US embassy cable - 00HARARE2515

"RED GUARDS" AND SQUATTERS: MUGABE'S CAMPAIGN SHOCK TROOPS

Identifier: 00HARARE2515
Wikileaks: View 00HARARE2515 at Wikileaks.org
Origin: Embassy Harare
Created: 2000-05-11 14:36:00
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Tags: PGOV PHUM KDEM PREL PINR ZI
Redacted: This cable was not redacted by Wikileaks.
This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

111436Z May 00


                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ6354

PAGE 01        HARARE  02515  01 OF 04  111432Z 
ACTION AF-00    

INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AID-00   AMAD-01  ACQ-00   CIAE-00  DINT-00  
      DODE-00  DOTE-00  SRPP-00  DS-00    EB-00    EUR-01   FAAE-00  
      FBIE-00  VC-01    H-01     TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    LAB-01   
      L-00     AC-01    NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-01  PA-00    
      PM-00    PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SP-00    IRM-00   SSO-00   
      STR-00   TRSE-00  USIE-00  PMB-00   DSCC-00  PRM-01   DRL-02   
      G-00     NFAT-00  SAS-00     /013W
                  ------------------55BB85  111433Z /38    
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6003
INFO NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 04 HARARE 002515 
 
SIPDIS 
 
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH 
 
PASS USTR FOR ROSA WHITAKER 
 
PASS USAID FOR A/AID RMCALL AND AFR/SA WJEFFERS 
 
LONDON FOR PFLAUMER 
 
PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/11/2010 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        HARARE  02515  01 OF 04  111432Z 
TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, KDEM, PREL, PINR, ZI 
SUBJECT: "RED GUARDS" AND SQUATTERS: MUGABE'S 
CAMPAIGN SHOCK TROOPS 
 
REF: HARARE 2461 
 
CLASSIFIED BY DEPUTY CHIEF OF MISSION EARL M. IRVING FOR 
REASONS 1.5 (B) AND (D). 
 
------- 
SUMMARY 
------- 
 
1.  (C) THE MEANING OF DEMOCRACY IS BEING VITIATED IN 
ZIMBABWE.  IN ORDER TO WIN THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION, 
THE DATE OF WHICH IS STILL NOT FIXED, PRESIDENT MUGABE 
HAS UNLEASHED A CAMPAIGN OF TERROR IN THE COUNTRYSIDE, 
COMPARABLE IN PURPOSE TO CHINA'S CULTURAL REVOLUTION. 
HIS TRUSTED AGENTS ARE THE "WAR VETERANS," MISFITS WHO 
MISSED THE BOAT ON THE BENEFITS OF ZANU-PF'S ASCENT TO 
POWER IN 1980, WHO WE PREDICT WILL REMAIN ON THE FARMS 
UNTIL AFTER THE ELECTION AT THE VERY LEAST TO SETTLE 
SCORES WITH OPPOSITION SUPPORTERS.  MUGABE HAS FORCED 
WHITE COMMERCIAL FARMERS (WHOSE WEALTH, AND NOT RACIAL 
PREJUDICE, HAS BROUGHT THEM INTO THE RULING PARTY'S 
SIGHTS -- A TRIUMPH OF GREED) TO NEGOTIATE WITH THE WAR 
VETS, THUS GRANTING THE VETS SOME DEGREE OF LEGITIMACY. 
THIS STEP ENSURES THAT THEY WILL RETAIN A SEAT AT ALL 
FUTURE DISCUSSIONS ON LAND REFORM.  IN THE RURAL AREAS 
WAR VETERANS AND YOUNG ZANU-PF THUGS ARE CONDUCTING MAO- 
STYLE POLITICAL "RE-EDUCATION" CAMPS TO FORCE FARMERS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        HARARE  02515  01 OF 04  111432Z 
AND THEIR WORKERS TO RECANT AND VOTE FOR THE RULING 
PARTY.  IN THE CITIES WE EXPECT ZANU-PF TO INUNDATE THE 
POLLING PLACES WITH PERI-URBAN SQUATTERS EAGER FOR A 
PETTY PAYOFF, DILUTING CHANCES OF AN OPPOSITION WIN IN 
THESE CONSTITUENCIES.  THE OPPOSITION MOVEMENT FOR 
DEMOCRATIC CHANGE (MDC) HAS BEEN UNABLE TO COUNTERACT 
EFFECTIVELY THE RULING PARTY'S VIOLENCE AND TACTICS, 
BEING NEARLY FORCED TO GO AND ACT UNDERGROUND.  THE 
SHEER BRUTALITY OF THE CAMPAIGN, EXPECTED TO INTENSIFY 
AS ELECTION DAY APPROACHES, COUPLED WITH THE 
GOVERNMENT'S CONTINUED INATTENTION TO THE ECONOMY, WILL 
HAVE NEGATIVE IMPLICATIONS FOR THE REGION THAT SHOULD BE 
DISCUSSED DURING SOUTH AFRICAN PRESIDENT MBEKI'S STATE 
VISIT TO WASHINGTON.  END SUMMARY. 
 
