US embassy cable - 00HARARE2865

ZIMBABWE'S COMMERCIAL FARMERS UNION SEEKS U.S. SUPPORT FOR MULTILATERAL LENDING RESUMPTION

Identifier: 00HARARE2865
Wikileaks: View 00HARARE2865 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Harare
Created: 2000-05-30 15:17:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: EAGR ECON EAID PGOV ZI
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

301517Z May 00


                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ8245

PAGE 01        HARARE  02865  01 OF 02  301518Z 
ACTION AF-00    

INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AGRE-00  AID-00   CEA-01   CIAE-00  SMEC-00  
      COME-00  CTME-00  INL-01   DODE-00  DOEE-00  DOTE-00  ANHR-00  
      SRPP-00  DS-00    EB-00    EUR-01   EXIM-01  E-00     FAAE-00  
      VC-00    FRB-00   H-01     TEDE-00  INR-00   ITC-01   L-00     
      VCE-00   AC-01    DCP-01   NSAE-00  OMB-01   OPIC-01  PA-00    
      PM-00    PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SP-00    SSO-00   STR-00   
      TRSE-00  USIE-00  PMB-00   DSCC-00  DRL-02   G-00     NFAT-00  
      SAS-00     /012W
                  ------------------5CE880  301519Z /38    
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6160
INFO NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
USDA FAS WASHDC
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 HARARE 002865 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR AF, AF/S, AF/EPS 
STATE PASS USAID FOR AFR/SA RCOHEN 
STATE PASS USTR/RWHITTAKER 
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH 
LONDON FOR PFLAUMER 
 
PARIS FOR BWILLIAMS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        HARARE  02865  01 OF 02  301518Z 
PRETORIA FOR AG ATTACHE 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/30/05 
TAGS: EAGR, ECON, EAID, PGOV, ZI 
SUBJECT: ZIMBABWE'S COMMERCIAL FARMERS UNION SEEKS 
U.S. SUPPORT FOR MULTILATERAL LENDING RESUMPTION 
 
 
CLASSIFIED BY AMBASSADOR MCDONALD, REASON 1.5 (B), 
(D) 
 
REFS: A) HARARE 2461, B)HARARE 2820 
 
1.  (C) ON MAY 30 AMBASSADOR, DCM, POL AND ECON 
OFFICERS MET WITH REPRESENTATIVES (FORMER CFU 
PRESIDENT NICK SWANEPOEL, AND FARMERS JOHN HAINES AND 
PETER HENDERSON) OF THE COMMERCIAL FARMERS UNION 
(CFU) WHO GAVE A READOUT ON RECENT CONFIDENTIAL 
CFU/GOZ DISCUSSIONS AND NEGOTIATIONS ON LAND 
INVASIONS AND LAND REDISTRIBUTION.  THOUGH THEIR 
EFFORTS ARE STILL VERY MUCH A WORK-IN-PROGRESS, GIVEN 
THE CURRENT VOLATILE POLITICAL CLIMATE, THE THREE-MAN 
TEAM LED BY SWANEPOEL (PRESIDENT MUGABE PERSONALLY 
DIRECTED THAT SWANEPOEL SPEARHEAD THE NEGOTIATIONS, 
SEE REF C) BELIEVES THAT THEY HAVE MADE PROGRESS AND 
GOTTEN PROMISES FROM NATIONAL LEADERSHIP WHICH SERVE 
TO INTRODUCE REASON, COMMON SENSE AND LONG-TERM 
VIABILITY INTO THE PROCESS.  THE SALIENT POINTS MADE 
TO US BY SWANEPOEL AND COMPANY ARE: 
 
 == THE NEGOTIATIONS HAVE BEEN SUCCESSFUL IN LOWERING 
THE INCIDENCE AND LEVEL OF VIOLENCE DIRECTED AT WHITE 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        HARARE  02865  01 OF 02  301518Z 
FARMERS AND THEIR WORKERS (COMMENT: INFORMATION 
COMING INTO THE EMBASSY IS THAT WHILE THERE HAS BEEN 
A SLIGHT DROPOFF IN VIOLENCE ON THE FARMS IT IS STILL 
CONTINUING AND DEMANDS FOR ATTENDANCE AT 
"REEDUCATION" RALLIES HAVE INCREASED.  WE ALSO POINT 
OUT THAT COMMUNAL AREAS, RURAL MUNICIPALITIES AND 
HARARE'S HIGH-DENSITY SUBURBS HAVE SEEN AN INCREASE 
IN VIOLENCE IN THE LAST WEEK TO TEN DAYS.  END 
COMMENT.); 
 
