US embassy cable - 00HARARE4389

POST-ELECTION VIOLENCE CONTINUES MOSTLY UNABATED CONFIDENTIAL

Identifier: 00HARARE4389
Wikileaks: View 00HARARE4389 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Harare
Created: 2000-08-08 15:58:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: PHUM PGOV EAGR ECON ZI
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

081558Z Aug 00


                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTO0385

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ACTION AF-00    

INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AGRE-00  AID-00   CEA-01   CIAE-00  COME-00  
      CTME-00  INL-00   DODE-00  DOTE-00  SRPP-00  DS-00    EB-00    
      EUR-00   EXIM-01  E-00     FAAE-00  VC-00    FRB-00   H-01     
      TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    ITC-01   LAB-01   L-00     VCE-00   
      AC-01    DCP-01   NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-01  PA-00    
      PM-00    PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SCT-00   SP-00    SSO-00   
      STR-00   TRSE-00  USIE-00  R-00     IIP-00   PMB-00   DSCC-00  
      PRM-01   DRL-02   G-00     NFAT-00  SAS-00     /014W
                  ------------------778BBD  081603Z /38    
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6796
INFO NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L HARARE 004389 
 
SIPDIS 
 
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH 
LONDON FOR PFLAUMER 
PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS 
PASS USTR FOR ROSA WHITAKER 
PASS USAID FOR A/AID - RMMCALL AND AFR/SA - MWILLIAMS, 
NNEWMAN, AND CREINTSMA 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 08/08/10 
TAGS: PHUM, PGOV, EAGR, ECON, ZI 
SUBJECT:  POST-ELECTION VIOLENCE CONTINUES MOSTLY UNABATED 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
 
PAGE 02        HARARE  04389  081603Z 
 
REF: HARARE 04362 
 
CLASSIFIED BY CDA EARL M. IRVING FOR REASONS 1.5 (B) AND (D) 
 
1. (C) THE AMANI TRUST, A RESPECTED HUMAN RIGHTS MONITORING 
ORGANIZATION IN ZIMBABWE, RECENTLY RELEASED A REPORT 
DETAILING THE CONTINUED VIOLENCE FOLLOWING THE JUNE 24-25 
PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS.  THE TRUST PUTS THE NUMBER OF 
PEOPLE ASSAULTED OR OTHERWISE VICTIMS OF RIGHTS VIOLATIONS 
IN THE POST-ELECTION PERIOD AT ALMOST 900.  THESE INCLUDE 5 
DEATHS, 232 SERIOUS ASSAULTS, 8 RAPES (NOTE: IT IS NOTEWORTHY 
THAT SO MANY RAPES HAVE BEEN REPORTED; RAPE IS 
TRADITIONALLY A TABOO SUBJECT, A SOCIAL STIGMA EXAGGERATED 
BY THE HIV/AIDS CRISIS.  END NOTE.), AND 18 DETENTIONS OR 
ABDUCTIONS.  THE NUMBER OF DOCUMENTED CASES OF VIOLENT 
INCIDENTS AND DEATHS RISES DAILY; INCLUDED ARE MANY VICTIMS 
WHO WENT UNDERGROUND BEFORE THE VOTING, FEARING 
RETRIBUTION AND WHO ARE ONLY NOW APPEARING AT HOSPITALS 
FOR TREATMENT OR AT NGOS TO REPORT THEIR EXPERIENCES.  WE 
BELIEVE, HOWEVER, THAT THESE FIGURES ARE STILL LOW, AS 
INTIMIDATION CONTINUES TO RUN HIGH -- ESPECIALLY WHERE IT 
CONCERNS ATTACKS THAT HAVE OCCURRED IN THE RURAL AREAS. 
 