---------------------------- 
RECANT AND CONVERT...OR ELSE 
---------------------------- 
 
2.  (C) ALTHOUGH ZIMBABWE IS SCHEDULED TO HOLD A 
PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION WITHIN THE NEXT TWO MONTHS OR SO 
(WE HAVE HEARD JUNE 17 AND JULY 11 AS POSSIBLE DATES), 
WHAT IS HAPPENING IN THE RUN-UP TO THEM HARDLY FALLS 
UNDER THE RUBRIC OF DEMOCRACY, EVEN MAKING ALLOWANCES 
FOR A YOUNG STATE IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD.  FREEDOM OF 
EXPRESSION AND ASSEMBLY ARE VIRTUALLY NON-EXISTENT.  THE 
POLICE COMMISSIONER HAS SAID HE WILL APPLY THE LAW AND 
ORDER MAINTENANCE ACT TO PREVENT OPPOSITION PARTIES FROM 
BUSING SUPPORTERS TO RALLIES.  A BOMB EXPLODED IN FRONT 
OF THE OFFICES OF AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER THAT SUPPORTS 
THE OPPOSITION MDC.  THE GOVERNMENT-INFLUENCED "THE 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        HARARE  02515  01 OF 04  111432Z 
HERALD" NEWSPAPER HAS BECOME A CESSPIT OF FACT-TWISTING 
AND SCURRILOUS "JOURNALISM," NO LONGER MAKING ANY 
PRETENSE OF PROFESSIONALISM OR NONPARTISAN COVERAGE OF 
THE NEWS.  IN THE COUNTRYSIDE "WAR VETERANS" OCCUPY 
FARMS, BEAT, KILL AND DESTROY THE PROPERTY OF ANYONE 
SUSPECTED OF EVEN THE REMOTEST SYMPATHY OR CONNECTION TO 
THE OPPOSITION.  ZANU-PF PARTY WORKERS, WIELDING WEAPONS 
IN FRONT OF TOUGH CROWDS, ORDER COMMERCIAL FARMERS TO 
TRANSPORT THEIR OWN FARM WORKERS TO RALLIES FOR 
POLITICAL RE-EDUCATION.  FARMS ARE NOT THE EXCLUSIVE 
VENUE FOR BARBARITY.  ON MAY 10 FOUR MDC MEMBERS 
"DISAPPEARED" IN THE MATABELELAND TOWN OF LUPANE AND ARE 
RUMORED TO BE HELD IN MATOPOS. 
 