 == THE GOVERNMENT'S CURRENT PLAN IS THAT, SOON AFTER 
THE ELECTIONS, ALL INVADERS WILL BE WITHDRAWN, 
ALLOWING THE START OF A MORE ORGANIZED RESETTLEMENT 
PROGRAM DIRECTED OUT OF THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE; 
 
 == THOUGH VICE PRESIDENT MSIKA WILL LIKELY BE 
TITULAR HEAD OF THE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM, ITS EFFORTS 
WILL BE PERSONALLY OVERSEEN BY PRESIDENT MUGABE WHO 
REALIZES THAT THE COUNTRY MUST RETAIN SOME VESTIGE OF 
AGRICULTURAL VIABILITY; 
 
 == THOUGH THE 841 PREVIOUSLY-DESIGNATED FARMS MAY 
ALL BE GAZZETTED FOR ACQUISITION UNDER THE NEW 
LEGISLATION (REF A), THE GOZ HAS AGREED THAT IN THE 
INTERESTS OF NATIONAL SECURITY THE MOST PRODUCTIVE 
PROPERTIES WILL NOT BE SEIZED (OTHER FARMS BEING PUT 
ON THE MARKET BY BANKRUPT OR DEPARTING FARMERS WILL 
BE OFFERED TO COVER THE GAP SO THAT 2.2 MILLION 
HECTARES ARE GIVEN OVER TO STATE CONTROL); 
 
 == THE WAR VETERANS ARE NOT ALL UNIFORMLY UNDER THE 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        HARARE  02865  01 OF 02  301518Z 
CONTROL OF "HITLER" HUNZVI AND FACTIONALISM IS 
EVIDENT, WITH "WARLORDS" TAKING OVER; 
 
 == THE WAR VETERANS WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO RETAIN 
THE PLOTS THEY HAVE PEGGED OFF, BUT RATHER WILL BE 
MOVED TO OTHER FARMS DURING THE RESETTLEMENT PHASE 
(THE VETS OFTEN INVADED FARMS WITH THE BEST 
INFRASTRUCTURE, LIKE LOOTERS GOING AFTER THE BEST 
SHOPS) 
 
 == HUNZVI IS A TOOL THAT WILL BE DISCARDED BY 
GOVERNMENT AFTER THE ELECTIONS, WHEN HIS UTILITY WILL 
DROP TO ZERO; 
 
 == THE STATE-SANCTIONED INVASIONS ENGENDERED AN 
ATMOSPHERE OF LAWLESSNESS FROM WHICH LOCAL WARLORDS 
(WHO MAY OR MAY NOT BE LIBERATION WAR "VETERANS") 
HAVE EMERGED AND PROFITED.  THE STATE HAS FINALLY 
RECOGNIZED THIS (A POINT THE CFU HAD BEEN MAKING 
REPEATEDLY OVER RECENT WEEKS), AND OVER THE PAST FEW 
DAYS THE POLICE HAS PICKED UP AND DETAINED ABOUT 30 
OF THESE INDIVIDUALS (WITH MAYBE ANOTHER 50 OR 60 TO 
GO) WHO WILL BE HELD IN CUSTODY UNTIL AFTER THE 
ELECTIONS; 
 
 == FOR THE COMMERCIAL FARMERS, THE UTTER LACK OF 
STATE-FUNDS TO PAY FOR THE FARM ASSETS ACQUIRED, AND 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ8246 
 
PAGE 01        HARARE  02865  02 OF 02  301519Z 
ACTION AF-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AGRE-00  AID-00   CEA-01   CIAE-00  SMEC-00 
      COME-00  CTME-00  DODE-00  DOEE-00  DOTE-00  ANHR-00  SRPP-00 
      DS-00    EB-00    EUR-01   EXIM-01  E-00     FAAE-00  VC-00 
      FRB-00   H-01     TEDE-00  INR-00   ITC-01   L-00     VCE-00 
      AC-01    NSAE-00  OMB-01   OPIC-01  PA-00    PM-00    PRS-00 
      ACE-00   P-00     SP-00    SSO-00   STR-00   TRSE-00  USIE-00 
      PMB-00   DSCC-00  DRL-02   G-00     NFAT-00  SAS-00     /010W 
                  ------------------5CE88C  301519Z /38 
P 301517Z MAY 00 
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6161 
INFO NSC WASHDC PRIORITY 
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY 
USDA FAS WASHDC 
AMEMBASSY LONDON 
AMEMBASSY PARIS 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 02 OF 02 HARARE 002865 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR AF, AF/S, AF/EPS 
STATE PASS USAID FOR AFR/SA RCOHEN 
STATE PASS USTR/RWHITTAKER 
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH 
LONDON FOR PFLAUMER 
 