2.  (C)  IN THIS INCREASINGLY MURKY POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT, IT IS 
DIFFICULT TO PINPOINT A PARTICULAR REASON FOR THE CONTINUED 
VIOLENCE.  THERE ARE PROBABLY MULTIPLE FACTORS.  CAUSES 
VARY FROM ANGER OVER LOST SEATS IN PARLIAMENT BY THE 
RULING PARTY, FEAR OF EVICTION FROM OCCUPIED LAND, DESIRE 
FOR LAND, OR EVEN RANDOM VIOLENT EXPRESSIONS OF 
FRUSTRATION AT ZIMBABWE'S UNENDING ECONOMIC WOES (METED 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        HARARE  04389  081603Z 
OUT AGAINST SUPPOSED SUPPORTERS OF "WESTERN-LED", I.E., MDC 
MEMBERS).  OFFICIALS AT THE AMANI TRUST BELIEVE THAT THE WAR 
VETERANS GROUPS TERRORIZING FARMERS, WORKERS, AND ALLEGED 
OPPOSITION MEMBER SUPPORTERS ARE INCREASINGLY 
AUTONOMOUS, PRESSING THEIR CAMPAIGN IN AN EFFORT TO HOUND 
THE GOVERNMENT TO RECALL THAT THEY ARE THE ONES WHO 
SWUNG THE RURAL VOTE FOR ZANU-PF CANDIDATES.  EVEN IF THE 
GOVERNMENT FEELS THOSE OCCUPYING THE LAND HAVE OUTLIVED 
THEIR USEFULNESS AND DISTANCES ITSELF FOR THEM, THEIR 
CONTINUED CAMPAIGN OF TERROR NEVERTHELESS MAKES CLEAR 
THEIR ABILITY TO MAINTAIN A STATE OF CHAOS IN THE 
COUNTRYSIDE.  THIS, IN TURN, ENHANCES THEIR ROLE AS 
POWERBROKERS. 
 
3.  (C)  THE POLICE AND THE ARMY APPEAR TO BE PLAYING DIFFERENT 
ROLES, DEPENDING ON WHERE IN THE COUNTRY IN THEY ARE 
LOCATED.  IN SOME LOCALES, POLICE AND ARMY OFFICERS ARE THE 
PERPETRATORS OF VIOLENCE (VARYING ESTIMATES PUT THEIR 
PARTICIPATION AT 20-30%), WHILE IN OTHERS, THEY HAVE 
ATTEMPTED TO UPHOLD THE RULE OF LAW ONLY TO BE RENDERED 
HAPLESS BY MENACING GROUPS OF ZANU-PF YOUTHS, WAR 
VETERANS, OR EVEN "HIGHER POWER" GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS WHO 
THREATEN TRANSFER OR DEMOTION.  PRESS REPORTS ALSO DEPICT 
THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE ORGANIZATION (CIO), ZIMBABWE'S 
EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL SECURITY AGENCY, AS EXPERIENCING 
INTERNAL DIVISIONS OVER THE BEST WAY TO HANDLE THE VIOLENCE 
- THOUGH THEIR ROLE NEVERTHELESS AS A CENTRAL 
ORCHESTRATING AND FIELD MANAGEMENT ASSET REMAINS HIGH. 
 
4.  (C)  COMMENT:  WE BELIEVE THAT THIS VIOLENCE COULD BE 
HALTED IF PRESIDENT MUGABE WISHED IT AND DECREED SO.  HIS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        HARARE  04389  081603Z 
DESIRE TO PUSH THE LAND ISSUE AS A FOCAL POINT FOR THE 2002 
PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN (REFTEL) ADDS FUEL TO THE FIRE, MAKES A 
FURTHER DESCENT INTO LAWLESSNESS MORE PROBABLE, AND LENDS 
CREDENCE TO THE BELIEF BY MANY THAT THIS UGLY ISSUE WILL 
DRAG ON FOR A LONG TIME TO COME.  MEANWHILE, THE LIST OF 
VICTIMS GROWS, AS DOES THE PUBLIC'S SENSE OF FRUSTRATION AND 
HELPLESSNESS.  END COMMENT. 
 
IRVING 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
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