3.  (C) IN ORDER TO SEE HIS PARTY RETAIN CONTROL OF 
PARLIAMENT, MUGABE HAS TAKEN A PAGE FROM HIS IDOL, MAO 
TSE-TUNG, AND LAUNCHED HIS CULTURAL REVOLUTION IN THE 
 
SIPDIS 
COUNTRYSIDE, TO BORROW THE ANALOGY OF A LOCAL 
JOURNALIST.  MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL LIBERATION WAR 
VETERANS ASSOCIATION (NLWVA) ARE OCCUPYING WHITE-OWNED 
COMMERCIAL FARMS AND CONDUCTING A REIGN OF TERROR, 
TARGETING "INTELLECTUALS," SUCH AS SCHOOLTEACHERS, FOR 
PARTICULARLY HARSH TREATMENT AND PUNISHMENT.  WE PREDICT 
THEY WILL STAY ON THE FARMS UNTIL AFTER ELECTION DAY. 
ONCE THE POLL RESULTS ARE IN THEY LIKELY WILL SINGLE OUT 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ6355 
 
PAGE 01        HARARE  02515  02 OF 04  111433Z 
ACTION AF-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AID-00   AMAD-01  ACQ-00   CIAE-00  DINT-00 
      DODE-00  DOTE-00  SRPP-00  DS-00    EB-00    EUR-01   FAAE-00 
      FBIE-00  VC-01    H-01     TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    LAB-01 
      L-00     AC-01    NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-01  PA-00 
      PM-00    PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SP-00    IRM-00   SSO-00 
      STR-00   TRSE-00  USIE-00  PMB-00   DSCC-00  PRM-01   DRL-02 
      G-00     NFAT-00  SAS-00     /013W 
                  ------------------55BB92  111433Z /38 
O 111436Z MAY 00 
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6004 
INFO NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 02 OF 04 HARARE 002515 
 
SIPDIS 
 
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH 
 
PASS USTR FOR ROSA WHITAKER 
 
PASS USAID FOR A/AID RMCALL AND AFR/SA WJEFFERS 
 
LONDON FOR PFLAUMER 
 
PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/11/2010 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        HARARE  02515  02 OF 04  111433Z 
TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, KDEM, PREL, PINR, ZI 
SUBJECT: "RED GUARDS" AND SQUATTERS: MUGABE'S 
CAMPAIGN SHOCK TROOPS 
 
THOSE THEY THINK VOTED FOR THE MDC FOR RETRIBUTION, 
BURNING THEIR DWELLINGS OR EVEN MURDERING THEM. 
 
-------------------------------- 
A BLUNT INSTRUMENT OF PERSUASION 
-------------------------------- 
 
4.  (C) THE WAR VETERANS, SUPPORTED BY THE POLICE, SOME 
PLAINCLOTHES MILITARY AND CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE 
ORGANIZATION OFFICERS, ARE NOW MUGABE'S PROTEAN GUARD, 
THE PEOPLE HE RELIES UPON, WITH OR WITHOUT THE ADDED 
BENEFIT OF TRUST OF ITS LEADER, CHENJERAI "HITLER" 
HUNZVI.  THE PARTY AND EVEN THE SECURITY FORCES HAVE 
BECOME LESS RELIABLE, WITH MEMBERS OF BOTH OPPOSED TO 
MUGABE'S USE OF VIOLENCE AND INTIMIDATION AS BASIC 
CAMPAIGN TOOLS.  THE STILL-DETERIORATING ECONOMY ALSO 
LENDS THEM NO SUCCOR.  BUT THE LUMPEN, KNOW-NOTHING "WAR 
VETS," MANY BLATANTLY TOO YOUNG TO HAVE PARTICIPATED IN 
THE CHIMURENGA (WAR OF NATIONAL LIBERATION), ARE LOYAL 
IN A CANINE WAY AND ARE, IN OUR JUDGMENT, UNDER MUGABE'S 
FIRM DIRECTION THOUGH THE CONTROL FACTOR IS LESS 
CERTAIN. 
 
