OF NEW INVASIONS.  NO HARD 
DATES OR A TIMETABLE WERE PROVIDED ON THE 
RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM, AND ONLY VAGUE ASSURANCES WERE 
GIVEN THAT COMMERCIAL FARMERS WILL NOT SUFFER OR BE 
SHUT DOWN IN THE PROCESS. 
 
2.  (C) THE FACTS MINISTER MADE PROVIDED US ARE: 
 
 == THE POLICE WILL HALT NOW NEW INVASIONS AND 
PROTECT PRIVATE PROPERTY AND/OR PERSONAL 
ASSAULT/INJURY. 
 
 == THE PROGRAM OF TEAMS GOING OUT TO MEET WITH WAR 
VETS AND SQUATTERS TO URGE RESTRAINT AND EXPLAIN THE 
PROGRAM SHOULD HAVE STARTED WEEKS AGO.  MADE DID NOT 
KNOW HOW MANY TEAMS THERE WERE OR HOW LONG THE EFFORT 
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PAGE 03        HARARE  04884  01 OF 02  011043Z 
WOULD LAST. 
 
 == THE MINISTER WOULD ALSO NOT TELL US WHEN THE 
RELOCATIONS OF INVADERS OFF NON-LISTED PROPERTIES 
WOULD OCCUR.  HE TOLD US THAT A MAXIMUM OF 20 PERCENT 
OF THE ACQUIRED LAND WOULD GO TO WAR VETS, WITH THE 
REMAINING 80 PERCENT DESTINED FOR PEASANTS. 
 
 == OF THE 5 MILLION HECTARES TO BE ACQUIRED, 2.1 
MILLION HECTARES ARE TO BE PRIMARILY CROPPING LANDS 
(35 PERCENT CROP ARABLE); WITH THE OTHER 2.9 MILLION 
HA., PRIMARILY SUPPORTING LIVESTOCK (ONLY 10 PERCENT 
CROP ARABLE).  MADE EXPLAINED THAT THE LATTER WAS TO 
ACCOMMODATE THE MANY COMMUNAL FARMERS WHO RUN SMALL 
CATTLE HERDS AND WHO HAVE NO DESIRE TO RELOCATE. 
THEY ONLY NEED LAND TO WHICH THEY CAN SEND STOCK FOR 
GRAZING/FATTENING BEFORE SALE (WHAT THE GOVERNMENT 
TERMS THE "THREE-TIERED MODEL" WITHIN EXISTING LAND 
REFORM DOCUMENTATION. 
 
 == THE GOVERNMENT WILL CALL ON THE LANCASTER HOUSE 
AGREEMENT TO MAKE THE U.K. PAY FOR THE ACQUIRED 5 
MILLION HECTARES.  IF FARMERS AND THE CFU CAN 
PRIVATELY NEGOTIATE COMPENSATION FOR THE LAND FROM 
DONORS, THAT IS ALL THE BETTER FROM HIS PERSPECTIVE. 
 
 == IN THE HISTORY OF LAND REFORM THROUGHOUT THE 
WORLD, NO GOVERNMENT HAS EVER PUCHASED ON A WILLING 
SELLER/BUYER BASIS AS MUCH LAND AS ZIMBABWE HAS SINCE 
INDEPENDENCE.  HE TOUTED THE FIGURE OF 3.8 MILLION 
HECTARES PAID FOR BY THE GOZ IN THE FIRST 18 YEARS OF 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        HARARE  04884  01 OF 02  011043Z 
NATIONHOOD. 
 
 == MADE'S MINISTERIAL APPOINTMENT CAME AS A COMPLETE 
SURPRISE TO HIM, ONLY LEARNING OF IT FROM THE PUBLIC 
ANNOUNCEMENT. 
 
3.  (C) COMMENT:  MINISTER MADE IS CERTAINLY SOMEONE 
WE CAN TALK WITH.  GIVEN HIS BACKGROUND, HE HAS A 
COMFORTABLE FAMILIARITY WITH THE U.S.; AS A 
TECHNICIAN, HE APPRECIATES THE SERIOUS DAMAGE BEING 
PERPETUATED AGAINST ZIMBABWE'S AGRICULTURE SECTOR AT 
PRESENT, AS WELL AS THE RELATIVE MERITS OF VARIOUS 
ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES TO PROGRAM EXECUTION (E.G., 
LAND SUBDIVISION, TAXATION, OPEN MARKET SALES, ETC.). 
 