PARIS FOR BWILLIAMS 
PRETORIA FOR AG ATTACHE 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        HARARE  02865  02 OF 02  301519Z 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/30/05 
TAGS: EAGR, ECON, EAID, PGOV, ZI 
SUBJECT: ZIMBABWE'S COMMERCIAL FARMERS UNION SEEKS 
U.S. SUPPORT FOR MULTILATERAL LENDING RESUMPTION 
 
THE DIRE MACRO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT WHICH THREATENS 
BANKRUPTCY, ARE THE TWO MOST SERIOUS THREATS TODAY 
CONFRONTING THE CFU MEMBERSHIP. 
 
 == AND, THE CFU REMAINS "APOLITICAL" AS AN 
ORGANIZATION, BUT MANY WHITE COMMERCIAL FARMERS ARE 
NOW QUIETLY SUPPORTING THE MOVEMENT FOR DEMOCRATIC 
CHANGE CHANGE (MDC), FOLLOWING RULING PARTY 
HARASSMENT FOR BACKING THE OPPOSITION. 
 
2.  (C) THE CFU TEAM'S INDIRECT MESSAGE WAS A PLEA 
FOR INTERNATIONAL FUNDING TO ALLOW THE GOZ TO PROCEED 
WITH A RATIONAL PLAN WHICH WOULD NOT CONTAIN THE 
SEEDS OF THE DESTRUCTION OF ZIMBABWE'S ECONOMY.  HE 
ALSO CLAIMED THAT TO DATE THE INVASIONS HAVE HAD ONLY 
A NEGLIBLE EFFECT ON CURRENT PRODUCTION, THOUGH 
FUTURE PRODUCTION IS VERY MUCH UNDER THREAT. 
(COMMENT: SWANEPOEL, WHO FULLY COMPREHENDS THE U.S. 
POSITION AND LEGAL LIMITS ON FUNDING FOR LAND REFORM, 
WAS AGAIN GENTLY REMINDED OF THE FACTS BY THE 
AMBASSADOR.  THE AMBASSADOR ALSO POINTED OUT THAT THE 
ONGOING, EVEN IF DIMISHED, VIOLENCE RELATED TO ZANU- 
PF POLITICKING WAS VERY TROUBLING TO THE USG AND THUS 
"BUSINESS AS USUAL" COULD NOT QUICKLY OCCUR AFTER THE 
ELECTIONS.  END COMMENT.)  SWANEPOEL POINTED OUT THAT 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        HARARE  02865  02 OF 02  301519Z 
BANKS WOULD LIKELY FAIL IF THE DISPOSSESSED FARMERS 
WERE ONLY GIVEN PROMISSORY NOTES OR OTHER GOVERNMENT 
PAPER OF QUESTIONABLE VALUE, AND WOULD THEMSELVES 
HAVE NO LIQUID ASSETS TO PURSUE FARMING ANYWHERE 
ELSE, IF THEY DESIRED TO DO SO. 
 
3.  (C) COMMENT: SWANEPOEL, WHILE PERHAPS NOT 100 
PERCENT OPEN AND SOMEWHAT OVERLY ROSEY, WAS FRANK AND 
CANDID IN HIS DESCRIPTION OF WHERE MATTERS STAND, THE 
DIRECTION THE GOVERNMENT APPEARED HEADED AND WHAT THE 
CFU DESIRED.  AS MUGABE'S HAND-PICKED POINT MAN AND 
ARBITER FOR THE WHITE COMMERCIAL FARMING COMMUNITY HE 
HAS A TOUGH ROW TO HOE.  THE CFU CONTINUES TO 
CONSISTENTLY MAINTAIN BOTH PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LINES 
OF SUPPORT, WORKING CLOSELY WITH THE GOZ ON ITS LAND 
REFORM PROGRAM AND TRYING TO PUSH IT INTO THE REALM 
OF DOABLE AND REASONABLE.  WHETHER THE RULE OF REASON 
OR OF PRACTICALITY WILL SHINE DOWN ON THE PROCESS 
ONCE THE ELECTIONS ARE COMPLETE LOOKS LIKE A COIN 
TOSS AT THE MOMENT, THOUGH FOR THE FUTURE OF ALL 
ZIMBABWEANS WE HOPE IT IS SO.  FOR THE MOMENT, 
THOUGH, WE WOULDN'T BET THE FAMILY FARM ON IT.  END 
COMMENT. 
 
MCDONALD 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
> 

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