5.  (C) AT THE BEGINNING OF THE FARM OCCUPATION EXERCISE 
THE NLWVA SUFFERED FROM A PROBLEM: LACK OF LEGITIMACY. 
THOUGH EVERYONE UNDERSTOOD THAT THEIR LAWLESS BEHAVIOR 
WAS SANCTIONED BY THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE, THERE WAS NO 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        HARARE  02515  02 OF 04  111433Z 
PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF THE NEW SYMBIOSIS.  IN ORDER TO 
OVERCOME THE LEGITIMACY HURDLE AND TO BE SEEN AS A 
REASONABLE AND ENLIGHTENED LEADER, MUGABE AUTHORIZED THE 
WAR VETERANS TO NEGOTIATE DIRECTLY WITH THE COMMERCIAL 
FARMERS, AIDED BY THE MEDIATION EFFORTS OF FATHER 
FIDELIS MUKONORI, S.J., A MEMBER OF THE CLERGY TRUSTED 
BY MUGABE.  THE FARMERS, DESPERATE FOR RELIEF FROM THE 
OCCUPATIONS AND WISHING TO REAP THEIR HARVEST, SAT DOWN, 
TALKED AND CONCEDED.  IT'S HARD NOT TO DO SO WITH A GUN 
AT YOUR HEAD.  THE WAR VETS, MEANWHILE, HAVE NOT 
FULFILLED THE TERMS OF THE AGREEMENT, PEACE FOR LAND, 
BUT NOW WILL HAVE A SEAT AT THE TABLE IN ANY FUTURE 
DISCUSSIONS ON LAND REFORMS.  THEY HAVE PROVEN, AT A 
MINIMUM, TO BE PERFIDIOUS INTERLOCUTORS. 
 
----------------------------------- 
THE URBAN CENTERS ARE NOT FORGOTTEN 
----------------------------------- 
 
6.  (C) THE RULING PARTY APPEARS TO HAVE ABANDONED 
COMPLETELY ITS ANTI-CORRUPTION STRATEGY, ONCE THOUGHT TO 
BE A STEP TO COURT THE URBAN VOTE AND EVEN INTERNATIONAL 
GOOD WILL.  THE ATTORNEY GENERAL IS NEITHER TARGETING 
ANY OTHER SENIOR GOVERNMENT FIGURE FOR ARREST NOR EVEN 
GOING THROUGH THE MOTIONS OF PUSHING FORWARD THE CASES 
OF THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN ARRESTED.  INDEED, THE ZANU-PF 
POLITBURO, WITH THE COMPLICITY OF THE COURTS WHICH 
SUSPENDED ALL THEIR BAIL RESTRICTIONS, HAS ALLOWED 
FORMER MINISTER OF LANDS AND AGRICULTURE KUMBIRAI KANGAI 
TO RUN FOR AND WIN THE ZANU-PF PRIMARY ELECTION IN 
BUHERA SOUTH, A CRYSTAL-CLEAR SIGN THAT ALL IS FORGIVEN. 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        HARARE  02515  02 OF 04  111433Z 
WE UNDERSTAND THAT THE FORMER COMMANDER OF THE ARMY 
SOLOMON MUJURU APPROACHED PRESIDENT MUGABE AND ASKED HIM 
TO STOP PURGING PARTY ELEMENTS. 
 
7.  (C) FOR THE CITIES WIDESPREAD TERROR IS BAD 
BUSINESS, BUT THE RULING PARTY HAS NOT CONCEDED THESE 
CONSTITUENCIES ENTIRELY TO THE MDC.  INSTEAD, IT APPEARS 
THAT ITS TACTIC WILL BE TO FLOOD THE POLLING PLACES ON 
ELECTION DAY WITH PERI-URBAN SQUATTERS, OF WHICH THERE 
ARE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS, AND MEMBERS OF THE MILITARY 
(WHO, ALONG WITH DIPLOMATS, MAY CAST BALLOTS BY MAIL) TO 
VOTE FOR ZANU-PF.  MAKING THIS POSSIBLE IS THE FACT 
THAT, AS THE OFFICE OF THE REGISTRAR GENERAL INFORMED US 
MAY 10, ELECTION REGISTRATION CONTINUES, IN SPITE OF THE 
OSTENSIBLY OFFICIAL CLOSING DATE OF MARCH 31. 
TECHNICALLY THOSE WHO REGISTERED AFTER THE CLOSING DATE, 
WHEN THE ROLLS WERE TURNED OVER TO THE DELIMITATION 
COMMISSION, COULD VOTE BY BEING PLACED ON A 
SUPPLEMENTARY REGISTER. 
 