HOWEVER, THE FACT THAT HIS APPOINTMENT CAME AS A 
SURPRISE IS NOT SURPRISING TO US, GIVEN HIS 
RELATIVELY LOWER STATUS PRIOR TO HIS APPOINTMENT 
(FORMERLY DIRECTOR OF THE MINISTRY'S AGRICULTURAL AND 
RURAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY PARASTATAL (ARDA), 
RESPONSIBLE FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF STATE-OWNED 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ9127 
 
PAGE 01        HARARE  04884  02 OF 02  011043Z 
ACTION AF-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AGRE-00  ACQ-00   CIAE-00  DODE-00  DS-00 
      EB-00    VC-00    TEDE-00  INR-00   VCE-00   NSAE-00  DSCC-00 
      DRL-02   NFAT-00  SAS-00     /002W 
                  ------------------809DDD  011044Z /38 
P 011042Z SEP 00 
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6992 
INFO NSC WASHDC PRIORITY 
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY 
DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 004884 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR AF/S 
TREASURY FOR ED BARBER, GRACE SONE & HOFFMAN BARAK 
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/01/05 
TAGS: EAGR, PREL, PGOV, ZI 
SUBJECT: AMBASSADOR CALLS ON NEW AGRICULTURE MINISTER 
 
AGRICULTURAL LANDS, WITH LITTLE/NO POLITICAL CLOUT). 
WITH OTHER, MORE `QUALIFIED' CANDIDATES FOR THIS POST 
EITHER DEFEATED IN THE ELECTIONS, UNDER CRIMINAL 
INDICTMENT (THE GRAIN MARKETING BOARD SCANDAL) OR 
DISINTERESTED/OPPOSITION SUPPORTERS, WE SUSPECT 
MADE'S APPOINTMENT WAS THE BEST MUGABE COULD DO AT 
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PAGE 02        HARARE  04884  02 OF 02  011043Z 
THIS TIME. 
 
AS A RESULT OF THIS BACKGROUND AND STATUS, WE SUSPECT 
HIS PRIMARY MOTIVATION WILL BE IN TRYING TO PLEASE 
WHOEVER HE HAPPENS TO BE DEALING WITH AT THE TIME. 
FOR THIS REASON, HIS ASSURANCES TO TRY AND CORRECT 
THE CURRENT PROBLEMS MUST BE VIEWED WITH A CRITICAL 
EYE.  NOTE:  THIS POINT IS UNDERSCORED BY MADE'S 
STATEMENTS IN `THE HERALD' THE DAY OF OUR MEETING 
WHICH DIRECTLY CONTRADICTED HIS STATEMENT TO US THAT 
FARMERS WOULD BE GUARANTEED THE RIGHT TO HARVEST AND 
SELL ANY CROPS THEY PLANTED THIS SEASON, REGARDLESS 
OF THEIR LAND DESIGNATION STATUS, STATING 
".GOVERNMENT WOULD NOT GIVE FARMERS ANY ASSURANCE TO 
PRODUCE FOR AT LEAST A YEAR; IT WAS GOING AHEAD WITH 
THE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM (HERALD; 8/30/00)." 
 
NONETHELESS, AS A TECHNOCRAT, MADE UNDERSTANDS 
AGRICULTURE (AND LAND REFORM - HIS DISSERTATION 
THESIS AT U OF WISCONSIN WAS ON THIS SUBJECT AND, 
THROUGH ARDA, HE HAS BEEN CLOSELY INVOLVED IN 
GOVERNMENT LAND REFORM EFFORTS TO DATE).  SHOULD THE 
POLITICAL CLIMATE IMPROVE TO THE POINT WHERE WE CAN 
RE-ENGAGE MEANINGFULLY ON THIS SUBJECT, MADE IS 
SOMEONE WE CAN WORK WITH IN ATTEMPTING TO RE-DIRECT 
CURRENT GOVERNMENT LAND REFORM PLANS TOWARDS A MORE 
TECHNICALLY, ECONOMICALLY SOUND AND RATIONAL 
APPROACH.  END COMMENT. 
 
MCDONALD 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
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                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
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