8.  (C) WE EXPECT THE INTIMIDATION CAMPAIGN IN THE RUN- 
UP TO THE ELECTION ONLY TO INTENSIFY.  VIOLENCE 
FOLLOWING THE ELECTION REMAINS MORE THAN JUST A REAL 
POSSIBILITY.  IN THE INCREASINGLY UNLIKELY EVENT THAT 
ZANU-PF DOES NOT TAKE AN OUTRIGHT MAJORITY, WE THINK THE 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTO5398 
 
PAGE 01        HARARE  02515  03 OF 04  111433Z 
ACTION AF-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AID-00   AMAD-01  ACQ-00   CIAE-00  DINT-00 
      DODE-00  DOTE-00  SRPP-00  DS-00    EB-00    EUR-01   FAAE-00 
      FBIE-00  VC-01    H-01     TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    LAB-01 
      L-00     AC-01    NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-01  PA-00 
      PM-00    PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SP-00    IRM-00   SSO-00 
      STR-00   TRSE-00  USIE-00  PMB-00   DSCC-00  PRM-01   DRL-02 
      G-00     NFAT-00  SAS-00     /013W 
                  ------------------55BB9D  111433Z /38 
O 111436Z MAY 00 
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6005 
INFO NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 03 OF 04 HARARE 002515 
 
SIPDIS 
 
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH 
 
PASS USTR FOR ROSA WHITAKER 
 
PASS USAID FOR A/AID RMCALL AND AFR/SA WJEFFERS 
 
LONDON FOR PFLAUMER 
 
PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/11/2010 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        HARARE  02515  03 OF 04  111433Z 
TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, KDEM, PREL, PINR, ZI 
SUBJECT: "RED GUARDS" AND SQUATTERS: MUGABE'S 
CAMPAIGN SHOCK TROOPS 
 
RULING PARTY WILL NOT ACCEPT THE RESULT.  IT WILL ACCUSE 
THE OPPOSITION OF RIGGING THE ELECTION, OF WAGING A 
CAMPAIGN OF INTIMIDATION, SUPPORTED BY THE OFFSHORE 
WHITE-RULED CABAL, AND MAY POSSIBLY ORDER THE JAILING OR 
ASSASSINATION OF MORGAN TSVANGIRAI -- IN SHORT, 
EVERYTHING IT HAS DONE AND IS DOING ITSELF.  IT WOULD BE 
AT THIS POINT, OR AT LEAST SHORTLY THEREAFTER SO THE 
THUGS COULD GO WILDING AGAINST PERCEIVED MDC SUPPORTERS, 
THAT WE CAN SEE THE ARMY INTERVENING TO HALT THE CHAOS 
WITH THE ATTENDANT IMPOSITION OF A STATE OF EMERGENCY. 
WE RECEIVE FREQUENT REPORTS THAT THE MILITARY IS PART OF 
THE VIOLENCE CAMPAIGN IN THE FORM OF THE NOTORIOUS 
"FIFTH BRIGADE," WHICH COMMITTED ATROCITIES IN 
MATABELELAND AND MIDLANDS IN THE 1980S.  THE MERE 
APPEARANCE OF ITS OFFICERS IN RED BERETS INCITES FEAR IN 
THE NDEBELE. 
 
------------------------------------------- 
MDC HAVING HARD TIME COUNTERACTING VIOLENCE 
------------------------------------------- 
 
9.  (C) BY KEEPING TO THE MORAL HIGH GROUND, THE MDC 
APPEARS TO HAVE YIELDED STRATEGIC DOMINANCE TO ZANU-PF. 
THE MDC HAS BEEN HARD-PRESSED TO COUNTERACT THE WAVE OF 
VIOLENCE AND DEMONIZATION IN THE MEDIA, WHICH ARE ALMOST 
DRIVING IT TO CONDUCT ITS CAMPAIGN UNDERGROUND.  SO FAR 
MDC LEADER TSVANGIRAI HAS ONLY BEEN ABLE TO SAY THAT HIS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 03        HARARE  02515  03 OF 04  111433Z 
FORMER ROOST, THE ZIMBABWE COUNCIL OF TRADE UNIONS, MAY 
CALL FOR A GENERAL, NATIONWIDE STRIKE.  RESPONDING TO 
UNEASE IN THE RANKS, THE MDC LEADERSHIP HAS FLOATED THE 
POSSIBILITY OF A GENERAL BOYCOTT OF THE ELECTIONS AS ONE 
OF SEVERAL POSSIBLE OPTIONS.  MORGAN TSVANGIRAI IS SAID 
PERSONALLY TO OPPOSE IT BECAUSE A SIMILAR OPPOSITION 
STRATEGY BACKFIRED IN 1995.  MOREOVER, BY DROPPING OUT 
OF THE RACE NOW THE MDC LEADERSHIP WOULD SIGNAL THAT 
SUPPORTERS WHO PERISHED IN THE POLITICAL VIOLENCE HAVE 
DONE SO IN VAIN.  NEVERTHELESS, SUCH A MOVE WOULD PUT 
THE LIE TO ANY SEMBLANCE OF LEGITIMACY OR CLAIM OF 
PLURALISM, WHEN AND IF THE ELECTIONS ARE HELD. 
 
------------------- 
THE REGIONAL IMPACT 
------------------- 
 
10.  (C) THE IMPACT THAT SUCH DIRE ACTIONS WILL HAVE ON 
THE REGION ARE SERIOUS.  AT THAT STAGE ZIMBABWE'S 
ECONOMY WILL BE IN THE FIRST STAGES OF AN EFFECTIVE 
MELTDOWN, WITH CONSEQUENT REGIONAL NEGATIVE EFFECTS. 
VIRTUALLY ALL THE SADC MEMBER COUNTRIES WILL SEE THE 
STRENGTH OF THEIR COMMERCIAL CREDIT RATINGS UNDER 
THREAT.  THE RAND WILL FACE AN EVEN MORE SERIOUS LOSS OF 
CONFIDENCE THAN THAT BEHIND ITS RECENT, NEARLY 20 
PERCENT DROP VIS-A-VIS THE U.S. DOLLAR.  HOW DEEP THE 
HOLE GETS IN ZIMBABWE IS AT THIS TIME ANYONE'S GUESS. 
 
11.  (C) NOW IS THE TIME TO CONTINUE OUR BEST EFFORTS TO 
ALTER THIS PROJECTED COURSE WHICH IS GATHERING MOMENTUM. 
U/S TALBOTT'S PUBLIC AND PRIVATE STATEMENTS DURING HIS 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 04        HARARE  02515  03 OF 04  111433Z 
VISIT TO THE REGION WERE VALUABLE.  THE STATE VISIT TO 
WASHINGTON OF SOUTH AFRICAN PRESIDENT THABO MBEKI LATER 
THIS MONTH PRESENTS A RIPE OPPORTUNITY TO REVIEW THE 
BIDDING ON ZIMBABWE AND ELICIT GOOD AND MORE PRODUCTIVE 
ACTION FROM THE REGION'S ECONOMIC COLOSSUS. 
 
------------------------- 
MORE GREED THAN PREJUDICE 
------------------------- 
 
12.  (C) FINALLY, A WORD ABOUT RACE RELATIONS.  MOST 
ZIMBABWEANS HARBOR SOME DEGREE OF DISTRUST, PREJUDICE 
AGAINST OR EVEN FEAR OF WHITES, STEMMING FROM ZIMBABWE'S 
APARTHEID-LIKE PAST, BUT MUGABE'S CURRENT CAMPAIGN 
AGAINST THE MINORITY LIVING IN THE COUNTRYSIDE MUST NOT 
BE SEEN ONLY IN TERMS OF RACISM.  WHITES LIVING IN THE 
CITY GO ABOUT THEIR BUSINESS UNHINDERED.  RATHER, 
COMMERCIAL FARMERS ARE BEING TARGETED BECAUSE THEY 
POSSESS WEALTH AND THE COUNTRY IS IN DIRE ECONOMIC 
STRAITS, AND MANY HAVE BECOME INVOLVED IN OR SUPPORT 
OPPOSITION POLITICS, INCLUDING THE THREE WHO HAVE BEEN 
KILLED SINCE APRIL.  AFTER TWENTY YEARS OF ENDURING POOR 
GOVERNANCE AND MISGUIDED ECONOMIC PROGRAMS, THE LOSERS 
OF THE REVOLUTION, MAINLY THE WAR VETERANS, SEE THAT NOW 
IS THEIR CHANCE TO GET THEIRS.  PROOF THAT IT IS NOT 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
                           CONFIDENTIAL     PTQ6359 
 
PAGE 01        HARARE  02515  04 OF 04  111433Z 
ACTION AF-00 
 
INFO  LOG-00   NP-00    AID-00   AMAD-01  ACQ-00   CIAE-00  DINT-00 
      DODE-00  DOTE-00  SRPP-00  DS-00    EB-00    EUR-01   FAAE-00 
      FBIE-00  VC-01    H-01     TEDE-00  INR-00   IO-00    LAB-01 
      L-00     AC-01    NSAE-00  OIC-02   OMB-01   OPIC-01  PA-00 
      PM-00    PRS-00   ACE-00   P-00     SP-00    IRM-00   SSO-00 
      STR-00   TRSE-00  USIE-00  PMB-00   DSCC-00  PRM-01   DRL-02 
      G-00     NFAT-00  SAS-00     /013W 
                  ------------------55BBA1  111433Z /38 
O 111436Z MAY 00 
FM AMEMBASSY HARARE 
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6006 
INFO NSC WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY 
 
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 04 OF 04 HARARE 002515 
 
SIPDIS 
 
NSC FOR SENIOR AFRICA DIRECTOR GAYLE SMITH 
 
PASS USTR FOR ROSA WHITAKER 
 
PASS USAID FOR A/AID RMCALL AND AFR/SA WJEFFERS 
 
LONDON FOR PFLAUMER 
 
PARIS FOR BISA WILLIAMS 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/11/2010 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
PAGE 02        HARARE  02515  04 OF 04  111433Z 
TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, KDEM, PREL, PINR, ZI 
SUBJECT: "RED GUARDS" AND SQUATTERS: MUGABE'S 
CAMPAIGN SHOCK TROOPS 
 
STRICTLY AN ANTI-WHITE CAMPAIGN IS A LETTER FROM THE 
AFFIRMATIVE ACTION GROUP, AN OSTENSIBLE PRESSURE GROUP 
DEDICATED TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF ZIMBABWE'S BLACK 
BUSINESSMEN, NOW CIRCULATING AMONG THE INDIAN COMMUNITY. 
THE LETTER THREATENS OCCUPATION OF INDIAN-OWNED 
BUSINESSES AND PROPERTIES IF THEY DO NOT TURN THEM OVER 
TO INDIGENOUS BUSINESSMEN.  GREED IS COLOR-BLIND. 
 
IRVING 
 
                       CONFIDENTIAL 
 
> 

Latest source of this page is cablebrowser-2, released 2011-10-04